Behaviorism A Learning Theory Nataly Baez EME 2040 Baumbach 4.8.12
Directory What is Behaviorism? Important FiguresBehaviorism in the ClassroomBehaviorism as a Philosophy
What is Behaviorism?1. The prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods.
What is Behaviorism?• Learning through a system of positive and negative rewards.• Human learning is perceived as purely objective.• Learning is manifested by a change in behavior.• Learning is accredited to conditioning, or one’s environment.
Notable Figures• Ivan Pavlov• B.F. Skinner• John B. Watson• Edward Lee Thorndike• Albert Bandura
Ivan Pavlov 1849-1936• Famous for his behavioral experiments with dogs.• Before feeding his dogs Pavlovwould ring a bell. Eventually hisdogs were conditioned to salivateat the sound of the bell.
Ivan Pavlov• Pavlov used classical conditioning in his experiment. – Classical conditioning a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired.• Pavlov’s experiments revealed that learning may occur as a direct result of one’s environment and through a system of positive and negative reinforcement.
Behaviorism in the Classroom• Teachers would provide students with stimuli and positive and negative reinforcements. – Assignments that require memorization would be ideal for this learning theory. – Grades can be used as either positive or negative reinforcements. Other positive reinforcements include praise, candy, or free time.
Behaviorism in the Classroom• Students would be required to participate in class activities in order to attain the positive or negative reinforcements. This would be the student’s only role.
Behaviorism as a Philosophy• Behaviorism focuses mainly on memorization. – Memorization may be vital in some lesson plans, and therefore behaviorism has a place in the classroom. – In many cases memorization is not necessarily learning, especially in the language arts department.• While Behaviorism is useful, I wouldn’t use this theory as the sole learning system of my classroom.
Behaviorism as a Philosophy• Classical Conditioning Assignment: – Teacher provides students with worksheets throughout the year. This quiz would test students on their ability to recall important characters they have read that year. – Teacher provides a tub of candy. Each student that receives a percentage of eighty or higher would receive a candy.
Behaviorism as a Philosophy• The assignment I described uses classical conditioning to establish different characters in each student’s mind. – In this case our worksheets would be thestimuli and the candy and the grade would be the positive reinforcement. – A low score and lack of candy would be the negative punishment.
Works CitedBarroso, Ary. "Brazil." Perf. Django Reinhardt. Rec. 1947. Quintette Du Hot Club De France. Django Reinhardt. 1947. MP3.Pavlov Theory. Perf. John Krasinski, Rainn Wilson. Www.Youtube.com. 16 Oct. 2011. Web. 9 Apr. 2012.<http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nE8pFWP5QDM&feat ure=related>.Shelly, Gary B., Glenda A. Gunter, and Randolph E. Gunter. "Special Feature: Learning Theories and Educational Research." Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World. Boston, MA: Course Technology Cengage Learning, 2012. 257-80. Print.