Building Construction process

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Construction Process of a 3-storey bungalow

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Building Construction process

  1. 1. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE• BUILDING• DESIGN Centre for Modern Architecture Studies in Southeast Asia (MASSA) Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Architecture BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 1 [ARC 1523] PROJECT 2: CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY AND PROCESS JOANNE BERNICE CHUA YUNN TZE 0315905 TUTOR: AR. CHIN TUCK HING
  2. 2. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS WEEK 1 Activity 1: Survey Work Duration: 7 days Materials: - Equipment: Surveying tripod, Theodolite, Dumpy level, Measuring tape, Excavator Skilled Workers: Land surveyor (1), Soil investigator (1) Technical Information: Built environment and natural surroundings of the site is studied, analysed and data is collected. Trial pitting is carried out to examine soil condition. Excavation boundary is indicated. WEEK 2 Activity 1: Mobilization and Hoarding Duration: 2-5 days Materials: -
  3. 3. Equipment: Machineries, Hoarders Skilled Workers: General workers (4) Technical Information: The site office and construction machineries and equipment are transported to the site. Activity 2: Site Clearing Duration: 14 days Materials: - Equipment: Backhoe loader, Excavator, Bulldozer operator (1), Chainsaws, Tipper truck, Skilled Workers: Backhoe Loader Operator (1), Excavator operator(1), Bulldozer operator (1), General workers (4), Truck driver (1) Technical Information: Specific trees are removed and 300mm of top soil is excavated. The soil is kept away or stored well for reuse due to its high water retentive characteristic. WEEK 3 Activity 1: Site Clearing Duration: 14 days Materials: - Equipment: Backhoe loader, Excavator, Bulldozer operator (1), Chainsaws, Tipper truck, Skilled Workers: Backhoe Loader Operator (1), Excavator operator(1), Bulldozer operator (1), General workers (4), Truck driver (1) Technical Information: Specific trees are removed and 300mm of top soil is excavated. The soil is kept away or stored well for reuse due to its high water retentive characteristic.
  4. 4. WEEK 4 Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 3-5 days Materials: - Equipment: Excavator, Compactor, Tipper truck Skilled Workers: Excavator operator (1), Compactor operator (1), Truck driver (1) technical information: The uneven land area is either compacted or filled with earth excavated from site or transferred in to level the ground. Activity 2: Setting Out Duration: 3 days Materials: Nails, Wooden pegs, Profile boards, Stakes, Builder’s line Equipment: Hammer, Measuring tape, Theodolite, Dumpy level Skilled Workers: Site Contractor (1), Site Engineer (1)
  5. 5. Technical Information: Measurements are taken and the boundary lines of the building are marked clearly. WEEK 5 Activity 1: Piling (Grid 5-6) Duration: 10-14 days Materials: Pre-Cast reinforced concrete piles Equipment: Hydraulic piling hammer, Pile integrity tester Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), General workers (6) Technical Information: The first half of the piles are driven down The Pile integrity test (Load test) is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirement.
  6. 6. WEEK 6 Activity 1: Piling (Grid 1-4) Duration: 10-14 days Materials: Pre-Cast reinforced concrete piles Equipment: Hydraulic piling hammer, Pile integrity tester Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), General workers (6) Technical Information: The second half of the piles are driven down The Pile integrity test (Load test) is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirement. Activity 2: Pile capping (Grid 5-6) Duration: 10-14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel Rebar reinforcement, Timber formwork Equipment: Rebar bending machine (1), Cement mixer (1), Skilled Workers: Rebar benders (2), General workers (6) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  7. 7. WEEK 7 Activity 1: Pile capping (Grid 1-4) Duration: 10-14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel Rebar reinforcement, Timber formwork Equipment: Rebar bending machine (1), Cement mixer (1), Skilled Workers: Rebar benders (2), General workers (6) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Stump on pile cap (Grid 5-6 ) Duration: 7–14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formwork Equipment: Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment, Theodolite Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4), Land surveyor (1) Technical Information: The height of the stump is adjusted to keep the floor levelled. Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  8. 8. WEEK 8 Activity 1: Stump on pile cap (Grid 1-4 ) Duration: 7–14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formwork Equipment: Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine (1), Carpentry equipment, Theodolite Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4), Land surveyor (1) Technical Information: The height of the stump is adjusted to keep the floor levelled. Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Ground beam (Grid 5-6 ) Duration: 7–14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General workers (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  9. 9. WEEK 9 Activity 1: Ground beam (Grid 1-4 ) Duration: 7–14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General workers (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Ground floor slab (Grid 4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Screed Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenters (2), Rebar Bender (1), General workers (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Next, a layer of DPM is applied on the top of the concrete and was covered with a layer of screed to level the slab.
