SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 16
Download to read offline
Humanistic Theories:Humanistic Theories:
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Humanistic Theories:Humanistic Theories:
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Humanistic TheoriesHumanistic Theories
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
HumanismHumanism
• Humanism is often referred to as the “ThirdHumanism is often referred to as the “Third
Wave.”Wave.”
• Did not like the determinism of PsychoanalysisDid not like the determinism of Psychoanalysis
and Behaviorism.and Behaviorism.
• Did not like personality theories based uponDid not like personality theories based upon
abnormal behavior.abnormal behavior.
• Felt human beings were capable of incredibleFelt human beings were capable of incredible
acts of creativity, selflessness, and high levels ofacts of creativity, selflessness, and high levels of
spirituality.spirituality.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
HumanismHumanism
• Believed humans basically “good” andBelieved humans basically “good” and
worthy of respect.worthy of respect.
• Human beings all have a natural growthHuman beings all have a natural growth
mechanism inside of them ifmechanism inside of them if
environmental conditions are good.environmental conditions are good.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The SelfThe Self
• Self-actualizationSelf-actualization
• Organismic valuing processOrganismic valuing process
– Davis (1928) infant food study. 8-10 mo. OldDavis (1928) infant food study. 8-10 mo. Old
infants.infants.
• Conditional vs. unconditional positiveConditional vs. unconditional positive
regard.regard.
• The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person.
• A growing openness to experience – they move away from defensivenessA growing openness to experience – they move away from defensiveness
and have no need for subception (a perceptual defense that involvesand have no need for subception (a perceptual defense that involves
unconsciously applying strategies to prevent a troubling stimulus fromunconsciously applying strategies to prevent a troubling stimulus from
entering consciousness).entering consciousness).
• An increasingly existential lifestyle – living each moment fully – notAn increasingly existential lifestyle – living each moment fully – not
distorting the moment to fit personality or self concept but allowingdistorting the moment to fit personality or self concept but allowing
personality and self concept to emanate from the experience. This resultspersonality and self concept to emanate from the experience. This results
in excitement, daring, adaptability, tolerance, spontaneity, and a lack ofin excitement, daring, adaptability, tolerance, spontaneity, and a lack of
rigidity and suggests a foundation of trust. "To open one's spirit to what isrigidity and suggests a foundation of trust. "To open one's spirit to what is
going on now, and discover in that present process whatever structure itgoing on now, and discover in that present process whatever structure it
appears to have"(Rogers 1961appears to have"(Rogers 1961[7][7]))
• Increasing organismic trust – they trust their own judgment and theirIncreasing organismic trust – they trust their own judgment and their
ability to choose behaviour that is appropriate for each moment. They doability to choose behaviour that is appropriate for each moment. They do
not rely on existing codes and social norms but trust that as they are opennot rely on existing codes and social norms but trust that as they are open
to experiences they will be able to trust their own sense of right and wrong.to experiences they will be able to trust their own sense of right and wrong.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person.
• Freedom of choice – not being shackled by the restrictionsFreedom of choice – not being shackled by the restrictions
that influence an incongruent individual, they are able to makethat influence an incongruent individual, they are able to make
a wider range of choices more freely. They believe that theya wider range of choices more freely. They believe that they
play a role in determining their own behaviour and so feelplay a role in determining their own behaviour and so feel
responsible for their own behaviour.responsible for their own behaviour.
