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1. The document discusses the continuity equation, which states that the flow rate of an incompressible fluid is constant at any point in a fluid system with no accumulation. 2. The formula for continuity equation is given as: ρ1A1v1 = ρ2A2v2, where ρ is density, A is cross-sectional area, and v is velocity. 3. Examples of applications include calculating water velocity changes in pipes or rivers of varying diameters, and a sample problem is worked out calculating velocities at different pipe positions.

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Equation of continuity

This document discusses the continuity equation in fluid mechanics. It defines the continuity equation as the product of cross-sectional area and fluid speed being constant at any point along a pipe. This constant product equals the volume flow rate. The document then derives the continuity equation mathematically by considering the mass flow rate at the inlet and outlet of a pipe with varying cross-sectional areas but steady, incompressible flow. It provides an example calculation and solution for water flow rates and velocities through pipes of different diameters.

Bernoulli’s equation

1. The document discusses ideal fluids and their properties, including being incompressible and nonviscous.
2. It introduces concepts like laminar and turbulent flow, and uses Bernoulli's principle and the continuity equation to relate fluid properties like pressure, velocity, and flow rate.
3. Examples are given to demonstrate how Bernoulli's principle can be used to understand phenomena like decreases in pressure associated with increases in flow speed.

Fluid kinematics and dynamics

This document discusses key concepts in fluid kinematics and dynamics. It defines streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines as field lines that describe the motion of fluid particles. Streamlines show instantaneous velocity, pathlines show trajectories over time, and streaklines show where particles have passed. The document also classifies fluid flows as steady or unsteady, uniform or non-uniform, laminar or turbulent, rotational or irrotational, and one, two, or three-dimensional. Finally, it discusses momentum equations and their application to forces on pipe bends, as well as Bernoulli's theorem.

Continuity Equation

This document discusses key concepts related to fluid flow including:
1) Rate of flow (discharge) is defined as the volume or weight of fluid flowing through a cross section per second.
2) For incompressible fluids, the continuity equation states that the rate of flow is constant at all points in a fluid system.
3) By applying the continuity equation and knowing the velocities and cross sectional areas at two points, the velocity at one point can be calculated if the other is known.

Turbulent flow

This document provides an overview of turbulent fluid flow, including:
1) It defines laminar and turbulent flow and explains that turbulent flow occurs above a Reynolds number of 2000.
2) It describes methods for characterizing turbulence, including magnitude, intensity, and mixing length theory.
3) It discusses the universal law of the wall and how velocity is distributed in smooth and rough pipes. Friction factors depend on Reynolds number and relative roughness.
4) Experimental results from Nikuradse are presented showing relationships between friction factor and Reynolds number/relative roughness that can be used to model pressure losses in pipes.

Kinematics of fluid flow & it’s application.

This document provides an overview of fluid kinematics. It defines fluid kinematics as the study of fluid motion without considering pressure forces. It describes Lagrangian and Eulerian methods for analyzing fluid flow, and defines different types of flows including steady/unsteady, uniform/non-uniform, laminar/turbulent, compressible/incompressible, rotational/irrotational, and one-dimensional/two-dimensional/three-dimensional flows. It also discusses flow visualization techniques like streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines.

Fluid kinematics

This document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics, including:
(i) Fluid kinematics describes fluid motion without forces/energies, examining geometry of motion through concepts like streamlines and pathlines.
(ii) Fluids can flow steadily or unsteadily, uniformly or non-uniformly, laminarly or turbulently depending on properties of the flow and fluid.
(iii) The continuity equation states that mass flow rate remains constant for an incompressible, steady flow through a control volume according to the principle of conservation of mass.

Fluid mechanics notes

B.TECH. DEGREE COURSE
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
(2002-03 admission onwards)
MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY,mg university, KTU
KOTTAYAM
KERALA
Module 1
Introduction - Proprties of fluids - pressure, force, density, specific weight, compressibility, capillarity, surface tension, dynamic and kinematic viscosity-Pascal’s law-Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids-fluid statics-measurement of pressure-variation of pressure-manometry-hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces-centre of pressure-buoyancy-floation-stability of submerged and floating bodies-metacentric height-period of oscillation.
Module 2
Kinematics of fluid motion-Eulerian and Lagrangian approach-classification and representation of fluid flow- path line, stream line and streak line. Basic hydrodynamics-equation for acceleration-continuity equation-rotational and irrotational flow-velocity potential and stream function-circulation and vorticity-vortex flow-energy variation across stream lines-basic field flow such as uniform flow, spiral flow, source, sink, doublet, vortex pair, flow past a cylinder with a circulation, Magnus effect-Joukowski theorem-coefficient of lift.
Module 3
Euler’s momentum equation-Bernoulli’s equation and its limitations-momentum and energy correction factors-pressure variation across uniform conduit and uniform bend-pressure distribution in irrotational flow and in curved boundaries-flow through orifices and mouthpieces, notches and weirs-time of emptying a tank-application of Bernoulli’s theorem-orifice meter, ventury meter, pitot tube, rotameter.
Module 4
Navier-Stoke’s equation-body force-Hagen-Poiseullie equation-boundary layer flow theory-velocity variation- methods of controlling-applications-diffuser-boundary layer separation –wakes, drag force, coefficient of drag, skin friction, pressure, profile and total drag-stream lined body, bluff body-drag force on a rectangular plate-drag coefficient for flow around a cylinder-lift and drag force on an aerofoil-applications of aerofoil- characteristics-work done-aerofoil flow recorder-polar diagram-simple problems.
Module 5
Flow of a real fluid-effect of viscosity on fluid flow-laminar and turbulent flow-boundary layer thickness-displacement, momentum and energy thickness-flow through pipes-laminar and turbulent flow in pipes-critical Reynolds number-Darcy-Weisback equation-hydraulic radius-Moody;s chart-pipes in series and parallel-siphon losses in pipes-power transmission through pipes-water hammer-equivalent pipe-open channel flow-Chezy’s equation-most economical cross section-hydraulic jump.