  10. 10. WEEK 10 Activity 1: Ground floor slab (Grid 1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Screed Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenters (2), Rebar Bender (1), General workers (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Next, a layer of DPM is applied on the top of the concrete and was covered with a layer of screed to level the slab. Activity 2: Ground floor columns (Grid 4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Rebar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  11. 11. WEEK 11 Activity 1: Ground floor columns (Grid 1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Rebar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: First floor beam (4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  12. 12. WEEK 13 Activity 1: First floor beam (1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: First floor slab (Grid 4-6 ) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  13. 13. WEEK 13 Activity 1: First floor slab (Grid 1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: First floor columns (Grid 4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Bar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  14. 14. WEEK 14 Activity 1: First floor columns (Grid 1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Bar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Second floor beam (Grid 4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  15. 15. WEEK 15 Activity 1: Second floor beam (Grid 1-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Second floor slab (Grid 4-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  16. 16. WEEK 16 Activity 1: Second floor slab (Grid 2-4) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Concrete mixer(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a mesh and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure WEEK 17 Activity 1: Second floor columns (Grid 2-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Bar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  17. 17. WEEK 17 Activity 1: Second floor columns (Grid 2-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , Bar bender (2), General worker (4) Technical information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. WEEK 18 Activity 1: Third floor beam (Grid 2-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure.
  18. 18. WEEK 19 Activity 1: Third floor beam (Grid 2-6) Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3) Technical Information: Steel rebar are bended to form a cage and put into position with starter bar protruding outwards. Concrete is poured into the erected formwork and is left to cure. Activity 2: Ground floor staircase Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 35, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Adjustable steel rod Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine (1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar is bended forming a mesh and put into position and tied with the starter bar. Pre-mixed grade 35 concrete is ordered and poured into the formwork in one time. A concrete test is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirements after it was left to cure for 7 days.
  19. 19. WEEK 20 Activity 1: Ground floor staircase Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 35, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Adjustable steel rod Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine (1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar is bended forming a mesh and put into position and tied with the starter bar. Pre-mixed grade 35 concrete is ordered and poured into the formwork in one time. A concrete test is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirements after it was left to cure for 7 days. Activity 2: First floor staircase Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 35, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Adjustable steel rod Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine (1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar is bended forming a mesh and put into position and tied with the starter bar. Pre-mixed grade 35 concrete is ordered and poured into the formwork in one time. A concrete test is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirements after it was left to cure for 7 days.
  20. 20. WEEK 21 Activity 1: First floor staircase Duration: 14 days Materials: Concrete Grade 35, Steel rebar reinforcement, Timber formworks, Adjustable steel rod Equipment: Concrete mixer (1), Concrete Vibrator (1), Rebar bending machine (1), Carpentry equipment Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (4) Technical Information: Steel rebar is bended forming a mesh and put into position and tied with the starter bar. Pre-mixed grade 35 concrete is ordered and poured into the formwork in one time. A concrete test is carried out to ensure the strength meet the requirements after it was left to cure for 7 days. WEEK 22 Activity 1: Roof truss assembling Duration: 7-14 days Materials: Aluminum roof truss components, Bolts and Nuts Equipment: Steel Cutter (2), Welding machine (1) Skilled Workers: General worker (2), Welding worker (2) Technical information: After detailed calculation, the aluminum truss is ordered and is cut into selected dimension and welded together at selected point.
  21. 21. WEEK 23 Activity 1: Roof truss assembling (continue) Duration: 7-14 days Materials: Aluminum roof truss components, Bolts and Nuts Equipment: Steel Cutter (2), Welding machine (1) Skilled Workers: General worker (2), Welding worker (2) Technical information: After detailed calculation, the aluminum truss is ordered and is cut into selected dimension and welded together at selected point. Activity 2: Ground floor wall Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement.
