Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. Behaviorism BY: JODIE LOVE
  2. 2. Table of ContentsWhat is Behaviorism? About Ivan PavlovMain study of Behaviorism Pavlov’s Famous ExperimentClassical Conditioning Behaviorism in the ClassroomClassical Conditioning Pt. 2 Behaviorism in the Classroom Pt. 2Operant Conditioning Behaviorism and My PhilosophyKey Behaviorists
  3. 3.  Behaviorism is the study of observable and measurable aspects of human behavior.What isBehaviorism?  Behaviorist learning theories emphasize changes in behavior that result from stimulus- response associations made by the learner.
  4. 4. Main Study of Behaviorism The only behaviors worthy of study are ones that can be directly observed. Action is the main object of study. There are two major types of conditioning used to study: Classical and Operant
  5. 5.  Used in behavioral training.  First, an unconditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditionedClassicalConditioning response.  Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the unconditioned response.
  6. 6. Classical Conditioning Eventually, the neutral stimulus plus the unconditioned stimulus creates an unconditioned response. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response. Overall, Classical Conditioning is a natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus.
  7. 7. Operant Conditioning Learning that results in the shaping of behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. Reinforcement is a powerful motivator. Human behavior is based on stimulus-response patterns. If the behavior rewarded for is positive, the behavior will be repeated. If the behavior is not OR rewarded positively, the behavior will be expelled from memory.
  8. 8.  Ivan PavlovKey  B.F. SkinnerBehaviorists  Albert Bandura
  9. 9. Ivan Pavlov He was a scientist. Conducted experiments to study digestion. As a result, other scientists studied his ways of stimulus response.
  10. 10. Ivan Pavlov His most renown experiment was when he created his classical conditioning test on dogs. He trained the dogs to associate a bell with food which would then cause the dogs to salivate. His technique was then applied to human applications
  11. 11.  In the classroom, teachers haveBehaviorism effectively adopted this system ofin the rewards and punishments.Classroom  Teachers use this by rewarding desired behaviors and punishing inappropriate ones.  The rewards vary, but must be important to the learner in some way.
  12. 12. Behaviorism in the Classroom An example would be students behaving appropriately by sitting at their desks all day and then a teacher rewarding them with extra recess or the chance to hang out with their friends longer. The students will do what the teacher wants them to do so they can get what they want.
  13. 13. My Philosophy of Education I would create a reward system for good behaviors in and outside of the classroom. I would positively reinforce each student when they do a good deed or help another student. I would try to reward students more for helping others instead of standing in line correctly. My goal is to teach students to help others and help their community to be a better place and then reward them for it.

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