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The Radicalization of the French Revolution

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This installment of my French Revolution Lecture Series focuses on the radicalization of the French Revolution between 1791-1792, starting with the Le Chapelier Law in 1791 and ending with the execution of Louis XVI in January of 1793.

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  • Tom, love your slides, and I use them in China, but students can't see because slideshare is blocked there. I've downloaded your other PPT's to show them. They've become fans of yours. I wish I could download this one also. Keep up good work
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The Radicalization of the French Revolution

  1. 1. RADICALIZATION oft/36 French Revolution I791-I792
  2. 2. PHASES or Tm} FRENCH REVOLUTION I789-I791 Liberal Phase Radical Phase I79)'~I799 Directory Phase I799-I81)‘ Napoleonic Phase
  3. 3. . I 3. "I , . V “ 3 3,. ‘ _ '- 4 ‘ «« * I " ‘/1’ I ‘.1 , ; (‘Q T _‘ ‘, , . 5' I *- / ‘/'u" . _ ‘J , . . F "'4 "1‘. . — ‘.1 . A. 'i'‘ I K Locke Rousseau
  4. 4. W . I » I *7 E tr EW"< It M _ I 16% it Dominant Class Bourgeoisie Constitutional Monarchy Goals Liberal Reform Abolition of Privilege John Locke (Liberalism) Montesquieu (Constitutionalism) Influencers National Assembly Legislative Assembly Governing Bodies
  5. 5. 7'34: I I M : I-A’ I: I I A ~ Ia Ian A Ink 79 2 ' 79 4‘ Dominant GrouP(s) Jacobins, Sans Culottes Egalitarianism Goals Nationalism Everyone Eats Influencer(s) Rousseau (General Will) National Convention Committee on Public Safety Governing Bodies
  6. 6. LE CHAPELIER LAw I791 The Last Stand of the Liberals
  7. 7. LE CHAPELIER LAw I791 Forbade guilds, workers combinations (unions), and strikes Classical Liberalism
  8. 8. LE CHAPELIER GOAL: Reduce the influence of the urban masses
  9. 9. i W «(V ‘ {V IA! ILL EAIII LEIITEOL tn. - Q». S [29, 7' "” W. Depiction ofthe storming of the Tuili; -‘lies Palace on Io a1.g’I. Et I792
  10. 10. HEY EVENTS 1791 Iune Le Chapelier Law Flight to V arennes Declaration of Pillnitz French Kingdom Proclaimed Legislative Assembly Convenes
  11. 11. I Wanna be a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARGH Said no king ever.
  12. 12. In this 1792 cartoon, Louis is depicted wearing a liberty cap and a revolutionary tricolor cockade. Both depict him as powerless. —: .v. ;-
  13. 13. FLIOIIT TO YAIIENNEE I791 Louis and his family attempted to flee Paris Icon by Ted Grajeda from the N otm Project
  14. 14. ¢ImI, INalhfm. ,.. . . I I ». .4I, . . . . . _.utv. .. « I . fl. ... /.. ww4,. ..7¢¢. .9rJ/ Knaifl . .w. _ . . . .5 we r . . , . . x.. I.x. v .4 . -. IIIL. uuHl. .lIh. ..», I , I I Irlinflinn III III IV» 3. IIIWIIIII
  15. 15. ght to join royalist military M‘ officers at Montmédy to launch a T counter-revolution. , P- Pliotoiiby Eric Huybrechts
  16. 16. . I x. .LInw_ er. a . . _ . .
  17. 17. A NOT SO TRIUMPHANT RETURN l‘. I.| uI I‘ ill. l: |’I’. . |‘. |{ll'. I-'. I)I'. I.0lI. . 'I. |/. l'. I’I'. I, :4 g V . IHllI Inn
  18. 18. a. ‘Z Prussia and Austria* pledge to I. It declare war with France if Louis XVI is threatened. -‘T . . p ( f -I B p _ .3. / V} ‘ x I , . . . I g i {pi i I 5 I9 . 1 ‘it. B I ‘ * Austria’s pledge conditional ) , ' I on all powers (i. e., Britain) ’‘ _ ‘ " entering the War. The meeting at Pillnitz Castle in I791. Oil paintingby]. H. Schmidt, I791.
