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BREAD WHEAT CULTURE
 HW 3094 as COW(W) 1




   HW
  H
  w
  3094


            Department of Millets
   Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics
    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
            Coimbatore -641 003
WH Y WH EA T F OR TA M I L N A D U
              N OW
 WATER REQUIREMENT IS LESS

 SHORT DURATION CROP AND MATURES IN ABOUT 90
  DAYS

 MEETS THE DOMESTIC REQUIREMENT OF WHEAT GRAIN

 PER DAY PRODUCTIVITY IS BETTER THAN NORTH INDIA

 LOCAL SALES AND PURCHASE BY FLOUR MILLS
  ENSURES MARKETING THE GRAIN
Wheat variety  COW(W)1
WHEAT CO W (W) 1
Parentage            : HD 2646/HW 2002A/CPAN 3057

Season               : October 3rd Week to
                       November 2nd Week

Duration             : 85 – 90 days

Grain Yield          : 2364 Kg/ha

Special Feature      :
 Bread wheat type
 High yield
 Rust resistance
 Better chappathi and bread making quality
Wheat scenario in India
Area                      Production         Productivity
  27.3 million ha      75.64 million tones   2770 kg/ha




Media reports about the need for wheat in Tamil Nadu
Overall performance of wheat culture HW 3094

S.No            Name of the trial       No.of        Grain yield (kg/ha)
                                        trials     HW 3094      HW 3070
 1.     Research station trials           3         3306          2966
        (2000-2003))
 2.     Multilocation trial               6         2951          2765
        (2000 –2001)
 3.     All India Coordinated trials      3         4543          4363
        AVT (2000 – 2001)
 4.     Adaptive Research Trials        75 (59)     2189          2146
        (Special ART)
 5      On Farm Trials (2003-2004)        49        2311          2122
        Total                          136 (120)
        Overall mean                                2364          2243
        % increase over HW 3070                     5.4%
Media reports about success
          of ART
District wise performance of HW 3094 and
           HW3070 in ART during 2003-2004
 S.                    District              No. of trials          Grain yield (Kg/ha)
 No.
                                                             HW 3094                HW 3070
 1.     Kancheepuram                               2          2260                        1598
 2.     Villupuram                                 2          3530                        3608
 3.     Dharmapuri                              20(4)*        2209                        1953
 4.     Salem                                      3          3511                        3135
 5.     Namakkal,                                  3          1915                        3014
 6.     Erode                                      3          2582                        3024
 7.     Theni                                      3          2963                        2735
 8.     Madurai                                  5(2)*        1477                        1438
 9.     Dindigul                                   3          1157                        987
 10.    Thiruvannamalai                            3          1263                        1354
 11.    Coimbatore                               3(1)*        1715                        1825
 12.    Karur                                      3          1621                        1546
 13.    Thiruvallur                                2          2067                        1780
 14.    Ramnad                                   (2)*           -                          -
 15.    Virudhunagar                             (3)*           -                          -
        Total                                  60 (12)*
        Mean                                                  2099                    2032
                      % increase over 3070      3.3%

( )* No of locations not included for calculation of mean. Ramnad
(2), Virudhunager (3), Dharmpuri (4) , Coimbatore (1), Madurai (2)
REACTION TO RUST DISEASE OF HW 3094
               UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS

   S           Variety                    Rust response score
  No.                            Stem rust      Leaf rust     Yellow rust
                                    (Black)     (Brown)
 1.     HW 3070                40 MS* (5.3)     10 S (2.8) Yellow     do
                                                           not appear
 2.     HW 3094                40 MS* (9.9)    5 MS (1.0) in         the
                                                           peninsular
 3.      NIAW 34                  10 MS (4.1)  40 MS (6.4) zone     and
            (Peninsular,                                   plains      of
            Zone, irrigated,                               Tamil Nadu.
            late sown, best
* maximumcheck)
             score
( ) Average co-efficient of infection (ACS) upto 12 only permitted in
peninsular India
S= susceptible
MS-Moderately susceptible
Source: DWR, AICWIP, Progress report 2000-01., Vol-V.
QUALITY CHARACTERS OF HW 3094


Sl.   Quality parameters           HW 3094   HW 3070   HI 977    C 306
No.                                                    (best     (best
                                                       bread    Chappat
                                                        var)       hi
1.    Grain appearance               5.3       5.1      5.7       var)
                                                                   6.3
      (Max. score –10)
2.    Hectolitre weight              78.0      75.6     78.5     81.6
3.    Protein content                11.6     10.62     13.3     10.6
4.    Sedimentation value            51.0      43.0     67.0     47.0
5.    High molecular weight         5+10      2+12      5+10     2+12
      glutinin subunits category
      (5+10 good for bread
      making)
 6    Chappathi score (Max. 10)      8.14      7.54     8.1       8.5

Higher the value represent better quality in all quality parameters
HW 3094 has got better chappathi and bread making quality which is
comparable to the best checks.
Wheat variety  COW(W)1
Wheat variety  COW(W)1
THANK YOU……….

