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Agni missile


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Agni missile

  2. 2. AGNI MISSILE  The Agni missile (Sanskrit: अग्नि ,ग्नि , Agnī, root of English ignite) is a family of Medium to Intercontinental range ballistic missiles developed by India under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
  3. 3. AGNI MISSILE FAMILY  Agni-I Medium range ballistic missile, 700 – 1200 km range.  Agni-II intermediate range ballistic missile, 2,000- 2,500 km range.  Agni-III intermediate range ballistic missile, 3,000 - 5,500 km range.  Agni-IV intermediate range ballistic missile, 3,200- 3,700 km range.  Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile, 5,000 km range .  Agni-VI intercontinental ballistic missile, 10,000 km range (under development)
  4. 4. AGNI-I  Agni-I was first tested at the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur on 25 january 2002.  Weighing 12 tonne with a length of 15 metres, Agni-I has a range of 700–1200 km and is capable of carrying a conventional payload of 1000 kg (2,200 lb) or a nuclear warhead at a speed of 2.5 km/s.  Agni missiles consist of one (short range) or two stages (intermediate range).  These are rail and road mobile and powered by solid propellants. Agni-I is used by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the Indian Army.
  5. 5. AGNI -I "The Agni-I is in service with the Indian Army."
  6. 6. AGNI-II  Agni-II has a range of 2,000–2,500 km has a length of 20 metres, diameter of one metre and weighs around 18 tonnes.  Agni - II uses solid propellant in both of its two stages.  The Agni-II can reach most parts of western, central and southern China.
  7. 7. AGNI III  Agni-III is the third in the Agni series of missiles.  Agni III uses solid propellant in both stages. Agni-III was tested on July 9, 2006 from Wheeler island off the coast of the eastern state of Orissa.  After the launch, it was reported that the second stage of the rocket did not separate and the missile had fallen well short of its target. Agni-III was again tested on April 12, 2007, this time successfully, from the Wheeler Island off the coast of Orissa.  On May 7, 2008 India again successfully test fired this missile.  This was the third consecutive test; it validated the missile's operational readiness while extending the reach of India's nuclear deterrent to most high-value targets of the nation's most likely adversaries.  Agni-III has a range of 3,500 km, and can take a warhead of 1.5 tonnes. Its range falls within the reach of most major Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai.
  8. 8. AGNI III
  9. 9. AGNI IV  Agni-IV is the fourth in the Agni series of missiles which was earlier known as Agni II prime.  Agni-IV was tested on November 15, 2011 from Wheeler island off the coast of the eastern state of Orissa. With a range of 2,500-3,500 km  Agni-IV bridges the gap between Agni II and Agni III. Agni IV can take a warhead of 1 tonne.  It is designed to increase the kill efficiency along with a higher range performance.  Agni IV is equipped with state-of-the-art technologies, that includes indigenously developed ring laser gyro and composite rocket motor.  Its a two-stage missile powered by solid propellant. Its length is 20 meters and launch weight 17 tonnes.  It can be fired from a road mobile launcher.
  10. 10. AGNI -IV
  11. 11. AGNI V  The Agni-V is a three stage solid fueled missile with composite motor casing in the third stage. In many aspects, the Agni-5 carries forward the Agni-3 pedigree. With composites used extensively to reduce weight, and a third stage added on (the Agni-3 was a two-stage missile), the Agni-5 can fly 1,500 km further than the 3,500 km range Agni III.  On April 19, 2012 at 8.05 am, the Agni V was successfully test fired by DRDO from Wheeler Island off the coast of Orissa  Agni-V will feature Multiple Independent Re-entry Vehicles (MIRVs) with each missile being capable of carrying 3-10 separate nuclear warheads. Each warhead can be assigned to a different target, separated by hundreds of kilometres; alternatively, two or more warheads can be assigned to one target.
  12. 12. PURPOSES OF MIRV WARHEAD  Provides greater target damage for a given missile payload as several small warheads cause much more target damage area than a single large one. This in turn reduces the number of missiles and launch facilities required for a given destruction level.  With single warhead missiles, one missile must be launched for each target. By contrast with a MIRV warhead, the post-boost (or bus) stage can dispense the warheads against multiple targets across a broad area.  Reduces the effectiveness of an anti-ballistic missile defence system that relies on intercepting individual warheads.
  14. 14. AGNI
  16. 16. Abdul Kalam's Pride in Military Rockets of Tipu Sultan displayed at NASA,USA  At the Wallops center, Kalam observed a painting that was hung in the reception lobby of NASA USA, depicting a battle scene in which rockets are being launched against oncoming troops.  Curiously, the soldiers launching the rockets were all dark-skinned, while the targets of the rockets were white-skinned troops in what appeared to be British uniforms.  Kalam took a closer look and realized that the painting was of a battle between Tipu Sultan’s army and colonial British troops on Indian soil.
  17. 17. THANKING YOU