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The document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics including: 1) Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in fluid velocity results in a decrease in pressure. 2) Pascal's law describes how pressure is transmitted equally in all directions throughout a confined fluid. 3) Continuity equations states that the flow rate of a fluid remains constant regardless of changes to its velocity or pressure. 4) Venturi tubes use the Bernoulli effect to create areas of lower pressure by increasing fluid velocity through constrictions.

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Bernoulli’s equation

1. The document discusses ideal fluids and their properties, including being incompressible and nonviscous.
2. It introduces concepts like laminar and turbulent flow, and uses Bernoulli's principle and the continuity equation to relate fluid properties like pressure, velocity, and flow rate.
3. Examples are given to demonstrate how Bernoulli's principle can be used to understand phenomena like decreases in pressure associated with increases in flow speed.

Bernoulli's Principle

Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure. The principle was introduced by Daniel Bernoulli in 1738 and describes the behavior of incompressible, non-viscous fluids. It explains various phenomena like aircraft lift, spoiler function, tennis ball motion, and carburetor/venturi tube operation. The document covers the theory, equation, and various applications of Bernoulli's principle.

Bernoulli’s principle

Daniel Bernoulli discovered Bernoulli's principle in the 1700s through experiments observing water flow. Bernoulli's principle states that as the speed of a fluid increases, the pressure decreases. It explains that the pressure is lowest where the flow speed is highest. Some applications of this principle are how aircraft wings generate lift through differences in air pressure above and below the wing, and how ventilation works through higher pressure pushing lower pressure areas.

Bernoulli's principle

1. Bernoulli's principle states that within a horizontal flow of fluid, the highest fluid pressure occurs where the flow speed is lowest, and lowest pressure where flow speed is highest.
2. Bernoulli's principle explains how the difference in pressure above and below a wing produces an upward force, allowing for flight. It is also applied to explain how air flows over mountains.
3. Bernoulli's equation expresses the conservation of energy for flowing fluids, relating pressure, flow velocity, and elevation. It states that the total mechanical energy per unit volume remains constant within a streamline.

Bernoulli’s theorem 2

PPT on Bernoulli's Theorem ,with Application,Derivation, Bernoulli's Equation,Definition,About The Scientist ,Solved Example,Video Lecture,Solved Problem(Video),Dimensions.
If you liked it don't forget to follow me-
Instagram-yadavgaurav251
Facebook-www.facebook.com/yadavgaurav251

Bernoullis equation

Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid results in a decrease in pressure. It is named after Daniel Bernoulli and can be expressed by the Bernoulli's equation: P + 1/2mv^2 + mgh = constant. Some applications of Bernoulli's principle include:
1) The lift of airplane wings, which occurs because the shape of the wings causes faster moving air over the top surface, resulting in lower pressure lifting the plane.
2) The curved path of a spinning baseball, which results from higher pressure on one side of the ball pushing it in that direction.
3) Atomizers use Bernoulli's principle to create a fine spray by drawing liquid up through a nozzle using

Bernoulli's Principle and its applications

Daniel Bernoulli discovered Bernoulli's principle in the 18th century while studying water flow through containers. Bernoulli's principle states that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure within the fluid decreases. Some applications of Bernoulli's principle include venturi tubes, perfume sprayers, pitot tubes, the curved path of spinning balls, and the lift force created by airplane wings. The presentation provided examples of how Bernoulli's principle explains these phenomena in fluids and discussed its importance.

Eulers equation

This document discusses Euler's equation in fluid mechanics. It provides background on the history of understanding fluid motion, defines key terms like pressure and fluid pressure. It then defines Euler's equation, which relates velocity, pressure and density of a moving fluid based on Newton's second law of motion. Bernoulli's equation is derived from integrating Euler's equation, relating pressure, velocity and fluid height. Applications of these equations in understanding bird flight and airplane wing design are discussed. The document provides detailed definitions and derivations of these important fluid mechanics equations.

Bernoulli’s equation

1. The document discusses ideal fluids and their properties, including being incompressible and nonviscous.
2. It introduces concepts like laminar and turbulent flow, and uses Bernoulli's principle and the continuity equation to relate fluid properties like pressure, velocity, and flow rate.
3. Examples are given to demonstrate how Bernoulli's principle can be used to understand phenomena like decreases in pressure associated with increases in flow speed.

Bernoulli's Principle

Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure. The principle was introduced by Daniel Bernoulli in 1738 and describes the behavior of incompressible, non-viscous fluids. It explains various phenomena like aircraft lift, spoiler function, tennis ball motion, and carburetor/venturi tube operation. The document covers the theory, equation, and various applications of Bernoulli's principle.

Bernoulli’s principle

Daniel Bernoulli discovered Bernoulli's principle in the 1700s through experiments observing water flow. Bernoulli's principle states that as the speed of a fluid increases, the pressure decreases. It explains that the pressure is lowest where the flow speed is highest. Some applications of this principle are how aircraft wings generate lift through differences in air pressure above and below the wing, and how ventilation works through higher pressure pushing lower pressure areas.

Bernoulli's principle

1. Bernoulli's principle states that within a horizontal flow of fluid, the highest fluid pressure occurs where the flow speed is lowest, and lowest pressure where flow speed is highest.
2. Bernoulli's principle explains how the difference in pressure above and below a wing produces an upward force, allowing for flight. It is also applied to explain how air flows over mountains.
3. Bernoulli's equation expresses the conservation of energy for flowing fluids, relating pressure, flow velocity, and elevation. It states that the total mechanical energy per unit volume remains constant within a streamline.

Bernoulli’s theorem 2

PPT on Bernoulli's Theorem ,with Application,Derivation, Bernoulli's Equation,Definition,About The Scientist ,Solved Example,Video Lecture,Solved Problem(Video),Dimensions.
If you liked it don't forget to follow me-
Instagram-yadavgaurav251
Facebook-www.facebook.com/yadavgaurav251

Bernoullis equation

Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid results in a decrease in pressure. It is named after Daniel Bernoulli and can be expressed by the Bernoulli's equation: P + 1/2mv^2 + mgh = constant. Some applications of Bernoulli's principle include:
1) The lift of airplane wings, which occurs because the shape of the wings causes faster moving air over the top surface, resulting in lower pressure lifting the plane.
2) The curved path of a spinning baseball, which results from higher pressure on one side of the ball pushing it in that direction.
3) Atomizers use Bernoulli's principle to create a fine spray by drawing liquid up through a nozzle using

Bernoulli's Principle and its applications

Daniel Bernoulli discovered Bernoulli's principle in the 18th century while studying water flow through containers. Bernoulli's principle states that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure within the fluid decreases. Some applications of Bernoulli's principle include venturi tubes, perfume sprayers, pitot tubes, the curved path of spinning balls, and the lift force created by airplane wings. The presentation provided examples of how Bernoulli's principle explains these phenomena in fluids and discussed its importance.

Eulers equation

This document discusses Euler's equation in fluid mechanics. It provides background on the history of understanding fluid motion, defines key terms like pressure and fluid pressure. It then defines Euler's equation, which relates velocity, pressure and density of a moving fluid based on Newton's second law of motion. Bernoulli's equation is derived from integrating Euler's equation, relating pressure, velocity and fluid height. Applications of these equations in understanding bird flight and airplane wing design are discussed. The document provides detailed definitions and derivations of these important fluid mechanics equations.

Bernoulli and continuity equation

This document discusses Bernoulli's principle and equation in fluid mechanics. It provides definitions and explanations of key terms like Bernoulli's principle, conservation of energy principle, and various forms of Bernoulli's equation. It also includes proofs of Bernoulli's theorem derived from conservation of energy and Newton's second law. Finally, it discusses the continuity equation and theorem in fluid mechanics.

Applications of bernoulli equation

Bernoulli's equation states that the total mechanical energy of an incompressible and inviscid fluid is constant. It has applications in sizing pumps, flow sensors, ejectors, carburetors, siphons, and pitot tubes. In pumps, the volute converts kinetic energy to pressure energy. Ejectors use pressure energy to create velocity energy to entrain suction fluid and then convert it back to pressure. Pitot tubes use pressure differences to measure flow velocity. Carburetors use Bernoulli's principle to draw in fuel, where faster air has lower pressure. Siphons use the principle to move liquid over an obstruction without pumping.

Bernoullis Theorem (proof and explaination)

this ppt is about topic-Bernoulli's Principal with its derivation and explaination as required in schools . Hope you will find it helpful!

Bernoulli\'s Principle

The document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics including:
1) Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in fluid velocity results in a decrease in pressure.
2) Pascal's law describes how pressure is transmitted equally in all directions throughout a confined fluid.
3) Continuity equations states that the flow rate of a fluid remains constant regardless of changes to its velocity or pressure.
4) Venturi tubes use the Bernoulli effect to create regions of lower pressure by increasing fluid velocity through constrictions.

