Table of ContentsWhat is Behaviorism? About Ivan PavlovMain study of Behaviorism Pavlov’s Famous ExperimentClassical Conditioning Behaviorism in the ClassroomClassical Conditioning Pt. 2 Behaviorism in the Classroom Pt. 2Operant Conditioning Behaviorism and My PhilosophyKey Behaviorists
Behaviorism is the study of observable and measurable aspects of human behavior.What isBehaviorism? Behaviorist learning theories emphasize changes in behavior that result from stimulus- response associations made by the learner.
Main Study of Behaviorism The only behaviors worthy of study are ones that can be directly observed. Action is the main object of study. There are two major types of conditioning used to study: Classical and Operant
Used in behavioral training. First, an unconditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditionedClassicalConditioning response. Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the unconditioned response.
Classical Conditioning Eventually, the neutral stimulus plus the unconditioned stimulus creates an unconditioned response. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response. Overall, Classical Conditioning is a natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus.
Operant Conditioning Learning that results in the shaping of behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. Reinforcement is a powerful motivator. Human behavior is based on stimulus-response patterns. If the behavior rewarded for is positive, the behavior will be repeated. If the behavior is not OR rewarded positively, the behavior will be expelled from memory.
Ivan PavlovKey B.F. SkinnerBehaviorists Albert Bandura
Ivan Pavlov He was a scientist. Conducted experiments to study digestion. As a result, other scientists studied his ways of stimulus response.
Ivan Pavlov His most renown experiment was when he created his classical conditioning test on dogs. He trained the dogs to associate a bell with food which would then cause the dogs to salivate. His technique was then applied to human applications
In the classroom, teachers haveBehaviorism effectively adopted this system ofin the rewards and punishments.Classroom Teachers use this by rewarding desired behaviors and punishing inappropriate ones. The rewards vary, but must be important to the learner in some way.
Behaviorism in the Classroom An example would be students behaving appropriately by sitting at their desks all day and then a teacher rewarding them with extra recess or the chance to hang out with their friends longer. The students will do what the teacher wants them to do so they can get what they want.
My Philosophy of Education I would create a reward system for good behaviors in and outside of the classroom. I would positively reinforce each student when they do a good deed or help another student. I would try to reward students more for helping others instead of standing in line correctly. My goal is to teach students to help others and help their community to be a better place and then reward them for it.