SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 22
Elizabeth T. Santosa, M.Psi, Psi.
   Ayoe Sutomo, M.Psi, Psi.
   The way you see yourself
   Consist of your feelings and thoughts about
    your strengths and weakness.
   Develop from:
     Others  images of you
     Social comparison
     Cultural teaching
     Your own interpretation & evaluation
 Your insight into & knowledge about yourself.
 Understanding how your self concept develops in
  one way to increase your self awareness.

 Four selves (Johari Window)
1.The Open self
  All the
  information, behavior, attitudes, feelings, desires, m
  otivation, and ideas that you and others know. Ex:
  name, skin color, sex, age, religion.
2. The Blind Self
  Represent all the things about yourself that others
  know but of which you’re ignorant. Ex:
  habit, distinct body odor,
3. The Hidden Self
  All that you know your self and of others that you
  keep secret.
     Over discloser = tell all
     Under discloser = tell nothing
     Selective discloser = keep certain things hidden and
      disclose others; they make disclosures to some people and
      not to others
4. The Unknown Self
  Represent truths about yourself that neither you or
  others know.
  Revealed through temporary changes brought about
  special experimental condition, such as hypnosis.
   Increasing Self Awareness:
     Ask  about yourself
     Listen to others
     Actively seek information about yourself
     See your different selves
     Increase your open self
 The value you see yourself
  Ex:How much do you like yourself? How valuable a
  person do you think you are? How competent do
  you think you are?
 Attack your self destructive believes:
  (The drive to be perfect; The drive to be strong; The
  drive to please; The drive to hurry up; The drive to
  try hard)
 Secure affirmation :
  Ex: I am worthy person; I am responsible and can be
  dependent upon; I am capable of loving and being
  love; I deserved good things to happen to me; I can
  forgive myself for mistakes and missjudgement.
   Seek out nourishing people
     Noxious: criticize and find fault with just about
      everything
     Nourishing people: optimist, reward, make you feel
      good about your self.
   Work on project that will result in success
 Definition: Communicating information about
  yourself to another person.
 It may information about:
     Your value, beliefs and desires
     Your behavior
     Your self qualities or characteristics
 Verbally or nonverbally.
 Reason for self-disclose:
       Catharsis
       To make yourself look good
       To help the listeners
       To maintain or repair a relationship
 Influence   self disclosure:
   Who  you are
   Your culture
   Your gender
   Your listeners
   Your topic and channel

 Rewards     of Self Disclosure
   Selfknowledge
   Communication and relationship effectiveness
   Psychological health
   Dangers of self disclosure: Risks Ahead
   Personal risks
   Relational risks
   Professional risks
    Deciding wheter and how to self-disclose;
     responding to the disclosures of others;
     resisting pressures to self-disclosure
    Please considers things below:
1.    Motivation for self-disclose
2.    Appropriateness of the self-disclose
3.    Disclosures of the other person
4.    Possible burdens self-disclosure might entail
5.    Facilitating and responding to self-disclosures
   Cont:
6. Skills of effective and active listening
7. Support and reinforce the discloser
8. Be willing to reciprocate
9. Keep the disclosures confidential
10. Dont use the disclosures against the person
11. Guidelines for resisting Self-Dislosure
12. Dont be pushed
13. Be assertive in your refusal to disclose
14. Be indirect and move to another topic
   A state of fear or anxiety about communication
    interaction .
   Trait apprehension : fear of communication
    generally
   State apprehension: fear of communication in
    specific communication
   Degree of evaluation
   Subordinate status
   Degree of conspicuousness
   Degree of unpredictability
   Degree of dissimilarity
   Prior successes and failures
   Lack of communication skill and experience
   Cognitive restructuring
   Systematic desensitization
   Skill acquisition
   Prepare and practice
   Focus on success
   Familiarize yourself with the situation
 Definition: The process by which you become aware of
  objects, events, and especially people through your
  senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing.
 Active process
       Stages of perception:
1: Stimulation
  Selective exposure: you expose yourself to
  people, messages, that will confirm your existing
  beliefs, contribute to your objects and prove satisfying
  in some way.
2: Organization
       Organization by rules
       Organization by schemata
       Organization by script
   3: Intrepretation – Evaluation
   4: Memory
   5: Recall
 Self   fulfilling prophecy (pygmalion effect)
   Prediction   that came true because you act on it as if it
    were true.
 Implicit   Personality Theory
   The system of rules that tells you which characteristics
    go with which other characteristics.
   Hallo effect vs Reverse Hallo