Applications and Principle of bernoulli equation (Energy Conservation)

Short explanation about Bernoulli Principle and its vast areas of application in Automobile, day to day life etc. with various forms of energy equation.

bernoulli's theorem

Bernoulli's theorem states that for an incompressible and non-viscous fluid flowing steadily in a streamlined manner, the total mechanical energy at each point along a streamline remains constant. This includes pressure energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy. Specifically, the pressure plus one-half the density times the velocity squared plus the density times the gravitational potential energy is constant at all points. Bernoulli's theorem can be applied to explain various fluid dynamics phenomena like the venturi effect and the lift generated by airplane wings. It is limited to non-viscous, incompressible, laminar flows without rotation.

S3 Chapter 2 Fluid Pressure

This document discusses fluid pressure and various ways to measure it. It defines pressure as a force per unit area and explains that pressure increases linearly with depth in a static fluid. It also describes how manometers and barometers work to measure pressure differences and atmospheric pressure respectively using the hydrostatic pressure equation. Manometers use columns of liquid like mercury or water, while barometers use a mercury column to directly measure atmospheric pressure at sea level.

Chapter four fluid mechanics

1) The document discusses fluid kinematics, which deals with the motion of fluids without considering the forces that create motion. It covers topics like velocity fields, acceleration fields, control volumes, and flow visualization techniques.
2) There are two main descriptions of fluid motion - Lagrangian, which follows individual particles, and Eulerian, which observes the flow at fixed points in space. Most practical analysis uses the Eulerian description.
3) The Reynolds Transport Theorem allows equations written for a fluid system to be applied to a fixed control volume, which is useful for analyzing forces on objects in a flow. It relates the time rate of change of an extensive property within the control volume to surface fluxes and the property accumulation.

Application of bernoulli's equation

This ppt is more useful for Civil Engineering students.
I have prepared this ppt during my college days as a part of semester evaluation . Hope this will help to current civil students for their ppt presentations and in many more activities as a part of their semester assessments.
I have prepared this ppt as per the syllabus concerned in the particular topic of the subject, so one can directly use it just by editing their names.

Fluid statics

This document discusses fluid statics and pressure measurement. It defines concepts like absolute pressure, gauge pressure, atmospheric pressure, and Pascal's law. It describes devices used to measure pressure like manometers, piezometers, and Bourdon gauges. Specifically, it provides details on how liquid manometers and differential manometers work, including the principles, setup, and equations to calculate pressure. It also lists the advantages and limitations of using manometers for pressure measurement applications.

The principle of bernoulli

The document discusses the principle of Bernoulli and provides examples of how it can be observed in everyday phenomena. It explains that Bernoulli's principle relates pressure and velocity in fluid flows such that an increase in velocity results in a decrease in pressure. Examples where this principle can be seen include water flows becoming narrower due to higher pressure on the edges, curved flight paths of spinning balls due to pressure differences, the danger of opening plane windows during flight from changes in pressure, boats bumping due to faster fluid flow between them, and birds being able to fly through higher air pressure under their wings compared to above.

A STUDY ON VISCOUS FLOW (With A Special Focus On Boundary Layer And Its Effects)

This document summarizes a study on viscous flow with a focus on boundary layers and their effects. It defines viscosity and describes the boundary layer that forms along a solid surface moving through a fluid. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers are differentiated. The boundary layer equations are presented and used to derive the Navier-Stokes equations that govern viscous fluid flow. Key properties of boundary layers like thickness and velocity profiles are discussed. The interaction of boundary layers and shockwaves is also summarized.

Fluid mechanics

Fluid mechanics deals with the behavior of fluids at rest and in motion. It can be divided into three divisions: hydrostatics, kinematics, and dynamics. Hydrostatics studies fluids at rest, kinematics deals with fluid motion without forces, and dynamics relates velocities, accelerations, and forces acting on fluids. Fluids include liquids and gases, with gases being readily compressible and liquids being nearly incompressible. Fluid mechanics has many applications in daily life and engineering.

PRESSURE & HEAD (PART-1)

PLEASE NOTE THIS IS PART-1
By Referring or said Learning This Presentation You Can Clear Your Basics Fundamental Doubts about Fluid Mechanics. In this Presentation You Will Learn about Fluid Pressure, Pressure at Point, Pascal's Law, Types Of Pressure and Pressure Measurements.

VENTURIMETER -Application of Bernoulli's Law

A venturimeter uses Bernoulli's theorem to measure fluid flow rate in a pipe. It consists of a converging cone that accelerates the fluid, a cylindrical throat where pressure is measured, and a diverging cone that recovers pressure. By relating the pressure difference between the inlet and throat to the velocity difference via Bernoulli's equation, the flow rate can be calculated. Venturimeters are commonly used to measure gasoline or blood flow. While accurate, they are more expensive and bulky than orifice meters.

Fluid dynamic

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It begins by defining different forms of energy in a flowing liquid, including kinetic energy, potential energy, pressure energy, and internal energy. It then derives Bernoulli's equation, which states that the total head of a fluid particle remains constant during steady, incompressible flow. The derivation considers forces acting on a fluid particle and uses conservation of energy. Finally, the document presents the general energy equation for steady fluid flow and the specific equation for incompressible fluids using the concepts of total head, head loss, and hydraulic grade line.

Fluid mechanics notes

B.TECH. DEGREE COURSE
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
(2002-03 admission onwards)
MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY,mg university, KTU
KOTTAYAM
KERALA
Module 1
Introduction - Proprties of fluids - pressure, force, density, specific weight, compressibility, capillarity, surface tension, dynamic and kinematic viscosity-Pascal’s law-Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids-fluid statics-measurement of pressure-variation of pressure-manometry-hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces-centre of pressure-buoyancy-floation-stability of submerged and floating bodies-metacentric height-period of oscillation.
Module 2
Kinematics of fluid motion-Eulerian and Lagrangian approach-classification and representation of fluid flow- path line, stream line and streak line. Basic hydrodynamics-equation for acceleration-continuity equation-rotational and irrotational flow-velocity potential and stream function-circulation and vorticity-vortex flow-energy variation across stream lines-basic field flow such as uniform flow, spiral flow, source, sink, doublet, vortex pair, flow past a cylinder with a circulation, Magnus effect-Joukowski theorem-coefficient of lift.
Module 3
Euler’s momentum equation-Bernoulli’s equation and its limitations-momentum and energy correction factors-pressure variation across uniform conduit and uniform bend-pressure distribution in irrotational flow and in curved boundaries-flow through orifices and mouthpieces, notches and weirs-time of emptying a tank-application of Bernoulli’s theorem-orifice meter, ventury meter, pitot tube, rotameter.
Module 4
Navier-Stoke’s equation-body force-Hagen-Poiseullie equation-boundary layer flow theory-velocity variation- methods of controlling-applications-diffuser-boundary layer separation –wakes, drag force, coefficient of drag, skin friction, pressure, profile and total drag-stream lined body, bluff body-drag force on a rectangular plate-drag coefficient for flow around a cylinder-lift and drag force on an aerofoil-applications of aerofoil- characteristics-work done-aerofoil flow recorder-polar diagram-simple problems.
Module 5
Flow of a real fluid-effect of viscosity on fluid flow-laminar and turbulent flow-boundary layer thickness-displacement, momentum and energy thickness-flow through pipes-laminar and turbulent flow in pipes-critical Reynolds number-Darcy-Weisback equation-hydraulic radius-Moody;s chart-pipes in series and parallel-siphon losses in pipes-power transmission through pipes-water hammer-equivalent pipe-open channel flow-Chezy’s equation-most economical cross section-hydraulic jump.

Equation of continuity

This document discusses the continuity equation in fluid mechanics. It defines the continuity equation as the product of cross-sectional area and fluid speed being constant at any point along a pipe. This constant product equals the volume flow rate. The document then derives the continuity equation mathematically by considering the mass flow rate at the inlet and outlet of a pipe with varying cross-sectional areas but steady, incompressible flow. It provides an example calculation and solution for water flow rates and velocities through pipes of different diameters.

Flow through pipes

This document discusses fluid flow in pipes. It begins by defining average velocity and laminar versus turbulent flow regimes based on the Reynolds number. It then covers topics such as developing flow, fully developed flow profiles, friction factors, pressure drops, pipe networks, and pump selection. The key points are that laminar flow has a parabolic velocity profile while turbulent flow is more complex, friction factors can be estimated using Moody charts or the Colebrook equation, and head losses consider both pipe friction and minor losses from fittings.

Pascal's law

What is Pascal's law? what are the applications of Pascal's law?
This provide s the basic knowledge about Pascal's principle which is applied with the hydraulic system.

