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DRUM DRYER
MADE BY KASHISH WILSON
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
MM COLLEGE OF PHARMACY,MM(DU) MULLANA AMBALA
PRINCIPLE....
• In drum drying, the heated surface is the envelope of a rotating
horizontal metal cylinder.
• The cylinder is heated by steam condensing inside, at a pressure in
the range of 200 to 500 kPa bringing the temperature of the cylinder
wall to 120–155°C
CONSTRUCTION...
CONTINUE....
• A drum dryer consists of one or two horizontally mounted hollow cylinder(s)
or drums of about 0.75-1.5 m in diameter and 2-4 m in length, made of
high-grade cast iron or stainless steel, a supporting frame, a product
feeding system, a scraper, and auxiliaries.
• The drum is heated internally by steam, and rotated on its longitudinal axis.
The external surface of the drum is polished. Liquid or slurry is placed as
feed in a pan. The drum is partially dipped in pan. The spreader is used to
spread liquid film evenly on roller.
• The rotation of the knife adjust so that all of the liquid is fully vaporized.
The drum is rotated continuously. The dried deposits can be scrapped off
with the help of doctor knife.
WORKING....
• As the drum rotates, the liquid material gets adhere to external
surface of drum.
• The liquid is spread as film on to the surface. The drying of the
material is done by process of steam when passed in to the drum.
• By the mechanism of conduction, the heat gets transferred in to
drum and drying process takes place.
• The material is completely dried during whole process during its
revolution. The dried material is scrapped by the knife and that fall in
to the bin.
ADVANTAGES....
• Drying takes place in less time.
• It is suitable for thermosensitive drugs.
• It occupies less space.
• In order to reduce the temperature of drying the drum can be
enclosed vacuum chamber.
• Rapid drying takes place due to rapid heat and mass transfer
DISADVANTAGES...
• Maintenance cost is high.
• Skilled operations are essential to control thickness of film.
• It is not suitable for less solubility products
• The operating conditions are critical. It is necessary to
introduce careful control on feed rate, film thickness, speed of
drum rotation and drum temperature
PHARMACEUTICAL USES...
• Drum dryer takes viscous liquids, slurries, suspensions, and
pastes as input material to be dried and produces the output as
powders or flakes.
• Drum dryers find application majorly in Food & Dairy industry
and Chemical &Pharmaceutical Industries for drying various
type of pasts and slurries.
THANKS.....

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Drum Dryer

  • 1. DRUM DRYER MADE BY KASHISH WILSON ASSISTANT PROFESSOR MM COLLEGE OF PHARMACY,MM(DU) MULLANA AMBALA
  • 2. PRINCIPLE.... • In drum drying, the heated surface is the envelope of a rotating horizontal metal cylinder. • The cylinder is heated by steam condensing inside, at a pressure in the range of 200 to 500 kPa bringing the temperature of the cylinder wall to 120–155°C
  • 4. CONTINUE.... • A drum dryer consists of one or two horizontally mounted hollow cylinder(s) or drums of about 0.75-1.5 m in diameter and 2-4 m in length, made of high-grade cast iron or stainless steel, a supporting frame, a product feeding system, a scraper, and auxiliaries. • The drum is heated internally by steam, and rotated on its longitudinal axis. The external surface of the drum is polished. Liquid or slurry is placed as feed in a pan. The drum is partially dipped in pan. The spreader is used to spread liquid film evenly on roller. • The rotation of the knife adjust so that all of the liquid is fully vaporized. The drum is rotated continuously. The dried deposits can be scrapped off with the help of doctor knife.
  • 5. WORKING.... • As the drum rotates, the liquid material gets adhere to external surface of drum. • The liquid is spread as film on to the surface. The drying of the material is done by process of steam when passed in to the drum. • By the mechanism of conduction, the heat gets transferred in to drum and drying process takes place. • The material is completely dried during whole process during its revolution. The dried material is scrapped by the knife and that fall in to the bin.
  • 6. ADVANTAGES.... • Drying takes place in less time. • It is suitable for thermosensitive drugs. • It occupies less space. • In order to reduce the temperature of drying the drum can be enclosed vacuum chamber. • Rapid drying takes place due to rapid heat and mass transfer
  • 7. DISADVANTAGES... • Maintenance cost is high. • Skilled operations are essential to control thickness of film. • It is not suitable for less solubility products • The operating conditions are critical. It is necessary to introduce careful control on feed rate, film thickness, speed of drum rotation and drum temperature
  • 8. PHARMACEUTICAL USES... • Drum dryer takes viscous liquids, slurries, suspensions, and pastes as input material to be dried and produces the output as powders or flakes. • Drum dryers find application majorly in Food & Dairy industry and Chemical &Pharmaceutical Industries for drying various type of pasts and slurries.