SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Appendicular Skeleton
By- Dr. Armaan Singh
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
The Appendicular Skeleton
 2 pairs of limbs and 2 girdles
 Pectoral (shoulder) girdle attaches upper limbs
 Pelvic (hip) girdle secures lower limbs
 3-Segmented limbs
 Upper = arm
 Arm
 Forearm
 Hand
 Lower = leg
 Thigh
 Leg
 Foot
Pectoral
Girdle
(Shoulder Girdle)
 Clavicle – anterior: collar bone
Sternal end attaches to the manubrium
medially
Acromial end articulates with the scapula
laterally
 Scapula – posterior: shoulder blade
Scapulae: triangular, paired, but don’t
connect in back (adds thoracic flexibility)
Scapula
 Glenoid cavity
articulates with
the humerus
 Acromium
articulates with
clavicle
 Coracoid
process projects
anteriorly
Upper extremity
 Arm or Brachium =
upper arm
 Between shoulder
and elbow (humerus)
 Forearm or
Antebrachium
 Radius & ulna
 Hand includes:
 Wrist (carpus)
 Palm (metacarpus)
 Fingers (phalanges)
Arm
 Humerus is the only
bone
 Head of humerus fits
into glenoid cavity of
scapula
 Distal & medially,
trochlea articulates
with the ulna
 Distal & laterally
capitulum articulates
with the radius
 Medial & lateral
epicondyles
Right
humerus,
anterior view
Right
humerus,
posterior view
Forearm
 2 bones: articulate with each
other proximally and distally
 Interosseous membrane
between them
 Ulna
 Olecranon hinges with the
humerus forming elbow
 Styloid process distally
 Radius
 Contributes to wrist joint
 Styloid process anchors a
ligament to wrist (thumb side)
Radius is thinner proximally, like a spool
of thread, and wide distally; ulna is
slightly longer and looks like a monkey
wrench (supposedly!)
Right forearm bones,
anterior view
Right forearm bones,
posterior view
In the anatomical
position, the radius is
lateral (thumb side);
with pronation the palm
faces posteriorly and
the bones cross
Left forearm
Prone: body lying face down
Suppine: body lying face up
(you can remember prone if you think
about how you would fall forward onto
your face if you passed out)
Anatomical
position
prone
pronation moves the forearm into the
prone position and supination moves
it back to the anatomical position
proximal ulna
Proximal and distal joints of the forearm
Hand
 Proximal is “wrist” – 8 carpal bones
 Palm of hand - 5 metacarpals
 Fingers (or digits) consist of miniature long bones called
phalanges: thumb (“pollex”) has 2; fingers have 3:
proximal, middle, distal
Right hand, 2 views:
Pelvic Girdle
(Hip Girdle)
 Strongly attached to axial skeleton (sacrum)
 Deep sockets
 More stable than pectoral (shoulder) girdle
 Less freedom of movement
 Made up of the paired hip bones
“Bony pelvis” is basin-like structure: hip bones
plus the axial sacrum and coccyx
Hip bone (os coxae): 3 separate
bones in childhood which fuse
 Ilium
 Ischium
 Pubis
Ilium
 Iliac crest
 Anterior
superior iliac
spine
 Greater sciatic
notch
 Forms part of
“acetabulum”
(hip socket)
which receives
ball-shaped
head of femur
ilium
ilium
Ischium
 Body
 Ramus
 Ischial spine
 Ischial
tuberosity
 Part of socket
ischium
ischium
Pubis
 Joins
medially in
pubic
symphysis
 Forms
“obturator
foramen”
(large hole)
with ischium
 Part of socket
pubis
pubis
Hip bones with labels
Ligaments
False (greater) and
true (lesser) pelvis
Pelvis and childbearing
 Male/female differences
 Large & heavy vs light & delicate
 Heart shaped pelvic inlet vs oval
 Narrow deep true pelvis vs wide & shallow
 Narrow outlet vs wide
 Less than 90 degree pubic arch vs more than 90
degree
 Birth canal changes shape as baby descends:
head turns ¼
 Higher: pelvic inlet (brim) - side to side largest
 Lower: pelvic outlet - largest in AP direction
Lower limb
 Thigh:
femur
 Leg (lower
leg)
Tibia
Fibula
 Foot
Thigh
 Femur is largest, longest
and strongest bone in the
body
 Head fits in socket
(acetabulum) of pelvis
 Neck is weakest
 Greater trochanter
 Distal: lateral & medial
condyles and epicondyles
 Patella: sesmoid bone
Right femur,
anterior view
Right femur,
posterior view
Leg
 Tibia: shin bone
 Medial and lateral
condyles
 Tibial tuberosity
 Distal medial malleolus
(medial ankle)
 Fibula
 Distal lateral malleolus
(lateral ankle)
 Interosseous
membrane
Right lower leg,
anterior view
Foot
 Tarsus: 7 tarsal bones
 Talus: articulates with
tibia and fibula anteriorly
and calcaneus posteriorly
 Calcaneus: heel bone
 Smaller cuboid, navicular,
and 3 cunieforms
(medial, intermediate and
lateral)
 5 metatarsals
 14 phalanges
 Great toe is hallux
Right foot, superior (dorsal) view and inferior (plantar) view
Right foot,
lateral and
medial views
Arches