Equation of continuity

This document discusses the continuity equation in fluid mechanics. It defines the continuity equation as the product of cross-sectional area and fluid speed being constant at any point along a pipe. This constant product equals the volume flow rate. The document then derives the continuity equation mathematically by considering the mass flow rate at the inlet and outlet of a pipe with varying cross-sectional areas but steady, incompressible flow. It provides an example calculation and solution for water flow rates and velocities through pipes of different diameters.

Bernoulli’s equation

1. The document discusses ideal fluids and their properties, including being incompressible and nonviscous.
2. It introduces concepts like laminar and turbulent flow, and uses Bernoulli's principle and the continuity equation to relate fluid properties like pressure, velocity, and flow rate.
3. Examples are given to demonstrate how Bernoulli's principle can be used to understand phenomena like decreases in pressure associated with increases in flow speed.

Fluid kinematics and dynamics

This document discusses key concepts in fluid kinematics and dynamics. It defines streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines as field lines that describe the motion of fluid particles. Streamlines show instantaneous velocity, pathlines show trajectories over time, and streaklines show where particles have passed. The document also classifies fluid flows as steady or unsteady, uniform or non-uniform, laminar or turbulent, rotational or irrotational, and one, two, or three-dimensional. Finally, it discusses momentum equations and their application to forces on pipe bends, as well as Bernoulli's theorem.

Continuity Equation

This document discusses key concepts related to fluid flow including:
1) Rate of flow (discharge) is defined as the volume or weight of fluid flowing through a cross section per second.
2) For incompressible fluids, the continuity equation states that the rate of flow is constant at all points in a fluid system.
3) By applying the continuity equation and knowing the velocities and cross sectional areas at two points, the velocity at one point can be calculated if the other is known.

Turbulent flow

This document provides an overview of turbulent fluid flow, including:
1) It defines laminar and turbulent flow and explains that turbulent flow occurs above a Reynolds number of 2000.
2) It describes methods for characterizing turbulence, including magnitude, intensity, and mixing length theory.
3) It discusses the universal law of the wall and how velocity is distributed in smooth and rough pipes. Friction factors depend on Reynolds number and relative roughness.
4) Experimental results from Nikuradse are presented showing relationships between friction factor and Reynolds number/relative roughness that can be used to model pressure losses in pipes.

Kinematics of fluid flow & it’s application.

This document provides an overview of fluid kinematics. It defines fluid kinematics as the study of fluid motion without considering pressure forces. It describes Lagrangian and Eulerian methods for analyzing fluid flow, and defines different types of flows including steady/unsteady, uniform/non-uniform, laminar/turbulent, compressible/incompressible, rotational/irrotational, and one-dimensional/two-dimensional/three-dimensional flows. It also discusses flow visualization techniques like streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines.

Fluid kinematics

This document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics, including:
(i) Fluid kinematics describes fluid motion without forces/energies, examining geometry of motion through concepts like streamlines and pathlines.
(ii) Fluids can flow steadily or unsteadily, uniformly or non-uniformly, laminarly or turbulently depending on properties of the flow and fluid.
(iii) The continuity equation states that mass flow rate remains constant for an incompressible, steady flow through a control volume according to the principle of conservation of mass.

Fluid mechanics notes

B.TECH. DEGREE COURSE
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
(2002-03 admission onwards)
MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY,mg university, KTU
KOTTAYAM
KERALA
Module 1
Introduction - Proprties of fluids - pressure, force, density, specific weight, compressibility, capillarity, surface tension, dynamic and kinematic viscosity-Pascal’s law-Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids-fluid statics-measurement of pressure-variation of pressure-manometry-hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces-centre of pressure-buoyancy-floation-stability of submerged and floating bodies-metacentric height-period of oscillation.
Module 2
Kinematics of fluid motion-Eulerian and Lagrangian approach-classification and representation of fluid flow- path line, stream line and streak line. Basic hydrodynamics-equation for acceleration-continuity equation-rotational and irrotational flow-velocity potential and stream function-circulation and vorticity-vortex flow-energy variation across stream lines-basic field flow such as uniform flow, spiral flow, source, sink, doublet, vortex pair, flow past a cylinder with a circulation, Magnus effect-Joukowski theorem-coefficient of lift.
Module 3
Euler’s momentum equation-Bernoulli’s equation and its limitations-momentum and energy correction factors-pressure variation across uniform conduit and uniform bend-pressure distribution in irrotational flow and in curved boundaries-flow through orifices and mouthpieces, notches and weirs-time of emptying a tank-application of Bernoulli’s theorem-orifice meter, ventury meter, pitot tube, rotameter.
Module 4
Navier-Stoke’s equation-body force-Hagen-Poiseullie equation-boundary layer flow theory-velocity variation- methods of controlling-applications-diffuser-boundary layer separation –wakes, drag force, coefficient of drag, skin friction, pressure, profile and total drag-stream lined body, bluff body-drag force on a rectangular plate-drag coefficient for flow around a cylinder-lift and drag force on an aerofoil-applications of aerofoil- characteristics-work done-aerofoil flow recorder-polar diagram-simple problems.
Module 5
Flow of a real fluid-effect of viscosity on fluid flow-laminar and turbulent flow-boundary layer thickness-displacement, momentum and energy thickness-flow through pipes-laminar and turbulent flow in pipes-critical Reynolds number-Darcy-Weisback equation-hydraulic radius-Moody;s chart-pipes in series and parallel-siphon losses in pipes-power transmission through pipes-water hammer-equivalent pipe-open channel flow-Chezy’s equation-most economical cross section-hydraulic jump.

Fluid dynamics 1

The document provides an introduction to fluid dynamics and fluid mechanics. It defines key fluid properties like density, viscosity, pressure and discusses the continuum hypothesis. It also introduces important concepts like the Navier-Stokes equations, Bernoulli's equation, Reynolds number, and divergence. Applications of fluid mechanics in various engineering fields are also highlighted.

Fluid kinematics

This document discusses fluid kinematics, which is the branch of fluid mechanics that deals with the geometry and motion of fluids without considering forces. It defines key concepts like acceleration fields, Lagrangian and Eulerian methods of describing motion, types of flow such as laminar vs turbulent and steady vs unsteady, streamlines vs pathlines vs streaklines, circulation and vorticity, and analytical tools like the stream function and velocity potential function. Flow nets are introduced as a way to graphically study two-dimensional irrotational flows using a grid of intersecting streamlines and equipotential lines.