Bernoulli’s Theorem

This document summarizes Daniel Bernoulli and his theorem on fluid mechanics. It discusses how Bernoulli, a Swiss scientist born in the 1700s, discovered that an increase in the speed of a moving fluid is accompanied by a decrease in the fluid's pressure. Bernoulli's principle, also called Bernoulli's theorem, states that the total energy in a fluid remains constant provided the flow is steady, frictionless, and incompressible. The document then provides Bernoulli's equation and describes experiments using a Venturi meter to verify the theorem by measuring pressure and velocity changes at different pipe sections. It concludes that the experiments validate Bernoulli's equation and its applications in fluid mechanics and aerodynamics.

Bernoulli’s principle

definition of Bernoulli's Principle.
The evidence of Bernoulli's Principle in our daily life.
Application of Bernoulli's Principle

Bernoulli and continuity equation

This document discusses Bernoulli's principle and equation in fluid mechanics. It provides definitions and explanations of key terms like Bernoulli's principle, conservation of energy principle, and various forms of Bernoulli's equation. It also includes proofs of Bernoulli's theorem derived from conservation of energy and Newton's second law. Finally, it discusses the continuity equation and theorem in fluid mechanics.

Applications of bernoulli equation

Bernoulli's equation states that the total mechanical energy of an incompressible and inviscid fluid is constant. It has applications in sizing pumps, flow sensors, ejectors, carburetors, siphons, and pitot tubes. In pumps, the volute converts kinetic energy to pressure energy. Ejectors use pressure energy to create velocity energy to entrain suction fluid and then convert it back to pressure. Pitot tubes use pressure differences to measure flow velocity. Carburetors use Bernoulli's principle to draw in fuel, where faster air has lower pressure. Siphons use the principle to move liquid over an obstruction without pumping.

Bernoullis Theorem (proof and explaination)

this ppt is about topic-Bernoulli's Principal with its derivation and explaination as required in schools . Hope you will find it helpful!

Bernoulli\'s Principle

The document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics including:
1) Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in fluid velocity results in a decrease in pressure.
2) Pascal's law describes how pressure is transmitted equally in all directions throughout a confined fluid.
3) Continuity equations states that the flow rate of a fluid remains constant regardless of changes to its velocity or pressure.
4) Venturi tubes use the Bernoulli effect to create regions of lower pressure by increasing fluid velocity through constrictions.

Applications and Principle of bernoulli equation (Energy Conservation)

Short explanation about Bernoulli Principle and its vast areas of application in Automobile, day to day life etc. with various forms of energy equation.

bernoulli's theorem

Bernoulli's theorem states that for an incompressible and non-viscous fluid flowing steadily in a streamlined manner, the total mechanical energy at each point along a streamline remains constant. This includes pressure energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy. Specifically, the pressure plus one-half the density times the velocity squared plus the density times the gravitational potential energy is constant at all points. Bernoulli's theorem can be applied to explain various fluid dynamics phenomena like the venturi effect and the lift generated by airplane wings. It is limited to non-viscous, incompressible, laminar flows without rotation.

S3 Chapter 2 Fluid Pressure

This document discusses fluid pressure and various ways to measure it. It defines pressure as a force per unit area and explains that pressure increases linearly with depth in a static fluid. It also describes how manometers and barometers work to measure pressure differences and atmospheric pressure respectively using the hydrostatic pressure equation. Manometers use columns of liquid like mercury or water, while barometers use a mercury column to directly measure atmospheric pressure at sea level.

Chapter four fluid mechanics

1) The document discusses fluid kinematics, which deals with the motion of fluids without considering the forces that create motion. It covers topics like velocity fields, acceleration fields, control volumes, and flow visualization techniques.
2) There are two main descriptions of fluid motion - Lagrangian, which follows individual particles, and Eulerian, which observes the flow at fixed points in space. Most practical analysis uses the Eulerian description.
3) The Reynolds Transport Theorem allows equations written for a fluid system to be applied to a fixed control volume, which is useful for analyzing forces on objects in a flow. It relates the time rate of change of an extensive property within the control volume to surface fluxes and the property accumulation.

Application of bernoulli's equation

This ppt is more useful for Civil Engineering students.
I have prepared this ppt during my college days as a part of semester evaluation . Hope this will help to current civil students for their ppt presentations and in many more activities as a part of their semester assessments.
I have prepared this ppt as per the syllabus concerned in the particular topic of the subject, so one can directly use it just by editing their names.

Fluid statics

This document discusses fluid statics and pressure measurement. It defines concepts like absolute pressure, gauge pressure, atmospheric pressure, and Pascal's law. It describes devices used to measure pressure like manometers, piezometers, and Bourdon gauges. Specifically, it provides details on how liquid manometers and differential manometers work, including the principles, setup, and equations to calculate pressure. It also lists the advantages and limitations of using manometers for pressure measurement applications.

The principle of bernoulli

The document discusses the principle of Bernoulli and provides examples of how it can be observed in everyday phenomena. It explains that Bernoulli's principle relates pressure and velocity in fluid flows such that an increase in velocity results in a decrease in pressure. Examples where this principle can be seen include water flows becoming narrower due to higher pressure on the edges, curved flight paths of spinning balls due to pressure differences, the danger of opening plane windows during flight from changes in pressure, boats bumping due to faster fluid flow between them, and birds being able to fly through higher air pressure under their wings compared to above.

A STUDY ON VISCOUS FLOW (With A Special Focus On Boundary Layer And Its Effects)

This document summarizes a study on viscous flow with a focus on boundary layers and their effects. It defines viscosity and describes the boundary layer that forms along a solid surface moving through a fluid. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers are differentiated. The boundary layer equations are presented and used to derive the Navier-Stokes equations that govern viscous fluid flow. Key properties of boundary layers like thickness and velocity profiles are discussed. The interaction of boundary layers and shockwaves is also summarized.

Fluid mechanics

Fluid mechanics deals with the behavior of fluids at rest and in motion. It can be divided into three divisions: hydrostatics, kinematics, and dynamics. Hydrostatics studies fluids at rest, kinematics deals with fluid motion without forces, and dynamics relates velocities, accelerations, and forces acting on fluids. Fluids include liquids and gases, with gases being readily compressible and liquids being nearly incompressible. Fluid mechanics has many applications in daily life and engineering.

PRESSURE & HEAD (PART-1)

PLEASE NOTE THIS IS PART-1
By Referring or said Learning This Presentation You Can Clear Your Basics Fundamental Doubts about Fluid Mechanics. In this Presentation You Will Learn about Fluid Pressure, Pressure at Point, Pascal's Law, Types Of Pressure and Pressure Measurements.

VENTURIMETER -Application of Bernoulli's Law

A venturimeter uses Bernoulli's theorem to measure fluid flow rate in a pipe. It consists of a converging cone that accelerates the fluid, a cylindrical throat where pressure is measured, and a diverging cone that recovers pressure. By relating the pressure difference between the inlet and throat to the velocity difference via Bernoulli's equation, the flow rate can be calculated. Venturimeters are commonly used to measure gasoline or blood flow. While accurate, they are more expensive and bulky than orifice meters.

Fluid dynamic

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It begins by defining different forms of energy in a flowing liquid, including kinetic energy, potential energy, pressure energy, and internal energy. It then derives Bernoulli's equation, which states that the total head of a fluid particle remains constant during steady, incompressible flow. The derivation considers forces acting on a fluid particle and uses conservation of energy. Finally, the document presents the general energy equation for steady fluid flow and the specific equation for incompressible fluids using the concepts of total head, head loss, and hydraulic grade line.

Fluid mechanics notes

B.TECH. DEGREE COURSE
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
(2002-03 admission onwards)
MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY,mg university, KTU
KOTTAYAM
KERALA
Module 1
Introduction - Proprties of fluids - pressure, force, density, specific weight, compressibility, capillarity, surface tension, dynamic and kinematic viscosity-Pascal’s law-Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids-fluid statics-measurement of pressure-variation of pressure-manometry-hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces-centre of pressure-buoyancy-floation-stability of submerged and floating bodies-metacentric height-period of oscillation.
Module 2
Kinematics of fluid motion-Eulerian and Lagrangian approach-classification and representation of fluid flow- path line, stream line and streak line. Basic hydrodynamics-equation for acceleration-continuity equation-rotational and irrotational flow-velocity potential and stream function-circulation and vorticity-vortex flow-energy variation across stream lines-basic field flow such as uniform flow, spiral flow, source, sink, doublet, vortex pair, flow past a cylinder with a circulation, Magnus effect-Joukowski theorem-coefficient of lift.
Module 3
Euler’s momentum equation-Bernoulli’s equation and its limitations-momentum and energy correction factors-pressure variation across uniform conduit and uniform bend-pressure distribution in irrotational flow and in curved boundaries-flow through orifices and mouthpieces, notches and weirs-time of emptying a tank-application of Bernoulli’s theorem-orifice meter, ventury meter, pitot tube, rotameter.
Module 4
Navier-Stoke’s equation-body force-Hagen-Poiseullie equation-boundary layer flow theory-velocity variation- methods of controlling-applications-diffuser-boundary layer separation –wakes, drag force, coefficient of drag, skin friction, pressure, profile and total drag-stream lined body, bluff body-drag force on a rectangular plate-drag coefficient for flow around a cylinder-lift and drag force on an aerofoil-applications of aerofoil- characteristics-work done-aerofoil flow recorder-polar diagram-simple problems.
Module 5
Flow of a real fluid-effect of viscosity on fluid flow-laminar and turbulent flow-boundary layer thickness-displacement, momentum and energy thickness-flow through pipes-laminar and turbulent flow in pipes-critical Reynolds number-Darcy-Weisback equation-hydraulic radius-Moody;s chart-pipes in series and parallel-siphon losses in pipes-power transmission through pipes-water hammer-equivalent pipe-open channel flow-Chezy’s equation-most economical cross section-hydraulic jump.

