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Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. + Behaviorism By Jenna Mischle
  2. 2. + What is it? Major Thinkers Classroom Implications Behaviorism and My Educational Philosophy
  3. 3. + What is behaviorism?  Behaviorism is a theory that states that all behavior is learned.  Thistheory also says that behavior is learned through a system of rewards and punishments.  Behaviorism can be studied with no consideration of mental state.
  4. 4. + What is behaviorism?  Reinforcement (both negative and positive) increases the probability that the behavior will happen again.  Punishment decreases the likelihood that the behavior will happen again.  Does not take into account free will.
  5. 5. + Major Thinkers of Behaviorism  Ivan Pavlov  BF Skinner  Edward Thorndike  John B. Watson
  6. 6. + Ivan Pavlov  Pavlov is known for his experiments on dogs, where he conditioned dogs to salivate at the sound of the bell.  He used a stimuli and the dogs natural reflex.  This technique is called classical conditioning. Click on me to continue!
  7. 7. + Ivan Pavlov  Pavlov greatly influenced science as well as popular culture.  Several novels were written about his work. Click on me to continue!
  8. 8. + Using behaviorism in the classroom  Use a system of rewards and punishment  Reward desirable behaviors such as completing homework, correctly answering questions, etc.  Punish negative behaviors such as speaking out in class, not following class rules, etc.
  9. 9. + Using behaviorism in the classroom  Use positive reinforcement: extra time on the computer, candy, stickers, praise  Use negative reinforcement: optional final exam if all homework was completed satisfactorily,  Use punishment: late assignments are given a “0”, being late means no recess
  10. 10. + Using behaviorism in MY classroom  Rewarding desired behaviors and punishing inappropriate ones  Usinga classroom economy to promote desired behaviors  Receiving classroom “credit” or “money” to spend on items in class store
  11. 11. + Using behaviorism in MY classroom  Using contracts to influence behavior  Provisions of contract: students complete all homework and assignments, stay on task and follow all rules  Consequences (positive/negative reinforcement and punishment): praise, treats, no recess, detention
  12. 12. + The End! Thank you for watching

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