Flow Through Orifices - Hydraulics

Flow Through Orifices, Orifice, Types of Orifice according to Shape Size Edge Discharge, Jet, Venacontracta, Hydraulic Coefficients, Coefficient of Contraction,Coefficient of Velocity, Coefficient of Discharge, Coefficient of Resistance, Hydraulic Coefficients by Experimental Method, Discharge Through a Small rectangular orifice, Discharge Through a Large rectangular orifice, Discharge Through a Fully Drowned orifice, Discharge Through Partially Drowned orifice, Mouthpiece and its types. By Engr. M. Jalal Sarwar

Types of fluid

This document defines different types of fluids and their properties. It begins by defining an ideal fluid and real fluid, then discusses Newton's law of viscosity. Newtonian fluids obey this law, having constant viscosity, while non-Newtonian fluids do not. Four types of non-Newtonian fluids are described: dilatant fluids increase in viscosity with stress; pseudoplastic fluids decrease in viscosity with stress; Bingham plastics have a yield stress; and thixotropic fluids' viscosity depends on time under stress. Examples are given for each fluid type.

Chapter four fluid mechanics

1) The document discusses fluid kinematics, which deals with the motion of fluids without considering the forces that create motion. It covers topics like velocity fields, acceleration fields, control volumes, and flow visualization techniques.
2) There are two main descriptions of fluid motion - Lagrangian, which follows individual particles, and Eulerian, which observes the flow at fixed points in space. Most practical analysis uses the Eulerian description.
3) The Reynolds Transport Theorem allows equations written for a fluid system to be applied to a fixed control volume, which is useful for analyzing forces on objects in a flow. It relates the time rate of change of an extensive property within the control volume to surface fluxes and the property accumulation.

260118 chapter 6 fluid dynamics

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It introduces fluid dynamics as the study of fluid motion and forces causing flow. Bernoulli's equation relates pressure, velocity, and elevation in fluid flow. It assumes the fluid is ideal, incompressible, and flow is steady and irrotational. While useful, the equation assumes no viscosity, but real fluids are viscous. Applications of Bernoulli's equation include venturimeters, orifice meters, and piezometers to measure fluid flow.

Fluid dynamic

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It begins by defining different forms of energy in a flowing liquid, including kinetic energy, potential energy, pressure energy, and internal energy. It then derives Bernoulli's equation, which states that the total head of a fluid particle remains constant during steady, incompressible flow. The derivation considers forces acting on a fluid particle and uses conservation of energy. Finally, the document presents the general energy equation for steady fluid flow and the specific equation for incompressible fluids using the concepts of total head, head loss, and hydraulic grade line.

Bernoulli Equation

Bernoulli's principle states that the total mechanical energy of a moving fluid remains constant. It relates pressure, velocity, and elevation of a fluid. Bernoulli's equation can be derived from the principle of conservation of energy. The formula shows that pressure decreases as velocity increases, and vice versa. The derivation considers an incompressible fluid flowing through a pipe of varying diameter and height, applying conservation of energy and accounting for changes in kinetic, potential, and pressure energy.

venturi meter

Venturi meters use the Bernoulli principle and continuity equation to measure fluid flow rates. They consist of a converging section, throat, and diverging section. As the fluid flows through the converging section into the throat, its pressure decreases. This pressure difference is measured using a manometer and can be calibrated to determine flow rate, as flow rate is directly proportional to the square root of the pressure difference. Venturi meters are commonly used to measure flow rates of water, gases, and liquids in large diameter pipes.

Types of fluid flow best ppt

A fluid is a state of matter in which its molecules move freely and do not bear a constant relationship in space to other molecules.
In physics, fluid flow has all kinds of aspects: steady or unsteady, compressible or incompressible, viscous or non-viscous, and rotational or irrotational to name a few. Some of these characteristics reflect properties of the liquid itself, and others focus on how the fluid is moving.
Fluids are :-
Liquid : blood, i.v. infusions)
Gas : O2 , N2O)
Vapour (transition from liquid to gas) : N2O (under compression in cylinder), volatile inhalational agents (halothane, isoflurane, etc)
Sublimate (transition from solid to gas bypassing liquid state) : Dry ice (solid CO2), iodine

Eulers equation

This document discusses Euler's equation in fluid mechanics. It provides background on the history of understanding fluid motion, defines key terms like pressure and fluid pressure. It then defines Euler's equation, which relates velocity, pressure and density of a moving fluid based on Newton's second law of motion. Bernoulli's equation is derived from integrating Euler's equation, relating pressure, velocity and fluid height. Applications of these equations in understanding bird flight and airplane wing design are discussed. The document provides detailed definitions and derivations of these important fluid mechanics equations.

Flow through pipes ppt

This document discusses laminar and turbulent fluid flow in pipes. It defines the Reynolds number and explains that laminar flow occurs at Re < 2000, transitional flow from 2000 to 4000, and turbulent flow over 4000. The entrance length for developing pipe flow profiles is discussed. Fully developed laminar and turbulent pipe flows are compared. Equations are provided for average velocity, shear stress at the wall, and pressure drop based on conservation of momentum and energy analyses. The Darcy friction factor is defined, and methods for calculating it for laminar and turbulent flows are explained, including the Moody chart. Types of pipe flow problems and accounting for minor losses and pipe networks are also summarized.

Fluid Kinematics

This document provides an overview of fluid kinematics, which is the study of fluid motion without considering forces. It discusses key concepts like streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines. It describes Lagrangian and Eulerian methods for describing fluid motion. It also covers various types of fluid flow such as steady/unsteady, laminar/turbulent, compressible/incompressible, and one/two/three-dimensional flow. Important topics like continuity equation, velocity, acceleration, and stream/velocity potential functions are also summarized. The document is intended to outline the syllabus and learning objectives for a course unit on fluid kinematics.

Fluid MechanicsVortex flow and impulse momentum

1. The momentum equation relates the total force on a fluid system to the rate of change of momentum as fluid flows through a control volume.
2. Forces can be resolved into components in different directions for multi-dimensional flows. The total force is equal to the sum of pressure, body, and reaction forces.
3. Examples of applying the momentum equation include calculating forces on a pipe bend, nozzle, jet impact, and curved vane due to changing fluid momentum. Setting up coordinate systems aligned with the flow is important for resolving forces into components.