• Creativity – it follows that they will feel more free to beCreativity – it follows that they will feel more free to be
creative. They will also be more creative in the way they adaptcreative. They will also be more creative in the way they adapt
to their own circumstances without feeling a need to conform.to their own circumstances without feeling a need to conform.
• Reliability and constructiveness – they can be trusted to actReliability and constructiveness – they can be trusted to act
constructively. An individual who is open to all their needs willconstructively. An individual who is open to all their needs will
be able to maintain a balance between them. Even aggressivebe able to maintain a balance between them. Even aggressive
needs will be matched and balanced by intrinsic goodness inneeds will be matched and balanced by intrinsic goodness in
congruent individuals.congruent individuals.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person.
• they experience joy and pain, love and heartbreak,they experience joy and pain, love and heartbreak,
fear and courage more intensely. Rogers' descriptionfear and courage more intensely. Rogers' description
ofof the good lifethe good life::
• ““This process of the good life is not, I am convinced, a life forThis process of the good life is not, I am convinced, a life for
the faint-hearted. It involves the stretching and growing ofthe faint-hearted. It involves the stretching and growing of
becoming more and more of one's potentialities. It involves thebecoming more and more of one's potentialities. It involves the
courage to be. It means launching oneself fully into the stream ofcourage to be. It means launching oneself fully into the stream of
life.life. (Rogers 1961(Rogers 1961[7][7]))
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The SelfThe Self
– 3 Aspects of self3 Aspects of self
• Real SelfReal Self
• Perceived SelfPerceived Self
• Ideal SelfIdeal Self
Real Self Ideal SelfPerceived
Self
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The Self- CongruencyThe Self- Congruency
• Example: I am a good student, I see myself thatExample: I am a good student, I see myself that
way, I enjoy it, I strive to become even more ofway, I enjoy it, I strive to become even more of
a scholar.a scholar.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas
• The Self- IncongruencyThe Self- Incongruency
• Example: I strive to be a good student,Example: I strive to be a good student,
I don’t like studying, people see me asI don’t like studying, people see me as
a student though.a student though.
Real Self Ideal Self
Perceived
Self
Click Speaker icon to play narration
(Person Centered)--Carl Rogers(Person Centered)--Carl Rogers
• The therapist tries to create a safeThe therapist tries to create a safe
supportive environment in which thesupportive environment in which the
patient (client) feels safe to grow.patient (client) feels safe to grow.
• Achieved through:Achieved through:
– WarmthWarmth
– GenuineGenuine
– Unconditional positive regardUnconditional positive regard
– EmpathyEmpathy
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Person Centered TherapyPerson Centered Therapy
• Critique—PositiveCritique—Positive
• Talked about the positives in ourTalked about the positives in our
personalities.personalities.
• Effective Psychotherapy, simple to learn.Effective Psychotherapy, simple to learn.
• Generated much discussion and research.Generated much discussion and research.
• If we had a national religion, it would beIf we had a national religion, it would be
Humanism. Very influential.Humanism. Very influential.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Person Centered TherapyPerson Centered Therapy
• Critique—NegativeCritique—Negative
• No real modifications in theory since 1953.No real modifications in theory since 1953.
• Too Optimistic? Look at the headlines. Is mankindToo Optimistic? Look at the headlines. Is mankind
really that good?really that good?
• Organismic Valuing Process really doesn’t work.Organismic Valuing Process really doesn’t work.
Food makes us feel good but too much can kill us.Food makes us feel good but too much can kill us.
• Incredibly Self centered. Makes us selfish.Incredibly Self centered. Makes us selfish.
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
Humanistic Theories:Humanistic Theories:
Carl RogersCarl Rogers

