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Renaissance art

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Renaissance art

  1. 1. Renaissance Art
  2. 2. RENAISSANCE ART • Movement that originated in Italy in the 15th century. – Florence was a cultural leader in the Renaissance period
  3. 3. • The term “Renaissance” refers to the “rebirth” of Greek and Roman culture – Architecture – Sculpture – Painting – Literature RENAISSANCE ART
  4. 4. RENAISSANCE ART • Artists gained prestige, no longer anonymous  became celebrities • Patrons (“mecenas”), financed & protected artists. Patrons commissioned artwork and decided the themes. – Kings & Popes – Medici Family in Florence were the most famous and wealthy patrons of the Renaissance.
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF RENAISSANCE ART a) Classicism b) Emphasis on human figure c) Realism & expression d) Perspective e) Light & shade
  6. 6. Classicism • Artists, architects and sculptors studied the art of Ancient Greece and Rome and incorporated elements of these civilizations: – Mythological themes – Idealized beauty (proportion) – Classical architectural elements (columns, semicircular arches,…) & techniques (symmetry, proportion, simplicity…). Abandon of complex aspects of Gothic art.
  7. 7. “The Birth of Venus” (Botticelli)
  8. 8. “The School of Athens” (Raphael)
  9. 9. Greek VS Renaissance “Venus de Milo” “David” (Michelangelo)
  10. 10. San Andres’ Basilica (Alberti) Greek/Roman VS Renaissance
  11. 11. “Villa Capra” or “Villa la Rotonda” (Palladio)
  12. 12. Emphasis on human figure • The human figure became very important. Artists rediscovered the beauty of nature & the human body, expressing the optimism of this new age. • As in classical art, beauty is achieved by proportion & symmetry. • Less modest depiction of the human figure than during the church- dominated Medieval period…. Naked bodies!!
  13. 13. “Vitruvian Man” or “The canon of proportions” (Leonardo da Vinci) It’s a drawing accompanied by notes based on the work of the Roman architect Vitruvius. It depicts the ideal human proportions described by Vitruvius in his treatise “De Architectura”. Vitruvius described the human figure as being the principal source of proportion. Vitruvius determined that the ideal body should be eight heads high.
  14. 14. “Sistine Chapel” (Michelangelo)
  15. 15. Realism & expression • One of the big changes in art was to paint and sculpt subjects realistically. This is called realism and involves a number of techniques that make the subjects and background look like they would in real life. • This also meant giving the subjects more emotional qualities; more expression.
  16. 16. “David” (Bernini)
  17. 17. Gothic VS Renaissance Madonna and Child with Angels Playing Music (Pere Serra) “Madonna and Child” (Raphael)
  18. 18. Perspective • Perspective is drawing or painting a picture such that it looks like there are three dimensions. • It gives the illusion that some objects in the painting are further away than others.
  19. 19. “The Last Supper” (Leonardo da Vinci)
  20. 20. “The School of Athens” (Raphael)
  21. 21. “Lamentation of Christ” (Mantegna)
  22. 22. Sfumato technique “Monna Lisa” or “La Gioconda” (Leonardo da Vinci)
  23. 23. Light & shade • Renaissance painters used light and shade to: – Add perspective & make it more realistic. Help viewers picture the shape of objects and to imagine what the objects feel like. – Depict emotions (cheerfulness of a bright day, darkness of a sad day…) • Some artists used strong contrasts of light & shade. That technique is called “chiaroscuro”. However, it will reach its peak in the Baroque.
  24. 24. “The School of Athens” (Raphael)
  25. 25. Chiaroscuro technique “St. John the Baptist” (Leonardo da Vinci)
  26. 26. Time to use your brains…!! • In your notebooks: –Tell if the image is “Renaissance” –Explain using the characteristics of Renaissance Art.
  27. 27. “Venus and Mars”
  28. 28. “Diana & Acteon”
  29. 29. PERIODS OF ITALIAN RENAISSANCE & MAIN ARTISTS Quattrocento (15th Century) • Main location: Florence • Main sponsors: Medici family • Main artists: • Brunelleschi • Alberti • Ghiberti • Botticelli Cinquecento (16th Century)
  30. 30. Brunelleschi • Dome of Florence Cathedral • Palazzo Pitti
  31. 31. Alberti • Façade of Santa María Novella Any similarities with the Roman Pantheon??!
  32. 32. Ghiberti • Gates of Paradise (Florence Cathedral)
  33. 33. Botticelli • The Birth of Venus
  34. 34. PERIODS OF ITALIAN RENAISSANCE & MAIN ARTISTS Quattrocento (15th Century) • Main location: Florence • Main sponsors: Medici family • Main artists: • Brunelleschi • Alberti • Ghiberti • Botticelli Cinquecento (16th Century) • Main location: Rome • Main sponsors: Church • Main artists: • Bramante • Michelangelo • Leonardo Da Vinci • Raphael
  35. 35. Bramante • Design of St. Peter’s basilica in the Vatican
  36. 36. Michelangelo • Architecture: Dome of St. Peter in the Vatican • Sculpture: David, Moses & Pieta.
  37. 37. Michelangelo • Painting: Sistine Chapel (Papal Palace in the Vatican):  Last Judgement  Creation of Adam Virtual tour
  38. 38. Leonardo Da Vinci • Invented the sfumato technique, which blends areas together:  La Gioconda  The Last Supper  The Virgin of the Rocks
  39. 39. Raphael • The School of Athens
  40. 40. FLEMISH RENAISSANCE & MAIN ARTISTS • Low Countries • Main innovation: oil painting  dissolving colours in oil so that they became more brilliant. • Main artists:  Van Eyck brothers  Van del Weyden  Bosch (El Bosco)
  41. 41.  Jan Van Eyck: Arnolfini portrait
  42. 42.  Jan & Hubert Van Eyck: Ghent altarpiece
  43. 43.  Roger Van der Weyden: The descent from the Cross
  44. 44.  Hieronymus Bosch (El Bosco): The Garden of the Earthly Delight The triptych develops the history of the world and progression of sin. Starts at the outside tables with the creation of the world, and continues in the interior with the origin of sin (Adam and Eve) in the left panel, its extension in a world dominated by earthly pleasures in the center, and ends in the right with the torments of hell.

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