More Related Content

What's hot

Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
DRAM NOTES | DR RAI M. AMMAR MADNI
 
Types of bones
Types of bonesTypes of bones
Types of bones
Dr. Akansha Tyagi
 
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
briannawodehouse
 
Division of skeletal system 2
Division of skeletal system 2Division of skeletal system 2
Division of skeletal system 2
Aga Khan University
 
Synovial joint
Synovial jointSynovial joint
Synovial joint
farranajwa
 
Joints
JointsJoints
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
DRAM NOTES | DR RAI M. AMMAR MADNI
 
Anatomical terminology
Anatomical terminologyAnatomical terminology
Anatomical terminology
Maman Aris
 
Axial skeleton parts 3 5
Axial skeleton parts 3   5Axial skeleton parts 3   5
Axial skeleton parts 3 5
Michael Wrock
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
PARUL UNIVERSITY
 
The Joints
The JointsThe Joints
The Joints
Abhay Rajpoot
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
TheSlaps
 
Skeletal system
Skeletal systemSkeletal system
Skeletal system
Hari Nagar
 
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMYSKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
SUDESHNA BANERJEE
 
The skeletal system anatomy
The skeletal system anatomyThe skeletal system anatomy
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
bp.koirala institute of health science
 
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.GosaiLower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
Dr.B.B. Gosai
 
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal systemUnit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
Audumbar Mali
 
Skeletal system
Skeletal systemSkeletal system
Cartilage
Cartilage Cartilage
Cartilage
Dr. Devi Shankar
 

What's hot (20)

Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
Bones of upper limbs (Human Anatomy)
 
Types of bones
Types of bonesTypes of bones
Types of bones
 
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
Anatomical Position and Basic Movements
 
Division of skeletal system 2
Division of skeletal system 2Division of skeletal system 2
Division of skeletal system 2
 
Synovial joint
Synovial jointSynovial joint
Synovial joint
 
Joints
JointsJoints
Joints
 
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
Bones of Lower Limb (Human Anatomy)
 
Anatomical terminology
Anatomical terminologyAnatomical terminology
Anatomical terminology
 
Axial skeleton parts 3 5
Axial skeleton parts 3   5Axial skeleton parts 3   5
Axial skeleton parts 3 5
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
 
The Joints
The JointsThe Joints
The Joints
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
 
Skeletal system
Skeletal systemSkeletal system
Skeletal system
 
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMYSKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY
 
The skeletal system anatomy
The skeletal system anatomyThe skeletal system anatomy
The skeletal system anatomy
 
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
Body planes and body cavities (anatomy)
 
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.GosaiLower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
Lower limb bones-joints-muscles-Dr.B.B.Gosai
 
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal systemUnit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
Unit ii, chapter-2- skeletal system
 
Skeletal system
Skeletal systemSkeletal system
Skeletal system
 
Cartilage
Cartilage Cartilage
Cartilage
 

Viewers also liked

Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton LessonSkeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
 
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal SystemInteractive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
branderj
 
Chapter 7b appendicular skeleton
Chapter 7b   appendicular skeletonChapter 7b   appendicular skeleton
Chapter 7b appendicular skeleton
TheSlaps
 