 Perceptualaccentuation
 Primacy – Regency

 Consistency
   Attribution
     Attribution process
     Consensus: Similarity with Others
     Consistensy: Similarity in different situation
     Distinctiveness: Similarity in Different Situation
     Controllability: Behavior Control

   Attribution Errors
     Self
         serving bias
     Fundamental attribution error
     Overattribution
    Analize perception
    Check perception
1.   Describe what you see or hear, recognizing
     that description are not really objective but are
     heavily influenced by who you are, your
     emotional states, and so on.
2.   Seek confirmation.

    Reduce uncertainly
    Increace Cultiral Sensitivity
   Give example about your self concept, self
    awareness, and self esteem!
Self & perception in interpersonal communication (chap 3 & 4)

More Related Content

What's hot

Impression formation
Impression formation Impression formation
Impression formation
Aparna Bakre
 
TCP - Social Judgement Theory
TCP - Social Judgement TheoryTCP - Social Judgement Theory
TCP - Social Judgement Theory
Maddy Monky
 
3. Conformity & Obedience
3. Conformity & Obedience3. Conformity & Obedience
3. Conformity & Obedience
rossbiology
 

What's hot (20)

OB - Social Perception
OB - Social PerceptionOB - Social Perception
OB - Social Perception
 
Social perception
Social perceptionSocial perception
Social perception
 
Social Judgment Theory Presentation
Social Judgment Theory PresentationSocial Judgment Theory Presentation
Social Judgment Theory Presentation
 
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 3
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 3Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 3
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 3
 
Impression formation
Impression formation Impression formation
Impression formation
 
Impression Management
Impression Management Impression Management
Impression Management
 
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 2
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 2Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 2
Reflect and Relate - PowerPoint - Chapter 2
 
Johari window,2
Johari window,2Johari window,2
Johari window,2
 
Bystander effect in Psychology
Bystander effect in PsychologyBystander effect in Psychology
Bystander effect in Psychology
 
Helping behavior
Helping behavior Helping behavior
Helping behavior
 
Social Perception
Social PerceptionSocial Perception
Social Perception
 
Transactional analysis
Transactional analysisTransactional analysis
Transactional analysis
 
TCP - Social Judgement Theory
TCP - Social Judgement TheoryTCP - Social Judgement Theory
TCP - Social Judgement Theory
 
The bystander effect
The bystander effectThe bystander effect
The bystander effect
 
Prosocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt finalProsocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt final
 
3. Conformity & Obedience
3. Conformity & Obedience3. Conformity & Obedience
3. Conformity & Obedience
 
Social Judgment Theory
Social Judgment TheorySocial Judgment Theory
Social Judgment Theory
 
Social cognition
Social cognition Social cognition
Social cognition
 
prosocial behaviour
prosocial behaviourprosocial behaviour
prosocial behaviour
 
Expectancy Violations Theory
Expectancy Violations TheoryExpectancy Violations Theory
Expectancy Violations Theory
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Effective listening presentation
Effective listening presentationEffective listening presentation
Effective listening presentation
 
Effective Listening
Effective ListeningEffective Listening
Effective Listening
 
Self effectiveness
Self effectivenessSelf effectiveness
Self effectiveness
 
Transactional Analysis
Transactional AnalysisTransactional Analysis
Transactional Analysis
 
Self management
Self managementSelf management
Self management
 
Transactional Analysis - Strokes
Transactional Analysis - StrokesTransactional Analysis - Strokes
Transactional Analysis - Strokes
 
Interpersonal relationships
Interpersonal relationshipsInterpersonal relationships
Interpersonal relationships
 
EFFECTIVE LISTENING SKILLS
EFFECTIVE LISTENING SKILLSEFFECTIVE LISTENING SKILLS
EFFECTIVE LISTENING SKILLS
 
Interpersonal skills
Interpersonal skillsInterpersonal skills
Interpersonal skills
 
