Ana Cascão Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) DANIDA Development Days 2011 Copenhagen, May 3 Cooperation over ...
The Nile River Basin Complexity Asymmetries
Cooperation: possible and desired?
Cooperation = Maximising benefits
Cooperation in the Nile: Potential
Potential: Hydropower and Energy Security 7% 49% 22% 75% 69% 33% Percentage of technical and economic hydropower potential...
Potential: Agriculture and Food Security <ul><li>Irrigation potential </li></ul><ul><li>Improved rainfed agriculture </li>...
Potential: Hydropolitics/Politics
Harnessing the cooperation potential... <ul><li>Established in 1999 to promote  cooperation  between all the Nile riparian...
Obstacles to Cooperation Legal:  Lack of overarching legal multilateral agreement and existence of contested past agreemen...
since  1999 1997-2007 ?
Obstacles to Cooperation Political:  Ongoing political cleavage between downstream and upstream riparians Structural:  Cur...
CHALLENGES TO COOPERATION
Parallel realities:  Unilateralism in spite of cooperation New Valley Project – Egypt Merowe Dam -Sudan Tekezze Dam - Ethi...
The end of ‘traditional’ funding? NEW FRAMING Self-financing New business models New partners China, India, Gulf countries...
Land-Grabbing: transboundary impacts? Cotula et al., 2009
New geopolitical developments: ‘Revolutions’ in the making in the Nile Basin Velvet divorce in Sudan Popular uprising in E...
Concluding remarks... <ul><li>Rationale and potential for multilateral cooperation in the Nile Basin is strong – but sense...
Thank you!
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Cooperation in the Nile Basin: potential, obstacles and challenges (DANIDA 2011)

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  • Positive-Sum Outcome: All can get a bigger ‘share’ of the pie
  • Water consumption Livelihoods
  • Land grab or development opportunity? Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa FAO, IIED and IFAD, 2009
  • Cooperation in the Nile Basin: potential, obstacles and challenges (DANIDA 2011)

    1. 1. Ana Cascão Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) DANIDA Development Days 2011 Copenhagen, May 3 Cooperation over transboundary water resources in the Nile Basin: potential, obstacles and challenges
    2. 2. The Nile River Basin Complexity Asymmetries
    3. 3. Cooperation: possible and desired?
    4. 4. Cooperation = Maximising benefits
    5. 5. Cooperation in the Nile: Potential
    6. 6. Potential: Hydropower and Energy Security 7% 49% 22% 75% 69% 33% Percentage of technical and economic hydropower potential exploited World Atlas of Hydropower & Dams, 2003 Attractive World Bank, 2004
    7. 7. Potential: Agriculture and Food Security <ul><li>Irrigation potential </li></ul><ul><li>Improved rainfed agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock trade </li></ul><ul><li>Regional food markets </li></ul>Not so Attractive
    8. 8. Potential: Hydropolitics/Politics
    9. 9. Harnessing the cooperation potential... <ul><li>Established in 1999 to promote cooperation between all the Nile riparians (transitional) </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: “Achieve sustainable socioeconomic development through the equitable utilisation of, and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water resources” </li></ul><ul><li>Modus operandi : create enabling environment for the implementation of cooperative projects </li></ul><ul><li>Strong support by international donors </li></ul>
    10. 10. Obstacles to Cooperation Legal: Lack of overarching legal multilateral agreement and existence of contested past agreements Institutional: Delays in establishing a permanent Nile Basin Commission
    11. 11. since 1999 1997-2007 ?
    12. 12. Obstacles to Cooperation Political: Ongoing political cleavage between downstream and upstream riparians Structural: Current lack of regional ‘umbrella’ in the Nile region Perceptions: No full understanding of benefits of cooperation and costs of no-cooperation
    13. 13. CHALLENGES TO COOPERATION
    14. 14. Parallel realities: Unilateralism in spite of cooperation New Valley Project – Egypt Merowe Dam -Sudan Tekezze Dam - Ethiopia Millenium Dam – Ethiopia
    15. 15. The end of ‘traditional’ funding? NEW FRAMING Self-financing New business models New partners China, India, Gulf countries, ...
    16. 16. Land-Grabbing: transboundary impacts? Cotula et al., 2009
    17. 17. New geopolitical developments: ‘Revolutions’ in the making in the Nile Basin Velvet divorce in Sudan Popular uprising in Egypt
    18. 18. Concluding remarks... <ul><li>Rationale and potential for multilateral cooperation in the Nile Basin is strong – but sense of urgency is not yet there! </li></ul><ul><li>New challenges: High time for the Nile countries (and external actors) to rethink their positionality in the hydropolitical chessboard </li></ul>
    19. 19. Thank you!

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