Skeletal system 6
Skeletal system 6Skeletal system 6
Skeletal system 6
silviaprofe56
 
Human skeleton and types of bones
Human skeleton and types of bonesHuman skeleton and types of bones
Human skeleton and types of bones
Tahir Suleahria
 
Skeletal System Ppt
Skeletal System PptSkeletal System Ppt
Skeletal System Ppt
shas595
 
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort with audio
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort   with audioCh1 organization a&p;pshort   with audio
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort with audio
Aaron Rice D C
 
E. macromolecules check your learning
E. macromolecules   check your learningE. macromolecules   check your learning
E. macromolecules check your learning
kcangial
 
Anatomy terminology
Anatomy terminologyAnatomy terminology
Anatomy terminology
Mohanad Aljashamy
 
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
Vikrant Yadav
 
Chapter 5 Powerpoint Le
Chapter 5 Powerpoint LeChapter 5 Powerpoint Le
Chapter 5 Powerpoint Le
guest121530
 
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTSYOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
cristobalangel
 
07 Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
07 Appendicular Skeleton   Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs07 Appendicular Skeleton   Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
07 Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
guest295165
 
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RNBone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
Kerstin Karen Vicente
 
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa WijeratneDisorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
Yapa
 
Membrane IB
Membrane IBMembrane IB
Bone development
Bone  developmentBone  development
Bone development
Madiha S Arain
 
Introduction to Common Bone Disorders
Introduction to Common Bone DisordersIntroduction to Common Bone Disorders
Introduction to Common Bone Disorders
hanisahwarrior
 
Murder in the BW Library
Murder in the BW LibraryMurder in the BW Library
Murder in the BW Library
mkbarteau
 
Skeletal System - Anatomy
Skeletal System - AnatomySkeletal System - Anatomy
Skeletal System - Anatomy
CU Dentistry 2019
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton LessonSkeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
Skeletal System Unit PowerPoint, Bones, Human Body, Skeleton Lesson
 
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal SystemInteractive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
Interactive Powerpoint: Skeletal System
 
Chapter 7b appendicular skeleton
Chapter 7b   appendicular skeletonChapter 7b   appendicular skeleton
Chapter 7b appendicular skeleton
 
Skeletal system 6
Skeletal system 6Skeletal system 6
Skeletal system 6
 
Human skeleton and types of bones
Human skeleton and types of bonesHuman skeleton and types of bones
Human skeleton and types of bones
 
Skeletal System Ppt
Skeletal System PptSkeletal System Ppt
Skeletal System Ppt
 
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort with audio
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort   with audioCh1 organization a&p;pshort   with audio
Ch1 organization a&p;pshort with audio
 
E. macromolecules check your learning
E. macromolecules   check your learningE. macromolecules   check your learning
E. macromolecules check your learning
 
Anatomy terminology
Anatomy terminologyAnatomy terminology
Anatomy terminology
 
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
11/14 Disorders Of Bone- OP Color Atlas
 
Chapter 5 Powerpoint Le
Chapter 5 Powerpoint LeChapter 5 Powerpoint Le
Chapter 5 Powerpoint Le
 
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTSYOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
YOUR BODY - BONES, MUSCLES AND JOINTS
 
07 Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
07 Appendicular Skeleton   Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs07 Appendicular Skeleton   Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
07 Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limbs
 
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RNBone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
Bone Growth & Development by Kerstin Karen Vicente, RN
 
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa WijeratneDisorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
Disorders Of The Bone By Yapa Wijeratne
 
Membrane IB
Membrane IBMembrane IB
Membrane IB
 
Bone development
Bone  developmentBone  development
Bone development
 
Introduction to Common Bone Disorders
Introduction to Common Bone DisordersIntroduction to Common Bone Disorders
Introduction to Common Bone Disorders
 
Murder in the BW Library
Murder in the BW LibraryMurder in the BW Library
Murder in the BW Library
 
Skeletal System - Anatomy
Skeletal System - AnatomySkeletal System - Anatomy
Skeletal System - Anatomy
 

Similar to Appendicular skeleton

Anatomy Lab exercise 7
Anatomy Lab exercise 7Anatomy Lab exercise 7
Anatomy Lab exercise 7
Jhillock
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
aLLensoriano08
 
