kidney renal disease ckd hemodialysis dialysis kdigo physiology nephrology nephropathy nephrotube normal acute chronic esrd management injury syndrome electrolytes treatment secondary end stage glomerulonephritis nephron hd diagnosis regulation sglt2 sodium aki volume membranous primary calcium diabetes tertiary hyperparathyroidism water plasma bone potassium metabolic base acid sepsis uremic ttp rupture therapy anemia complications mpgn light blood function urine exchange infection gfr ultrafiltration sglt k polyuria hypernatremia disorders iron esa epo venous assessment fistula avf ufh pla2r idiopathic algorithm mineral phosphorus disorder kdoqi thrombocytopenia rituximab microangiopathy hus thrombocytopenic thrombotic purpura patellar tendon quadriceps achilles patient tendo spontaneous infusion diuretics fibrillary myeloma dyscrasias bence protein hcdd heavy jones electrophoresis amyloidosis multiple gammopathy chain immuntofixation immnunotactoid cell lcdd classification progression mbd lupus pathology concentration dilution ultrapure pure sterilization guidelines hypokalemia hyponatremia arterial asymptomatic hyperuricemia egfr defintion hyperkalemia bicarbonate gadolinium induced contrast urea tubular isolated neprilysin cardiorenal cardio oral deficit copeptin test deprivation insipidus correction acidosis interpretation abg respiratory iga reverse obesity dialytic air faliure erythropoitein fsgs change minimal vasculitis anca vitamin c shunt examination albumin heparin hit pruritis itching rrt replacement crrt dose pth cases htn hypertension adamts atypical typical d- d+ hemolytic plasmapharesis dkd diabetic loop failure resistance hepatorenal atrial pressure anti adh nephritis mesangiocapillary membranoproliferative microscope histopathology histology glomerular countercurrent multiplication osmoregulation fluid body residual modelling kinetic urr collaboration reduction target npcr normalized protein catabolic r kt/v adequacy clearance ratio extraction flux efficiency reuse dialyzer bypass temperature concentrates leak conductivity dialysate colony endotoxin bacterial softener charcoal carbon depth multimedia filter sediment quality deionization osmosis oxide ethylene eto drip social media monitoring pump monitoring transmembrane solutes principles basics convection diffusion vitamin d candiduria cândida bacteruria recurrent pyelonephrtitis tract urinary uti pakistan thrombtic 2021 post endocartditis infective hbv hiv shistosoma malaria infectious memranoproliferative segmental focal adults finerenone figaro fidelio metformin hypercalemia hypomagnesemia magnesium disturbance hypercalcemia delays hypocalcemia liddle hypok gitelman bartter demyelination osmotic na disturbanse stream related catheter crbsi ultrasound tolvaptan testing polycystic pkd mri genetic dominant autosomal advertising adpkd artério stenosis aneurysm graft avg nephrolithiasis stones uric acid intradialytic intra gout adents lowering febuxostat allopurinol urate uric tsat ferritin hyperlipidemia delay pathogenesis cvp saline diameter ivc balanced crystalloids isotonic crystals proteinuria hematuria market analysis ill critically lysis tumor balance osmolality duct collecting henle office dct pct transportation dynamics autoregulation transporter glucose hypoglycemics mimetics incretin dpp4 non fibrilation africa warfarin direct anticoagulants novel pco2 hco3 php gap anion alkalosis role importance pharmacist pharmacy clinical pharmd osteoporosis bisphosphonates biopsy mixed physiological principle igan epidemiology paradox arrhythmias hemolysis angina chest pain seizures disequilibrium anaphylaxis emboilsm contamination unit major dm remission induction intiation hif l-carnitine elisa patients pregnancy hrs diuresis nephrotic anticoagulation lmwh unfractionated sled start early initiate arf stop late adenoma sarcoidosis multiple myeloma rhabdomyolysis weight dry dn old geriatrics age aging bolus torsemide furosemide congestive oedema bumetanide edema spironolactone refractory thiazides diuretric heart hepato-renal hepato natriuretic vasopressin total circulating effective baroreceptors system hormone angiotensin renin aldosteron diuretic control thinking medical practice medicine critical reflective low definition retard guideline evidence gn electron supply and demand anatomy filtration structure processing tubules secretion reabsorption intracellular extracellular compartments intravenous fluids
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