Interpesonal communication ppt
Interpesonal communication pptInterpesonal communication ppt
Interpesonal communication ppt
 
Transactional analysis
Transactional  analysisTransactional  analysis
Transactional analysis
 
Listening skills
Listening skillsListening skills
Listening skills
 

Similar to Self & perception in interpersonal communication (chap 3 & 4)

02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
Brij Sahani
 
Self in Interpersonal Communication
Self in Interpersonal CommunicationSelf in Interpersonal Communication
Self in Interpersonal Communication
Andy Dabydeen
 
Great magic being ever youth self-confidence
Great magic being ever youth   self-confidenceGreat magic being ever youth   self-confidence
Great magic being ever youth self-confidence
Arise Roby
 
Chapter 8 communication with others
Chapter 8 communication with othersChapter 8 communication with others
Chapter 8 communication with others
lbonner1987
 
Interesting talks 21.10.2013
Interesting talks 21.10.2013Interesting talks 21.10.2013
Interesting talks 21.10.2013
Alan Keyse
 

Similar to Self & perception in interpersonal communication (chap 3 & 4) (20)

Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
 
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
 
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
Comm 215 you teach chapter 3
 
Chapter Two Final
Chapter Two   FinalChapter Two   Final
Chapter Two Final
 
02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
02 selfaware.pp tselfaware-souza
 
Self in Interpersonal Communication
Self in Interpersonal CommunicationSelf in Interpersonal Communication
Self in Interpersonal Communication
 
Intrapersonal notes
Intrapersonal notesIntrapersonal notes
Intrapersonal notes
 
BA 15 Chapter 8
BA 15 Chapter 8BA 15 Chapter 8
BA 15 Chapter 8
 
Interpersonel awareness and feedback process
Interpersonel awareness and feedback processInterpersonel awareness and feedback process
Interpersonel awareness and feedback process
 
Great magic being ever youth self-confidence
Great magic being ever youth   self-confidenceGreat magic being ever youth   self-confidence
Great magic being ever youth self-confidence
 
EQ and Leadership Development
EQ and Leadership DevelopmentEQ and Leadership Development
EQ and Leadership Development
 
Chapter 8 communication with others
Chapter 8 communication with othersChapter 8 communication with others
Chapter 8 communication with others
 
Conflict management
Conflict managementConflict management
Conflict management
 
ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN SELF DEVELOPMENT
ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN SELF DEVELOPMENT ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN SELF DEVELOPMENT
ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN SELF DEVELOPMENT
 
Intelligence creativity and flow.pptx
Intelligence creativity and flow.pptxIntelligence creativity and flow.pptx
Intelligence creativity and flow.pptx
 
UNDERSTANDING SELF, SELF- ESTEEM, SELF CONCEPT.pptx
UNDERSTANDING SELF, SELF- ESTEEM, SELF CONCEPT.pptxUNDERSTANDING SELF, SELF- ESTEEM, SELF CONCEPT.pptx
UNDERSTANDING SELF, SELF- ESTEEM, SELF CONCEPT.pptx
 
Interesting talks 21.10.2013
Interesting talks 21.10.2013Interesting talks 21.10.2013
Interesting talks 21.10.2013
 
Hbo topic 3
Hbo topic 3Hbo topic 3
Hbo topic 3
 
Perciption
PerciptionPerciption
Perciption
 
Perception
PerceptionPerception
Perception
 

More from Vivie Chabie

Indonesia law system asdr 3 3 okay final
Indonesia law system asdr 3   3 okay finalIndonesia law system asdr 3   3 okay final
Indonesia law system asdr 3 3 okay final
Vivie Chabie
 
Indonesia law system 1 -okay
Indonesia law system 1 -okayIndonesia law system 1 -okay
Indonesia law system 1 -okay
Vivie Chabie
 
Speaking to inform public speaking
Speaking to inform    public speakingSpeaking to inform    public speaking
Speaking to inform public speaking
Vivie Chabie
 
Chapter 2 developing power point pres
Chapter 2 developing power point presChapter 2 developing power point pres
Chapter 2 developing power point pres
Vivie Chabie
 