More Related Content

What's hot

Allport’s trait theory of personality
Allport’s trait theory of personalityAllport’s trait theory of personality
Allport’s trait theory of personalityEnu Sambyal
 
Carl rogers Theory of personality
Carl rogers Theory of personality Carl rogers Theory of personality
Carl rogers Theory of personality SanaSaeed68
 
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of PersonalityCarl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of Personalityleony espin
 
Trait theories personality theories
Trait theories   personality theories Trait theories   personality theories
Trait theories personality theories Manu Melwin Joy
 
Hans Eysenck theory of Personality
Hans Eysenck theory of PersonalityHans Eysenck theory of Personality
Hans Eysenck theory of PersonalityTami Binger
 
Allport's Theory of Personality
Allport's Theory of PersonalityAllport's Theory of Personality
Allport's Theory of PersonalityANVESH CHAUHAN
 
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)Thiyagu K
 
Humanist perspective
Humanist perspectiveHumanist perspective
Humanist perspectiveSeemi Jamil
 
Skinner learning theory
Skinner learning theorySkinner learning theory
Skinner learning theoryAmna Abid
 
Jung theory of personality in Psychology
Jung theory of personality in PsychologyJung theory of personality in Psychology
Jung theory of personality in PsychologyAli Amad Zulfiqar
 
ppt on educational psychology
 ppt on educational psychology  ppt on educational psychology
ppt on educational psychology karnal
 
Functionalism in Psychology
Functionalism in PsychologyFunctionalism in Psychology
Functionalism in PsychologySimrat Simrat
 
Carl roger’s person centered therapy
Carl roger’s person centered therapyCarl roger’s person centered therapy
Carl roger’s person centered therapydayonthomas
 
Social learning theory
Social learning theorySocial learning theory
Social learning theoryAnkita Bharti
 
ABOUT CARL ROGERS
ABOUT CARL ROGERSABOUT CARL ROGERS
ABOUT CARL ROGERSNikhil Z
 

What's hot (20)

Allport’s trait theory of personality
Allport’s trait theory of personalityAllport’s trait theory of personality
Allport’s trait theory of personality
 
Carl rogers Theory of personality
Carl rogers Theory of personality Carl rogers Theory of personality
Carl rogers Theory of personality
 
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of PersonalityCarl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
 
Trait theories personality theories
Trait theories   personality theories Trait theories   personality theories
Trait theories personality theories
 
Hans Eysenck theory of Personality
Hans Eysenck theory of PersonalityHans Eysenck theory of Personality
Hans Eysenck theory of Personality
 
Humanistic theories
Humanistic theoriesHumanistic theories
Humanistic theories
 
Allport's Theory of Personality
Allport's Theory of PersonalityAllport's Theory of Personality
Allport's Theory of Personality
 
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)
Hans Eysenck Personality Theory (Type cum Trait Approach)
 
Rogers theory of Personality
Rogers theory of Personality Rogers theory of Personality
Rogers theory of Personality
 
Humanist perspective
Humanist perspectiveHumanist perspective
Humanist perspective
 
Person centered-approach
Person centered-approachPerson centered-approach
Person centered-approach
 
Skinner learning theory
Skinner learning theorySkinner learning theory
Skinner learning theory
 
Jung theory of personality in Psychology
Jung theory of personality in PsychologyJung theory of personality in Psychology
Jung theory of personality in Psychology
 
thurstone theory of intelligence
thurstone theory of intelligencethurstone theory of intelligence
thurstone theory of intelligence
 
ppt on educational psychology
 ppt on educational psychology  ppt on educational psychology
ppt on educational psychology
 
Functionalism in Psychology
Functionalism in PsychologyFunctionalism in Psychology
Functionalism in Psychology
 
Carl roger’s person centered therapy
Carl roger’s person centered therapyCarl roger’s person centered therapy
Carl roger’s person centered therapy
 
Social learning theory
Social learning theorySocial learning theory
Social learning theory
 
ABOUT CARL ROGERS
ABOUT CARL ROGERSABOUT CARL ROGERS
ABOUT CARL ROGERS
 
Alfred Adler Individual Psychology
Alfred Adler Individual PsychologyAlfred Adler Individual Psychology
Alfred Adler Individual Psychology
 

Similar to Humanistic Theories: Carl Rogers

Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3
Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3
Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3Jane Still
 
Carl junge
Carl jungeCarl junge
Carl jungeInn Doll
 
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_nNounita Angel
 
Personality and Attitudes
Personality and AttitudesPersonality and Attitudes
Personality and AttitudesISAAC Jayant
 
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptx
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptxd3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptx
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptxAngelMayeLagura
 
Humanistic Psychology.pptx
Humanistic Psychology.pptxHumanistic Psychology.pptx
Humanistic Psychology.pptxgladysdzoro
 
Relapse prevention
Relapse preventionRelapse prevention
Relapse preventionAmburn
 
Growth motivation and positive psychology
Growth motivation and positive psychologyGrowth motivation and positive psychology
Growth motivation and positive psychologyJames Neill
 