  22. 22. WEEK 24 Activity 1: Ground floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. WEEK 25 Activity 1: Ground floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. Activity 2: First floor wall Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement.
  23. 23. WEEK 26 Activity 1: First floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. WEEK 27 Activity 1: First floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. Activity 1: Ground floor plastering Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2)
  24. 24. Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week. WEEK 28 Activity 1: Second floor wall Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. Activity 2: Ground floor plastering (cont) Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2) Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week.
  25. 25. WEEk 29 Activity 1: Second floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6) Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. Activity 2: First floor plastering Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2) Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week. WEEk 30 Activity 1: Second floor wall (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Clay Bricks, Cement mortar, Builder’s line, Wire mesh reinforcement Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5) Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
  26. 26. Technical Information: Clay bricks with dimension 100mmx 215mmx 75mm is applied with a layer of mortar and stack together in desired bonding. A layer of wire mesh is laid on top of the bricks in certain layer interval as reinforcement. Activity 2: First floor plastering (cont) Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2) Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week. WEEk 31 Activity 1: Roof installation (1st Floor) Duration: 7- 14 days Materials: Concrete, EDPM rubber, insulation, vapour control layer, timber formwork Equipment: Mobile Crane Skilled Workers: General worker (4), Mobile crane operator (1) Technical information: The roof is inclined for the rain water to flow off the roof. Vapour control layers are normally considered essential under insulation in warm roof constructions to reduce the risk of condensation. Thermal insulation reduces heat from going into the building. EPDM rubber act as a waterproofing membrane. Activity 2: Second floor plastering Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1)
  27. 27. Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2) Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week. Activity 3: Ground Floor Tiling Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. WEEk 32 Activity 1: Second floor plastering (cont) Duration: 14 -21 days Material: Cementitious plaster Equipment: Scaffolding, Plaster spray (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (1), Plasterer (2) Technical Information: Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor because it prevents the rain from penetrating the walls. Smooth surface plastering shows up defect more easily than rough surface hence, it is used indoor. Plaster is left to dry for a week. Activity 2: Ground Floor Tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. WEEK 33 Activity 1: Ground Floor Tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
  28. 28. Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 2: First floor tiling Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 1: Roof installation (2nd Floor) Duration: 7- 14 days Materials: Concrete, EDPM rubber, insulation, vapour control layer, timber formwork Equipment: Mobile Crane Skilled Workers: General worker (4), Mobile crane operator (1) Technical information: The roof is inclined for the rain water to flow off the roof. Vapour control layers are normally considered essential under insulation in warm roof constructions to reduce the risk of condensation. Thermal insulation reduces heat from going into the building. EPDM rubber act as a waterproofing membrane.
  29. 29. WEEK 34 Activity 1: First floor tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 2: Ground floor Painting – undercoat Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain.
  30. 30. WEEK 35 Activity 2: First floor tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 3: Ground floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. WEEK 36 Activity 1: Second floor tiling Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 2: Ground floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain.
  31. 31. WEEK 37 Activity 1: Second floor tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing. Activity 2: First floor Painting – undercoat Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. WEEK 38 Activity 1: Second floor tiling (cont) Duration: 14-21 days Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenter’s square (1) Skilled Worker: General worker (2) Technical Information: The dimensions of the place is taken and calculated and tiles are cut into suitable shapes before placing.
  32. 32. Activity 2: First floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. WEEK 39 Activity 1: First floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. Activity 2: Ground floor Painting – First coat Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes. WEEK 40 Activity 2: Ground floor Painting – First coat (cont) Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes.
  33. 33. Activity 1: Second floor Painting – undercoat Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. WEEK 41 Activity 1: Second floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. Activity 2: First floor Painting – First coat Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
  34. 34. Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes. WEEK 42 Activity 1: Second floor Painting – undercoat (cont) Duration: 21 days Materials: Wall Sealer Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3) Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Sealer is used to seal the holes, hairline cracks of the walls to prevent absorption of moisture and paint. By applying a layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain. Activity 2: First floor Painting – First coat (cont) Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes.
  35. 35. WEEK 43 Activity 1: Second floor Painting – First coat Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes. WEEK 44 Activity 1: Second floor Painting – First coat Duration: 14 days Materials: First coat Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3), Scaffolding Skilled Worker: Painter (5) Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers for better surface finishes. Activity 2: Ground floor openings Durations: 7 days Materials: Door & window frame Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape Skilled Workers: General Workers (4) Technical Information: The door frame is placed in position and aligned after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added after the door/window frame is added.