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.pptAppendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
ssuser48ded4
 
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.DThe Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
Kameshwaran Sugavanam
 
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmariebChapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Lawrence James
 
BONE MARKINGS Part 3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
BONE MARKINGS Part  3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxBONE MARKINGS Part  3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
BONE MARKINGS Part 3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore
 
Anatomy Lab exercise 8
Anatomy Lab exercise 8 Anatomy Lab exercise 8
Anatomy Lab exercise 8
Jhillock
 
Bio 201 chapter 8 lecture
Bio 201 chapter 8 lectureBio 201 chapter 8 lecture
Bio 201 chapter 8 lecture
Matt
 
The Skeletal System
The Skeletal SystemThe Skeletal System
The Skeletal System
Louise So
 
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmariebChapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Martin Klüssendorf
 
Appendicular Skeleton.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton.pptAppendicular Skeleton.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton.ppt
lovekeshSingh12
 
Slideshow: Anterior Thigh
Slideshow: Anterior ThighSlideshow: Anterior Thigh
Slideshow: Anterior Thigh
The Funky Professor
 
Appendicular Upper Limbs
Appendicular Upper LimbsAppendicular Upper Limbs
Appendicular Upper Limbs
Jill Fisher
 
Appendicular Lower Limbs
Appendicular Lower LimbsAppendicular Lower Limbs
Appendicular Lower Limbs
Jill Fisher
 
Human anatomy 101
Human anatomy 101Human anatomy 101
Human anatomy 101
Ron Proctor
 
Ch 8 11 appendicular skeleton muscle
Ch 8  11 appendicular skeleton   muscleCh 8  11 appendicular skeleton   muscle
Ch 8 11 appendicular skeleton muscle
purpleL
 
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdfAnatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
WalubitaWalubita1
 
Biology Lesson 7.2
Biology Lesson 7.2Biology Lesson 7.2
Biology Lesson 7.2
Kelley Crawford
 
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bones
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bonesAnatomy of hip and lower limb bones
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bones
Alio Hersi
 
General anatomy 17 01-2011
General anatomy  17 01-2011General anatomy  17 01-2011
General anatomy 17 01-2011
Muhammad Umair Ashraf
 

Similar to Appendicular skeleton (20)

Anatomy Lab exercise 7
Anatomy Lab exercise 7Anatomy Lab exercise 7
Anatomy Lab exercise 7
 
Appendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeletonAppendicular skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
 
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.pptAppendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton combined skeletal.ppt
 
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.DThe Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
The Human Skeletal System & Joints for B.Pharm and Pharm.D
 
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmariebChapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
 
BONE MARKINGS Part 3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
BONE MARKINGS Part  3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptxBONE MARKINGS Part  3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
BONE MARKINGS Part 3 by Dr. Rabia Inam Gandapore.pptx
 
Anatomy Lab exercise 8
Anatomy Lab exercise 8 Anatomy Lab exercise 8
Anatomy Lab exercise 8
 
Bio 201 chapter 8 lecture
Bio 201 chapter 8 lectureBio 201 chapter 8 lecture
Bio 201 chapter 8 lecture
 
The Skeletal System
The Skeletal SystemThe Skeletal System
The Skeletal System
 
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmariebChapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
Chapter8 appendicularskeletonmarieb
 
Appendicular Skeleton.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton.pptAppendicular Skeleton.ppt
Appendicular Skeleton.ppt
 
Slideshow: Anterior Thigh
Slideshow: Anterior ThighSlideshow: Anterior Thigh
Slideshow: Anterior Thigh
 
Appendicular Upper Limbs
Appendicular Upper LimbsAppendicular Upper Limbs
Appendicular Upper Limbs
 
Appendicular Lower Limbs
Appendicular Lower LimbsAppendicular Lower Limbs
Appendicular Lower Limbs
 
Human anatomy 101
Human anatomy 101Human anatomy 101
Human anatomy 101
 
Ch 8 11 appendicular skeleton muscle
Ch 8  11 appendicular skeleton   muscleCh 8  11 appendicular skeleton   muscle
Ch 8 11 appendicular skeleton muscle
 
