+ What is it? Major Thinkers Classroom Implications Behaviorism and My Educational Philosophy
+ What is behaviorism? Behaviorism is a theory that states that all behavior is learned. Thistheory also says that behavior is learned through a system of rewards and punishments. Behaviorism can be studied with no consideration of mental state.
+ What is behaviorism? Reinforcement (both negative and positive) increases the probability that the behavior will happen again. Punishment decreases the likelihood that the behavior will happen again. Does not take into account free will.
+ Major Thinkers of Behaviorism Ivan Pavlov BF Skinner Edward Thorndike John B. Watson
+ Ivan Pavlov Pavlov is known for his experiments on dogs, where he conditioned dogs to salivate at the sound of the bell. He used a stimuli and the dogs natural reflex. This technique is called classical conditioning. Click on me to continue!
+ Ivan Pavlov Pavlov greatly influenced science as well as popular culture. Several novels were written about his work. Click on me to continue!
+ Using behaviorism in the classroom Use a system of rewards and punishment Reward desirable behaviors such as completing homework, correctly answering questions, etc. Punish negative behaviors such as speaking out in class, not following class rules, etc.
+ Using behaviorism in the classroom Use positive reinforcement: extra time on the computer, candy, stickers, praise Use negative reinforcement: optional final exam if all homework was completed satisfactorily, Use punishment: late assignments are given a “0”, being late means no recess
+ Using behaviorism in MY classroom Rewarding desired behaviors and punishing inappropriate ones Usinga classroom economy to promote desired behaviors Receiving classroom “credit” or “money” to spend on items in class store
+ Using behaviorism in MY classroom Using contracts to influence behavior Provisions of contract: students complete all homework and assignments, stay on task and follow all rules Consequences (positive/negative reinforcement and punishment): praise, treats, no recess, detention