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B.F.Skinner
Radical Behaviorism
“Behavior is
shaped and
maintained by its
consequences”
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Situation
(cue)
Response
Consequence
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Situation
Discriminative
Stimulus
SD
Response
Operant
R
Consequence
Reward (Reinforcement)
SR or Punishment Sp
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Situation
Discriminative
Stimulus
Response
Operant
Consequence
Reward (Reinforcement)
or Punishment
Driving on Rte.
37
Get TicketSpeeding
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Situation
Discriminative
Stimulus
Response
Operant
Consequence
Reward (Reinforcement)
or Punishment
In Class Get teacher’s
attention
Raise Hand
Situation
Discriminative
Stimulus
Response
Operant
Consequence
Reward (Reinforcement)
or Punishment
With Boyfriend Kisses you backKiss Him
Situation
Discriminative
Stimulus
Response
Operant
Consequence
Reward (Reinforcement)
or Punishment
Alone in a room Getting MoneySteal Money
Click Speaker icon to play narration
+ -
Positive
Punishment
Negative
Punishment
Negative
Reinforcement
Positive
Reinforcement
Something
good
Something
bad
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“Reinforcement of successive
approximations of a desired behavior”
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Click Speaker icon to play narration
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Partial or Intermittent
Reinforcement
1Sr
1 R
1Sr
5 R’s
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Partial or Intermittent
Reinforcement
2 Qualities
More Responses
Resistant to Extinction
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Fixed Ratio R.S.
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Variable Ratio
R.S.
Long Pauses Eliminated
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Fixed Interval
R.S.
Long Pauses
Long Pauses
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Variable Interval
R.S.
Long pauses
eliminated, responding
is steady.
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Critique of Skinner-Positive
Most relevant to society
1. Lotteries based on Skinnerian theories
2. Applied to governments
3. Token economies
4. Behavior Modification based on Skinnerian
Principles and is used in Parenting and
Counseling
Click Speaker icon to play narration
Critique of Skinner--Negative
Most relevant to society
1. Only worked with animals
2. Ignores role of emotions, character and
the inner workings of the “mind”
3. Sees humans as a kind of robot—put in a
stimulus and we will spit out a response.
The problem of
OVERJUSTIFICATION:
If someone is rewarded for
doing something they like,
they will like it less!!
Click Speaker icon to play narration

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Radical Behaviorism: B.F. Skinner