Chapter 1 public speaking
Chapter 1  public speakingChapter 1  public speaking
Chapter 1 public speaking
Vivie Chabie
 
Theory of personality (altntv)
Theory of personality (altntv)Theory of personality (altntv)
Theory of personality (altntv)
Vivie Chabie
 
Abnormal psychology an introduction
Abnormal psychology an introductionAbnormal psychology an introduction
Abnormal psychology an introduction
Vivie Chabie
 
Abnormal psychology 1b
Abnormal psychology 1bAbnormal psychology 1b
Abnormal psychology 1b
Vivie Chabie
 
3.social psychology
3.social psychology3.social psychology
3.social psychology
Vivie Chabie
 
2.abnormal psychology
2.abnormal psychology2.abnormal psychology
2.abnormal psychology
Vivie Chabie
 
1. theories of personality
1. theories of personality1. theories of personality
1. theories of personality
Vivie Chabie
 
media and public sphere
media and public spheremedia and public sphere
media and public sphere
Vivie Chabie
 
self-imaging pollcom
self-imaging pollcomself-imaging pollcom
self-imaging pollcom
Vivie Chabie
 
Political communication 2012
Political communication 2012Political communication 2012
Political communication 2012
Vivie Chabie
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communication
Vivie Chabie
 
Media and the Manufacture of consent
Media and the Manufacture of consentMedia and the Manufacture of consent
Media and the Manufacture of consent
Vivie Chabie
 

More from Vivie Chabie (18)

Press law 2 okay
Press law 2 okayPress law 2 okay
Press law 2 okay
 
Media law 4 okay
Media law 4 okayMedia law 4 okay
Media law 4 okay
 
Indonesia law system asdr 3 3 okay final
Indonesia law system asdr 3   3 okay finalIndonesia law system asdr 3   3 okay final
Indonesia law system asdr 3 3 okay final
 
Indonesia law system 1 -okay
Indonesia law system 1 -okayIndonesia law system 1 -okay
Indonesia law system 1 -okay
 
Speaking to inform public speaking
Speaking to inform    public speakingSpeaking to inform    public speaking
Speaking to inform public speaking
 
Chapter 2 developing power point pres
Chapter 2 developing power point presChapter 2 developing power point pres
Chapter 2 developing power point pres
 
Chapter 1 public speaking
Chapter 1  public speakingChapter 1  public speaking
Chapter 1 public speaking
 
Theory of personality (altntv)
Theory of personality (altntv)Theory of personality (altntv)
Theory of personality (altntv)
 
Abnormal psychology an introduction
Abnormal psychology an introductionAbnormal psychology an introduction
Abnormal psychology an introduction
 
Abnormal psychology 1b
Abnormal psychology 1bAbnormal psychology 1b
Abnormal psychology 1b
 
3.social psychology
3.social psychology3.social psychology
3.social psychology
 
2.abnormal psychology
2.abnormal psychology2.abnormal psychology
2.abnormal psychology
 
1. theories of personality
1. theories of personality1. theories of personality
1. theories of personality
 
media and public sphere
media and public spheremedia and public sphere
media and public sphere
 
self-imaging pollcom
self-imaging pollcomself-imaging pollcom
self-imaging pollcom
 
Political communication 2012
Political communication 2012Political communication 2012
Political communication 2012
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communication
 
Media and the Manufacture of consent
Media and the Manufacture of consentMedia and the Manufacture of consent
Media and the Manufacture of consent
 

Self & perception in interpersonal communication (chap 3 & 4)

