Early Christian Art


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Part 1 of Medieval Art Report.

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  • Early Christian Art

    1. 1. Medieval Art
    2. 2. Early Christian Art
    3. 3. Historical Background <ul><li>From the 3rd - 7th century </li></ul><ul><li>Early Christianity grew apart from Judaism and established itself as a predominantly gentile religion </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to 200 Christians may have been constrained by their position as a persecuted group from producing durable works of art </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Art Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures/Carvings/Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture (Basilica) </li></ul><ul><li>Mediums </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture/Carvings/Relief </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marble, Bronze, Ivory, Ceramic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wall Paintings </li></ul><ul><li>A.) Mosaic - Small Pieces of Colored Glass and Stones </li></ul><ul><li>B.) Fresco - Egg (Tempera), Glue, Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Artists </li></ul><ul><li>There are no known artists during this period. </li></ul>
    5. 5. St. John Lateran (San Giovanni) Basilica
    6. 6. Meaning: Purpose : For ceremonial privileges by the pope. N/A Title: St. John Lateran (San Giovanni) Basilica Architect: Unknown Medium: Coarse Brick and Stone Size: N/A Location: Rome Collection: N/A Value Prize: N/A Contextual Iconic Semiotic
    7. 7. Anchor, fish, and Chi-Rho symbols
    8. 8. Meaning: The anchor expresses the firm expectation of eternal life that we Christians enjoy. The fish depicts men who have been caught by Christ and his apostles. Chi and Rho are the first two letters (ΧΡ) of &quot;Christ&quot; in Greek. Purpose: Expression of Faith and Expectation of Eternal Life Subject: Anchor, Fish, Chi-Rho Type: Carving Source: History, Sacred Oriental Text Description: Anchor and fish, tomb slab from Catacomb of Domitilla, Rome, 3rd century A.D. Title : Anchor, fish, and Chi-Rho symbols Artist: Unknown Medium: Soft Marble Tombstone Size: N/A Location : Catacombs of St. Sebastian Collection: N/A Value Prize : N/A Contextual Iconic Semiotic
    9. 9. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
    10. 10. Meaning : Importance of a converted roman senator. Purpose: Burial of Junius Bassus. Subject: Saint Michael Type: Carving Source: Sacred Oriental Text Description : the single most famous piece of early Christian relief sculpture Title: Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus Artist: Unknown Medium : marble Size: Base: 4 x 8 x 4 ft. Location: Museum of Saint Peter's Basilica Collection : N/A Value Prize : N/A Contextual Iconic Semiotic
    11. 11. Christ as the Good Shepherd
    12. 12. Meaning: Jesus always takes care of his sheep, his people. He’s ready to guard them from any evil. Purpose: Reminder of Jesus’ role: To give life and protect from destruction. Subject: Jesus Christ and the Sheep Type: Apse Mosaic Source: Sacred Oriental Text Description : This Good Shepherd has a large golden halo, wears a royal purple mantle over a golden tunic, and holds a tall cross. On either side of him are two groups of three sheep, who look peaceful and gaze up at their Shepherd. Title: Christ as the Good Shepherd Artist: Unknown Medium : Tesserae Size: N/A Location: Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna Collection : N/A Value Prize : N/A Contextual Iconic Semiotic
    13. 13. Good Shepherd
    14. 14. Meaning: The figure of the Good Shepherd resembles earlier shepherd figures in pagan Classical art that represent benevolence and philanthropy. Additional meaning would have been ascribed to the figure by early Christian viewers in the context of Christ's phrase &quot;I am the shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep,&quot; and St John the Baptist's description of Christ as &quot;the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world.“ Purpose: Manifestation of God’s love. Subject: Christ Type: Fresco Source: Sacred Oriental Text Description: This fresco shows a figure identified with the Good Shepherd (John 10:11, 14. The Shepherd holds the lost sheep upon his shoulders as two other sheep look on with rapt attention. What is left of the chipping plaster shows paints of an earthy green and brown. Title: Good Shepherd Artist: Unknown Medium: Tempera, Glue, Oil Size: N/A Location: Catacomb of Callixtus, Rome Collection: N/A Value Prize: N/A Contextual Iconic Semiotic