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdfAnatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
Anatomy of the Lower Limb.pdf
 
Biology Lesson 7.2
Biology Lesson 7.2Biology Lesson 7.2
Biology Lesson 7.2
 
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bones
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bonesAnatomy of hip and lower limb bones
Anatomy of hip and lower limb bones
 
General anatomy 17 01-2011
General anatomy  17 01-2011General anatomy  17 01-2011
General anatomy 17 01-2011
 

More from Dr. Armaan Singh

Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Post mortem changes notes by dr. armaan singh
Post mortem changes notes by  dr. armaan singhPost mortem changes notes by  dr. armaan singh
Post mortem changes notes by dr. armaan singh
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Injury
InjuryInjury
Forensic toxicology (student version)
Forensic toxicology (student version)Forensic toxicology (student version)
Forensic toxicology (student version)
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Forensic pathology notes by dr. armaan singh
Forensic pathology notes by  dr. armaan singhForensic pathology notes by  dr. armaan singh
Forensic pathology notes by dr. armaan singh
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Autopsy.ppt
Autopsy.pptAutopsy.ppt
Autopsy.ppt
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Asphyxia notes by dr. armaan singh
Asphyxia notes by  dr. armaan singhAsphyxia notes by  dr. armaan singh
Asphyxia notes by dr. armaan singh
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Heart by dr. armaan singh
Heart by dr. armaan singhHeart by dr. armaan singh
Heart by dr. armaan singh
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singh
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singhFever in icu by dr. armaan singh
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singh
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Anxiety in teenagers for educators
Anxiety in teenagers for educatorsAnxiety in teenagers for educators
Anxiety in teenagers for educators
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Skull & brain
Skull & brainSkull & brain
Skull & brain
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertensionPostoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusionPostoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Blood conservation in cardiac surgery
Blood conservation in cardiac surgeryBlood conservation in cardiac surgery
Blood conservation in cardiac surgery
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Volume therapy in cardiac surgery patients
Volume  therapy in  cardiac  surgery  patientsVolume  therapy in  cardiac  surgery  patients
Volume therapy in cardiac surgery patients
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertensionPostoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Management of right heart failure
Management of right heart failureManagement of right heart failure
Management of right heart failure
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptx
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptxManagement of postoperative hypertension.pptx
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptx
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Management of left heart failure
Management of left heart failureManagement of left heart failure
Management of left heart failure
Dr. Armaan Singh
 
Guidelines for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation
Guidelines  for intraaortic  balloon  counterpulsationGuidelines  for intraaortic  balloon  counterpulsation
Guidelines for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation
Dr. Armaan Singh
 

More from Dr. Armaan Singh (20)

Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
Cardiacphysiology&anaestheticconsiderationscardiacoutput,pulse,bp,cardiacinde...
 
Post mortem changes notes by dr. armaan singh
Post mortem changes notes by  dr. armaan singhPost mortem changes notes by  dr. armaan singh
Post mortem changes notes by dr. armaan singh
 
Injury
InjuryInjury
Injury
 
Forensic toxicology (student version)
Forensic toxicology (student version)Forensic toxicology (student version)
Forensic toxicology (student version)
 
Forensic pathology notes by dr. armaan singh
Forensic pathology notes by  dr. armaan singhForensic pathology notes by  dr. armaan singh
Forensic pathology notes by dr. armaan singh
 
Autopsy.ppt
Autopsy.pptAutopsy.ppt
Autopsy.ppt
 
Asphyxia notes by dr. armaan singh
Asphyxia notes by  dr. armaan singhAsphyxia notes by  dr. armaan singh
Asphyxia notes by dr. armaan singh
 
Heart by dr. armaan singh
Heart by dr. armaan singhHeart by dr. armaan singh
Heart by dr. armaan singh
 
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singh
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singhFever in icu by dr. armaan singh
Fever in icu by dr. armaan singh
 
Anxiety in teenagers for educators
Anxiety in teenagers for educatorsAnxiety in teenagers for educators
Anxiety in teenagers for educators
 
Skull & brain
Skull & brainSkull & brain
Skull & brain
 
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertensionPostoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
 
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusionPostoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
Postoperative bleeding & guidelines for transfusion
 
