Causes Of Civil War


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review of major causes Civil War

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Causes Of Civil War

  2. 2. Which one has more power? State Governments Federal Government
  3. 3. Balance of Power <ul><li>One of the major issues that divided North & South and led to the Civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of power (Who has more power) State or National government? </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners thought that the National government did not have the power to tell states whether slavery was legal or not </li></ul>Who’s in Charge?
  4. 4. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820) <ul><li>1.) Missouri became a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Maine became a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) The 36’ 30’’ line was drawn to separate slave & non-slave states in the territories </li></ul>
  5. 6. Wilmot Proviso <ul><li>An amendment to a bill. The proviso would have outlawed slavery in the new territories acquired from Mexico, including California. The Proviso passed the house, but not the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>The Wilmot Proviso, helped to create the Republican Party </li></ul>
  6. 7. Free Soil Party <ul><li>The first anti-slavery political party </li></ul><ul><li>Started here in Buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>Most of its members joined the Republican Party </li></ul>
  7. 8. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>Voting in order to decide whether a territory should allow slavery or not when it becomes a state </li></ul>
  8. 9. COMPROMISE OF 1850 <ul><li>Another Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>5 parts </li></ul><ul><li>1.) CA = Free State </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Slavery in new territories issue to be decided by POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) ENDED slave trade in Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>4.) Fugitive Slave Law </li></ul><ul><li>5.) Settled border problems between NM and TX. </li></ul>
  9. 10. FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT (1850) <ul><li>Part of the Compromise of 1850. </li></ul><ul><li>REQUIRED citizens to catch runaway slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>If a person did not comply, they could be fined up to $1000 or put in jail </li></ul><ul><li>Judges received $10 if they returned a slave and $5 if they freed them. </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners HATED this law because it forced them to become a part of the system of slavery </li></ul>
  10. 11. UNCLE TOM’S CABIN (1852) <ul><li>NOVEL written by Harriett Beecher Stowe. </li></ul><ul><li>It was written to show the EVILS of slavery After reading it, MANY Northerners began to change their view of slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners said the book was full of LIES! </li></ul>
  11. 12. Kansas-Nebraska Act/Bleeding Kansas <ul><li>Stephen Douglas wanted the issue of slavery there to be settled by voting (popular sovereignty) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Slavery Northerners & Pro-Slavery Southerners all move to KS </li></ul><ul><li>They want to influence vote </li></ul><ul><li>John Brown and Pottawattamie Massacre begins episode known as “Bleeding Kansas” </li></ul><ul><li>Prelude to Civil War </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Dred Scott was a slave. </li></ul><ul><li>It went to the Supreme Court but he LOST. </li></ul><ul><li>The Court ruled he was NOT a citizen but RATHER property and therefore he could not file a lawsuit. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, they ruled that Congress could NOT ban slavery in any of the territories . </li></ul><ul><li>This REPEALED the Missouri Compromise . </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners LOVED the ruling while Northerners HATED it. It meant slavery could spread into all the territories! </li></ul>
  13. 14. Republican Party <ul><li>1 st political party to include abolition in their platform </li></ul><ul><li>1860 Republican, Lincoln wins Presidential election </li></ul><ul><li>Southern states begin to secede because of 1860 election </li></ul>
  14. 15. Violence in the Senate <ul><li>Charles Sumner attacked by Preston Brooks </li></ul><ul><li>Congressmen start packing heat </li></ul><ul><li>North & South divide further </li></ul>What did you say about my cousin?
  15. 16. John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>Brown and posse attack armory at Harper’s Ferry, VA </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: start a slave revolt throughout the South </li></ul><ul><li>Brown caught and hanged. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners: John Brown is evil! </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners: John Brown is a hero! </li></ul><ul><li>North & South divide further </li></ul>Southern Nightmare!
  16. 17. Lincoln Douglas Debates <ul><li>Series of debates for Illinois Senate seat </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln lost </li></ul><ul><li>After debates Lincoln became known nationally </li></ul>
  17. 18. ELECTION OF 1860 <ul><li>1 Republican (Lincoln) ran against 2 Democrats (Douglass, the Northern Democrat & Breckenridge the Southern Democrat) in the Presidential Election of 1860 . </li></ul><ul><li>The Democratic vote was split, so Lincoln easily won a majority </li></ul><ul><li>The Southern states did not like Lincoln or what he believed in. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners this showed the North had too much power! </li></ul><ul><li>Many Southerners talked of SECEDING from the Union </li></ul>
  18. 19. Election of 1860
  19. 20. SECTIONALISM and SECCESSION! <ul><li>SECTIONALISM - the BELIEF that your part of the country (North or South) is more important than the rest of the country. This was a major cause of the Civil War! </li></ul><ul><li>SECCESSION – breaking away from something as the southern states did from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina was the first to do this and soon the Confederate States of America was formed. </li></ul>
  20. 21. FORT SUMTER April 11,1861 <ul><li>Union Fort in South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Fort under UNION control however their supplies were running low. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy asks Union to surrender fort. They refuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy opens fire! </li></ul><ul><li>April 13 th , the Union surrenders the fort. </li></ul>