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Last Trends in Architecture
Revision
Introduction
• Since mid 20th century Architecture has
experience great change.
• The increasing interest in urban planning
– not only involves the construction of the buildings
themselves, but
– it also asked for its inclusion in an area and in
consonance with deep studies of their physical, social
and economic impact.
• The development of new and revolutionary
materials has made possible the creation of
some buildings that in a recent past would have
been unthinkable.
Innovative Architecture
• It combines the imagination of
the architects and engineers
with the aesthetic impact of
materials such as reinforced
concrete.
• Structural solutions are
revolutionary and, in addition
to use industrial materials
– they created sophisticates
spaces through the distribution of
light and
– the use of materials not frequent
in architecture, underlining their
tactile qualities.
Innovative Architecture
• The pioneer of this architecture would be Alvar
Aalto. Other architects working in this way are
Eero Saarinen, Nervi, Utzon or Kahn.
• Their sign of identity is the use of industrial
material to solve difficult structural problems.
International Style
• It has its roots in the works of
the Bauhaus and it developed in
the US thanks to the influence of
Mies van der Rohe and his
disciples.
• It is well suited to large
metropolitan apartment and
office towers.
• These building proved to have a
commercial potential and were
extremely efficient for large-
scale construction in which the
module could be repeated
indefinitely.
International Style
• Inner spaces became
standardized, predictable, and
profitable and exterior reflected
the monotony of the interiors.
• The blank glass box became
ubiquitous.
• These buildings are considered
examples of an austere
classicism, but also coldly
impersonal.
• Architects working in this style
are Stirling, Kenzo Tange, or
Philip Johnson.
Post-modern Architecture
• Between about 1965 and 1980 architects
and critics began to espouse tendencies
resulting in a style that is not cohesive but
that has a distinct set of principles.
• Postmodernists value
– individuality,
– intimacy,
– complexity and
– occasionally even humour.
Post-modern Architecture
• Some architects, such as
Venturi, defended an
architecture that can
produce any kind of
buildings, ( filling stations
or fast-food restaurants).
• Some works have
references to old style and
can use vivid colours.
• Other architects of this
movement are Graves,
Meier, Jahn or Moore.
High-Tech
• The High-Tech style came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s.
• Representatives of this movement are the architects Richard
Rogers, Renzo Piano and Norman Foster.
• Its origins lie in the 19th century when new industrial techniques and
materials, previously used on engineering projects such as bridges,
began to be applied to architecture.
High-Tech
• High-Tech buildings
– are typically constructed of
steel and glass,
– make innovative use of
technology and are often
likened in appearance to the
machines
– draw attention to structural
and functional elements.
• Postmodernism is not the major
strand in the most recent avant-
garde architecture.
• High-Tech makes expressive
use of the constructional and
operational aspects of a building,
with features such as supporting
members or heating pipes fully
exposed to view.
Deconstructivism
• Deconstructivism is the term used to characterize
buildings in which elements such as
– fractured forms or
– warped planes
undermine conventional notions of stability and harmony.
Deconstructivism
• The works of Frank
Gehry or Zaha Hadid
can be considered
good examples of this
style.
Gehry
• Characteristics:
– Innovative use of
materials
– Expressive forms,
easy to identify
• First works had the
fast rhythm of L.A.
Ginger and Fred, Praga
8 Sprud Street
Gehry
• He used cubic form and
varied material to build
houses:
– Wood sheets
– Metallic fabric
– Waved metal
• These works are linked
to the deconstructive
movement.
Houses
Gehry’s house
Gehry
• When he started
working in big
projects, his forms
became curved
• In his last works he
mixes deconstructive
elements with flow
forms.
Vitra Design museum, Germany
Luo Duvo Brain Institute, Las Vegas
Gehry
• In order to design and
build his project he
has used aero-spatial
technology
programmes.
• He uses technologic
materials.
Pritzker Pavillion,
Chicago
Experience Music Project, Seattle
Gehry
• He has a personal and
different style
• He has created metallic
mountains
• In his last works he used
complex lines made with
other materials
• His works characterize
the environment in which
are located.