  36. 36. WEEK 45 Activity 1: Ground floor Railings, Doors and Windows installation Durations: 7 days Materials: Variety of doors and windows, railings Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit. Skilled worker: General workers (4) Technical information: The doors and windows are mounted to ensure the house is lockable before the fittings is installed Activity 2: First floor openings Durations: 7 days Materials: Door & window frame Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape Skilled Workers: General Workers (4) Technical Information: The door frame is placed in position and aligned after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added after the door/window frame is added.
  37. 37. WEEK 46 Activity 1: First floor Railings, Doors and Windows installation Durations: 7 days Materials: Variety of doors and windows, railings Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit. Skilled worker: General workers (4) Technical information: The doors and windows are mounted to ensure the house is lockable before the fittings is installed Activity 2: Second floor openings Durations: 7 days Materials: Door & window frame Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape Skilled Workers: General Workers (4) Technical Information: The door frame is placed in position and aligned after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added after the door/window frame is added.
  38. 38. WEEK 47 Activity 1: Second floor Doors and Windows installation Durations: 7 days Materials: Variety of doors and windows, railings Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit. Skilled worker: General workers (4) Technical information: The doors and windows are mounted to ensure the house is lockable before the fittings is installed. WEEK 48 Activity 1: Electrical Supply Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), Kilowatt hour meter Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Skilled Workers: Electric Technician (2), Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Incoming electricity cables are brought into the house and connected to a circuit box in the house to facilitate the electricity works later on. Activity 2: Water Supply Duration: 14 days Materials: PVC pipes (different sizes), Water flow meter Equipment: Spanner, Plyers, Pipe cutter Skilled Workers: Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Incoming water supply are brought into the house and connected to the water flow meter to facilitate the plumbing works later on.
  39. 39. WEEK 49 Activity 1: Electrical Supply Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), Kilowatt hour meter Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Skilled Workers: Electric Technician (2), Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Incoming electricity cables are brought into the house and connected to a circuit box in the house to facilitate the electricity works later on. Activity 2: Water Supply Duration: 14 days Materials: PVC pipes (different sizes), Water flow meter Equipment: Spanner, Plyers, Pipe cutter Skilled Workers: Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Incoming water supply are brought into the house and connected to the water flow meter to facilitate the plumbing works later on. Activity 3: Ground Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information: The brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done.
  40. 40. WEEK 50 Activity 1: Ground Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information: The brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done. Activity 2: First Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done. Activity 3: Second Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, Socket box, Junction box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done. Activity 4: Plumbing – Kitchens and Toilets Duration: 14 days Materials: PVC pipes (different sizes), Pipe joints, Equipment: Spanner, Plyers, Pipe cutter Skilled Workers: Plumbers (2)
  41. 41. WEEK 51 Activity 1: First Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information: Brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done. Activity 2: Second Floor Electrical Plumbing (First - Fix) Duration: 14 days Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, Socket box, Junction box Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking machine Skilled Workers: Electrician Plumbers (2) Technical Information:Brick wall is hacked to hide the wiring pipe which runs perpendicularly from the top to the floor according UBBL requirements. The wall socket is fix after the wiring is done. Activity 3: Plumbing – Kitchens and Toilets Duration: 14 days Materials: PVC pipes (different sizes), Pipe joints, Equipment: Spanner, Plyers, Pipe cutter Skilled Workers: Plumbers (2) WEEK 52
  42. 42. Activity 1: Electrical & Sanitary fittings Durations: 14 days Materials: Wall sockets, Wall plugs and bathroom porcelain appliances Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit. Skilled worker: General worker (4) WEEK 53 Activity 1: Grass turfing – External work Duration: 7 days Materials: lawn turf rolls ( depends on the size of garden), bricks Equipment: wheel barrow, gardening tool kits, water pipes Skilled Workers: lawn turf layers(2), general workers (2) Technical information: Soil preparation is done before laying the rolls of grass turf on the soil surfaces. Previously excavated soil can be reused as the base of the courtyard. Loose stones and building rubble will prevent the turves roots from making contact with the soil and could make the turf die in patches. The top soil should then be thoroughly rotivated down to about the first 6 inches to aerate it properly. It is then raked level and gently treaded down. - END OF REPORT -

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