  19. 19. . . . .1 . .. n.
  20. 20. . d - . . . I . . n.
  21. 21. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY I791-I792 The National Assembly dissolved itself in 1791 and a Legislative Assembly was elected by universal manhood suffrage. Those who had served in the National Assembly were ineligible to serve in the Legislative Assembly.
  22. 22. PIIASES OE TEE FIIENOII REVOLUTION Liberal Phase Radical Phase I79)‘-I799 Directory Phase I799-I817 Napoleonic Phase
  23. 23. Radical Political Faction Montagnards Girondins More Radical Le. r.r Radical REPUBLICAN ISM (OPPOSITION TO THE MONARC HY) he doorofthqacobin Club was in the Rue Saint~Honoré, Paris.
  24. 24. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY I I - I 79 2 Constitutional Moderates O.3_: .:. ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::: ::. :,: _.. :.‘M0narchists . C O Q 0 Q Q 0 . o.o: o:o: o:o: .:. O.. o:o: §.¢, .. o': o:o: O:J'O. o=$:0.0. . ... o.o. . . . . b u . . . . . . . . . ... ... ... ... . . ... ... ... ... .. . . . . . . . .. Jam ms : °.°°. '°. °°. ".°: °3°I°I°I°I°I°. '°" "°'. °3°: '3'3‘: °:’: '-"-"-"-. °-‘o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o°o'o°o°o°o°o'o°o'o°o°o°o°o° 'o'o°o°o°o°o°o°o'o'o°o'o°o°o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 0 0 o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 00 “Left Wing” “Right Wing” Art Credit: Pixcltoo
  25. 25. NS CULOTTES “Without Breeches”
  26. 26. sans-Culottes (Long Pants) '1 lV5r/ ting Clam « a . ‘I ’ . ‘v . . ‘.1 . , . / I’ ' . ’ ' '-' - . -': 2" ( 5 , ulottes (knee breeches) Arz'. rtocmtz'c
  27. 27. I SANS CULOTTES “Without Breeches” The urban working class became a S_ g_ g radicalizing force I I L on the French “ I I A’ Revolution. “(I-‘ I A if-_. J . 4' «. ‘.: , 1. . I‘¢‘, l_' * . , - u
  28. 28. : I ‘ I A Jv*U'*'% A September December ,9’ , .«a* -My V T lg. -I I V‘ I? ’ ‘ ‘ W -I‘. J b; French Revolutionary Wars Begin September Massacres French Republic Proclaimed National Convention Convenes Trial of Louis XVI
  29. 29. ES: BLEEOEUTIEEEEE I792-18oz EES HEN“ Throughout all the chaos that follows, France will be at war with several nations, at once. /4 Artist’s rendering of the Battle ofVa. liny. (I7p2) . ,> I; - . " -- --I ‘7 I-. ‘ 2 ' ‘ ‘ , A ’-~ K . ' v‘ I "‘ , I . ’ 7‘ . ;'R. 1. ‘C I ‘~ :1. v . ..« " , ' ~ ‘
  30. 30. BRUNSWIG MANIFESTO L 1. Louis will be restored to power. 2. Those who resist will be treated as rebels. The Duke of Brunswick
  31. 31. “~-. ‘ . .. o<~ ~: :?*; '/’§‘¢_: ‘?' : r1‘TI}. ». '; ’Z1/'. .}, I_? l?, y““. ".‘, «"f? -"' “tick . //L? 'i_'w‘ r/ (.3 ‘Ti’-“j/ "zV‘“(“(".1'? .'A”7?.3Y: “f}. "‘/ Z-, < A French Response to tbe Brumwick Mamfe. rto
  32. 32. TEE AEMIES COMPARED Coalition Armies “ French Armies Smaller Forces Larger Forces Trained 8: Experienced Conscripts / Volunteers Professional Patriotic
  33. 33. TEE AEMIES COMPARED Coalition Armies French Armies Smaller Forces Larger Forces Trained & Experienced Conscripts / Volunteers Professional Patriotic
  34. 34. , A Cm - {P} S w «JA. 3 L m . n s V ; s. .1 N. A .0. am fl In. R. m . m . e .1 T. .. .0. . s . m P .5 | .,% X. fl . MP f‘ v 4 (‘A x} g I , — y/ ,‘4 v- V»v' 4.11 A jg‘; il. l‘; .y / av/ 4» r~. .~ gs .1 . J zvkfiq is I P
  35. 35. PROCLAMATION 0E THE FEEMEM REPUBLIC 22 September 1792 “Til. ‘/ Jrrnuiw 36 /12 / Zr‘/3116// "7(1(‘» . fIir‘a1}u'J “/ l¢lllbIlflll. lL‘. 3 E. E r. E 3 3| I 7- inunnxiiwn rt uununozriu mun: V1 Auzgvmtfrom the 1792 issue: 4.00 livres
  36. 36. -_ I '“hiv': _-‘. l.‘~. ;. _ There is no king in a republic.