Blood conservation in cardiac surgery
Blood conservation in cardiac surgeryBlood conservation in cardiac surgery
Blood conservation in cardiac surgery
 
Volume therapy in cardiac surgery patients
Volume  therapy in  cardiac  surgery  patientsVolume  therapy in  cardiac  surgery  patients
Volume therapy in cardiac surgery patients
 
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertensionPostoperative pulmonary hypertension
Postoperative pulmonary hypertension
 
Management of right heart failure
Management of right heart failureManagement of right heart failure
Management of right heart failure
 
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptx
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptxManagement of postoperative hypertension.pptx
Management of postoperative hypertension.pptx
 
Management of left heart failure
Management of left heart failureManagement of left heart failure
Management of left heart failure
 
Guidelines for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation
Guidelines  for intraaortic  balloon  counterpulsationGuidelines  for intraaortic  balloon  counterpulsation
Guidelines for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation
 

Recently uploaded

June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan PatroJune 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
Kanhu Charan
 
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
Kosmoderma Academy Of Aesthetic Medicine
 
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
FFragrant
 
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptxPost-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
FFragrant
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
rishi2789
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
NephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
rishi2789
 
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptxCLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
Government Dental College & Hospital Srinagar
 
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdfTest bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
rightmanforbloodline
 
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
Holistified Wellness
 
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
Gokuldas Hospital
 
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdfCBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
suvadeepdas911
 
Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
 Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer. Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
Gokuldas Hospital
 
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdfPollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
Chulalongkorn Allergy and Clinical Immunology Research Group
 
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
Kunj Vihari
 
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapyBreast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
Dr. Sumit KUMAR
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
rishi2789
 
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotesPromoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
PsychoTech Services
 
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principlesDECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
anaghabharat01
 
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdfAcute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
Jim Jacob Roy
 

Recently uploaded (20)

June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan PatroJune 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
June 2024 Oncology Cartoons By Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
 
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
Cosmetology and Trichology Courses at Kosmoderma Academy PRP (Hair), DR Growt...
 
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
Demystifying Fallopian Tube Blockage- Grading the Differences and Implication...
 
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptxPost-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
Post-Menstrual Smell- When to Suspect Vaginitis.pptx
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 3_ANTIFUNGAL AGENT.pdf
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 5, Dialyzers Overview - Dr.Gawad
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 1_ANTI TB DRUGS.pdf
 
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptxCLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
CLEAR ALIGNER THERAPY IN ORTHODONTICS .pptx
 
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdfTest bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
Test bank for karp s cell and molecular biology 9th edition by gerald karp.pdf
 
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
8 Surprising Reasons To Meditate 40 Minutes A Day That Can Change Your Life.pptx
 
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
Know the difference between Endodontics and Orthodontics.
 
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdfCBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
CBL Seminar 2024_Preliminary Program.pdf
 
Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
 Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer. Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
Skin Diseases That Happen During Summer.
 
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdfPollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
Pollen and Fungal allergy: aeroallergy.pdf
 
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
Tele Optometry (kunj'sppt) / Basics of tele optometry.
 
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapyBreast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
Breast cancer: Post menopausal endocrine therapy
 
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdfCHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
CHEMOTHERAPY_RDP_CHAPTER 4_ANTI VIRAL DRUGS.pdf
 
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotesPromoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
Promoting Wellbeing - Applied Social Psychology - Psychology SuperNotes
 
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principlesDECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
DECLARATION OF HELSINKI - History and principles
 
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdfAcute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
Acute Gout Care & Urate Lowering Therapy .pdf
 