Introduction of Fluid Mechanics

this unit describes in detail about the Fluid Flow and it have a some example to emphasize the understanding of the entire module.

fluid statics

This document discusses various topics related to fluid mechanics including:
1. Fluid statics, hydrostatic pressure variation, and Pascal's law.
2. Different types of pressures like atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, and absolute pressure.
3. The hydrostatic paradox and how pressure intensity is independent of the weight of fluid.
4. Different types of manometers used to measure pressure like piezometers, U-tube manometers, single column manometers, differential manometers, and inverted U-tube differential manometers.
5. How bourdon tubes and diaphragm/bellows gauges can be used to measure pressure by converting pressure differences into mechanical displacements.

Fluids and their properties

Fluids are substances that have no definite shape and assume the shape of their container. Fluids can be classified as ideal, real, pseudo-plastic, Newtonian, or non-Newtonian depending on their properties. The properties of fluids like density, viscosity, surface tension, capillary action, specific weight, and specific gravity determine how fluids behave and can be used in engineering applications. Density is the mass per unit volume of a fluid, viscosity determines a fluid's resistance to flow, and surface tension allows fluids to resist tensile stresses on their surface.

Bernoulli's Principle

The document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics including:
1) Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in fluid velocity results in a decrease in pressure.
2) Pascal's law describes how pressure is transmitted equally in all directions throughout a confined fluid.
3) Continuity equations states that the flow rate of a fluid remains constant regardless of changes to its velocity or pressure.
4) Venturi tubes use the Bernoulli effect to create areas of lower pressure by increasing fluid velocity through constrictions.

Presentation 2 ce 801

Description types of flow, steady flow and unsteady flow, GVF, Discharge,Reynolds Number, State of flow,

Types of fluid flow

This document discusses the different types of fluid flows. It describes 6 main types of fluid flows: 1) steady and unsteady, 2) uniform and non-uniform, 3) laminar and turbulent, 4) compressible and incompressible, 5) rotational and irrotational, and 6) one-, two-, and three-dimensional flows. For each type of flow, it provides a brief definition and examples to explain the differences between the types.

Flow in Pipes

This document provides an overview of fluid mechanics concepts related to conservation of mass, including:
1) It defines key terms like mass flow rate, volume flow rate, and their relationship for both compressible and incompressible flows.
2) It presents the general conservation of mass principle and equation for both closed and open/control volume systems, and for steady and unsteady flows.
3) It provides examples of applying conservation of mass concepts to problems involving things like filling a bucket from a hose or draining a water tank.

Ch.1 fluid dynamic

The document summarizes key concepts in fluid mechanics including:
1) Types of fluid flow such as steady, unsteady, uniform, and non-uniform flow. It also discusses the continuity, Bernoulli, and momentum equations used to solve fluid problems.
2) Applications of Bernoulli's equation such as flow over weirs, through orifices and pipes, and venturi meters. It also discusses concepts like total energy, hydraulic grade line, and more.
3) Examples are provided calculating velocity, pressure, flow rates, and more at different points in pipe systems using the governing equations.

Fluid dynamics 1

The document provides an introduction to fluid dynamics and fluid mechanics. It defines key fluid properties like density, viscosity, pressure and discusses the continuum hypothesis. It also introduces important concepts like the Navier-Stokes equations, Bernoulli's equation, Reynolds number, and divergence. Applications of fluid mechanics in various engineering fields are also highlighted.

Fluid kinematics

This document discusses fluid kinematics, which is the branch of fluid mechanics that deals with the geometry and motion of fluids without considering forces. It defines key concepts like acceleration fields, Lagrangian and Eulerian methods of describing motion, types of flow such as laminar vs turbulent and steady vs unsteady, streamlines vs pathlines vs streaklines, circulation and vorticity, and analytical tools like the stream function and velocity potential function. Flow nets are introduced as a way to graphically study two-dimensional irrotational flows using a grid of intersecting streamlines and equipotential lines.

Flow Through Orifices - Hydraulics

Flow Through Orifices, Orifice, Types of Orifice according to Shape Size Edge Discharge, Jet, Venacontracta, Hydraulic Coefficients, Coefficient of Contraction,Coefficient of Velocity, Coefficient of Discharge, Coefficient of Resistance, Hydraulic Coefficients by Experimental Method, Discharge Through a Small rectangular orifice, Discharge Through a Large rectangular orifice, Discharge Through a Fully Drowned orifice, Discharge Through Partially Drowned orifice, Mouthpiece and its types. By Engr. M. Jalal Sarwar

Types of fluid

This document defines different types of fluids and their properties. It begins by defining an ideal fluid and real fluid, then discusses Newton's law of viscosity. Newtonian fluids obey this law, having constant viscosity, while non-Newtonian fluids do not. Four types of non-Newtonian fluids are described: dilatant fluids increase in viscosity with stress; pseudoplastic fluids decrease in viscosity with stress; Bingham plastics have a yield stress; and thixotropic fluids' viscosity depends on time under stress. Examples are given for each fluid type.

Chapter four fluid mechanics

1) The document discusses fluid kinematics, which deals with the motion of fluids without considering the forces that create motion. It covers topics like velocity fields, acceleration fields, control volumes, and flow visualization techniques.
2) There are two main descriptions of fluid motion - Lagrangian, which follows individual particles, and Eulerian, which observes the flow at fixed points in space. Most practical analysis uses the Eulerian description.
3) The Reynolds Transport Theorem allows equations written for a fluid system to be applied to a fixed control volume, which is useful for analyzing forces on objects in a flow. It relates the time rate of change of an extensive property within the control volume to surface fluxes and the property accumulation.

260118 chapter 6 fluid dynamics

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It introduces fluid dynamics as the study of fluid motion and forces causing flow. Bernoulli's equation relates pressure, velocity, and elevation in fluid flow. It assumes the fluid is ideal, incompressible, and flow is steady and irrotational. While useful, the equation assumes no viscosity, but real fluids are viscous. Applications of Bernoulli's equation include venturimeters, orifice meters, and piezometers to measure fluid flow.

