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Frequency distribution

This presentation gives you a brief idea;
-definition of frequency distribution
- types of frequency distribution
-types of charts used in the distribution
-a problem on creating types of distribution
-advantages and limitations of the distribution

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Frequency distribution

  1. 1. FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION Presented by AISHWARYA PT
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • In statistics, a frequency distribution is a table that displays the frequency of various outcomes in a sample. Each entry in the table contains the frequency or count of the occurrences of values within a particular group or interval, and in this way, the table summarizes the distribution of values in the sample. • A frequency distribution shows us a summarized grouping of data divided into mutually exclusive classes and the number of occurrences in a class. It is a way of showing unorganized data. e.g. to show results of an election, income of people for a certain region, sales of a product within a certain period, student loan amounts of graduates, etc. Some of the graphs that can be used with frequency distributions are histograms, line charts, bar charts and pie charts. Frequency distributions are used for both qualitative and quantitative data. 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Types of frequency distribution 1. Relative frequency distribution 2. Cumulative frequency distribution - Cumulative relative frequency distribution 4
  5. 5. RELATIVE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION A frequency distribution where each of the class frequencies is divided by the total no of observations. 5
  6. 6. CUMULATIVE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION Technically, a cumulative frequency distribution is the sum of the class and all classes below it in a frequency distribution. All that means is you’re adding up a value and all of the values that came before it. 6
  7. 7. CUMMULATIVE RELATIVE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION • Cumulative relative frequency is a statistical calculation figured by adding together previously tabulated relative frequencies that makes a running total along a frequency table. • The relationship between cumulative frequency and relative cumulative frequency is given by; 7
  8. 8. GRAPHIC PRESENTATIONS OF FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION 1. Histograms 2. Polygons 3. Cumulative frequency distribution 8
  9. 9. STEPS TO A PROBLEM PET TYPE COUNT Dog 16 Cat 28 Fish 8 Others 4 Total 56 Step 1: Make a table with the category names and counts. Step 2: Add a second column called “relative frequency”. PET TYPE COUNT REL FREQ Dog 16 0.28 Cat 28 0.50 Fish 8 0.14 Others 4 0.07 Total 56 1 9
  10. 10. To find the cumulative relative frequency, follow the steps above to create a relative frequency distribution table. As a final step, add up the relative frequencies in another column. PET TYPE COUNT REL FREQ CRel FREQ Dog 16 0.29 0.28 Cat 28 0.50 0.79 Fish 8 0.14 0.93 Others 4 0.07 1 Total 56 1 10
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION Condense and summarize large amounts of data in a useful format. Describe all variable types. Facilitate graphic presentation of data. Begin to identify population characteristics. Permit cautious comparison of data sets. There are a few methods can used in formulating class intervals: “from 5-10” or “Over 55” & “less than 30”. 11
  12. 12. THANK YOU

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This presentation gives you a brief idea; -definition of frequency distribution - types of frequency distribution -types of charts used in the distribution -a problem on creating types of distribution -advantages and limitations of the distribution

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