Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Showed how a presented stimulus (food) paired with the ring of a bell can produce a desired reflex (salivation) with dogs. Eventually, the dogs would associate the bell with food and thus salivate, even when food wasn’t present. This coined as classical conditioning.
B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) Implemented Pavlov’s research to human application. Believed that human behavior and learning is based on a stimulus- response based on positive or negative reinforcements. This was to be known as operant conditioning.
Albert Bandura (1925- ) Bandura focused on how people acquire their own behaviors and self- regulatory mechanisms from social situations. Bandura believed that people mimic what they observe. This entire research is known as the Social Cognitive Theory.
Essentially, Behaviorism is the prediction and control of human behavior whereas introspection or independent thinking play no role. In other words, students will learn through a system of positive and negative rewards.
Technology such as PowerPoint quizzes and web- based programs can provide instant feedback on retention of knowledge. Essentially without technology, a teacher can provide both positive and negative reinforcement by rewarding or punishing specific behaviors. Examples could be referrals for bad behavior, or green bands for good behavior.
Essentially, with or without technology, students will be affected by the implementation of Behaviorism within the classroom. Students will try harder to achieve positive rewards, and avoid the negative punishments.
I’d love to implement some of the basics of Behaviorism in my classroom. This theory has the opportunity to motivate students through external factors. Essentially, through the use of my own ideas and technology, my students will slowly but surely become more motivated. Essentially, I will use visual grades, candy for the best grades, and PowerPoint quizzes to provide positive and negative feedback to my students.
Ivan Pavlov Image http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/la ureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html B.F. Skinner Image http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history /skinner.htm Albert Bandura Image http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/bandura.html