Fluid dynamic

This document discusses fluid dynamics and Bernoulli's equation. It begins by defining different forms of energy in a flowing liquid, including kinetic energy, potential energy, pressure energy, and internal energy. It then derives Bernoulli's equation, which states that the total head of a fluid particle remains constant during steady, incompressible flow. The derivation considers forces acting on a fluid particle and uses conservation of energy. Finally, the document presents the general energy equation for steady fluid flow and the specific equation for incompressible fluids using the concepts of total head, head loss, and hydraulic grade line.

Bernoulli Equation

Bernoulli's principle states that the total mechanical energy of a moving fluid remains constant. It relates pressure, velocity, and elevation of a fluid. Bernoulli's equation can be derived from the principle of conservation of energy. The formula shows that pressure decreases as velocity increases, and vice versa. The derivation considers an incompressible fluid flowing through a pipe of varying diameter and height, applying conservation of energy and accounting for changes in kinetic, potential, and pressure energy.

venturi meter

Venturi meters use the Bernoulli principle and continuity equation to measure fluid flow rates. They consist of a converging section, throat, and diverging section. As the fluid flows through the converging section into the throat, its pressure decreases. This pressure difference is measured using a manometer and can be calibrated to determine flow rate, as flow rate is directly proportional to the square root of the pressure difference. Venturi meters are commonly used to measure flow rates of water, gases, and liquids in large diameter pipes.

Types of fluid flow best ppt

A fluid is a state of matter in which its molecules move freely and do not bear a constant relationship in space to other molecules.
In physics, fluid flow has all kinds of aspects: steady or unsteady, compressible or incompressible, viscous or non-viscous, and rotational or irrotational to name a few. Some of these characteristics reflect properties of the liquid itself, and others focus on how the fluid is moving.
Fluids are :-
Liquid : blood, i.v. infusions)
Gas : O2 , N2O)
Vapour (transition from liquid to gas) : N2O (under compression in cylinder), volatile inhalational agents (halothane, isoflurane, etc)
Sublimate (transition from solid to gas bypassing liquid state) : Dry ice (solid CO2), iodine

Eulers equation

This document discusses Euler's equation in fluid mechanics. It provides background on the history of understanding fluid motion, defines key terms like pressure and fluid pressure. It then defines Euler's equation, which relates velocity, pressure and density of a moving fluid based on Newton's second law of motion. Bernoulli's equation is derived from integrating Euler's equation, relating pressure, velocity and fluid height. Applications of these equations in understanding bird flight and airplane wing design are discussed. The document provides detailed definitions and derivations of these important fluid mechanics equations.

Flow through pipes ppt

This document discusses laminar and turbulent fluid flow in pipes. It defines the Reynolds number and explains that laminar flow occurs at Re < 2000, transitional flow from 2000 to 4000, and turbulent flow over 4000. The entrance length for developing pipe flow profiles is discussed. Fully developed laminar and turbulent pipe flows are compared. Equations are provided for average velocity, shear stress at the wall, and pressure drop based on conservation of momentum and energy analyses. The Darcy friction factor is defined, and methods for calculating it for laminar and turbulent flows are explained, including the Moody chart. Types of pipe flow problems and accounting for minor losses and pipe networks are also summarized.

Fluid Kinematics

This document provides an overview of fluid kinematics, which is the study of fluid motion without considering forces. It discusses key concepts like streamlines, pathlines, and streaklines. It describes Lagrangian and Eulerian methods for describing fluid motion. It also covers various types of fluid flow such as steady/unsteady, laminar/turbulent, compressible/incompressible, and one/two/three-dimensional flow. Important topics like continuity equation, velocity, acceleration, and stream/velocity potential functions are also summarized. The document is intended to outline the syllabus and learning objectives for a course unit on fluid kinematics.

Fluid MechanicsVortex flow and impulse momentum

1. The momentum equation relates the total force on a fluid system to the rate of change of momentum as fluid flows through a control volume.
2. Forces can be resolved into components in different directions for multi-dimensional flows. The total force is equal to the sum of pressure, body, and reaction forces.
3. Examples of applying the momentum equation include calculating forces on a pipe bend, nozzle, jet impact, and curved vane due to changing fluid momentum. Setting up coordinate systems aligned with the flow is important for resolving forces into components.

Introduction of Fluid Mechanics

this unit describes in detail about the Fluid Flow and it have a some example to emphasize the understanding of the entire module.

fluid statics

This document discusses various topics related to fluid mechanics including:
1. Fluid statics, hydrostatic pressure variation, and Pascal's law.
2. Different types of pressures like atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, and absolute pressure.
3. The hydrostatic paradox and how pressure intensity is independent of the weight of fluid.
4. Different types of manometers used to measure pressure like piezometers, U-tube manometers, single column manometers, differential manometers, and inverted U-tube differential manometers.
5. How bourdon tubes and diaphragm/bellows gauges can be used to measure pressure by converting pressure differences into mechanical displacements.

Fluids and their properties

Fluids are substances that have no definite shape and assume the shape of their container. Fluids can be classified as ideal, real, pseudo-plastic, Newtonian, or non-Newtonian depending on their properties. The properties of fluids like density, viscosity, surface tension, capillary action, specific weight, and specific gravity determine how fluids behave and can be used in engineering applications. Density is the mass per unit volume of a fluid, viscosity determines a fluid's resistance to flow, and surface tension allows fluids to resist tensile stresses on their surface.

Bernoulli's Principle

The document discusses key concepts in fluid dynamics including:
1) Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in fluid velocity results in a decrease in pressure.
2) Pascal's law describes how pressure is transmitted equally in all directions throughout a confined fluid.
3) Continuity equations states that the flow rate of a fluid remains constant regardless of changes to its velocity or pressure.
4) Venturi tubes use the Bernoulli effect to create areas of lower pressure by increasing fluid velocity through constrictions.

Presentation 2 ce 801

Description types of flow, steady flow and unsteady flow, GVF, Discharge,Reynolds Number, State of flow,

Types of fluid flow

This document discusses the different types of fluid flows. It describes 6 main types of fluid flows: 1) steady and unsteady, 2) uniform and non-uniform, 3) laminar and turbulent, 4) compressible and incompressible, 5) rotational and irrotational, and 6) one-, two-, and three-dimensional flows. For each type of flow, it provides a brief definition and examples to explain the differences between the types.

