BEHAVIORISMBy:Elyse H.Kristin S.Larana W.Michelle A.
KEY PEOPLE OF BEHAVIORISM John B. Watson (1878-1958) and B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) are the two main creators and collaborators of Behaviorism. John B. Watson- He was basically the pioneer for Behaviorism because he pretty much invented it. Throughout his studying at Columbia and Johns Hopkins he studied psychology and this new theory was his results. This was his view of how human behavior worked. He wrote several different books and articles on the matter of Behaviorism. B.F. Skinner- He was a Harvard student who studied psychology and engineering. He was very interested in how people behaved and why they acted the way that they did. This led him to research and help develop Behaviorism, which he also wrote several books and articles about.
KEY POINTS OF BEHAVIORISM Behaviorism is the theory that human behavior is observable and responsive to a stimulus Ivan Pavlov- the Father of Behaviorism and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in Physiology During his studies and experiments Pavlov discovered the concept of Classical Conditioning. Classical Conditioning involves a stimulus and response. In his experiment, Pavlov rang a bell while presenting some food to is dog (the stimulus) which caused him to salivate. Eventually, his dog associated the sound of the bell as a stimulus and responded by salivating.
KEY POINTS CONTINUED BF Skinner developed the theory of Operant Conditioning which takes classical conditioning to another level. Operant Conditioning is the idea that people and animals respond quickly to positive behavior. If a certain behavior results in a positive outcome the person/animal is more likely to repeat this behavior. Albert Bandura developed a third theory based on behaviorism. This theory states people are naturally conditioned to mimic viewed actions in their environment. If a young girl sees a celebrity on the television with a hat turned to the side, if the girl was to go and buy this hat or a hand of a similar style she will most likely (subconsciously) turn her hat to the side also. This is called the Social Learning Theory
CLASSROOM APPLICATIONSo Teacher• Administer drills to have the children repeat• Congratulate children for correct answer• Repeat the information• Give rewards for good worko Student• Play educational games• Write the same information over and over• Do computer work that doesn’t move on until the correct answer is given• Repeat what the teacher says
WHAT WE THINK ABOUT THE THEORY FOR OUR OWN TEACHING We agree somewhat with the Behaviorism theory. Behaviorists believe that the teaching should be teacher-centered and include a lot of lectures and presentations. We will do this, but we will also incorporate other teaching and learning styles. We also like that good behavior is rewarded. This will teach the children that they must behave. We will implement this into our classroom.
PICTURES:•http://www.catalogs.com/info/bestof/top-10-i-love-you-gifts•http://s865.photobucket.com/albums/ab214/salvan2009/?action=view¤t=dunce-cap.png&newest=1•http://technology-teaching-tools.wikispaces.com/Unit+5+Concept+Map•http://www.learningworkshop.com/workshops/•http://bfskinner.org/BFSkinner/AboutSkinner.html•http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/watson.htm•http://www.ehow.com/info_8533919_behaviorist-theory-classroom.html•http://blog.wsd.net/jreeve/tag/behaviorism/YOUTUBE VIDEO:Pavlov Theory. (2011) Retrieved November 19, 2011 fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nE8pFWP5QDM&feature=related.INFORMATION for SLIDES:Shelly, Gary, Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter. Integrating Technology andDigital Media in the Classroom. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.