Table of Contents What Is Behaviorism? What Is Behaviorism? Cont. Key Figures Key Figures Cont. In the Classroom In the Classroom Cont. My Classroom My Classroom Cont.
What is Behaviorism? Learning theory: all behaviors acquired through conditioning. All conditioning occurs through interaction with surroundings and environment.
What is Behaviorism? Cont. Two different types of conditioning. Classical conditioning: stimuli is paired with a response. Operant conditioning: rewards and punishments occur for behavior.
Key Figures Ivan Pavlov B.F. Skinner Edward Thorndike John B. Watson Clark Hull
Key Figures Cont. Ivan Pavlov: main theorist. Best known for classical conditioning. Famous experiment: dog salivating in response to food. Results: Dog salivates to another stimuli, not just food. Condition reflex: originate in cerebral cortex.
In the Classroom Teachers reward students with gold stars, candy, teacher helper, etc. Teachers make students raise hands before asking questions. Teachers will make students sit out of recess if not behaving.
In the Classroom Cont. Students respond negatively to certain lessons being taught, showing teacher to change stimuli. If teacher is teaching poorly, student will walk out, “punishing” teacher.
My Classroom If student misbehaves, punishment will take place, i.e. no recess, time out, bad grade, etc. All students will understand raising hands is what must be done to speak in class.
My Classroom Cont. Ask permission for everything, bathroom, etc. End of the day, students will wait patiently for daily announcements. Rather than rushing out of classroom when bell rings, wait for permission.