Equation of continuity

This document discusses the continuity equation in fluid mechanics. It defines the continuity equation as the product of cross-sectional area and fluid speed being constant at any point along a pipe. This constant product equals the volume flow rate. The document then derives the continuity equation mathematically by considering the mass flow rate at the inlet and outlet of a pipe with varying cross-sectional areas but steady, incompressible flow. It provides an example calculation and solution for water flow rates and velocities through pipes of different diameters.

Flow through pipes

This document discusses fluid flow in pipes. It begins by defining average velocity and laminar versus turbulent flow regimes based on the Reynolds number. It then covers topics such as developing flow, fully developed flow profiles, friction factors, pressure drops, pipe networks, and pump selection. The key points are that laminar flow has a parabolic velocity profile while turbulent flow is more complex, friction factors can be estimated using Moody charts or the Colebrook equation, and head losses consider both pipe friction and minor losses from fittings.

Pascal's law

What is Pascal's law? what are the applications of Pascal's law?
This provide s the basic knowledge about Pascal's principle which is applied with the hydraulic system.

Bernoulli and continuity equation

Bernoulli and continuity equation

Applications of bernoulli equation

Applications of bernoulli equation

Bernoullis Theorem (proof and explaination)

Bernoullis Theorem (proof and explaination)

Bernoulli\'s Principle

Bernoulli\'s Principle

Applications and Principle of bernoulli equation (Energy Conservation)

Applications and Principle of bernoulli equation (Energy Conservation)

bernoulli's theorem

bernoulli's theorem

S3 Chapter 2 Fluid Pressure

S3 Chapter 2 Fluid Pressure

Chapter four fluid mechanics

Chapter four fluid mechanics

Application of bernoulli's equation

Application of bernoulli's equation

Fluid statics

Fluid statics

The principle of bernoulli

The principle of bernoulli

A STUDY ON VISCOUS FLOW (With A Special Focus On Boundary Layer And Its Effects)

A STUDY ON VISCOUS FLOW (With A Special Focus On Boundary Layer And Its Effects)

Fluid mechanics

Fluid mechanics

PRESSURE & HEAD (PART-1)

PRESSURE & HEAD (PART-1)

VENTURIMETER -Application of Bernoulli's Law

VENTURIMETER -Application of Bernoulli's Law

Fluid dynamic

Fluid dynamic

Fluid mechanics notes

Fluid mechanics notes

Equation of continuity

Equation of continuity

Flow through pipes

Flow through pipes

Pascal's law

Pascal's law

Bernoulli’s Theorem

This document summarizes Daniel Bernoulli and his theorem on fluid mechanics. It discusses how Bernoulli, a Swiss scientist born in the 1700s, discovered that an increase in the speed of a moving fluid is accompanied by a decrease in the fluid's pressure. Bernoulli's principle, also called Bernoulli's theorem, states that the total energy in a fluid remains constant provided the flow is steady, frictionless, and incompressible. The document then provides Bernoulli's equation and describes experiments using a Venturi meter to verify the theorem by measuring pressure and velocity changes at different pipe sections. It concludes that the experiments validate Bernoulli's equation and its applications in fluid mechanics and aerodynamics.

Bernoulli’s principle

definition of Bernoulli's Principle.
The evidence of Bernoulli's Principle in our daily life.
Application of Bernoulli's Principle

Bernoulli theorm

This document describes an experiment to verify Bernoulli's theorem. Bernoulli's theorem states that for an inviscid, incompressible fluid flowing steadily through a closed passage, the total energy at any point remains constant. The experiment involves measuring the pressure, velocity, and elevation at different points in a diverging duct carrying water. Observations are recorded and used to plot the total energy line, which should be horizontal according to Bernoulli's theorem. The results support the theorem by showing the total energy remains constant despite changes in pressure, velocity, and elevation along the duct.

Presentation on bernoulli

This presentation discusses Bernoulli's equation and the Bernoulli family of mathematicians. It introduces Jacob Bernoulli, who published the first differential equation in 1690. While talented, the Bernoulli family members had ego conflicts that strained their relationships. The document then presents Bernoulli's equation, noting it is true for any real number n except 0 or 1, for which it becomes linear. It is solved using a method developed by Leibniz.

Bernoulli’s principle

1) As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure of the fluid decreases.
2) Bernoulli's principle states that a region of fast-moving fluid has lower pressure than a region of slower-moving or stationary fluid.
3) Many common devices and phenomena rely on Bernoulli's principle, including aircraft wings, venturi tubes, and spray bottles.

class 11 Physics investigatory project(cbse)

The document is a physics project report submitted by Pradeep Singh Rathour to his teacher, Mrs. Kalpana Tiwari, on Bernoulli's theorem. The report includes an introduction, acknowledgments, index, and sections explaining key concepts like pressure, Pascal's law, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, and applications such as venturi tubes. It discusses how Bernoulli's principle explains lift in airplanes by creating lower pressure above the wing. The report concludes that while Bernoulli's law is often misapplied to explain lift, the accurate explanation requires considering conservation of mass, momentum and energy simultaneously.

Continuity Equation

1. The document discusses the continuity equation, which states that the flow rate of an incompressible fluid is constant at any point in a fluid system with no accumulation.
2. The formula for continuity equation is given as: ρ1A1v1 = ρ2A2v2, where ρ is density, A is cross-sectional area, and v is velocity.
3. Examples of applications include calculating water velocity changes in pipes or rivers of varying diameters, and a sample problem is worked out calculating velocities at different pipe positions.

Types of fluid flow best ppt

A fluid is a state of matter in which its molecules move freely and do not bear a constant relationship in space to other molecules.
In physics, fluid flow has all kinds of aspects: steady or unsteady, compressible or incompressible, viscous or non-viscous, and rotational or irrotational to name a few. Some of these characteristics reflect properties of the liquid itself, and others focus on how the fluid is moving.
Fluids are :-
Liquid : blood, i.v. infusions)
Gas : O2 , N2O)
Vapour (transition from liquid to gas) : N2O (under compression in cylinder), volatile inhalational agents (halothane, isoflurane, etc)
Sublimate (transition from solid to gas bypassing liquid state) : Dry ice (solid CO2), iodine

Bernoulli equation

The Bernoulli equation is a statement of the conservation of energy in fluids. It states that for steady, incompressible flow, the sum of pressure, potential and kinetic energies per unit volume is constant at any point along a streamline. The Bernoulli equation can be used to calculate things like the velocity of fluid flowing out of a tank through an orifice, where increasing velocity decreases pressure and vice versa. It is commonly applied to situations like venturi meters and pitot tubes.

Energy quations and its application

This document outlines a presentation on fluid mechanics concepts including the momentum equation, Bernoulli's theorem, and applications. It discusses the momentum equation, force exerted by fluid flow on pipe bends using a 2D flow equation, Euler's equation of motion, Bernoulli's theorem, and applications like Pitot tubes, Venturimeters, and orifice meters. It also provides an elementary introduction to notches and weirs.

Fluid mechanics

This document discusses laminar and turbulent fluid flow in pipes. It defines laminar flow as smooth, ordered motion of fluid layers and turbulent flow as irregular motion with velocity fluctuations. The Reynolds number determines the flow regime, with laminar flow below 2000 and turbulent flow above 4000. For fully developed laminar pipe flow, the velocity profile is parabolic and the pressure drop is proportional to flow rate, pipe length, and fluid viscosity, inversely proportional to pipe diameter raised to the fourth power.

Daniel Bernoulli

Daniel Bernoulli was born in 1700 in the Netherlands and lived most of his life in Switzerland. He came from a family of mathematicians and made important contributions to fluid mechanics and physics. His greatest accomplishment was publishing Hydrodynamica in 1738, which developed the fluid equation and illustrated measuring blood pressure, advancing mathematics and physics.

AFD1 The Mechanic Energy Equation

The document discusses kinetic energy in fluid systems. Kinetic energy is defined as one-half mass times velocity squared. For incompressible flow where density is constant, kinetic energy can be expressed as one-half velocity squared. The velocity of a fluid is related to the area of the pipe - as area decreases, velocity increases to maintain a constant volumetric flow rate.