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neri
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neriRx15 presummit mon_200_neri
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neriOPUNITE
 
RWTC - The Resilience Factor
RWTC - The Resilience FactorRWTC - The Resilience Factor
RWTC - The Resilience FactorChaplain Degn
 

Similar to Humanistic Theories: Carl Rogers (20)

Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3
Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3
Understanding how Students' Adaptive Strategies are Formed vs 3
 
Self actualization research
Self actualization researchSelf actualization research
Self actualization research
 
Carl junge
Carl jungeCarl junge
Carl junge
 
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n
10691461 765119833578856 928373075_n
 
Allport grad. report
Allport grad. reportAllport grad. report
Allport grad. report
 
Personality and Attitudes
Personality and AttitudesPersonality and Attitudes
Personality and Attitudes
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptx
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptxd3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptx
d3a21e479c6e870e3659136dc73a8074.pptx
 
3 personility (1)
3 personility (1)3 personility (1)
3 personility (1)
 
Social.psy
Social.psySocial.psy
Social.psy
 
4 values
4 values4 values
4 values
 
Humanistic Psychology.pptx
Humanistic Psychology.pptxHumanistic Psychology.pptx
Humanistic Psychology.pptx
 
Relapse prevention
Relapse preventionRelapse prevention
Relapse prevention
 
Rogers
RogersRogers
Rogers
 
WHO IS CARL ROGERS.pptx
WHO IS CARL ROGERS.pptxWHO IS CARL ROGERS.pptx
WHO IS CARL ROGERS.pptx
 
Growth motivation and positive psychology
Growth motivation and positive psychologyGrowth motivation and positive psychology
Growth motivation and positive psychology
 
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neri
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neriRx15 presummit mon_200_neri
Rx15 presummit mon_200_neri
 
Social interaction
Social interactionSocial interaction
Social interaction
 
RWTC - The Resilience Factor
RWTC - The Resilience FactorRWTC - The Resilience Factor
RWTC - The Resilience Factor
 
Week 5 Humanistic
Week 5 HumanisticWeek 5 Humanistic
Week 5 Humanistic
 

More from getyourcheaton

Genetics and Cellular Function
Genetics and Cellular FunctionGenetics and Cellular Function
Genetics and Cellular Functiongetyourcheaton
 
Tissues and integumentary ac
Tissues and integumentary acTissues and integumentary ac
Tissues and integumentary acgetyourcheaton
 
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner getyourcheaton
 
Probability Distributions for Continuous Variables
Probability Distributions for Continuous VariablesProbability Distributions for Continuous Variables
Probability Distributions for Continuous Variablesgetyourcheaton
 
Probability Distributions for Discrete Variables
Probability Distributions for Discrete VariablesProbability Distributions for Discrete Variables
Probability Distributions for Discrete Variablesgetyourcheaton
 
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Description
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical DescriptionDescriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Description
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Descriptiongetyourcheaton
 
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical Description
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical DescriptionDescriptive Statistics, Numerical Description
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical Descriptiongetyourcheaton
 
An Overview of Basic Statistics
An Overview of Basic StatisticsAn Overview of Basic Statistics
An Overview of Basic Statisticsgetyourcheaton
 
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Position
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and PositionMeasures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Position
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Positiongetyourcheaton
 
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexes
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexesAutonomic nervous system and visceral reflexes
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexesgetyourcheaton
 
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base BalanceWater, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balancegetyourcheaton
 

More from getyourcheaton (13)

Genetics and Cellular Function
Genetics and Cellular FunctionGenetics and Cellular Function
Genetics and Cellular Function
 
Tissues and integumentary ac
Tissues and integumentary acTissues and integumentary ac
Tissues and integumentary ac
 
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner
Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner
 
Probability Distributions for Continuous Variables
Probability Distributions for Continuous VariablesProbability Distributions for Continuous Variables
Probability Distributions for Continuous Variables
 
Probability Distributions for Discrete Variables
Probability Distributions for Discrete VariablesProbability Distributions for Discrete Variables
Probability Distributions for Discrete Variables
 