Fluid dynamics 1

Fluid dynamics 1

Fluid kinematics

Fluid kinematics

Flow Through Orifices - Hydraulics

Flow Through Orifices - Hydraulics

Types of fluid

Types of fluid

Chapter four fluid mechanics

Chapter four fluid mechanics

260118 chapter 6 fluid dynamics

260118 chapter 6 fluid dynamics

Fluid dynamic

Fluid dynamic

Bernoulli Equation

Bernoulli Equation

venturi meter

venturi meter

Types of fluid flow best ppt

Types of fluid flow best ppt

Eulers equation

Eulers equation

Flow through pipes ppt

Flow through pipes ppt

Fluid Kinematics

Fluid Kinematics

Fluid MechanicsVortex flow and impulse momentum

Fluid MechanicsVortex flow and impulse momentum

Introduction of Fluid Mechanics

Introduction of Fluid Mechanics

fluid statics

fluid statics

Fluids and their properties

Fluids and their properties

Bernoulli's Principle

Bernoulli's Principle

Presentation 2 ce 801

Presentation 2 ce 801

Types of fluid flow

Types of fluid flow

Flow in Pipes

This document provides an overview of fluid mechanics concepts related to conservation of mass, including:
1) It defines key terms like mass flow rate, volume flow rate, and their relationship for both compressible and incompressible flows.
2) It presents the general conservation of mass principle and equation for both closed and open/control volume systems, and for steady and unsteady flows.
3) It provides examples of applying conservation of mass concepts to problems involving things like filling a bucket from a hose or draining a water tank.

Ch.1 fluid dynamic

The document summarizes key concepts in fluid mechanics including:
1) Types of fluid flow such as steady, unsteady, uniform, and non-uniform flow. It also discusses the continuity, Bernoulli, and momentum equations used to solve fluid problems.
2) Applications of Bernoulli's equation such as flow over weirs, through orifices and pipes, and venturi meters. It also discusses concepts like total energy, hydraulic grade line, and more.
3) Examples are provided calculating velocity, pressure, flow rates, and more at different points in pipe systems using the governing equations.

Introduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics

1) The document introduces basic principles of fluid mechanics, including Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of fluid flow. The Lagrangian description follows individual particles, while the Eulerian description observes flow properties at fixed points in space.
2) It describes three governing laws of fluid motion within a control volume: conservation of mass (the net flow in and out of a control volume is zero), conservation of momentum (Newton's second law applied to a fluid system), and conservation of energy.
3) It derives Bernoulli's equation, which relates pressure, velocity, and elevation along a streamline for inviscid, steady, incompressible flow. Bernoulli's equation is an application of conservation of momentum along a streamline.

nozzle_diffuser_circulation-2022 (1).pdf

1. Reynolds transport theorem relates the rate of change of a property within a control volume to the rate of change of the property convected with a moving fluid plus the net flux of the property entering and leaving the control volume.
2. The continuity equation states that for a fixed mass of fluid, the net mass flow entering and leaving a control volume is zero. For steady one-dimensional flow, the mass flow rate is constant.
3. The momentum equation equates the net external forces on a control volume to the rate of change of momentum entering and leaving the control volume. For steady one-dimensional flow, the momentum flow rate is constant.

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Simulation of Pollution Transport in Coastal Aquifers under Tidal Movements

). Simulation of Pollution Transport in Coastal Aquifers under Tidal Movements. Presented at the Workshop on Environmental Pollution at Coastal Areas, Organized by Water Recourses Center at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Me 2204 fluid mechanics and machinery

The document defines key terms related to fluid mechanics, including density, specific weight, viscosity, compressibility, surface tension, and vapor pressure. It also defines different types of fluid flow such as steady/unsteady, laminar/turbulent, compressible/incompressible, and rotational/irrotational flow. Various equations are presented, including the continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, and the impulse-momentum equation. Boundary layer concepts are introduced, such as boundary layer thickness, displacement thickness, and momentum thickness. Energy losses in pipes are also discussed, distinguishing between major losses due to friction and minor losses due to pipe fittings.

FluidMechanicsBooklet.pdf

This document contains equations, formulas, tables and figures related to fluid mechanics. It includes the continuity equation, stream function, momentum equation, equations for shear stress, pressure variation in static fluids, fluid translation/deformation/rotation, the Bernoulli equation, equations for internal pipe flow including the energy equation, Reynolds number, friction factor, and equations for pumps/fans/blowers. It also includes properties tables for water and air, dimensional analysis concepts, and equations for similitude and dimensionless numbers including Reynolds, Weber, Cavitation, Euler, Froude and Mach numbers.

009b (PPT) Viscous Flow -2.pdf .

This document discusses viscous flow between two parallel plates. It provides the mathematical equations for:
1) The velocity distribution which is parabolic in nature.
2) The shear stress distribution which varies linearly with distance from the plates.
3) The ratio of maximum to average velocity which is 3/2.
4) The pressure drop formula for flow between parallel plates over a given length.

slidesWaveRegular.pdf

This document discusses linear wave theory and the governing equations for water wave mechanics. It introduces key wave parameters like amplitude, height, wavelength, frequency, period, and phase speed. It then covers the linearized equations of motion, including continuity, irrotationality, and the time-dependent Bernoulli equation. Boundary conditions at the bed and free-surface are also presented, including the kinematic and dynamic free-surface boundary conditions. The linearized equations and boundary conditions form the basis for solving for the velocity potential using separation of variables.

Fluid kinematics

The document provides an overview of fluid kinematics and dynamics concepts over 12 hours. It discusses types of fluid flow such as steady, unsteady, uniform, laminar, turbulent and more. It also covers fluid motion analysis using Lagrangian and Eulerian methods. Key concepts covered include velocity, acceleration, streamlines, pathlines, continuity equation, and momentum equation. Circulation and vorticity are also defined. The document aims to equip readers with fundamental understanding of fluid motion characteristics and governing equations.

Applications of Bernoullis eq. (venturi & Nozzle) 2

The document discusses fluid mechanics concepts including the continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, energy grade lines, and hydraulic grade lines. It provides examples of how to apply these concepts to calculate things like pressure and velocity in pipe systems. Key assumptions when using Bernoulli's equation are discussed, such as assuming zero velocity or pressure at free surfaces. The importance of the continuity equation for solving problems where Bernoulli's assumptions do not apply is also noted.