Marques Riscal
Hotel, Elciego
Guggenheim
Biodiversity museum, Panama
DZ Bank,
Berlin
Experience Music Project,
Seattle

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Last trends in architecture (new)

  • 1. Last Trends in Architecture Revision
  • 2. Introduction • Since mid 20th century Architecture has experience great change. • The increasing interest in urban planning – not only involves the construction of the buildings themselves, but – it also asked for its inclusion in an area and in consonance with deep studies of their physical, social and economic impact. • The development of new and revolutionary materials has made possible the creation of some buildings that in a recent past would have been unthinkable.
  • 3. Innovative Architecture • It combines the imagination of the architects and engineers with the aesthetic impact of materials such as reinforced concrete. • Structural solutions are revolutionary and, in addition to use industrial materials – they created sophisticates spaces through the distribution of light and – the use of materials not frequent in architecture, underlining their tactile qualities.
  • 4. Innovative Architecture • The pioneer of this architecture would be Alvar Aalto. Other architects working in this way are Eero Saarinen, Nervi, Utzon or Kahn. • Their sign of identity is the use of industrial material to solve difficult structural problems.
  • 5. International Style • It has its roots in the works of the Bauhaus and it developed in the US thanks to the influence of Mies van der Rohe and his disciples. • It is well suited to large metropolitan apartment and office towers. • These building proved to have a commercial potential and were extremely efficient for large- scale construction in which the module could be repeated indefinitely.
  • 6. International Style • Inner spaces became standardized, predictable, and profitable and exterior reflected the monotony of the interiors. • The blank glass box became ubiquitous. • These buildings are considered examples of an austere classicism, but also coldly impersonal. • Architects working in this style are Stirling, Kenzo Tange, or Philip Johnson.
  • 7. Post-modern Architecture • Between about 1965 and 1980 architects and critics began to espouse tendencies resulting in a style that is not cohesive but that has a distinct set of principles. • Postmodernists value – individuality, – intimacy, – complexity and – occasionally even humour.
  • 8. Post-modern Architecture • Some architects, such as Venturi, defended an architecture that can produce any kind of buildings, ( filling stations or fast-food restaurants). • Some works have references to old style and can use vivid colours. • Other architects of this movement are Graves, Meier, Jahn or Moore.
  • 9. High-Tech • The High-Tech style came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s. • Representatives of this movement are the architects Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and Norman Foster. • Its origins lie in the 19th century when new industrial techniques and materials, previously used on engineering projects such as bridges, began to be applied to architecture.
  • 10. High-Tech • High-Tech buildings – are typically constructed of steel and glass, – make innovative use of technology and are often likened in appearance to the machines – draw attention to structural and functional elements. • Postmodernism is not the major strand in the most recent avant- garde architecture. • High-Tech makes expressive use of the constructional and operational aspects of a building, with features such as supporting members or heating pipes fully exposed to view.
  • 11. Deconstructivism • Deconstructivism is the term used to characterize buildings in which elements such as – fractured forms or – warped planes undermine conventional notions of stability and harmony.
  • 12. Deconstructivism • The works of Frank Gehry or Zaha Hadid can be considered good examples of this style.
  • 13. Gehry • Characteristics: – Innovative use of materials – Expressive forms, easy to identify • First works had the fast rhythm of L.A. Ginger and Fred, Praga 8 Sprud Street
  • 14. Gehry • He used cubic form and varied material to build houses: – Wood sheets – Metallic fabric – Waved metal • These works are linked to the deconstructive movement. Houses Gehry’s house
  • 15. Gehry • When he started working in big projects, his forms became curved • In his last works he mixes deconstructive elements with flow forms. Vitra Design museum, Germany Luo Duvo Brain Institute, Las Vegas
  • 16. Gehry • In order to design and build his project he has used aero-spatial technology programmes. • He uses technologic materials. Pritzker Pavillion, Chicago Experience Music Project, Seattle
  • 17. Gehry • He has a personal and different style • He has created metallic mountains • In his last works he used complex lines made with other materials • His works characterize the environment in which are located. Marques Riscal Hotel, Elciego Guggenheim Biodiversity museum, Panama