Fluid Mechanics L#3

This document discusses fluid mechanics concepts including Newton's second law applied to fluid flows and the Bernoulli equation. It provides examples of using the Bernoulli equation to solve problems involving fluid flow, pressure, velocity, and height. The examples calculate pressure differences, flow rates, and maximum jet heights. The document also briefly introduces flowrate measurement using a Pitot tube.

Archimedes' principle

Archimedes was born in 287 BC in Syracuse, Greece. He died in 212 BC when he was killed by a Roman soldier who did not know his identity. Archimedes' father was named Phidias and may have been related to Hieron II, the king of Syracuse. Archimedes' Principle states that when a body is immersed partially or fully in a fluid, it experiences an upward force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. This upward force is called the buoyant force. The buoyant force depends on the volume of the body immersed and the density of the fluid. An experiment is described to verify Archimedes' Principle by measuring the loss in weight of a

Project Bernoulli

Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure. Bernoulli discovered that the static pressure plus the dynamic pressure is equal to the total pressure throughout a fluid flow. Applications of Bernoulli's principle include explaining how blood vessels and airplanes are able to fly through the air due to variations in fluid pressure caused by changes in flow speed.

7. fm 8 bernoulli co 2 adam edit

1. The document discusses key concepts in fluid mechanics including conservation of mass, momentum, and energy as applied to control volumes.
2. These conservation principles are expressed mathematically through equations that equate the rate of change within the control volume to the net rate of transfer into and out of the control volume.
3. Specific examples are given for the conservation of mass including the continuity equation and steady, incompressible flow cases where the equations can be simplified.

Venturimeter,Orificemeter,Notches & weirs,Pilot tubes

This document summarizes different flow measurement devices including venturi meters, orifice meters, notches, weirs, and pitot tubes. It describes the basic components and working principles of each device. Venturi meters and orifice meters both work on the principle of measuring pressure differences to determine flow rate, but venturi meters maintain a constant jet area while orifice meters have a variable jet area. Notches and weirs are used to measure discharge rates from tanks or channels by measuring increases in fluid depth. Pitot tubes directly measure flow velocity by determining stagnation pressure.

Fluid kinematics

This document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics, including:
(i) Fluid kinematics describes fluid motion without forces/energies, examining geometry of motion through concepts like streamlines and pathlines.
(ii) Fluids can flow steadily or unsteadily, uniformly or non-uniformly, laminarly or turbulently depending on properties of the flow and fluid.
(iii) The continuity equation states that mass flow rate remains constant for an incompressible, steady flow through a control volume according to the principle of conservation of mass.

Introduction to fluid mechanics

This document provides an introduction and overview of a fluid mechanics course taught by Dr. Mohsin Siddique. It outlines the course details including goals, topics, textbook, and assessment methods. The course aims to provide an understanding of fluid statics and dynamics concepts. Key topics covered include fluid properties, fluid statics, fluid flow measurements, dimensional analysis, and fluid flow in pipes and open channels. Students will be evaluated through assignments, quizzes, a midterm exam, and a final exam. The course intends to develop skills relevant to various engineering fields involving fluid mechanics.

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Bernoulli’s principle

Bernoulli’s principle

Bernoulli theorm

Bernoulli theorm

Presentation on bernoulli

Presentation on bernoulli

Bernoulli’s principle

Bernoulli’s principle

class 11 Physics investigatory project(cbse)

class 11 Physics investigatory project(cbse)

Continuity Equation

Continuity Equation

Types of fluid flow best ppt

Types of fluid flow best ppt

Bernoulli equation

Bernoulli equation

Energy quations and its application

Energy quations and its application

Fluid mechanics

Fluid mechanics

Daniel Bernoulli

Daniel Bernoulli

AFD1 The Mechanic Energy Equation

AFD1 The Mechanic Energy Equation

Fluid Mechanics L#3

Fluid Mechanics L#3

Archimedes' principle

Archimedes' principle

Project Bernoulli

Project Bernoulli

7. fm 8 bernoulli co 2 adam edit

7. fm 8 bernoulli co 2 adam edit

Venturimeter,Orificemeter,Notches & weirs,Pilot tubes

Venturimeter,Orificemeter,Notches & weirs,Pilot tubes

Fluid kinematics

Fluid kinematics

Introduction to fluid mechanics

Introduction to fluid mechanics

Lecture Ch 10

This document summarizes key concepts from Chapter 10 on fluids, including:
1) The three phases of matter, density, pressure in fluids, and atmospheric pressure.
2) Bernoulli's principle relating pressure, velocity, and height in fluid flow, and its applications including lift on airplane wings.
3) Buoyancy and Archimedes' principle relating the buoyant force on an object to the weight of fluid displaced.

Phy 161223135604

The document is a physics project report submitted by Pradeep Singh Rathour to his teacher, Mrs. Kalpana Tiwari, on Bernoulli's theorem. The report includes an introduction, acknowledgments, index, and sections explaining key concepts like pressure, Pascal's law, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, and applications such as venturi tubes. It discusses how Bernoulli's principle explains lift in airplanes by creating lower pressure above the wing. The report concludes that while Bernoulli's law is often misapplied to explain lift, the accurate explanation requires considering conservation of mass, momentum and energy simultaneously.

Lecture 3 bernoulli_s_theorm_it_s_applications

The document discusses Bernoulli's theorem and its applications. It begins by defining different types of fluid flow, including steady and unsteady, uniform and non-uniform, laminar and turbulent flow. It then explains the concepts of discharge, continuity equation, and the different types of energies and heads in fluids. Bernoulli's theorem states that the total energy remains constant in ideal fluid flow. The document outlines the assumptions and limitations of the theorem. It concludes by discussing applications of Bernoulli's theorem in venturi meters, orifice meters, and Pitot tubes.

Fluid mechanics basics

1. The document provides information about fluid mechanics and machinery. It defines fluids and discusses density, pressure, gauge and absolute pressure, Pascal's principle, buoyancy, fluid flow rates, Bernoulli's equation, and other key concepts.
2. Key equations are presented for pressure, density, flow rate, continuity, Bernoulli's equation, and buoyancy. Examples are given to show how to use the equations to calculate pressure, velocity, flow rate, and tension in cables.
3. The document is intended to present fundamental concepts and equations for fluid mechanics to understand properties of fluids, pressure, flow, and buoyancy.

Fluid mechanics-2014-2b4j5bo

1. The document provides information about fluid mechanics, including definitions of key terms like density, pressure, gauge pressure, absolute pressure, Pascal's principle, buoyancy, flow rate, Bernoulli's equation, and other fluid dynamics concepts.
2. Key definitions include: density is mass per unit volume, pressure is force per unit area, gauge pressure measures pressure differences while absolute pressure includes atmospheric pressure, Pascal's principle states pressure changes are transmitted equally in all directions through a confined fluid.
3. Bernoulli's equation states the total pressure and potential/kinetic energy in a fluid remains constant, so changes in one form result in equal changes to others.

Unit2 fluid static

The document discusses fluid pressure and its relationship to depth. It introduces Pascal's law and how it applies to hydraulic systems. Specifically:
1) Pressure increases with depth in fluids due to the weight of the fluid above pushing down. Pascal's law states that pressure increases are equal throughout a confined fluid.
2) Hydraulic systems use this principle to multiply forces. A small force applied to a piston with a small surface area can create a much larger force when transmitted through fluid to a piston with a larger surface area.
3) An example is given of a hydraulic car lift, where 1 kg applied to a small piston creates enough pressure to lift 10 kg with a larger piston, multiplying the applied

Basic Thermo

This document discusses several key fluid mechanics concepts:
- Pressure and hydrostatic pressure calculations
- Determining the center of pressure and resultant force on submerged surfaces
- Archimedes' principle of buoyancy
- Stability of floating bodies
- The Bernoulli equation relating pressure, velocity, and elevation
- The continuity equation equating mass flow in and out of a system

2. Chapter 2 - Pressure & Fluid Statics (FM1) (Complete).pdf

The document discusses pressure and fluid statics. It defines pressure as a normal force exerted by a fluid per unit area. Atmospheric pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, while absolute and gauge pressures are defined in relation to a vacuum. Pressure at a point in a fluid is independent of direction and is a scalar quantity. The pressure in a stationary, incompressible fluid varies with depth due to gravity and can be calculated using equations that take into account fluid density and height. Pressure also varies with temperature for compressible fluids like gases based on the ideal gas law and assumptions about temperature changes over altitude. Standard atmospheric models and various pressure measurement techniques are also covered.

Exp. No. 7 Bernoulli's theorem demonstration.pdf

1. The experiment aimed to demonstrate Bernoulli's theorem by measuring the pressure head (Hs) and total head (Ht) at various points along a venturi tube for different flow rates.
2. The results showed that as flow velocity increased in the narrowed section of the venturi tube, pressure decreased, validating Bernoulli's principle.
3. Overall, the experiment successfully demonstrated the relationships between pressure, velocity, and elevation described by Bernoulli's equation for fluid flow.

