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Land 'Grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security


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Land 'Grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security

  1. 1. Land 'grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security Ana Elisa Cascão UEA Water Security and ICID seminar London, 4 November 2011
  2. 2. Foreign Land Acquisitions in the Nile Basin <ul><li>Nile Basin: Land and water available </li></ul><ul><li>Huge agricultural potential – ‘breadbasket’ phenomen </li></ul><ul><li>Land Acquisitions: not a new reality </li></ul><ul><li>2008: Global tipping point in the foreign land acquistions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Land, water and crop deals <ul><li>Who are the dealers? </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign investors (private and public): Gulf countries, India, China, US and EU - and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>‘ National’ investors : agri-business companies, diaspora, etc </li></ul><ul><li>National governments: federal and regional level </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is in the contracts? <ul><li>Long-term land leases (50 to 100 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap land: at a price of less than USD 2 per hectare/year </li></ul><ul><li>Low taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Access to fertile land </li></ul><ul><li>Often access to existing infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Free access to the water resources ( KEY) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are the dimensions? Saudi Star/ Al-Amoudi The company: Ethiopia-Saudi joint venture Location: Alwero/Abobo, irrigation potential S ize: 140,000 ha Production: Mainly rice Impacts? Trade-offs Karuturi The company: world's top 25 agri-businesses Location: Baro banks Size: 100,000 ha(and further 200,000 ha) Production: Palm oil (20,000), Sugar cane (15,000), 40,000 ( rice and cereals) Impacts? many <ul><ul><li>GAMBELLA REGION IN WESTERN ETHIOPIA (since 2009): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 million hectares leased, nearly a quarter of its farmland, to 896 companies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ‘ Land Grab’ or Development Opportunity?
  7. 7. Speculative bubble? Or real agricultural expansion in the Nile Basin?
  8. 8. Agricultural expasion upstream and implications for the regional water security in the Nile Baro River Akobo River Sobat River Gilo River White Nile River
  9. 9. Impacts in the regional ‘water security’ <ul><li>Water flow regimes </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts (deforestation, soil, sedimentation, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>National and Regional Food security </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts on water allocations </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of power between Nile riparians </li></ul><ul><li>Change in the bargaining positions? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Land ‘grabbing’ and Water Security Web
  11. 11. Thanks for your attention! [email_address]