Behaviorism-ap

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Information on the learning theory Behaviorism.

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Behaviorism-ap

  1. 1. AP<br />Behaviorism<br />
  2. 2. Behaviorism<br />Operates on a principle of “stimulus-response”<br />Usually based on the reinforcement of desired behavior<br />Behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement<br />Both positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement increase the chances of the preceding behavior reoccur<br />
  3. 3. IvavPavlow<br />Known for his behavioral experiments with dogs<br />In his experiment he provided a stimulus in the form of food the dogs.<br />When the dogs saw food they salivated, the salivation was his desired reflex.<br />When he achieved his desired reflex he rang a bell.<br />The dogs eventually started salivating when they heard the ring of a bell.<br />This process is now called classic conditioning.<br />
  4. 4. B.F. Skinner<br />Skinner experimented with pigeons and rewarded them after they behaved in a desired manner.<br />This process is called operative conditioning-learning that is controlled and results behavior<br />
  5. 5. What The Teacher Does Under This Theory<br />Without using technology: <br />When there is a lot of noise in the classroom a teacher can clap in a pattern for students to be quiet.<br />The students who are quiet get candy, the students that are not get a consequence.<br />The students know that whenever they hear that clapping pattern it is time to be quiet.<br />
  6. 6. What The Teacher Does Under This Theory<br />Using technology:<br />When completing an online assignment students get a “ribbon” for every question they attempt and an additional “ribbon” for each attempt they answer correctly.<br />For each ribbon the student gets some sort of reward.<br />The student associates attempting a problem with a reward and is more likely to attempt every problem.<br />
  7. 7. What The Teacher Does Under This Theory<br />With and without technology the student associates consequences or rewards and repeat that behavior to get the reward or avoid the consequence.<br />
  8. 8. This Theory for My Teaching<br />I believe behaviorism will be an effective tool to use when I start teaching. As a student, even I respond to certain techniques under this theory.<br />
  9. 9. Sources<br />Shelly, Gary B. Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston, Mass: Thomson/Course Technology, 2008. <br />"Behaviorism." At Learning Theories. Web. 19 Apr. 2010. <http://www.learning-theories.com/behaviorism.html>.<br />"Behaviourism." Learning and Teaching Home. Web. 19 Apr. 2010. <http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/behaviour.htm>.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />

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