Pressure and Manometers

This document discusses different types of manometers used to measure pressure, including mercury barometers, U-tube manometers, inclined-tube manometers, and differential manometers. It defines key terms like absolute pressure and gauge pressure. Different manometers are used to measure pressure in various engineering applications like HVAC systems, construction, and measuring blood pressure. The document also discusses units of measurement for pressure and viscosity.

1 2-2 1 1 1 2 2 1 Solution Bernoullis principle is a seemin.pdf

1 2-2 1 1 1 2 2 1
Solution
Bernoulli\'s principle is a seemingly counterintuitive statement about how the speed of a fluid
relates to the pressure of the fluid. Many people feel like Bernoulli\'s principle shouldn\'t be
correct, but this might be due to a misunderstanding about what Bernoulli\'s principle actually
says. Bernoulli\'s principle states the following,
Bernoulli\'s principle: Within a horizontal flow of fluid, points of higher fluid speed will have
less pressure than points of slower fluid speed.
[Why does it have to be horizontal?]
So within a horizontal water pipe that changes diameter, regions where the water is moving fast
will be under less pressure than regions where the water is moving slow. This sounds
counterintuitive to many people since people associate high speeds with high pressures. But,
we\'ll show in the next section that this is really just another way of saying that water will speed
up if there\'s more pressure behind it than in front of it. In the section below we\'ll derive
Bernoulli\'s principle, show more precisely what it says, and hopefully make it seem a little less
mysterious.
How can you derive Bernoulli\'s principle?
Incompressible fluids have to speed up when they reach a narrow constricted section in order to
maintain a constant volume flow rate. This is why a narrow nozzle on a hose causes water to
speed up. But something might be bothering you about this phenomenon. If the water is speeding
up at a constriction, it\'s also gaining kinetic energy. Where is this extra kinetic energy coming
from? The nozzle? The pipe?
[The energy fairy?]
The only way to give something kinetic energy is to do work on it. This is expressed by the
work energy principle.
W_{external}=\\Delta K=\\dfrac{1}{2}mv_f^2-
\\dfrac{1}{2}mv_i^2Wexternal=K=21mvf221mvi2W, start subscript, e, x, t, e, r, n, a, l, end
subscript, equals, delta, K, equals, start fraction, 1, divided by, 2, end fraction, m, v, start
subscript, f, end subscript, start superscript, 2, end superscript, minus, start fraction, 1, divided
by, 2, end fraction, m, v, start subscript, i, end subscript, start superscript, 2, end superscript
So if a portion of fluid is speeding up, something external to that portion of fluid must be doing
work it. What force is causing work to be done on the fluid? Well, in most real world systems
there are lots of dissipative forces that could be doing negative work, but we\'re going to assume
for the sake of simplicity that these viscous forces are negligible and we have a nice continuous
and perfectly laminar (streamline) flow. Laminar (streamline) flow means that the fluid flows in
parallel layers without crossing paths. In laminar streamline flow there is no swirling or vortices
in the fluid.
[How realistic are these assumptions?]
^{[1]}start superscript, open bracket, 1, close bracket, end superscript
^{[1]}start superscript, open bracket, 1, close bracket, end superscript
OK, so we\'ll assume we have no loss in energy due to di.

notes in fluid mechanics

This document discusses fluid mechanics and hydraulics concepts including:
1. Definitions of density, specific gravity, atmospheric pressure, absolute and gauge pressure.
2. Descriptions of viscosity, laminar flow, turbulent flow, continuity equation, and steady vs unsteady flow.
3. Explanations of surface tension, capillarity, hydrostatic pressure, buoyancy, and center of pressure.
4. Discussions of manometers, energy equations, forces on submerged surfaces, and fluid static forces.

fluid statics

This document discusses various topics related to fluid mechanics including:
1. Fluid statics, hydrostatic pressure variation, and Pascal's law.
2. Different types of pressures like atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, and absolute pressure.
3. The hydrostatic paradox and how pressure intensity is independent of the weight of fluid.
4. Different types of manometers used to measure pressure like piezometers, U-tube manometers, single column manometers, differential manometers, and inverted U-tube differential manometers.
5. How bourdon tubes and diaphragm/bellows gauges can be used to measure pressure by converting pressure differences into mechanical displacements.

Fluid Mechanics Pp

This document discusses key concepts in hydraulics and fluid mechanics. It defines important fluid properties like density, specific volume, viscosity, and surface tension. It describes Pascal's law and factors that influence pressure like elevation and atmospheric pressure. Key concepts in fluid flow are also summarized like Bernoulli's equation, venturi meters, orifices, and pumps. The document provides equations for calculating forces, pressure, discharge, and efficiency in hydraulic systems.

432491132-Physics-Project-Class-11.pdf bb

Flow of liquid project file class 12 biology chapter 12 notes class and object oriented programming language

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

The document discusses key concepts in fluid mechanics including:
1. Pressure is defined as force per unit area and its units are Pascal (SI) or dynes/cm2 (CGS). Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 101,325 Pa.
2. Density is defined as mass per unit volume and has units of kg/m3 (SI) or g/cc (CGS). Specific weight is weight per unit volume and specific gravity is the ratio of a fluid's density to that of water.
3. Viscosity describes a fluid's resistance to flow and is measured by dynamic viscosity in N·s/m2 or kinematic viscosity in m2/s.

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

The document defines key concepts in fluid mechanics including pressure, density, viscosity, surface tension, continuity equation, and Bernoulli's equation. It provides the definitions and formulas for these terms, as well as explanations of related concepts like manometers, hydrostatic forces, stability of floating bodies, and equations of motion. The summary focuses on introducing the broad topics covered rather than specific details or values.

Flow of Fluids.ppt

FLUID FLOW
A fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress. Fluids are a subset of the phases of matter and include liquids, gases.
“Fluid flow may be defined as the flow of substances that do not permanently resist distortion”
The subject of fluid flow can be divided into-
fluid statics
fluid dynamics

chapter 4 energy equation printing.doc

This document discusses the energy equation and its applications in fluid mechanics. It begins by outlining the key concepts students should understand from studying the chapter, including Bernoulli's equation and how to apply the energy equation using heads. It then derives the one-dimensional Euler equation and Bernoulli's equation for steady, incompressible flow. The rest of the document provides examples of how to apply these equations, such as analyzing flow through orifices, nozzles, pipes with changing diameters, and the effects of pumps and turbines on pressure and velocity. Key terms like the hydraulic grade line and energy grade line are also defined and related to Bernoulli's equation.

SPM Physics - Solid and fluid pressure

Solid pressure is defined as the force acting on a given area, measured in Pascals. Fluid pressure results from particle collisions within the fluid and increases with depth and density. It is described by the equation P=hρg. Atmospheric pressure decreases with altitude and is measured using barometers. Fluids transfer pressure equally in all directions according to Pascal's principle, which has applications in hydraulic systems. Archimedes' principle describes buoyancy as the upward force equal to the weight of fluid displaced. Bernoulli's principle states that fluid pressure decreases where velocity increases, as seen in aerofoils, venturi nozzles, and other streamlined objects.

Lecture Ch 10

Lecture Ch 10

Phy 161223135604

Phy 161223135604

Lecture 3 bernoulli_s_theorm_it_s_applications

Lecture 3 bernoulli_s_theorm_it_s_applications

Fluid mechanics basics

Fluid mechanics basics

Fluid mechanics-2014-2b4j5bo

Fluid mechanics-2014-2b4j5bo

Unit2 fluid static

Unit2 fluid static

Basic Thermo

Basic Thermo

2. Chapter 2 - Pressure & Fluid Statics (FM1) (Complete).pdf

2. Chapter 2 - Pressure & Fluid Statics (FM1) (Complete).pdf

Exp. No. 7 Bernoulli's theorem demonstration.pdf

Exp. No. 7 Bernoulli's theorem demonstration.pdf

Pressure and Manometers

Pressure and Manometers

1 2-2 1 1 1 2 2 1 Solution Bernoullis principle is a seemin.pdf

1 2-2 1 1 1 2 2 1 Solution Bernoullis principle is a seemin.pdf

notes in fluid mechanics

notes in fluid mechanics

fluid statics

fluid statics

Fluid Mechanics Pp

Fluid Mechanics Pp

432491132-Physics-Project-Class-11.pdf bb

432491132-Physics-Project-Class-11.pdf bb

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

Flow of Fluids.ppt

Flow of Fluids.ppt

chapter 4 energy equation printing.doc

chapter 4 energy equation printing.doc

SPM Physics - Solid and fluid pressure

SPM Physics - Solid and fluid pressure

Dyn Prob Slvg Notes

This document provides step-by-step instructions for solving collinear dynamics problems using Newton's Second Law. It works through an example problem of determining the acceleration of a water skier being pulled by a rope with an opposing friction force. The 10 steps include drawing the system, labeling knowns, identifying the unknown, drawing motion and free body diagrams, writing the components of Newton's Second Law, substituting known forces, plugging into the equations, solving, and including units in the answer. The document emphasizes showing all work and provides additional example problems and questions from students.

