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The Reconstruction of the South 
Re-building of the South after the Civil War 
Process of re-admitting Confederate states ...
Charleston, SC in 1865
Atlanta, GA in 1865
Richmond, VA in 1865
Lincoln’s Plan 
 Reunite all of the states and rebuild 
country
Lincoln’’s Plan 
 Pardon all 
Southerners who 
swear allegiance to 
the Union, except 
Confederate leaders 
and those acc...
Lincoln’’s Plan 
 Once 10% of 
voting population 
did so, the States 
could form new 
governments and 
send 
representati...
Radical Republicans 
 Hate Lincoln’s plan 
 Want to punish the south 
 They become furious when former 
Confederate lea...
Black Codes 
 Blacks can only be farmers or servants 
 Must carry special pass to travel 
 Can not vote 
 Can not serv...
Jim Crow Laws 
 To Prevent Blacks from voting 
 Required to pay Poll Tax 
 Pass reading test 
 Grandfather Clause- if ...
Radical Republicans’’ 
Plan 
 Leader Thaddeus Stevens 
 Believed the States did secede 
 Wanted to punish the Southern ...
Radical Republicans’’ 
Plan 
 Congress had the constitutional 
power to readmit the States not the 
President 
 Wanted a...
Freedmen Bureau 
 Gave clothes, food, medical care to poor blacks and 
whites 
 Open over 4,000 schools 
 Many hospital...
Lincoln Assassinated 
 April 14, 1865 
 Lincoln is shot by 
John Wilkes Booth 
at Ford’s Theater
Lincoln Assassinated 
 Lincoln dies next 
day 
 Andrew Johnson 
assumes 
presidency
Andrew Johnson’s Plan 
 Same as Lincoln’s Plan 
 PLUS each former 
Confederate State had to 
ratify 13th Amendment
Radicals Respond 
 Pass Civil Rights Act 1866 
 Said Blacks have equal rights under the 
law and are citizens 
 Passed ...
1867 Reconstruction Act 
 1. Any Government under Lincoln’s or 
Johnston plan will not be recognized 
 2. Confederate le...
Southern Punishment 
Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 
Divided south into 5 military 
controlled districts
5 Southern Military Districts
President Johnson 
 Tries to veto Reconstruction Act 
 Congress overrides vetoed with majority 
vote 
 Radicals Use Hig...
Impeachment 
 Congress passes the 
Tenure of Office Act to 
control Johnson. 
 He defies it and is 
impeached. 
 He fal...
Gen. Grant As President 
 Grant wins election thanks to the Black 
vote 
 Grant is poor President 
 Plague by many scan...
South During Reconstruction 
 Three main groups Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and 
Blacks 
 Carpetbaggers abuse power to bec...
Sharecroppers 
 Rented farmland from owner 
 Paid by giving over share of crops 
 Had to pay for tools, seeds, and farm...
Ku Klux Klan 
 Domestic terror group 
 Founded by southern whites 
 To suppress Blacks and keep them 
from using their ...
Election of 1876
Compromise of 1877 
 Votes of 4 states disputed, all 
given to Hayes 
 Hayes (Republican) becomes 
President 
 Remove f...
Reconstruction (1865-1877) 
 End Results???? 
 Good??? 
 Bad??? 
 What still needed to be done in the South?
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Reconstruction (1865-1877)

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Briefly summarizes the Reconstruction era (1865-1877)

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Reconstruction (1865-1877)

  1. 1. The Reconstruction of the South Re-building of the South after the Civil War Process of re-admitting Confederate states back into the United States 1865-1877 What do you think needed to be done?
  2. 2. Charleston, SC in 1865
  3. 3. Atlanta, GA in 1865
  4. 4. Richmond, VA in 1865
  5. 5. Lincoln’s Plan  Reunite all of the states and rebuild country
  6. 6. Lincoln’’s Plan  Pardon all Southerners who swear allegiance to the Union, except Confederate leaders and those accused of crimes against prisoners of war
  7. 7. Lincoln’’s Plan  Once 10% of voting population did so, the States could form new governments and send representatives to Congress
  8. 8. Radical Republicans  Hate Lincoln’s plan  Want to punish the south  They become furious when former Confederate leaders are elected to Congress  Outraged at passing of Black Codes
  9. 9. Black Codes  Blacks can only be farmers or servants  Must carry special pass to travel  Can not vote  Can not serve on jury
  10. 10. Jim Crow Laws  To Prevent Blacks from voting  Required to pay Poll Tax  Pass reading test  Grandfather Clause- if your grand-daddy voted in 1867 you don’t need to pay or pass test  Started Segregation-separating people in public based on race
  11. 11. Radical Republicans’’ Plan  Leader Thaddeus Stevens  Believed the States did secede  Wanted to punish the Southern States for the rebellion
  12. 12. Radical Republicans’’ Plan  Congress had the constitutional power to readmit the States not the President  Wanted all African Americans to be given full citizenship and voting rights
  13. 13. Freedmen Bureau  Gave clothes, food, medical care to poor blacks and whites  Open over 4,000 schools  Many hospitals  Several universities  Despite effort many blacks still poor and jobless
  14. 14. Lincoln Assassinated  April 14, 1865  Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater
  15. 15. Lincoln Assassinated  Lincoln dies next day  Andrew Johnson assumes presidency
  16. 16. Andrew Johnson’s Plan  Same as Lincoln’s Plan  PLUS each former Confederate State had to ratify 13th Amendment
  17. 17. Radicals Respond  Pass Civil Rights Act 1866  Said Blacks have equal rights under the law and are citizens  Passed 14th Amendment  1. Said anyone born here is an American 2. States can not pass laws to take away rights 3. States had to give people Due Process
  18. 18. 1867 Reconstruction Act  1. Any Government under Lincoln’s or Johnston plan will not be recognized  2. Confederate leaders can not vote or hold office  3. All White and Black men can vote and be elected  4. Southern states must write new constitution that guarantees Blacks right to vote  5. Southern States must ratify 14th Amendment
  19. 19. Southern Punishment Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 Divided south into 5 military controlled districts
  20. 20. 5 Southern Military Districts
  21. 21. President Johnson  Tries to veto Reconstruction Act  Congress overrides vetoed with majority vote  Radicals Use High Crimes and Treason  Try to Impeach Johnston  Fail to impeach by just 1 vote
  22. 22. Impeachment  Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act to control Johnson.  He defies it and is impeached.  He falls one vote short of being removed from office.
  23. 23. Gen. Grant As President  Grant wins election thanks to the Black vote  Grant is poor President  Plague by many scandals  15th Amendment passed  Can not deny a citizen the right to vote based on race
  24. 24. South During Reconstruction  Three main groups Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and Blacks  Carpetbaggers abuse power to become rich  Scalawags white republicans, small farmers, who wanted the power old plantation owners had  Blacks smallest group in government
  25. 25. Sharecroppers  Rented farmland from owner  Paid by giving over share of crops  Had to pay for tools, seeds, and farm animals  Very little was left over for family  Started cycle of poverty
  26. 26. Ku Klux Klan  Domestic terror group  Founded by southern whites  To suppress Blacks and keep them from using their new rights  Responsible for beating and killing many blacks and white sympathizers
  27. 27. Election of 1876
  28. 28. Compromise of 1877  Votes of 4 states disputed, all given to Hayes  Hayes (Republican) becomes President  Remove federal troops from the south, ends Reconstruction  Use federal money to rebuild southern railroads
  29. 29. Reconstruction (1865-1877)  End Results????  Good???  Bad???  What still needed to be done in the South?

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