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The South Under Reconstruction By: Tommy Valerio and Jimmy Hytner
New Forces in Southern Politics <ul><ul><li>During Radical Reconstruction, new state governments were created that were di...
White Southern Republicans <ul><li>There were still white southerners who supported Republicans. Most of them were against...
Northerners <ul><li>Another important force were Northerners who came to the South after the war. The Northerners were acc...
African Americans <ul><li>The third new group in Southern politics were African Americans. During Reconstruction, African ...
Conservatives Resist <ul><ul><li>Most powerful white southerners opposed southern reconstruction. These people called Cons...
Conservatives Resist  continued. <ul><ul><li>Wealthy plantation owners tried to force African Americans back onto the plan...
The KKK Spreads Terror <ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a secret society of white southerners that worked to keep scalaw...
Congress Responds <ul><ul><li>Most moderate southerners punished the violence of the Ku Klux Klan, but they could not do m...
The Challenge of Rebuilding <ul><li>Even with political problems, the government tried to rebuild the South. They built pu...
The Challenge of Rebuilding  (continued) <ul><li>Rebuilding the South cost a lot of money. Taxes raised in the South durin...
A Cycle of Poverty <ul><li>Freedmen lived and worked on plantations a few months after the war. However, they did not find...
“ Nothing but Freedom” <ul><li>Some Radical Republicans thought of giving each freedmen 40 acres and a mule. Thaddeus Stev...
Sharecropping <ul><li>Freedmen and poor whites worked at large plantations. These people are called sharecroppers. They re...
Sharecropping  (continued) <ul><li>Most sharecroppers and small landowners fell into poverty. If their harvest didn’t cove...
~~~~~QUIZ~~~~~ <ul><li>1: Who were called scalawags? </li></ul><ul><li>2:  Who were the 3 main forces during southern reco...
--------------Answers------------ <ul><li>1: The  Republican Southerners. </li></ul><ul><li>2: White Southern Republicans,...
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Social Studies Jimmy 1

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Social Studies Jimmy 1

  1. 1. The South Under Reconstruction By: Tommy Valerio and Jimmy Hytner
  2. 2. New Forces in Southern Politics <ul><ul><li>During Radical Reconstruction, new state governments were created that were different than anything the South had ever known. The past leaders had lost their influence on society. There were three groups who replaced them. They were White Southern Republicans, Northerners, and African Americans. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. White Southern Republicans <ul><li>There were still white southerners who supported Republicans. Most of them were against secession in 1860, and wanted to get on with rebuilding the South. </li></ul><ul><li>In the South, anyone who helped the Republicans was considered a traitor. They called the Southern Republicans scalawags . Scalawags is a word used to describe small scruffy horses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Northerners <ul><li>Another important force were Northerners who came to the South after the war. The Northerners were accused of hoping to get rich from Southern misery. Southerners said that the Northerners were in such a rush that they only had time to pack a few clothes into cheap suitcases or carpetbags. Because of this they became known as carpetbaggers . </li></ul>
  5. 5. African Americans <ul><li>The third new group in Southern politics were African Americans. During Reconstruction, African Americans voted in large numbers and ran for offices in government. However, before the war they had no voice in government. The nation’s first black senator was Hiram Revels, a clergyman and teacher in 1870. The first African American to serve a full term in the Senate was Blanche K. Bruce.However, only in South Carolina did freedmen have a large influence on society </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conservatives Resist <ul><ul><li>Most powerful white southerners opposed southern reconstruction. These people called Conservatives were offended by the adjustments imposed by Congress and enforced by the military. They did not want much to change in the South, but they were still willing to let African Americans hold offices. But they also thought that most of the power should be in the hands of the whites. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conservatives Resist continued. <ul><ul><li>Wealthy plantation owners tried to force African Americans back onto the plantations to work. Small farm owners and laborers wanted the government to step in against the freedmen because they were taking their land and positions in government. The white Democrats thought that “this is a white man’s country, and a white man should govern it.” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The KKK Spreads Terror <ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a secret society of white southerners that worked to keep scalawags and African American out of office. The Klansmen rode at night to homes of African American voters, dressed in with robes and hoods to hide their identities, shouting threats and burning crosses. They wound up killing hundreds of African Americans and their white friends. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Congress Responds <ul><ul><li>Most moderate southerners punished the violence of the Ku Klux Klan, but they could not do much to stop their reign of terror. Freedmen wanted help from the federal government. In Kentucky, African American voters wrote to Congress: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We believe you are not familiar with the Ku Klux Klan’s riding nightly over the country spreading terror wherever they go by robbing, whipping, and killing our people without provocation.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1870, Congress made it illegal to keep people from voting. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Challenge of Rebuilding <ul><li>Even with political problems, the government tried to rebuild the South. They built public schools that both black and white children could go to. Many states gave women the right to own property. Also, they rebuilt railroads, telegraph lines, bridges, and roads. Between 1865 and 1879, the South put down over 7,000 miles of railroad track. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Challenge of Rebuilding (continued) <ul><li>Rebuilding the South cost a lot of money. Taxes raised in the South during Reconstruction. This made white southerners unhappy. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners were also upset by the growth of corruption in the reconstruction government. For example, one state legislature voted $1,000 to cover a bet on a race horse. A coffin, ham, and perfume were also unnecessary charges. The North was also suffering from corruption. However, most office holders served with honesty and integrity. </li></ul>1864 Southern Reconstruction
  12. 12. A Cycle of Poverty <ul><li>Freedmen lived and worked on plantations a few months after the war. However, they did not find many opportunities to work. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ Nothing but Freedom” <ul><li>Some Radical Republicans thought of giving each freedmen 40 acres and a mule. Thaddeus Stevens thought of dividing the plantations and giving away the land. But most Americans did not think this was a good idea. But the freedmen in the end received “nothing but freedom.” </li></ul><ul><li>Some freedmen became landowners. But most had to go back to where they worked during slavery. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sharecropping <ul><li>Freedmen and poor whites worked at large plantations. These people are called sharecroppers. They rented and planted large plots of land. Planters were provided with seed, fertilizer, and tools. In return, they got a share of the harvested crops. Sharecropping made the freedmen feel a sense of independence. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sharecropping (continued) <ul><li>Most sharecroppers and small landowners fell into poverty. If their harvest didn’t cover the cost of the supplies they borrowed, they fell further into debt. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ~~~~~QUIZ~~~~~ <ul><li>1: Who were called scalawags? </li></ul><ul><li>2: Who were the 3 main forces during southern reconstruction? </li></ul><ul><li>3: Who was the first African American to serve a full term in the Senate? </li></ul><ul><li>4: Which group of people served in the Ku Klux Klan? </li></ul>
  17. 17. --------------Answers------------ <ul><li>1: The Republican Southerners. </li></ul><ul><li>2: White Southern Republicans, Northerners, and African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>3: Blanche K. Bruce. </li></ul><ul><li>4: White Southerners. </li></ul>

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