  37. 37. CITIZEN LOUIS CAPET
  38. 38. E W :7 T I""'”I. W“-']'*I. "< II A AVA A l"I. =J*EA, « AA ‘E; ii’; PM A LAT yncoéinfizctionr dominate. Art Credit: Pixeltoo
  39. 39. TRIAL OE LOUIS XVI 7792-1793 TREASON -. ‘// ///274711/utir 4/ _, .’w/ I/.1 / I// Ix;
  40. 40. COMPETINO FAOTIONS Jacobins (Republicans) Montagnards Girondins (The Mountain) (Girondists) EXECUTE DON ’T EXECUTE
  41. 41. v ~ 1 v E4 1‘ H in ]"acobins (Republicans) l /1 ion tagi; iards Girondins (The Motiii tain) (Girondists) C UTE DON ’T EXECUTE
  42. 42. .5. ill». . i. I.3«. .ul
  43. 43. .. ..1<. ..¥. L.l5h| .|l In I Hui I I . ll l. .iv. lai 7 Ii 1! . .uHInI. i.V. l.I. .r.
  44. 44. 3 “'5. 4’. ??.1 V’ —- ‘«‘ Republican Symbolism”
  45. 45. ’, V : :’ziN; 1 “1': .” ’ , gy; :_<Lll< IT E. -: .,~ ig/ A“-, ‘-‘-V. ~_ : ;~I I. Tl i"_I lFT: _) ___; _ I . _ V, ‘,7.__A V‘: _. 1.)“ ‘ i’ ‘ son .7. . .§, .?, . . ( 5 ' ' '; '. W $«5f". (IaI1:13i'e ii i . "IQI, ’1‘«: . gt A . /, // :/«; /.e '1 '/ ,.', r 37 r < ]<‘. (‘. _l . I'1‘I«; , I 3 W W . I ‘ fell ’ : _ / v '/ e; I '/ R . g/ Ta} L. _I<IRj’; ;.: ..; _ Ar - ‘ ; 4“ « ‘M v, __. i I y. _. in 7*‘ E: ‘ ‘fix: _— : _,_ ’f__v A . ' . A . __‘ ‘I, .. - A. J: . : ‘.jv; _.: _;, . 5. g . ~ Ag‘ ‘ 1}. ’ K»; xv‘. .. X’ . ‘ ‘ 6 ~ ‘Iv '1 _ ' _ " ‘ ‘ . 4:, -.' ‘Q A‘. _ _ _ _’ ‘_I_ V I , ‘ . , K . A-L’--r_iéE~= :~' - ". 3 H: I - g J A, ‘ L --‘-‘97—. u. «.. .. . , . . , , - .7 '— . , -. . , :.; J.- .4. ~~-. --
  46. 46. BERTY Icon by John Blelven The X01111 Pr0_iect
  47. 47. EQUALITY
  48. 48. ERATERNITY Icon by Takao Umehara The Noun Project
  49. 49. Icon b_’J11an Pablo Bravo The X01111 Project
  50. 50. TEE REIGN OE TERROR 5. 1793-1794 W I . an-n-4-u ‘we as - I1 .1; l.
  51. 51. t, _ Ii _. ‘. P1=l. .¥. cII.11, +? iI. I.EuIrzI’1fm: ., 1f_! _'r 1:1, ‘S 1 : ‘._. -», I

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