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The American Civil War


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American Civil War

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The American Civil War

  1. 1. The American Civil War
  2. 2. North vs. South in 1861 North South Advantages ? ? Disadvantages ? ?
  3. 3. Union and Confederate Resources, 1861
  4. 4. Resources: North & the South
  5. 5. Railroad Lines, 1860
  6. 6. Men Present for Duty in the Civil War
  7. 7. Soldiers’ Occupations: North/South Combined
  8. 8. The “Anaconda” Plan
  9. 9. Overview of Civil War Strategy Anaconda Plan: 1. US Navy blockades CSA 2. US riverboats and armies move down Miss R. to split CSA 3. US captures Richmond, VA.
  10. 10. Wanted: Commander of armed forces. Robert E. Lee Army of Northern Virginia Chapter 7 6
  11. 11. The Leaders of the Confederacy Pres. Jefferson Davis VP Alexander Stevens
  12. 12. Lincoln’s Generals Irwin McDowell Winfield Scott George McClellan, Again! George McClellan Ambrose Burnside Joseph Hooker George Meade Ulysses S. Grant
  13. 13. Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas) July, 1861
  14. 14. Confederate Hero of Manassas: Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson 3
  15. 15. Bull Run → Lincoln calls for 500,000 men! McClellan → head of Army of the Potomac
  16. 16. Civil War Battles Ft. Sumter, SC 4/12/61 Actions: Outcomes: First Bull Run (Manassas) 7/21/61 Two inexperienced armies clash in N. VA. Jackson stands like “stone wall.” US army retreats to DC CSA morale boosted US tries to resupply Ft. Sumter; CSA fires First shots fired  CSA = aggressor
  17. 17. War in the East: 1861-1862
  18. 18. Battle of Antietam “Bloodiest Single Day of the War” 23,000 casualties September 17, 1862
  19. 19. Peninsular Campaign Mar-Aug 1862 Antietam 9/17/62 VA/MD: McClellan’s US Army lands in S. VA and marches on Richmond JEB Stuart’s CSA cavalry cuts off McClellan taking prisoners and supplies CSA defends Richmond due to superior military leadership Lee (CSA) takes offensive, invades MD. McClellan’s troops find Lee’s plans and moves to defend. Lee’s invasion fails; McClellan allows Lee to retreat to VA. Lincoln fires McClellan; makes Emancipation Proclamation. Actions: Outcomes:
  20. 20. The Emancipation Proclamation
  21. 21. Emancipation in 1863
  22. 22. The Southern View of Emancipation
  23. 23. African-American Recruiting Poster
  24. 24. The Famous 54th Massachusetts
  25. 25. African-Americans in Civil War Battles
  26. 26. Black Troops Freeing Slaves
  27. 27. The Battle of the Ironclads, March, 1862 The Monitor vs. the Merrimac
  28. 28. Damage on the Deck of the Monitor
  29. 29. Extensive Legislation Passed Without the South in Congress 1861 – Morrill Tariff Act 1862 – Homestead Act 1862 – Legal Tender Act 1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 – Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863) 1863 – Pacific Railway Act 1863 – National Bank Act
  30. 30. The War in the West, 1863: Vicksburg
  31. 31. The Road to Gettysburg: 1863
  32. 32. Chapter 7 • Day 1 – July 1, 1863
  33. 33. Chapter 7 • Day 2 – July 2, 1863
  34. 34. Chapter 7 • Day 3 – July 3, 1863
  35. 35. Gettysburg Casualties
  36. 36. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met here on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
  37. 37. But in a larger sense we can not dedicate - we can not consecrate - we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled, here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here.
  38. 38. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us - that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion - that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
  39. 39. Gettysburg, PA July 1-3, 1863 Vicksburg, MS April-July 1863 Lee invades PA. CSA attack for 3 days; ends with unsuccessful Pickett’s Charge. ‘High tide’ of CSA Bloodiest battle in American history. Turning point of the war! CSA never invades again; defeat is inevitable. Grant lays siege; Vicksburg surrenders after 6 wks. CSA loses control of Miss R. CSA split in two Actions: Outcomes:
  40. 40. Politics of War Habeas corpus – right of accused to see court and hear charges suspended by Lincoln Copperheads – N Dems who advocated peace with the south
  41. 41. The North Initiates the Draft, 1863
  42. 42. Recruiting Irish Immigrants in NYC
  43. 43. Recruiting Blacks in NYC
  44. 44. Buy Your Way Out of Military Service
  45. 45. NYC Draft Riots, (July 13-16, 1863)
  46. 46. NYC Draft Riots, (July 13-16, 1863)
  47. 47. A “Pogrom” Against Blacks
  48. 48. Inflation in the South
  49. 49. 1864 Election Pres. Lincoln (R) George McClellan (D)
  50. 50. The Peace Movement: Copperheads Clement Vallandigham
  51. 51. 1864 Copperhead Campaign Poster
  52. 52. Sherman’s “March to the Sea” 1864
  53. 53. The Progress of War: 1861-1865
  54. 54. Presidential Election Results: 1864
  55. 55. The Final Virginia Campaign: 1864-1865
  56. 56. Surrender at Appomattox April 9, 1865
  57. 57. Sherman’s March to the Sea May– Dec 1864 Wilderness Campaign → Petersburg → Appomattox Courthouse, VA Summer 1864 - Apr 1865 Sherman takes Atlanta, drives to Savannah Scorched earth from GA to Carolinas breaks Southern morale US fights up James R. and lays siege to Petersburg for 10 mos. Petersburg falls  Richmond abandoned Lee escapes but surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, VA. one wk later Lee surrenders Army of Northern Virginia  end of major fighting Last CSA surrender by end of May Actions: Outcomes:
  58. 58. Civil War Casualties in Comparison to Other Wars
  59. 59. Casualties of War
  60. 60. Ford’s Theater (April 14, 1865)
  61. 61. The Assassin John Wilkes Booth
  62. 62. The Assassination
  63. 63. WANTED~~!!
  64. 64. Now He Belongs to the Angels Ages!
  65. 65. The Execution