Lenses And Mirrors

The document discusses different types of lenses including convex and concave lenses. It describes key lens features such as focal length and principal plane. Characteristics of images formed by convex and concave lenses are provided, including whether images are real or virtual, upright or inverted, and enlarged or reduced. Examples of optical instruments that use lenses like cameras, telescopes, microscopes and projectors are outlined. Defects in vision and lenses are also summarized.

Reflection And Refraction

The document discusses several optical phenomena including reflection, refraction, diffraction, and polarization of light. It describes the properties of images such as whether they are real or virtual, upright or inverted, and larger, smaller, or the same size as the object. It also discusses the characteristics and applications of plane mirrors, concave mirrors, convex mirrors, refraction through different media, total internal reflection, optical fibers, mirages, prisms, rainbows, and why the sky appears blue and sunsets appear red.

Light

This document summarizes key developments in the understanding of light from ancient Greek philosophers to present day. It describes early theories that light consisted of particles (Pythagoras, Newton) or waves (Aristotle, Huygens, Young), experiments measuring the speed of light (Galileo, Roemer, Maxwell), the establishment of light as electromagnetic radiation, and the modern understanding of light exhibiting both wave and particle properties.

Sound

The document discusses sound and how it is produced through vibrations. It describes how different instruments produce sound through vibrating strings, lips, reeds or air columns. It also discusses properties of sound including frequency, pitch, loudness, intensity, harmonics, resonance, the human ear, and how sounds are perceived.

Waves Ppp

A wave is a disturbance that travels through a medium without transporting matter. Each particle of the medium is temporarily displaced from its equilibrium position and then returns. There are different types of waves including transverse, longitudinal, and surface waves. Waves transport energy and their behavior changes at boundaries between media, such as reflecting, refracting, or transmitting into the new medium. Interference occurs when waves meet and their amplitudes combine through constructive or destructive interference.

Conservation Of Momentum

The document discusses collisions and the law of conservation of momentum. It provides examples of how to use a momentum table and algebra to solve for unknown velocities in collision problems involving isolated systems where momentum is conserved. Specifically, it works through examples of a person catching a medicine ball on ice and of two people colliding on an ice rink to determine their combined velocity after collision.

Projectiles

The document discusses projectile motion, including that:
1) A projectile's horizontal and vertical motion are independent, with gravity only affecting vertical motion.
2) The path of a projectile is a combination of its horizontal and vertical components - horizontal motion is constant while vertical motion is affected by gravity.
3) Changing the projection angle affects the projectile's altitude and range, with the maximum range occurring at a 45 degree angle.

Vectors

This document discusses key concepts related to vector quantities in physics:
1. A vector is represented by an arrow that shows both magnitude and direction, such as the velocity of an object.
2. Vector addition and subtraction can be done graphically by drawing vectors head-to-tail to find the resultant vector.
3. The Pythagorean theorem can be used to add perpendicular vectors numerically by treating them as components of the overall resultant vector.

What Is Physics

This document contains a list of terms from various scientific fields including physics, biology, chemistry, and other STEM disciplines. The high-level essential information provided is that physics involves the study of a diverse range of natural phenomena that can be described by concepts like motion, force, energy and matter across many application domains ranging from fundamental particles to astronomical bodies and everything in between.

Newton’s Laws Of Motion

Isaac Newton discovered three laws of motion that explain how forces affect the motion of objects:
1. Newton's First Law states that an object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.
2. Newton's Second Law states that the acceleration of an object as produced by a net force is directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force, in the same direction as the net force, and inversely proportional to the object's mass.
3. Newton's Third Law states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction: the forces of two objects on each other are equal in magnitude

Keplers Laws

Johannes Kepler developed his three laws of planetary motion based on observational data collected by Tycho Brahe. Kepler's First Law states that planets orbit the Sun in ellipses, with the Sun located at one focus. Kepler's Second Law says that planets sweep out equal areas in equal intervals of time. Kepler's Third Law relates the orbital period of a planet to the semi-major axis of its orbit, such that the square of the period is proportional to the cube of the semi-major axis.

Transformers - Movie Physics

The document analyzes and applies physics principles to several scenes from the Transformers movie. It calculates the velocity of a projectile shot at Optimus Prime, finding it to be implausibly fast. It also calculates the acceleration a human experiences from being flicked by Megatron, determining the force would likely kill a real person instantly. Across the analyses, it concludes that while entertaining, the movie violates conservation of mass, energy and momentum as the robots have unrealistic weapons and abilities not grounded in real-world physics.

Coulomb's Law

1. Coulomb's Law describes the electrostatic force of attraction or repulsion between two point electric charges. The magnitude of the force is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
2. Charles-Augustin de Coulomb developed this law in the late 18th century using a torsion balance he invented to measure very weak forces.
3. Coulomb's Law led to the concept of electric field, which describes the area around a charged object where other charges will experience a force. The electric field strength is defined by Coulomb's constant divided by the distance from the source charge.

Universal Gravitation PPP

This document provides a detailed overview of universal gravitation and its discovery. It discusses how Kepler summarized astronomical data and formulated his three laws of planetary motion in the early 1600s. Newton then used thought experiments involving cannonballs to deduce that gravity causes objects to fall and that the force of gravity follows an inverse-square law, decreasing with the square of the distance between objects. The document also explains how Cavendish experimentally determined the gravitational constant G.

Circular Motion PPP

- An object moving in circular motion experiences acceleration even if its speed is constant, because its velocity is constantly changing direction towards the center of the circle.
- This inward acceleration requires a centripetal force directed towards the center to provide the necessary force to cause the object to travel in a circular path rather than a straight line.
- Examples of centripetal force include the force of friction on car tires during a turn, the tension force on a bucket at the end of a spinning string, and the gravitational force between the Earth and Moon.

Dyn Prob Slvg Notes

Dyn Prob Slvg Notes

Lenses And Mirrors

Lenses And Mirrors

Reflection And Refraction

Reflection And Refraction

Light

Light

Sound

Sound

Waves Ppp

Waves Ppp

Conservation Of Momentum

Conservation Of Momentum

Projectiles

Projectiles

Vectors

Vectors

What Is Physics

What Is Physics

Newton’s Laws Of Motion

Newton’s Laws Of Motion

Keplers Laws

Keplers Laws

Transformers - Movie Physics

Transformers - Movie Physics

Coulomb's Law

Coulomb's Law

Universal Gravitation PPP

Universal Gravitation PPP

Circular Motion PPP

Circular Motion PPP

GraphSummit Singapore | Neo4j Product Vision & Roadmap - Q2 2024

Maruthi Prithivirajan, Head of ASEAN & IN Solution Architecture, Neo4j
Get an inside look at the latest Neo4j innovations that enable relationship-driven intelligence at scale. Learn more about the newest cloud integrations and product enhancements that make Neo4j an essential choice for developers building apps with interconnected data and generative AI.

Elizabeth Buie - Older adults: Are we really designing for our future selves?

Elizabeth Buie - Older adults: Are we really designing for our future selves?

Encryption in Microsoft 365 - ExpertsLive Netherlands 2024

In this session I delve into the encryption technology used in Microsoft 365 and Microsoft Purview. Including the concepts of Customer Key and Double Key Encryption.

UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6

Welcome to UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series part 6. In this session, we will cover Test Automation with generative AI and Open AI.
UiPath Test Automation with generative AI and Open AI webinar offers an in-depth exploration of leveraging cutting-edge technologies for test automation within the UiPath platform. Attendees will delve into the integration of generative AI, a test automation solution, with Open AI advanced natural language processing capabilities.
Throughout the session, participants will discover how this synergy empowers testers to automate repetitive tasks, enhance testing accuracy, and expedite the software testing life cycle. Topics covered include the seamless integration process, practical use cases, and the benefits of harnessing AI-driven automation for UiPath testing initiatives. By attending this webinar, testers, and automation professionals can gain valuable insights into harnessing the power of AI to optimize their test automation workflows within the UiPath ecosystem, ultimately driving efficiency and quality in software development processes.
What will you get from this session?
1. Insights into integrating generative AI.
2. Understanding how this integration enhances test automation within the UiPath platform
3. Practical demonstrations
4. Exploration of real-world use cases illustrating the benefits of AI-driven test automation for UiPath
Topics covered:
What is generative AI
Test Automation with generative AI and Open AI.
UiPath integration with generative AI
Speaker:
Deepak Rai, Automation Practice Lead, Boundaryless Group and UiPath MVP

“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”

“An Outlook of the Ongoing and Future Relationship between Blockchain Technologies and Process-aware Information Systems.” Invited talk at the joint workshop on Blockchain for Information Systems (BC4IS) and Blockchain for Trusted Data Sharing (B4TDS), co-located with with the 36th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering (CAiSE), 3 June 2024, Limassol, Cyprus.

