Hydropolitics TWM Global2010 (III)

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Hydropolitics TWM Global2010 (III)

  1. 1. Ana Elisa Cascão - SIWI Presentation to TWM Global 2010 Maputo, Mozambique HYDROPOLITICS (III): Water and Cooperation
  2. 2. How to overcome the deadlock? Way forward? Riparian A Riparian B Deadlock
  3. 3. Deadlock COOPERATION Cooperation among equals ? Riparian A Riparian B
  4. 4. Riparian A Riparian B COOPERATION ? Cooperation among riparians with asymmetric power
  5. 5. NILE RIVER BASIN: My water, Your water, Our water? EGYPT 9 UPSTREAM RIPARIANS
  6. 6. Sharing the Nile water resources
  7. 7. UN Water Convention (1997): Principle of Equitable and Reasonable Utilisation of water
  8. 8. Negotiating water treaties: ‘what is in there for me?’ New Nile Agreement Egypt Ethiopia
  9. 9. Nexus – Water, Law... and Politics WATER LAW ...POLITICS <ul><li>NEGOTIATIONS OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATER LEGAL AGREEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>ARE HIGHLY POLITICISED PROCESSES : </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable and reasonable utilisation is difficult to operationalise </li></ul><ul><li>Asymmetric power might be an obstacle </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations on volumetric water allocations are highly problematic </li></ul><ul><li>“ Water-sharing” might not be the best approach </li></ul>
  10. 10. Water-Sharing vs. Benefit-Sharing?
  11. 11. Benefit-Sharing Approach Benefits to the river Benefits from the river Benefits because of the river Benefits beyond the river BENEFITS OF COOPERATION Environmental Social Economic Political Sadoff and Grey 2002, 2005 “ A focus on sharing the benefits derived from the use of water, rather than the allocation of water itself, provides far greater scope for identifying mutually beneficial cooperative actions”
  12. 12. ‘ Making the pie bigger’: Generating and sharing regional benefits TWO-Analysis, SIWI 2008
  13. 13. Positive-Sum Outcome: All could get a bigger ‘share’ of the pie <ul><li>Hydropower Production and Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation Development </li></ul>
  14. 14. Water Cooperation: example from the Senegal Basin <ul><li>Who gets what water , when, where and how? </li></ul><ul><li>4 riparians: Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, [Guinea] </li></ul><ul><li>Well-established Senegal River Basin Organisation (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: shared development, joint governance and conflict management </li></ul><ul><li>Jointly planned and owned infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Shared costs and Shared benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Water and socio-economic development (food security, hydropower, navigation, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Senegal Basin: good example of transboundary water cooperation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Manantali Dam - a joint project: shared benefits and shared costs
  16. 16.  Identify cooperative or joint projects in your river basin EXERCISE 2: ‘Making the pie bigger’ ? ? ? ? ?  How can the benefits be shared among the riparian states?  How can the costs be shared among the riparian states?
  17. 17. Thanks for your attention! [email_address] HYDROPOLITICS (III) * Hydropolitical Cooperation is possible * ‘Water-sharing’ (water allocation) is a difficult political process * ‘Benefit-sharing’ can be an alternative paradigm

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