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Instructional Design
for Dummies
A short course that explains the basics of Instructional Design




 Session 5:
 Instructional Design Models



                                Start
Topics
  Below are the topics covered in this session:


The ADDIE Model

The ARCS Model

The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring )



                                 Start
Objectives
After completing this session you will be able to:

  Apply the following Instructional Design models to your learning
  design:

    The ADDIE Model

    The ARCS Model

    The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring )


                                Start
Topics
Below are the topics covered in this session:


 The ADDIE Model

 The ARCS Model

 The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring )



                                    Start
The ADDIE Model

                               Development Process

                                                ADDIE




Analysis            Design                  Develop                 Implement Implement
                                                                               Evaluate


           The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers plan
           and create training programs with a framework.

           This is in order to make sure that their instructional products are effective and that their
           processes are as efficient as they can possibly be.
Analysis




               The aim of the ANALYSIS
               stage is to determine
               training needs and
    Analysis   produce a needs
               assessment document.
Design



           The aim of the design
           phase is to develop a
           blueprint of how the
           finished product will look,
  Design   and to produce a
           storyboard and flowchart
           of the whole structure of
           the finished product.
Develop



             This phase involves the
             programmers, graphic
             artists, writers and
             subject matter experts
   Develop   carrying out the
             specifications in the
             blueprint (storyboard).
Implement



               The training system is put
               in place and persons are
               trained on how to use it.

   Implement
Evaluate



               Whether or not the
               training solved the
               original training problem

    Evaluate   What you can do to
               improve the training
Topics
  Below are the topics covered in this session:


The ADDIE Model

The ARCS Model

The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring )



                                 Start
ARCS Model




 According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design,
 there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the
 learning process

 The steps are:
Attention

  Perceptual Arousal
         Gain and maintains student attention by the use of novel, surprising,
         incongruous, or uncertain events in instruction
  Inquiry Arousal
         Stimulate information-seeking behavior by posing, or having the
         learner generate, questions or a problem to solve
  Variability
         Maintain student interest by varying the elements of instruction
Relevance

 Familiarity
        Adapt instruction, use concrete language, use examples and concepts
        that are related to the learner's experience and values to help them
        integrate new knowledge
 Goal Orientation
        Provide statements or examples that present the objectives and utility
        of the instruction, and either present goals for accomplishment or
        have the learner define them
 Motive Matching
        Adapt by using teaching strategies that match the motive profiles of
        the students
Confidence

 Expectancy for Success
        Make learners aware of performance requirements and evaluative
        criteria

 Challenge Setting
        Provide multiple achievement levels that allow learners to set personal
        goals or standards of accomplishment, and performance opportunities
        that allow them to experience success

 Attribution Molding
        Provide feedback that supports student ability and effort as the
        determinants of success
Satisfaction

  Natural Consequences
         Provide opportunities to use newly
         acquired knowledge or skill in a real or
         simulated setting

  Positive Consequences
         Provide feedback and reinforcements
         that will sustain the desired behavior

  Equity
           Maintain consistent standards and
           consequences for task
Topics
  Below are the topics covered in this session:


The ADDIE Model

The ARCS Model

The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring )



                                 Start
The Spiral Model

     The spiral model was originally conceived as a software development
     process

     It combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages

     This model of development combines the features of the prototyping
     model and the ADDIE model
Steps
 The process is divided into 5 steps:




                                    Define




             Deliver                                   Design




                       Develop               Demonstrate
Advantages of the Model

     Estimates (i.e. budget, schedule, etc.) become more realistic as work
     progresses, because important issues are discovered earlier

     The model is designed to cope with the inevitable changes to the learning
     experience that will happen over the course of design and delivery

     Multimedia producers can get their hands in and start working on a
     project earlier, and therefore shape the design process as well
Summary
In this session we learned that:
 The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers
 plan and creates training programs with a framework

        The steps are analysis, design, develop, implement and evaluate

 According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps
 for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process

        The steps are attention, relevance, confidence and satisfaction

 The Spiral Model, combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages

        The steps are define, design, demonstrate, develop and deliver
Thank You
Shyamanta Baruah (Sam)
www.shyamantab.com
conversations@shyamantab.com

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5.instructional design models

  • 1. Instructional Design for Dummies A short course that explains the basics of Instructional Design Session 5: Instructional Design Models Start
  • 2. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  • 3. Objectives After completing this session you will be able to: Apply the following Instructional Design models to your learning design: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  • 4. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  • 5. The ADDIE Model Development Process ADDIE Analysis Design Develop Implement Implement Evaluate The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers plan and create training programs with a framework. This is in order to make sure that their instructional products are effective and that their processes are as efficient as they can possibly be.
  • 6. Analysis The aim of the ANALYSIS stage is to determine training needs and Analysis produce a needs assessment document.
  • 7. Design The aim of the design phase is to develop a blueprint of how the finished product will look, Design and to produce a storyboard and flowchart of the whole structure of the finished product.
  • 8. Develop This phase involves the programmers, graphic artists, writers and subject matter experts Develop carrying out the specifications in the blueprint (storyboard).
  • 9. Implement The training system is put in place and persons are trained on how to use it. Implement
  • 10. Evaluate Whether or not the training solved the original training problem Evaluate What you can do to improve the training
  • 11. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  • 12. ARCS Model According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process The steps are:
  • 13. Attention Perceptual Arousal Gain and maintains student attention by the use of novel, surprising, incongruous, or uncertain events in instruction Inquiry Arousal Stimulate information-seeking behavior by posing, or having the learner generate, questions or a problem to solve Variability Maintain student interest by varying the elements of instruction
  • 14. Relevance Familiarity Adapt instruction, use concrete language, use examples and concepts that are related to the learner's experience and values to help them integrate new knowledge Goal Orientation Provide statements or examples that present the objectives and utility of the instruction, and either present goals for accomplishment or have the learner define them Motive Matching Adapt by using teaching strategies that match the motive profiles of the students
  • 15. Confidence Expectancy for Success Make learners aware of performance requirements and evaluative criteria Challenge Setting Provide multiple achievement levels that allow learners to set personal goals or standards of accomplishment, and performance opportunities that allow them to experience success Attribution Molding Provide feedback that supports student ability and effort as the determinants of success
  • 16. Satisfaction Natural Consequences Provide opportunities to use newly acquired knowledge or skill in a real or simulated setting Positive Consequences Provide feedback and reinforcements that will sustain the desired behavior Equity Maintain consistent standards and consequences for task
  • 17. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  • 18. The Spiral Model The spiral model was originally conceived as a software development process It combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages This model of development combines the features of the prototyping model and the ADDIE model
  • 19. Steps The process is divided into 5 steps: Define Deliver Design Develop Demonstrate
  • 20. Advantages of the Model Estimates (i.e. budget, schedule, etc.) become more realistic as work progresses, because important issues are discovered earlier The model is designed to cope with the inevitable changes to the learning experience that will happen over the course of design and delivery Multimedia producers can get their hands in and start working on a project earlier, and therefore shape the design process as well
  • 21. Summary In this session we learned that: The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers plan and creates training programs with a framework The steps are analysis, design, develop, implement and evaluate According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process The steps are attention, relevance, confidence and satisfaction The Spiral Model, combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages The steps are define, design, demonstrate, develop and deliver
  • 22. Thank You Shyamanta Baruah (Sam) www.shyamantab.com conversations@shyamantab.com