CLASSIC CONDITIONING SUMMARY & KEY POINTS• Classical conditioning refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimuli.• It was first described by Ivan Pavlov in 1903.• Pavlov stumbled upon the discovery while doing digestive research on dogs he soon would come to label psychic reflexes.• Pavlov used conditioning to teach dogs to salivate when he rang a bell.• Years after Pavlov’s death a man by the name of John B. Watson used the same concept with infants instead of dogs.
CLASSIC CONDITIONING MODEL• This is a model of the classic conditioning theory in work.• This model shows how the dog reacts to food & bell before, during and after conditioning.• As you can see before the conditioning the dog only salivates when there is food and no response to the bell.• During the conditioning the dog salivates when both are being used together• After the conditioning the dog salivates when he hears the bell even if food is not present.
KEY PEOPLE Ivan Pavlov John B. Watson• Coined the term “psychic reflexes” and stumbled • In later years he took the across the phenomenon notes from Ivan Pavlov’s now known as classic Experiment and concept conditioning. and tried it on infants.
KEYWORDS• Stimulus- response: a reaction to something that incites a action, feeling, or thought.• Psychic reflexes: the phrase that Pavlov coined to describe what he was encountering in his studies.• Unconditioned stimulus: a response elicited by a stimuli without the intervention of another process.• Conditioned response: a response that becomes associated with a previous stimuli as a result of pairing the two together.• Respondent conditioning: a process in which a stimulus that had no prior meaning comes to evoke a specific response from the subject.
TEACHER IMPLICATIONS• The teach is the one that has to really come up with, plan, and follow through on this kind of conditioning.• The teacher has to be prepared with the discipline that comes with the conditioning as well as the rewards.• Teachers set up the guidelines.
STUDENT IMPLICATIONS• The students do not have to do much for this kind of conditioning it mostly is developed by the teacher.• The students have the choice to make good or bad decisions which affects there conditioning in the long run.
MY CLASSROOM• I would use this in my classroom simply because as young children one of the ways we learn is through manipulation. As bad as it may seem, if you think about it you will realize this is true.• At the start of the semester in each class I would tell the students that if there behavior was appropriate I would give them a treat at the end of class.• I would most likely use some kind of treat that had a specifically strong scent to it like fresh baked cookies. If the child was good they could have a cookie but if not they had to do something else like the next day they had an extra assignment plus no cookie.• A few weeks into class they would be conditioned to be good in class and I would not need the cookies anymore except for on special occasions but there would still be a reward system of some kind.
WORKS CITED PAGE• "Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)." Learning Theories RSS. Behaviorist Theories, 2013. Web. 04 Apr. 2013. http://www.learning-theories.com/classical- conditioning-pavlov.html• "Ivan Petrovich Pavlov." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Apr 04 2013, 02:34 http://www.biography.com/people/ivan-petrovich-pavlov-9435332• "John B. Watson." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Apr 04 2013, 02:44http://www.biography.com/people/john-b-watson-37049.• Pavlovs Classic Conditioning. 2011. Photograph. Blog.lib.umn.edu. Gutz0030, 9 Oct. 2011. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. http://blog.lib.umn.edu/meriw007/psy_1001/2011/10/pavlovs-conditioned- reflex.php• Shelly, Gary B., Glenda A. Gunter, and Randolph E. Gunter. Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World. Boston, MA: Course Technology Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.