Intro to probability
Intro to probabilityIntro to probability
Intro to probability
 
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Description
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical DescriptionDescriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Description
Descriptive Statistics Part II: Graphical Description
 
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical Description
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical DescriptionDescriptive Statistics, Numerical Description
Descriptive Statistics, Numerical Description
 
An Overview of Basic Statistics
An Overview of Basic StatisticsAn Overview of Basic Statistics
An Overview of Basic Statistics
 
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Position
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and PositionMeasures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Position
Measures of Central Tendency, Variability, and Position
 
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexes
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexesAutonomic nervous system and visceral reflexes
Autonomic nervous system and visceral reflexes
 
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base BalanceWater, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance
Water, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance
 
Urinary system
Urinary systemUrinary system
Urinary system
 

Recently uploaded

ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6Vanessa Camilleri
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineCeline George
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...DhatriParmar
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxMadhavi Dharankar
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxAvaniJani1
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxMan or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxDhatriParmar
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
 
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdfDBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
DBMSArchitecture_QueryProcessingandOptimization.pdf
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxMan or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 

Humanistic Theories: Carl Rogers

  • 2. Humanistic Theories:Humanistic Theories: Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 4. HumanismHumanism • Humanism is often referred to as the “ThirdHumanism is often referred to as the “Third Wave.”Wave.” • Did not like the determinism of PsychoanalysisDid not like the determinism of Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism.and Behaviorism. • Did not like personality theories based uponDid not like personality theories based upon abnormal behavior.abnormal behavior. • Felt human beings were capable of incredibleFelt human beings were capable of incredible acts of creativity, selflessness, and high levels ofacts of creativity, selflessness, and high levels of spirituality.spirituality. Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 5. HumanismHumanism • Believed humans basically “good” andBelieved humans basically “good” and worthy of respect.worthy of respect. • Human beings all have a natural growthHuman beings all have a natural growth mechanism inside of them ifmechanism inside of them if environmental conditions are good.environmental conditions are good. Carl RogersCarl Rogers
  • 6. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The SelfThe Self • Self-actualizationSelf-actualization • Organismic valuing processOrganismic valuing process – Davis (1928) infant food study. 8-10 mo. OldDavis (1928) infant food study. 8-10 mo. Old infants.infants. • Conditional vs. unconditional positiveConditional vs. unconditional positive regard.regard. • The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person. Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 7. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person. • A growing openness to experience – they move away from defensivenessA growing openness to experience – they move away from defensiveness and have no need for subception (a perceptual defense that involvesand have no need for subception (a perceptual defense that involves unconsciously applying strategies to prevent a troubling stimulus fromunconsciously applying strategies to prevent a troubling stimulus from entering consciousness).entering consciousness). • An increasingly existential lifestyle – living each moment fully – notAn increasingly existential lifestyle – living each moment fully – not distorting the moment to fit personality or self concept but allowingdistorting the moment to fit personality or self concept but allowing personality and self concept to emanate from the experience. This resultspersonality and self concept to emanate from the experience. This results in excitement, daring, adaptability, tolerance, spontaneity, and a lack ofin excitement, daring, adaptability, tolerance, spontaneity, and a lack of rigidity and suggests a foundation of trust. "To open one's spirit to what isrigidity and suggests a foundation of trust. "To open one's spirit to what is going on now, and discover in that present process whatever structure itgoing on now, and discover in that present process whatever structure it appears to have"(Rogers 1961appears to have"(Rogers 1961[7][7])) • Increasing organismic trust – they trust their own judgment and theirIncreasing organismic trust – they trust their own judgment and their ability to choose behaviour that is appropriate for each moment. They doability to choose behaviour that is appropriate for each moment. They do not rely on existing codes and social norms but trust that as they are opennot rely on existing codes and social norms but trust that as they are open to experiences they will be able to trust their own sense of right and wrong.to experiences they will be able to trust their own sense of right and wrong. Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 8. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person. • Freedom of choice – not being shackled by the restrictionsFreedom of choice – not being shackled by the restrictions that influence an incongruent individual, they are able to makethat influence an incongruent individual, they are able to make a wider range of choices more freely. They believe that theya wider range of choices more freely. They believe that they play a role in determining their own behaviour and so feelplay a role in determining their own behaviour and so feel responsible for their own behaviour.responsible for their own behaviour. • Creativity – it follows that they will feel more free to beCreativity – it follows that they will feel more free to be creative. They will also be more creative in the way they adaptcreative. They will also be more creative in the way they adapt to their own circumstances without feeling a need to conform.to their own circumstances without feeling a need to conform. • Reliability and constructiveness – they can be trusted to actReliability and constructiveness – they can be trusted to act constructively. An individual who is open to all their needs willconstructively. An individual who is open to all their needs will be able to maintain a balance between them. Even aggressivebe able to maintain a balance between them. Even aggressive needs will be matched and balanced by intrinsic goodness inneeds will be matched and balanced by intrinsic goodness in congruent individuals.congruent individuals. Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 9. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The “Fully Functioning” person.The “Fully Functioning” person. • they experience joy and pain, love and heartbreak,they experience joy and pain, love and heartbreak, fear and courage more intensely. Rogers' descriptionfear and courage more intensely. Rogers' description ofof the good lifethe good life:: • ““This process of the good life is not, I am convinced, a life forThis process of the good life is not, I am convinced, a life for the faint-hearted. It involves the stretching and growing ofthe faint-hearted. It involves the stretching and growing of becoming more and more of one's potentialities. It involves thebecoming more and more of one's potentialities. It involves the courage to be. It means launching oneself fully into the stream ofcourage to be. It means launching oneself fully into the stream of life.life. (Rogers 1961(Rogers 1961[7][7])) Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 10. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The SelfThe Self – 3 Aspects of self3 Aspects of self • Real SelfReal Self • Perceived SelfPerceived Self • Ideal SelfIdeal Self Real Self Ideal SelfPerceived Self Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 11. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The Self- CongruencyThe Self- Congruency • Example: I am a good student, I see myself thatExample: I am a good student, I see myself that way, I enjoy it, I strive to become even more ofway, I enjoy it, I strive to become even more of a scholar.a scholar. Carl RogersCarl Rogers Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 12. Rogers: Core ideasRogers: Core ideas • The Self- IncongruencyThe Self- Incongruency • Example: I strive to be a good student,Example: I strive to be a good student, I don’t like studying, people see me asI don’t like studying, people see me as a student though.a student though. Real Self Ideal Self Perceived Self Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 13. (Person Centered)--Carl Rogers(Person Centered)--Carl Rogers • The therapist tries to create a safeThe therapist tries to create a safe supportive environment in which thesupportive environment in which the patient (client) feels safe to grow.patient (client) feels safe to grow. • Achieved through:Achieved through: – WarmthWarmth – GenuineGenuine – Unconditional positive regardUnconditional positive regard – EmpathyEmpathy Click Speaker icon to play narration
  • 14. Person Centered TherapyPerson Centered Therapy • Critique—PositiveCritique—Positive • Talked about the positives in ourTalked about the positives in our personalities.personalities. • Effective Psychotherapy, simple to learn.Effective Psychotherapy, simple to learn. • Generated much discussion and research.Generated much discussion and research. • If we had a national religion, it would beIf we had a national religion, it would be Humanism. Very influential.Humanism. Very influential. Carl RogersCarl Rogers
  • 15. Person Centered TherapyPerson Centered Therapy • Critique—NegativeCritique—Negative • No real modifications in theory since 1953.No real modifications in theory since 1953. • Too Optimistic? Look at the headlines. Is mankindToo Optimistic? Look at the headlines. Is mankind really that good?really that good? • Organismic Valuing Process really doesn’t work.Organismic Valuing Process really doesn’t work. Food makes us feel good but too much can kill us.Food makes us feel good but too much can kill us. • Incredibly Self centered. Makes us selfish.Incredibly Self centered. Makes us selfish. Carl RogersCarl Rogers