Introduction to CHERI technology - Cybersecurity

Introduction to CHERI technology

By Design, not by Accident - Agile Venture Bolzano 2024

As presented at the Agile Venture Bolzano, 4.06.2024

How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx

Pakdata Cf is a groundbreaking system designed to streamline and facilitate access to CNIC information. This innovative platform leverages advanced technology to provide users with efficient and secure access to their CNIC details.

FIDO Alliance Osaka Seminar: The WebAuthn API and Discoverable Credentials.pdf

FIDO Alliance Osaka Seminar

Observability Concepts EVERY Developer Should Know -- DeveloperWeek Europe.pdf

Monitoring and observability aren’t traditionally found in software curriculums and many of us cobble this knowledge together from whatever vendor or ecosystem we were first introduced to and whatever is a part of your current company’s observability stack.
While the dev and ops silo continues to crumble….many organizations still relegate monitoring & observability as the purview of ops, infra and SRE teams. This is a mistake - achieving a highly observable system requires collaboration up and down the stack.
I, a former op, would like to extend an invitation to all application developers to join the observability party will share these foundational concepts to build on:

Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 1

This session provides introduction to UiPath Communication Mining, importance and platform overview. You will acquire a good understand of the phases in Communication Mining as we go over the platform with you. Topics covered:
• Communication Mining Overview
• Why is it important?
• How can it help today’s business and the benefits
• Phases in Communication Mining
• Demo on Platform overview
• Q/A

Removing Uninteresting Bytes in Software Fuzzing

Imagine a world where software fuzzing, the process of mutating bytes in test seeds to uncover hidden and erroneous program behaviors, becomes faster and more effective. A lot depends on the initial seeds, which can significantly dictate the trajectory of a fuzzing campaign, particularly in terms of how long it takes to uncover interesting behaviour in your code. We introduce DIAR, a technique designed to speedup fuzzing campaigns by pinpointing and eliminating those uninteresting bytes in the seeds. Picture this: instead of wasting valuable resources on meaningless mutations in large, bloated seeds, DIAR removes the unnecessary bytes, streamlining the entire process.
In this work, we equipped AFL, a popular fuzzer, with DIAR and examined two critical Linux libraries -- Libxml's xmllint, a tool for parsing xml documents, and Binutil's readelf, an essential debugging and security analysis command-line tool used to display detailed information about ELF (Executable and Linkable Format). Our preliminary results show that AFL+DIAR does not only discover new paths more quickly but also achieves higher coverage overall. This work thus showcases how starting with lean and optimized seeds can lead to faster, more comprehensive fuzzing campaigns -- and DIAR helps you find such seeds.
- These are slides of the talk given at IEEE International Conference on Software Testing Verification and Validation Workshop, ICSTW 2022.

A tale of scale & speed: How the US Navy is enabling software delivery from l...

Rapid and secure feature delivery is a goal across every application team and every branch of the DoD. The Navy’s DevSecOps platform, Party Barge, has achieved:
- Reduction in onboarding time from 5 weeks to 1 day
- Improved developer experience and productivity through actionable findings and reduction of false positives
- Maintenance of superior security standards and inherent policy enforcement with Authorization to Operate (ATO)
Development teams can ship efficiently and ensure applications are cyber ready for Navy Authorizing Officials (AOs). In this webinar, Sigma Defense and Anchore will give attendees a look behind the scenes and demo secure pipeline automation and security artifacts that speed up application ATO and time to production.
We will cover:
- How to remove silos in DevSecOps
- How to build efficient development pipeline roles and component templates
- How to deliver security artifacts that matter for ATO’s (SBOMs, vulnerability reports, and policy evidence)
- How to streamline operations with automated policy checks on container images

Pushing the limits of ePRTC: 100ns holdover for 100 days

At WSTS 2024, Alon Stern explored the topic of parametric holdover and explained how recent research findings can be implemented in real-world PNT networks to achieve 100 nanoseconds of accuracy for up to 100 days.

Data structures and Algorithms in Python.pdf

Giáo trình Python

20240607 QFM018 Elixir Reading List May 2024

Everything I found interesting about the Elixir programming ecosystem in May 2024

RESUME BUILDER APPLICATION Project for students

A mini project idea for students

PCI PIN Basics Webinar from the Controlcase Team

PCI PIN Basics

GridMate - End to end testing is a critical piece to ensure quality and avoid...

End to end testing is a critical piece to ensure quality and avoid regressions. In this session, we share our journey building an E2E testing pipeline for GridMate components (LWC and Aura) using Cypress, JSForce, FakerJS…

GraphSummit Singapore | Graphing Success: Revolutionising Organisational Stru...

Sudheer Mechineni, Head of Application Frameworks, Standard Chartered Bank
Discover how Standard Chartered Bank harnessed the power of Neo4j to transform complex data access challenges into a dynamic, scalable graph database solution. This keynote will cover their journey from initial adoption to deploying a fully automated, enterprise-grade causal cluster, highlighting key strategies for modelling organisational changes and ensuring robust disaster recovery. Learn how these innovations have not only enhanced Standard Chartered Bank’s data infrastructure but also positioned them as pioneers in the banking sector’s adoption of graph technology.

GraphSummit Singapore | Neo4j Product Vision & Roadmap - Q2 2024

GraphSummit Singapore | Neo4j Product Vision & Roadmap - Q2 2024

Elizabeth Buie - Older adults: Are we really designing for our future selves?

Elizabeth Buie - Older adults: Are we really designing for our future selves?

Encryption in Microsoft 365 - ExpertsLive Netherlands 2024

Encryption in Microsoft 365 - ExpertsLive Netherlands 2024

UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6

UiPath Test Automation using UiPath Test Suite series, part 6

“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”

“I’m still / I’m still / Chaining from the Block”

Introduction to CHERI technology - Cybersecurity

Introduction to CHERI technology - Cybersecurity

By Design, not by Accident - Agile Venture Bolzano 2024

By Design, not by Accident - Agile Venture Bolzano 2024

How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx

How to Get CNIC Information System with Paksim Ga.pptx

FIDO Alliance Osaka Seminar: The WebAuthn API and Discoverable Credentials.pdf

FIDO Alliance Osaka Seminar: The WebAuthn API and Discoverable Credentials.pdf

Observability Concepts EVERY Developer Should Know -- DeveloperWeek Europe.pdf

Observability Concepts EVERY Developer Should Know -- DeveloperWeek Europe.pdf

Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 1

Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 1

Removing Uninteresting Bytes in Software Fuzzing

Removing Uninteresting Bytes in Software Fuzzing

A tale of scale & speed: How the US Navy is enabling software delivery from l...

A tale of scale & speed: How the US Navy is enabling software delivery from l...

Pushing the limits of ePRTC: 100ns holdover for 100 days

Pushing the limits of ePRTC: 100ns holdover for 100 days

Data structures and Algorithms in Python.pdf

Data structures and Algorithms in Python.pdf

20240607 QFM018 Elixir Reading List May 2024

20240607 QFM018 Elixir Reading List May 2024

RESUME BUILDER APPLICATION Project for students

RESUME BUILDER APPLICATION Project for students

PCI PIN Basics Webinar from the Controlcase Team

PCI PIN Basics Webinar from the Controlcase Team

GridMate - End to end testing is a critical piece to ensure quality and avoid...

GridMate - End to end testing is a critical piece to ensure quality and avoid...

GraphSummit Singapore | Graphing Success: Revolutionising Organisational Stru...

GraphSummit Singapore | Graphing Success: Revolutionising Organisational Stru...

- 1. By Woo Chang Chung Bernoulli’s Principle and Simple Fluid Dynamics
- 6. Bernoulli’s Equation Where p is the pressure, ρ is the density, v is the velocity, h is elevation, and g is gravitational acceleration
- 8. Derivation of Bernoulli’s Equation Consider the change in total energy of the fluid as it moves from the inlet to the outlet. Δ E total = W done on fluid - W done by fluid Δ E total = ( 1 / 2 mv 2 2 + mgh 1 ) – ( 1 / 2 mv 1 2 + mgh 2 ) W done on fluid - W done by fluid = ( 1 / 2 mv 2 2 + mgh 1 ) – ( 1 / 2 mv 1 2 + mgh 2 ) P 2 V 2 - P 1 V 1 = ( 1 / 2 mv 2 2 + mgh 1 ) – ( 1 / 2 mv 1 2 + mgh 2 ) P 2 – P 1 = ( 1 / 2 ρ v 1 2 + ρ gh 1 ) – ( 1 / 2 ρ v 1 2 + ρ gh 1 ) E total = 1 / 2 mv 2 + mgh W = F / A *A*d = PV P 2 + 1 / 2 ρ v 1 2 + ρ gh 1 = P 1 + 1 / 2 ρ v 1 2 + ρ gh 1 ∴