WavesLinear.pdf

Linear wave theory assumes wave amplitudes are small, allowing second-order effects to be ignored. It accurately describes real wave behavior including refraction, diffraction, shoaling and breaking. Waves are described by their amplitude, wavelength, frequency, period, wavenumber and phase/group velocities. Phase velocity is the speed at which the wave profile propagates, while group velocity (always lower) is the speed at which wave energy is transmitted. Wave energy is proportional to the square of the amplitude and is divided equally between kinetic and potential components on average.

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

The document discusses key concepts in fluid mechanics including:
1. Pressure is defined as force per unit area and its units are Pascal (SI) or dynes/cm2 (CGS). Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 101,325 Pa.
2. Density is defined as mass per unit volume and has units of kg/m3 (SI) or g/cc (CGS). Specific weight is weight per unit volume and specific gravity is the ratio of a fluid's density to that of water.
3. Viscosity describes a fluid's resistance to flow and is measured by dynamic viscosity in N·s/m2 or kinematic viscosity in m2/s.

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

The document defines key concepts in fluid mechanics including pressure, density, viscosity, surface tension, continuity equation, and Bernoulli's equation. It provides the definitions and formulas for these terms, as well as explanations of related concepts like manometers, hydrostatic forces, stability of floating bodies, and equations of motion. The summary focuses on introducing the broad topics covered rather than specific details or values.

Fluid Mechanics Chapter 4. Differential relations for a fluid flow

Introduction, Acceleration field, Conservation of mass equation, Linear momentum equation, Energy equation, Boundary condition, Stream function, Vorticity and Irrotationality

009a (PPT) Viscous Flow-1 New.pdf .

1) The document discusses viscous fluid flow through circular pipes and between parallel plates. It defines laminar and turbulent flow, and explores Reynold's experiment which shows the transition between these flow types.
2) Mathematical expressions are derived for shear stress distribution, velocity distribution, the ratio of maximum to average velocity, and pressure drop over a given pipe length. Shear stress and velocity are shown to vary parabolically from the pipe wall to center.
3) Key results shown are that velocity distribution is parabolic, the ratio of maximum to average velocity is 2, and the pressure drop can be calculated using the Hagen-Poiseuille formula.

Method of solution of flow problems

This document discusses methods for solving fluid flow problems. It outlines two essential equations: [1] the equation of continuity, which states that the inflow equals the outflow in steady flow through a control volume, and [2] the Bernoulli equation, which relates pressure, velocity, and elevation along a streamline based on the principle of conservation of energy. Common applications where these equations are used include pipes, rivers, and overall processes. The procedure for solving flow problems involves choosing a datum plane, noting where velocity, pressure, and other variables are known or to be assumed, and applying the continuity and Bernoulli equations.

Modeling dispersion under unsteady groundwater flow conditions

This presentation is for and MSc Student working on some of the projects at TU Delft. The thesis title is: Modeling dispersion under unsteady groundwater flow conditions.

T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx

This document discusses fluid mechanics concepts including:
- Identifying vocabulary related to fluid mechanics and energy conservation.
- Explaining physical properties of fluids like density, pressure, and viscosity.
- Recognizing types of fluid flows like laminar, turbulent, compressible, incompressible.
- Understanding concepts like no-slip condition, boundary layers, and streamlines.
- Deriving conservation laws for mass and energy in ideal fluids using Bernoulli's equation.

Flow in Pipes

Flow in Pipes

Ch.1 fluid dynamic

Ch.1 fluid dynamic

Introduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics

Introduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics

nozzle_diffuser_circulation-2022 (1).pdf

nozzle_diffuser_circulation-2022 (1).pdf

combinepdf (2).pdf

combinepdf (2).pdf

Simulation of Pollution Transport in Coastal Aquifers under Tidal Movements

Simulation of Pollution Transport in Coastal Aquifers under Tidal Movements

Me 2204 fluid mechanics and machinery

Me 2204 fluid mechanics and machinery

FluidMechanicsBooklet.pdf

FluidMechanicsBooklet.pdf

009b (PPT) Viscous Flow -2.pdf .

009b (PPT) Viscous Flow -2.pdf .

slidesWaveRegular.pdf

slidesWaveRegular.pdf

Fluid kinematics

Fluid kinematics

Applications of Bernoullis eq. (venturi & Nozzle) 2

Applications of Bernoullis eq. (venturi & Nozzle) 2

WavesLinear.pdf

WavesLinear.pdf

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

Fluid Mechanics (2).pdf

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

Fluid Mechanics (2)civil engineers sksks

Fluid Mechanics Chapter 4. Differential relations for a fluid flow

Fluid Mechanics Chapter 4. Differential relations for a fluid flow

009a (PPT) Viscous Flow-1 New.pdf .

009a (PPT) Viscous Flow-1 New.pdf .

Method of solution of flow problems

Method of solution of flow problems

Modeling dispersion under unsteady groundwater flow conditions

Modeling dispersion under unsteady groundwater flow conditions

T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx

T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx

คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1

คำศัพท์เบื้องต้นสำหรับอ่าน ของนักเรียนชั้น ม.1

Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation

In this webinar, participants learned how to utilize Generative AI to streamline operations and elevate member engagement. Amazon Web Service experts provided a customer specific use cases and dived into low/no-code tools that are quick and easy to deploy through Amazon Web Service (AWS.)

Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...

Librarians are leading the way in creating future-ready citizens – now we need to update our spaces to match. In this session, attendees will get inspiration for transforming their library spaces. You’ll learn how to survey students and patrons, create a focus group, and use design thinking to brainstorm ideas for your space. We’ll discuss budget friendly ways to change your space as well as how to find funding. No matter where you’re at, you’ll find ideas for reimagining your space in this session.

Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology

Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology

PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.

This presentation includes basic of PCOS their pathology and treatment and also Ayurveda correlation of PCOS and Ayurvedic line of treatment mentioned in classics.

Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie

film vocab esl

LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP

This Dissertation explores the particular circumstances of Mirzapur, a region located in the
core of India. Mirzapur, with its varied terrains and abundant biodiversity, offers an optimal
environment for investigating the changes in vegetation cover dynamics. Our study utilizes
advanced technologies such as GIS (Geographic Information Systems) and Remote sensing to
analyze the transformations that have taken place over the course of a decade.
The complex relationship between human activities and the environment has been the focus
of extensive research and worry. As the global community grapples with swift urbanization,
population expansion, and economic progress, the effects on natural ecosystems are becoming
more evident. A crucial element of this impact is the alteration of vegetation cover, which plays a
significant role in maintaining the ecological equilibrium of our planet.Land serves as the foundation for all human activities and provides the necessary materials for
these activities. As the most crucial natural resource, its utilization by humans results in different
'Land uses,' which are determined by both human activities and the physical characteristics of the
land.
The utilization of land is impacted by human needs and environmental factors. In countries
like India, rapid population growth and the emphasis on extensive resource exploitation can lead
to significant land degradation, adversely affecting the region's land cover.
Therefore, human intervention has significantly influenced land use patterns over many
centuries, evolving its structure over time and space. In the present era, these changes have
accelerated due to factors such as agriculture and urbanization. Information regarding land use and
cover is essential for various planning and management tasks related to the Earth's surface,
providing crucial environmental data for scientific, resource management, policy purposes, and
diverse human activities.
Accurate understanding of land use and cover is imperative for the development planning
of any area. Consequently, a wide range of professionals, including earth system scientists, land
and water managers, and urban planners, are interested in obtaining data on land use and cover
changes, conversion trends, and other related patterns. The spatial dimensions of land use and
cover support policymakers and scientists in making well-informed decisions, as alterations in
these patterns indicate shifts in economic and social conditions. Monitoring such changes with the
help of Advanced technologies like Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems is
crucial for coordinated efforts across different administrative levels. Advanced technologies like
Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
9
Changes in vegetation cover refer to variations in the distribution, composition, and overall
structure of plant communities across different temporal and spatial scales. These changes can
occur natural.

C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx

C1 Rubenstein

Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf

The Best topic of my Interest.

Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...

Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...National Information Standards Organization (NISO)

This presentation was provided by Steph Pollock of The American Psychological Association’s Journals Program, and Damita Snow, of The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), for the initial session of NISO's 2024 Training Series "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape." Session One: 'Setting Expectations: a DEIA Primer,' was held June 6, 2024.How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx

"How to make and deliver dynamic presentations by making it more interactive to captivate your audience attention"

Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx

Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptxMohd Adib Abd Muin, Senior Lecturer at Universiti Utara Malaysia

This slide is special for master students (MIBS & MIFB) in UUM. Also useful for readers who are interested in the topic of contemporary Islamic banking.
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names

Presented at the Stoke Newington Literary Festival on 9th June 2024
www.StokeNewingtonHistory.com

Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx

This is part 2 of my Java Learning Journey. This contains Hashing, ArrayList, LinkedList, Date and Time Classes, Calendar Class and more.

The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection

A review of the growth of the Israel Genealogy Research Association Database Collection for the last 12 months. Our collection is now passed the 3 million mark and still growing. See which archives have contributed the most. See the different types of records we have, and which years have had records added. You can also see what we have for the future.

PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad

advasitment of Punjab

clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf

described clinical examination all orthopeadic conditions .

How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience

How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience Wahiba Chair Training & Consulting

Wahiba Chair's Talk at the 2024 Learning Ideas Conference. UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude

UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude

คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1

คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1

Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation

Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation

Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...

Reimagining Your Library Space: How to Increase the Vibes in Your Library No ...

Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology

Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology

PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.

PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.

Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie

Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie

LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP

LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP

C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx

C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx

Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf

Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf

Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...

Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...

How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx

How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx

Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx

Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx

The History of Stoke Newington Street Names

The History of Stoke Newington Street Names

Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx

Advanced Java[Extra Concepts, Not Difficult].docx

The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection

The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection

PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad

PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad

The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx

The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx

clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf

clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf

How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience

How to Create a More Engaging and Human Online Learning Experience

UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude

UGC NET Exam Paper 1- Unit 1:Teaching Aptitude

- 2. ENTER THE PASSWORD Group 7 (11.10) : Setiyani Puji Arini Suhartini Lestari Putri Wida Maya Mustika p h y s i c ACCES GRANTED
- 4. • Continuity equation is the flow rate has the same value (fluid isn’t appearing or disappearing) at every position along a tube that has a single entry and a single exit for fluid Definition flow. • This principle is known as the conservation of mass. • This equation for the ideal fluid (incompressible, nonviscous and has steady flow).
- 5. m1 = m2 Formula ρ1.V1 = ρ2.V2 ρ1 (A1.x1) = ρ2 (A2.x2) ρ1.A1 (v1.Δt1) = ρ2.A2 (v2.Δt2)
- 6. Formula Formula : A1 v1 = A2 v2 Where : A = Area (m2) v = Velocity (m/s)
- 7. Formula Q= Av = V/t Where : Q = rate (m3/s) A = Area (m2) v = Velocity (m/s) V = Volume (m3) t = time (s)
- 8. The velocity water of The river with different garden hose before we area which change hold it and after we along their length hold it Application in daily life Water gun Volumetric pipette Etc..
- 9. V1 A1 V2 A2 Example of Continuity Equation in The River
- 10. Area
- 11. Area
- 12. Area
- 13. Fluid flows in the pipe that has differrent radius, radius and velocity of position A are 3 cm and 8m/s, how much the velocity of water of position B and C, if radius of B and C are 1 cm and 5 cm? Known : rA= 3cm → 3 x 10-2 m2 vA= 8m/s rB= 1 cm → 1 x 10-2 m2 rC= 5 cm → 5x 10-2 m2 Question : vB and vC? Answer : Problem Sample
- 14. • Continuity Equation says fluid speeds up going to smaller opening, slows down going to larger opening • Velocity of fluid which is incompresible Conclusion Inverse with area of the pipe where the fluids are flowing
- 15. Sources • EBVF4103 (Chapter 3) Fluid Mechanics for Civil Engineering • http://ctmd.oum.edu.my/v2/tut orkits/
- 16. The End