Remember Adair’s (1985) model of decision making?
When you have consider options: Youare left with a dilemma (Mezirow) (click image)
The Trolley Problem What role do ‘ethics’ play in our day to day decision making?
Group discussion: Have you faced a dilemma in your learning experience/Practice experience?
A disorientating dilemma? (click Image)1. Can you relate to any aspect of the video? Does it ‘disorientate’ your thinking in anyway?2. How does pro-social behaviour impact on outcomes?3. Do you think that your working context shares any features with the experiment?
A bit ‘off topic’ : Remember theEasterlin Paradox? (a disorientating dilemma?) http://www.politicsofwellbeing.com/2008/06/problem-with-measuring-happiness.html
Mezirow’s transformational theory in more detail• (Taken from part 6 and 7 in your Clarcs Pack)• Transformation involves changing ‘meaning schemes’ (Beliefs, attitudes, emotional reactions).• Read the final paragraph on page 1-2 of Imel. What do you think ‘perspective transformation’ means?• Consider the following three diagrams – where do you think ‘perspective transformation’ might take place?
Therefore:• Reflection promotes ‘perspective transformation’.• Perspective Transformation is a type of CHANGE.• We’ll see how we can manage perspective transformation with reference to ‘change theories’ shortly. (See other presentation)
Another Dilemma? Dickens’ ‘Hard Times’ – Gradgrind and Facts. Throughout the novel, Gradgrind undergoes a ‘transformative’ experience away from his ‘factual’ and Informational learning towards a more humanistic ontology.
Transformative Learning – It’s about YOU! (Click Image)
The Individual as ‘The Change Agent’. (Click Image)
Remember this clip on divergent thinking? (Click image)
Is this transformative learning? (click image)
Taylor (1998), Loughlin (1993), identify how teachers might facilitatetransformative learning (Imel, 1998:4)• Establish trust and care.• Develop sensitive relationships.• Create a ‘community of knowers’ united in sharing meanings and making sense of life experience.• Role model a willingness to learn and change.
And for ‘learners’, Taylor (1998) goes on:• Too much emphasis placed on role of teacher.• Participants also have responsibility for creating the learning environment.• Learners create and construct the conditions under which transformative learning can occur.
Mezirow (rational) or Boyd (Intuitive)Mezirow Boyd• Critical • Intuitive• Rational • Imaginative• Objective • Subjective• Frames of reference• Habits of mind• Goal is autonomous thinking• Learn how to learn
Conclusions• Many studies (Mitra, Robinson) demonstrate how self directed, self-controlled learning is effective.• Mezirow and others identify that negotiating through dilemmas leads to transformational learning. (The role of the adult educator is to present dilemmas whilst the student constructs the solution; new meaning scheme and perspective transformation).• ‘Change’ is inherent within transformational learning.