Appendicular skeleton

  • 1. The Appendicular Skeleton By- Dr. Armaan Singh
  • 2. THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The Appendicular Skeleton  2 pairs of limbs and 2 girdles  Pectoral (shoulder) girdle attaches upper limbs  Pelvic (hip) girdle secures lower limbs  3-Segmented limbs  Upper = arm  Arm  Forearm  Hand  Lower = leg  Thigh  Leg  Foot
  • 3. Pectoral Girdle (Shoulder Girdle)  Clavicle – anterior: collar bone Sternal end attaches to the manubrium medially Acromial end articulates with the scapula laterally  Scapula – posterior: shoulder blade
  • 4. Scapulae: triangular, paired, but don’t connect in back (adds thoracic flexibility)
  • 5. Scapula  Glenoid cavity articulates with the humerus  Acromium articulates with clavicle  Coracoid process projects anteriorly
  • 6. Upper extremity  Arm or Brachium = upper arm  Between shoulder and elbow (humerus)  Forearm or Antebrachium  Radius & ulna  Hand includes:  Wrist (carpus)  Palm (metacarpus)  Fingers (phalanges)
  • 7. Arm  Humerus is the only bone  Head of humerus fits into glenoid cavity of scapula  Distal & medially, trochlea articulates with the ulna  Distal & laterally capitulum articulates with the radius  Medial & lateral epicondyles
  • 10. Forearm  2 bones: articulate with each other proximally and distally  Interosseous membrane between them  Ulna  Olecranon hinges with the humerus forming elbow  Styloid process distally  Radius  Contributes to wrist joint  Styloid process anchors a ligament to wrist (thumb side) Radius is thinner proximally, like a spool of thread, and wide distally; ulna is slightly longer and looks like a monkey wrench (supposedly!)
  • 13. In the anatomical position, the radius is lateral (thumb side); with pronation the palm faces posteriorly and the bones cross Left forearm Prone: body lying face down Suppine: body lying face up (you can remember prone if you think about how you would fall forward onto your face if you passed out) Anatomical position prone pronation moves the forearm into the prone position and supination moves it back to the anatomical position
  • 14. proximal ulna Proximal and distal joints of the forearm
  • 15. Hand  Proximal is “wrist” – 8 carpal bones  Palm of hand - 5 metacarpals  Fingers (or digits) consist of miniature long bones called phalanges: thumb (“pollex”) has 2; fingers have 3: proximal, middle, distal Right hand, 2 views:
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Pelvic Girdle (Hip Girdle)  Strongly attached to axial skeleton (sacrum)  Deep sockets  More stable than pectoral (shoulder) girdle  Less freedom of movement  Made up of the paired hip bones “Bony pelvis” is basin-like structure: hip bones plus the axial sacrum and coccyx
  • 19. Hip bone (os coxae): 3 separate bones in childhood which fuse  Ilium  Ischium  Pubis
  • 20. Ilium  Iliac crest  Anterior superior iliac spine  Greater sciatic notch  Forms part of “acetabulum” (hip socket) which receives ball-shaped head of femur ilium ilium
  • 21. Ischium  Body  Ramus  Ischial spine  Ischial tuberosity  Part of socket ischium ischium
  • 22. Pubis  Joins medially in pubic symphysis  Forms “obturator foramen” (large hole) with ischium  Part of socket pubis pubis
  • 23. Hip bones with labels
  • 25. Pelvis and childbearing  Male/female differences  Large & heavy vs light & delicate  Heart shaped pelvic inlet vs oval  Narrow deep true pelvis vs wide & shallow  Narrow outlet vs wide  Less than 90 degree pubic arch vs more than 90 degree  Birth canal changes shape as baby descends: head turns ¼  Higher: pelvic inlet (brim) - side to side largest  Lower: pelvic outlet - largest in AP direction
  • 26. Lower limb  Thigh: femur  Leg (lower leg) Tibia Fibula  Foot
  • 27. Thigh  Femur is largest, longest and strongest bone in the body  Head fits in socket (acetabulum) of pelvis  Neck is weakest  Greater trochanter  Distal: lateral & medial condyles and epicondyles  Patella: sesmoid bone
  • 30. Leg  Tibia: shin bone  Medial and lateral condyles  Tibial tuberosity  Distal medial malleolus (medial ankle)  Fibula  Distal lateral malleolus (lateral ankle)  Interosseous membrane
  • 32.
  • 33. Foot  Tarsus: 7 tarsal bones  Talus: articulates with tibia and fibula anteriorly and calcaneus posteriorly  Calcaneus: heel bone  Smaller cuboid, navicular, and 3 cunieforms (medial, intermediate and lateral)  5 metatarsals  14 phalanges  Great toe is hallux
  • 34. Right foot, superior (dorsal) view and inferior (plantar) view