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The Nile River Basin –  in search of a new water regime? Ana Elisa Cascão Center of African Studies – IUL [ISCTE/IUL] Stoc...
The Nile River Basin Complexity Challenges
Socio-Economic  and Political Changes <ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>More political ‘stability’ </li></ul><ul><...
Environmental  changes – what are they? <ul><li>Nile flows are uneven </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Normal’ environmental changes  <...
Timelime of extreme events Droughts in the 1980s in Ethiopia and Sudan Historic low levels of Lake Nasser in Egypt at the ...
<ul><li>Sea-level rise </li></ul><ul><li>Soil salinity </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification </li></ul><ul><li>Floods </li></u...
Capacity   to deal with current and future challenges <ul><li>WHAT WHAT LEVEL? </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Existing regional/basin institutions <ul><li>1986: The Intergovernmental Authority on Dorught and Development  (IGADD)   ...
NBI – How to meet the socio-economic and environmental challenges in the Nile? since  1999 1997-2007 ?
NBI – Shared Vision
Cooperation in Action (I)
Cooperation in Action (II)
<ul><li>General Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and Obligations  </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable and reasonable utilizatio...
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AEGIS Conference of African Studies 2011 - Uppsala [The Nile River Basin: in search of a new water regime?]

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AEGIS Conference of African Studies 2011 - Uppsala [The Nile River Basin: in search of a new water regime?]

  1. 1. The Nile River Basin – in search of a new water regime? Ana Elisa Cascão Center of African Studies – IUL [ISCTE/IUL] Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)
  2. 2. The Nile River Basin Complexity Challenges
  3. 3. Socio-Economic and Political Changes <ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>More political ‘stability’ </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing of middle-class (more demands, new habits) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing demands for food </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Land-grabbing’ </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing demands for energy </li></ul><ul><li>New hydropower projects </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing withdraw of water resources (surface and groundwaters waters) </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in the water levels – see Lake Victoria, Lake Tana </li></ul><ul><li>Governments: more political and financial capital to ‘ build’ projects </li></ul>
  4. 4. Environmental changes – what are they? <ul><li>Nile flows are uneven </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Normal’ environmental changes </li></ul><ul><li>Region with history of extreme climatic events - droughts and floods </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change predictions </li></ul><ul><li>Nile Basin: ‘water scarcity’ or ‘water abundance’? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Timelime of extreme events Droughts in the 1980s in Ethiopia and Sudan Historic low levels of Lake Nasser in Egypt at the end of 1980s Mid-1990s: massive floods in Ethiopia and Sudan
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sea-level rise </li></ul><ul><li>Soil salinity </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification </li></ul><ul><li>Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Wetlands conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Drop in lake levels / Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Water hyacinth </li></ul>Environmental challenges
  7. 7. Capacity to deal with current and future challenges <ul><li>WHAT WHAT LEVEL? </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>National/State </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-basin institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Basin Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Overlap of responsibilities and solutions? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Existing regional/basin institutions <ul><li>1986: The Intergovernmental Authority on Dorught and Development (IGADD)  IGAD </li></ul><ul><li>1999: Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) </li></ul><ul><li>+ ENSAP (Eastern Nile) + NELSAP (Nile Equatorial region) </li></ul><ul><li>2001: Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LBVC) </li></ul>
  9. 9. NBI – How to meet the socio-economic and environmental challenges in the Nile? since 1999 1997-2007 ?
  10. 10. NBI – Shared Vision
  11. 11. Cooperation in Action (I)
  12. 12. Cooperation in Action (II)
  13. 13. <ul><li>General Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and Obligations </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable and reasonable utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation not to cause significant harm </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and conservation of the Nile River Basin and its ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Regular exchange of data and information </li></ul><ul><li>Information concerning planned measures </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact assessment and audits </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiarity in the development and protection of the Nile River Basin </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention and mitigation of harmful conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Situations </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement of Disputes </li></ul>CFA – Institutional and Legal Framework
  14. 14. Thanks! [email_address]

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