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Gothic Sculpture
 

Gothic Sculpture

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Revision on Gothic Sculpture

Revision on Gothic Sculpture

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    Gothic Sculpture Gothic Sculpture Presentation Transcript

    • GOTHIC SCULPTURE Revision
    • Introduction
      • There is a change in the sculptural conception in the evolution from the Romanesque
      • Images are naturalistic and related to the time they represent in opposition to the lack of temporality and geometric shapes of the former period.
    • General Characteristics
      • It is inspired in the nature with sensitive forms that can be easily understood
      • Approximation to physical beauty from the spiritual dimension of their iconography
      • New problems:
        • Depiction of the space
        • Volume of the images (anatomy)
        • Relation of light and colour
    • General Characteristics
      • It is an attempt to present the world as it is. Nature loses idealization.
      • Characters’ gestures and attitudes are human. The character represents emotions and natural features.
    • General Characteristics
      • Naturalism affected the two main images depicted:
      • The Virgin is not any longer a throne for her son but a mother who plays with him
      • Christ is a human person who suffers in the cross or who is death.
    • General Characteristics
      • The characters are full of humanism, they abandon verticality, symmetry and hieratic positions to adopt mannered gestures with realistic movement.
      • They tend to depict emotions such as joy or sadness. A good example are the gestures of the Virgin and Saint John in the Calvarias or Pieties.
    • Evolution 13th century: classicist. They look for an idealised naturalism. 14th century: Mannerism in stylization, longer images and with bends. 15th century: Sculptures of kings, bourgeoises and aristocracy
    • Façades
      • The most important part is the tympanum where the Pantocrator and the Tetramorph group appear.
      • The Virgin may appear in the centre.
      • Sometimes, in lower positions there is the narration of Christ or the Virgin life.
      • In the archivolts other characters such as saints and kings appear.
    • Façades
      • In the trumeau it appears the image of Christ or the Virgin. They are friendly images in a door that is considered the access to paradise.
      • The jambs are reserved for the Apostles
      • Other profane characters can appear in secondary places.
    • Sepulchres
      • It is one of the new locations for sculpture.
      • It can be of two types:
        • Adjacent: below an arch
        • Exempt: a funerary bed
      • The characteristics are:
        • Death person depicted on the bed, laying or praying
        • Symbolic animal images
      • They were commanded by nobility or bourgeoisie
      • They appear in the chapels.
    • Other locations
      • Other places for sculptures are:
        • Choir chairs
        • Pulpits
        • Altar pieces
    • Iconography
      • It is mainly religious:
        • Last Judgement
        • Christ in majesty
        • Virgin
        • Saints lives (hagiography)
        • Fantastic animals (gargoyles)
      • They appear in façades, cloisters or in form of exempt images
    • Iconography
      • Christ may appear as judge or in the images about his life.
      • Other common depiction is that of the Crucifixion, with some new characteristics:
        • Four nails
        • Sufferance elements (blood, injury, crown)
        • Death or almost death
        • Wearing a short piece of clothe
    • Iconography
      • The Virgin acquired an special
      • status
      • The image changes:
        • She is young
        • Very human
        • She plays with her son
        • She smiles
      • The clothes are elegant
      • The image is stylised
    • Iconography
      • Hagiographies: there are saints’ lives. Martyrdoms are frequently depicted
      • Fantastic animals are common as gargoyles.
    • Colour
      • Polychrome effects were used to make the images more realistic
      • Characters communicate to each other.
    • Naturalism
      • It can be seen in characters in daily activities or in animals and plants
    • Sluter
      • He is the best representative of the sculpture of the late Gothic
      • His images are realistic, with great volume
      • He created the character of the hooded person
    •  
    • Spain
      • Romanesque style lasted for a long time
      • The images made by Mathew master in Santiago’s Glory portal advanced the naturalism.
    • Spain
      • The development came with the arrival of French masters to work in the cathedrals of Burgos, Leon and Toledo.
      • The best examples are the façades.
    • Spain
      • Gothic sepulchres are commonly realised
      • The type with an arch appears on the wall
      • The buried person’s portrait lays on the funerary bed
      • Polychrome effects were used.
    • Spain
      • The sepulchre of funerary bed could be:
        • Double
        • Single
    • Spain
      • In some cases the person appears in a normal attitude, as is they were alive.