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Wheat variety COW(W)1

  • 1. BREAD WHEAT CULTURE HW 3094 as COW(W) 1 HW H w 3094 Department of Millets Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore -641 003
  • 2. WH Y WH EA T F OR TA M I L N A D U N OW  WATER REQUIREMENT IS LESS  SHORT DURATION CROP AND MATURES IN ABOUT 90 DAYS  MEETS THE DOMESTIC REQUIREMENT OF WHEAT GRAIN  PER DAY PRODUCTIVITY IS BETTER THAN NORTH INDIA  LOCAL SALES AND PURCHASE BY FLOUR MILLS ENSURES MARKETING THE GRAIN
  • 4. WHEAT CO W (W) 1 Parentage : HD 2646/HW 2002A/CPAN 3057 Season : October 3rd Week to November 2nd Week Duration : 85 – 90 days Grain Yield : 2364 Kg/ha Special Feature :  Bread wheat type  High yield  Rust resistance  Better chappathi and bread making quality
  • 5. Wheat scenario in India Area Production Productivity 27.3 million ha 75.64 million tones 2770 kg/ha Media reports about the need for wheat in Tamil Nadu
  • 6. Overall performance of wheat culture HW 3094 S.No Name of the trial No.of Grain yield (kg/ha) trials HW 3094 HW 3070 1. Research station trials 3 3306 2966 (2000-2003)) 2. Multilocation trial 6 2951 2765 (2000 –2001) 3. All India Coordinated trials 3 4543 4363 AVT (2000 – 2001) 4. Adaptive Research Trials 75 (59) 2189 2146 (Special ART) 5 On Farm Trials (2003-2004) 49 2311 2122 Total 136 (120) Overall mean 2364 2243 % increase over HW 3070 5.4%
  • 7. Media reports about success of ART
  • 8. District wise performance of HW 3094 and HW3070 in ART during 2003-2004 S. District No. of trials Grain yield (Kg/ha) No. HW 3094 HW 3070 1. Kancheepuram 2 2260 1598 2. Villupuram 2 3530 3608 3. Dharmapuri 20(4)* 2209 1953 4. Salem 3 3511 3135 5. Namakkal, 3 1915 3014 6. Erode 3 2582 3024 7. Theni 3 2963 2735 8. Madurai 5(2)* 1477 1438 9. Dindigul 3 1157 987 10. Thiruvannamalai 3 1263 1354 11. Coimbatore 3(1)* 1715 1825 12. Karur 3 1621 1546 13. Thiruvallur 2 2067 1780 14. Ramnad (2)* - - 15. Virudhunagar (3)* - - Total 60 (12)* Mean 2099 2032 % increase over 3070 3.3% ( )* No of locations not included for calculation of mean. Ramnad (2), Virudhunager (3), Dharmpuri (4) , Coimbatore (1), Madurai (2)
  • 9. REACTION TO RUST DISEASE OF HW 3094 UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS S Variety Rust response score No. Stem rust Leaf rust Yellow rust (Black) (Brown) 1. HW 3070 40 MS* (5.3) 10 S (2.8) Yellow do not appear 2. HW 3094 40 MS* (9.9) 5 MS (1.0) in the peninsular 3. NIAW 34 10 MS (4.1) 40 MS (6.4) zone and (Peninsular, plains of Zone, irrigated, Tamil Nadu. late sown, best * maximumcheck) score ( ) Average co-efficient of infection (ACS) upto 12 only permitted in peninsular India S= susceptible MS-Moderately susceptible Source: DWR, AICWIP, Progress report 2000-01., Vol-V.
  • 10. QUALITY CHARACTERS OF HW 3094 Sl. Quality parameters HW 3094 HW 3070 HI 977 C 306 No. (best (best bread Chappat var) hi 1. Grain appearance 5.3 5.1 5.7 var) 6.3 (Max. score –10) 2. Hectolitre weight 78.0 75.6 78.5 81.6 3. Protein content 11.6 10.62 13.3 10.6 4. Sedimentation value 51.0 43.0 67.0 47.0 5. High molecular weight 5+10 2+12 5+10 2+12 glutinin subunits category (5+10 good for bread making) 6 Chappathi score (Max. 10) 8.14 7.54 8.1 8.5 Higher the value represent better quality in all quality parameters HW 3094 has got better chappathi and bread making quality which is comparable to the best checks.