  • 1. Elizabeth T. Santosa, M.Psi, Psi. Ayoe Sutomo, M.Psi, Psi.
  • 2. The way you see yourself  Consist of your feelings and thoughts about your strengths and weakness.  Develop from:  Others images of you  Social comparison  Cultural teaching  Your own interpretation & evaluation
  • 3.  Your insight into & knowledge about yourself.  Understanding how your self concept develops in one way to increase your self awareness.  Four selves (Johari Window) 1.The Open self All the information, behavior, attitudes, feelings, desires, m otivation, and ideas that you and others know. Ex: name, skin color, sex, age, religion. 2. The Blind Self Represent all the things about yourself that others know but of which you’re ignorant. Ex: habit, distinct body odor,
  • 4. 3. The Hidden Self All that you know your self and of others that you keep secret.  Over discloser = tell all  Under discloser = tell nothing  Selective discloser = keep certain things hidden and disclose others; they make disclosures to some people and not to others 4. The Unknown Self Represent truths about yourself that neither you or others know. Revealed through temporary changes brought about special experimental condition, such as hypnosis.
  • 5. Increasing Self Awareness:  Ask about yourself  Listen to others  Actively seek information about yourself  See your different selves  Increase your open self
  • 6.  The value you see yourself Ex:How much do you like yourself? How valuable a person do you think you are? How competent do you think you are?  Attack your self destructive believes: (The drive to be perfect; The drive to be strong; The drive to please; The drive to hurry up; The drive to try hard)  Secure affirmation : Ex: I am worthy person; I am responsible and can be dependent upon; I am capable of loving and being love; I deserved good things to happen to me; I can forgive myself for mistakes and missjudgement.
  • 7. Seek out nourishing people  Noxious: criticize and find fault with just about everything  Nourishing people: optimist, reward, make you feel good about your self.  Work on project that will result in success
  • 8.  Definition: Communicating information about yourself to another person.  It may information about:  Your value, beliefs and desires  Your behavior  Your self qualities or characteristics  Verbally or nonverbally.  Reason for self-disclose:  Catharsis  To make yourself look good  To help the listeners  To maintain or repair a relationship
  • 9.  Influence self disclosure:  Who you are  Your culture  Your gender  Your listeners  Your topic and channel  Rewards of Self Disclosure  Selfknowledge  Communication and relationship effectiveness  Psychological health
  • 10. Dangers of self disclosure: Risks Ahead  Personal risks  Relational risks  Professional risks
  • 11. Deciding wheter and how to self-disclose; responding to the disclosures of others; resisting pressures to self-disclosure  Please considers things below: 1. Motivation for self-disclose 2. Appropriateness of the self-disclose 3. Disclosures of the other person 4. Possible burdens self-disclosure might entail 5. Facilitating and responding to self-disclosures
  • 12. Cont: 6. Skills of effective and active listening 7. Support and reinforce the discloser 8. Be willing to reciprocate 9. Keep the disclosures confidential 10. Dont use the disclosures against the person 11. Guidelines for resisting Self-Dislosure 12. Dont be pushed 13. Be assertive in your refusal to disclose 14. Be indirect and move to another topic
  • 13. A state of fear or anxiety about communication interaction .  Trait apprehension : fear of communication generally  State apprehension: fear of communication in specific communication
  • 14. Degree of evaluation  Subordinate status  Degree of conspicuousness  Degree of unpredictability  Degree of dissimilarity  Prior successes and failures  Lack of communication skill and experience
  • 15. Cognitive restructuring  Systematic desensitization  Skill acquisition  Prepare and practice  Focus on success  Familiarize yourself with the situation
  • 16.  Definition: The process by which you become aware of objects, events, and especially people through your senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing.  Active process  Stages of perception: 1: Stimulation Selective exposure: you expose yourself to people, messages, that will confirm your existing beliefs, contribute to your objects and prove satisfying in some way. 2: Organization  Organization by rules  Organization by schemata  Organization by script
  • 17. 3: Intrepretation – Evaluation  4: Memory  5: Recall
  • 18.  Self fulfilling prophecy (pygmalion effect)  Prediction that came true because you act on it as if it were true.  Implicit Personality Theory  The system of rules that tells you which characteristics go with which other characteristics.  Hallo effect vs Reverse Hallo  Perceptualaccentuation  Primacy – Regency  Consistency
  • 19. Attribution  Attribution process  Consensus: Similarity with Others  Consistensy: Similarity in different situation  Distinctiveness: Similarity in Different Situation  Controllability: Behavior Control  Attribution Errors  Self serving bias  Fundamental attribution error  Overattribution
  • 20. Analize perception  Check perception 1. Describe what you see or hear, recognizing that description are not really objective but are heavily influenced by who you are, your emotional states, and so on. 2. Seek confirmation.  Reduce uncertainly  Increace Cultiral Sensitivity
  • 21. Give example about your self concept, self awareness, and self esteem!