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Reconstruction in the South (US History)

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A brief introduction to Reconstruction in the South after the Civil War

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Reconstruction in the South (US History)

  1. 1. “Carpetbaggers” Nickname applied by Southern whites to people who migrated South after the Civil War
  2. 2. The “Carpetbagger” Stereotype Click to play!
  3. 3. The Motives of the Carpetbaggers Power Opportunity Wealth Service
  4. 4. Educating Freedmen and Women Although many carpetbaggers went South to seek fortune and political office, many went South to educate freedmen and women. Hampton Institute (VA) Late Nineteenth Century
  5. 5. The Republican Coalition in the South “Carpetbaggers” “Scalawags” Freedmen
  6. 6. Resistance to Reconstruction
  7. 7. The (First) Ku Klux Klan Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA Vigilantism 1865-1874
  8. 8. The Second Ku Klux Klan
  9. 9. The Two Klans “Kompared” The First Ku Klux Klan The Second Ku Klux Klan Time Period Reconstruction 1920s Regional Prevalence South Midwest, South Purpose Oppose carpetbagger governments Oppose immigration, Catholicism, black migration Methods Intimidation & Violence
  10. 10. Birth of a Nation • Highest grossing silent film EVER • Glamorized the KKK – Responsible for rise of Second KKK? (1915)
  11. 11. From Birth of a Nation POTUS
  12. 12. Birth of a Nation (1915) CLIP ONE NOTE: The inclusion of this video footage is for educational purposes and is not intended to endorse the views and perspectives contained therein.
  13. 13. 1872 Presidential Election • Republican Split – Radicals vs. Moderates • Horace Greeley – Liberal Republican party • Opposed Radical Reconstruction and government corruption • Democrats Back Greeley
  14. 14. You Win. You Die.
  15. 15. 18721868 1876
  16. 16. Birth of a Nation (1915) CLIP TWO NOTE: The inclusion of this video footage is for educational purposes and is not intended to endorse the views and perspectives contained therein.
  17. 17. Restoration of Southern “Home Rule” 1869-1877 1869 1874 1871 1877 1877 1877 1874 1873 1870 1869 1876
  18. 18. 1874 Northern public opinion turns against Radical Reconstruction. Perception of “Colored Rule” and corruption in the South under Carpetbag state governments http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7illustratio ns/reconstruction/coloredrule.htm
  19. 19. 1874 Congressional Elections U.S. House of Representatives 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1872 1874 Republicans Democrats VOTERS REACT TO: • Bad Economy • Political Corruption • Reconstruction Policy
  20. 20. Birth of a Nation (1915) CLIP THREE NOTE: The inclusion of this video footage is for educational purposes and is not intended to endorse the views and perspectives contained therein.
  21. 21. Republican Platform Tilden: 184 Hayes: 166 Disputed: 19 FTW: 185 18721868 1876 Democratic Platform
  22. 22. http://elections.harpweek.com/controversy.htm
  23. 23. Compromise of 1877 DISPUTED ELECTION Samuel Tilden (D-NY) Rutherford B. Hayes (R-OH) “Rutherfraud” 184 166 185
  24. 24. “Redeemer” Governments Southern White “Bourbon” Democrats re-assert authority “Solid South” – DEMOCRATIC STRONGHOLD • Republican Party a non-entity in Southern politics until the 1960s Gov. Wade Hampton (SC)
  25. 25. The “Solid South” Almost 50 Years Later
  26. 26. The Textile Industry Moves South CHEAP LABOR
  27. 27. But the South was still primarily agricultural. Photo by Martin LaBar
  28. 28. Photo by stonebird
  29. 29. Segregation Photo by Universal Pops
  30. 30. VOTING RESTRICTIONS New York Historical Society
  31. 31. Literacy Tests Photo by ladytimeless
  32. 32. Poll Tax
  33. 33. Photo by Rene Bastiaanssen
  34. 34. Photo by Rene Bastiaanssen If this guy could vote...
  35. 35. Photo by allesok
  36. 36. The Supreme Court and Civil Rights (Late Nineteenth Century) In the late 19th century, the Supreme Court upheld Jim Crow, as well as restrictions on voting. (Restrictions were not explicitly based on race.) Photo by Joe Gratz
  37. 37. Plessy v. Ferguson Segregation Challenged (1896) Photo by stef_dit_patoc
  38. 38. Plessy v. Ferguson SEPARATE BUT EQUAL (1896) Photo by fd
  39. 39. The Reality 1904 political cartoon by John T. McCutcheon
  40. 40. OVERTURNED Brown v. Board (1954) Photo by &y
  41. 41. “One hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free.”

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