Cellular layout/Manufacturing


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Cellular Layout/Manufacturing is the concept of lean Management. it involves the concepts for the better production and processing of the Product.

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Cellular layout/Manufacturing

  1. 1. Cellular layout
  2. 2. Cellular lay out A facility layout where machines are arranged in a work center in the general order that they are required to produce families of parts or one product family. Also called product- process layout.
  3. 3. Cell layout 1) In a cell layout, the transformed resources entering the operation move into a cell in which all the transforming resources it requires in located. 2) After being processed in the cell, the transformed resource may move to a different cell in the operation or it may be a finished product or service. 3) Each cell may be arranged in either a process or product layout. 4) The cell type layout attempts to bring order to the complex flow seen in a process layout.
  4. 4. The ground floor plan of a department store showing the sports goods shop-within-a-shop retail ‘cell’ Sports shop Menswear Women’s clothes Luggage and gifts Confectionery, newspaper, magazines and stationery Books and videos Footwear Perfume & jewellery Elevators Entrance
  5. 5. What is Cellular Manufacturing? • An approach that requires Equipment and workstations to produce a product • This approach facilitates continuous flow of production and provide flexibility to produce variety of low demand products
  6. 6. Improving Layouts Using Work Cells • Traditional Layout • Straight lines make it hard to balance tasks because work may not be divided evenly • Cellular Layout • Improved layout - in U shape, workers have better access. Four cross-trained workers were reduced.
  7. 7. Types of Operations One Piece Flow • Handling items one at a time eliminates wastes inherent in batch production and enables a balanced flow of work. Multi-Process Handling • Multi-Process Handling increases flexibility in the process and avoids the inefficiencies inherent in traditional manufacturing arrangements Multi-functional Workforce • A multi-functional workforce is critical to enable flexible operations where the range of tasks performed by a given worker can be varied to match demand
  8. 8. Challenges While Implementation • The biggest challenge when implementing cellular manufacturing in a company is dividing the entire manufacturing system into cells. • The issues may be conceptually divided in the "hard" issues of equipment, such as material flow and layout, and the "soft" issues of management, such as upskilling and corporate culture.
  9. 9. Several Operators in Series • In a process with several operators, work is divided in small operations, so • that a group of operators team together to work at the same speed, • dividing the work load among them.
  10. 10. Combined Cellular Manufacturing The combined cellular manufacturing equipment layout further increases flexibility to adapt to demand changes and maintain productivity through leveraging resources of neighboring cells
  11. 11. Advantages of Work Cell(Cellular)  Reduced work-in-process inventory  Less floor space required  Reduced raw material and finished goods inventory  Reduced direct labor  Heightened sense of employee participation  Increased use of equipment and machinery  Reduced investment in machinery and equipment