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Civil War - A Summary for Grades 5-8

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A Summary for Grades 5-8

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Civil War - A Summary for Grades 5-8

  1. 1. Civil War
  2. 2. How long ago was the Civil War?
  3. 3. What caused the Civil War? • Economic and social differences between the North and the South. • States right vs. federal rights. • The fight between Slave and Non-Slave States • Growth of the Abolition Movement • The election of Abraham Lincoln.
  4. 4. SECESSION OF THE SOUTH
  5. 5. Lincoln’s Actions at Ft. Sumpter • Abraham Lincoln decided to use force because the South was not following the US Constitution. – Supplies are sent to Ft. Sumter in Charleston Harbor (April 12, 1861) – Confederates opened fire on the fort, starting the war.
  6. 6. Now for some of the Civil War battles -
  7. 7. Battle at Fort Sumter • • • • • South Carolina April 12-14, 1861 Union - Major Anderson Confederate - Brig. Gen Beauregard Beauregard demands surrender of the fort, but Anderson refuses. Confederates open fire and Union was unable to defend. Anderson surrenders the fort. • Confederate victory, no casualties.
  8. 8. Battle of Bull Run • June 1861 • The Union army was initially successful but Confederates reinforced and defeated Union troops • Humiliating for the North; boosted confidence of the South • Each side underestimated the other. Both realized this was not going to be a quick war
  9. 9. Battle of Bull Run July 1861
  10. 10. Battle of Shiloh General Ulysses S. Grant • April, 1862 Pickwick, TN • Confederates attacked at Shiloh and were successful until Union reinforcements arrived • Union victory for General Ulysses S. Grant, but at a great price
  11. 11. Battle of Antietam • Strategic victory for the Union • Bloodiest single day of the war – 22,000 men killed in one day! 2,000 men every hour! • Led to Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation
  12. 12. • Freed the slaves only in states that had seceded from the Union. • It did not free slaves in border states.
  13. 13. • July 1-3, 1863 - BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, Pa. • Gettysburg is the largest battle in the history of the Western hemisphere. • Over 100,000 people died in 3 days It was the last time the South invaded the North.
  14. 14. • That from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. Abe Lincoln
  15. 15. Battle of Gettysburg July, 1863
  16. 16. Over 618,000 military deaths during Civil War.
  17. 17. Effects of Civil War • • • • • • • Creation of a single unified country Abolition of slavery Increased power to federal government U.S. now an industrial nation Stronger sense of nationalism Western lands opened to settlement South was economically and physically devastated.

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