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FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS
OF MULTINATIONAL COMPANY
Dulan Mahendra
Introduction
• Financial statement analysis (or financial analysis) is
the process of reviewing and analyzing a company's
financial statements to make better economic
decisions
• These statements include the income
statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows,
and a statement of changes in equity
Cont.
• Financial statement analysis is a method or
process involving specific techniques for
evaluating risks, performance, financial health,
and future prospects of an organization
Objectives
• Assessment of Past Performance
• Assessment of current position
• Prediction of profitability and growth
prospects
• Assessment of the operational efficiency
Users of Financial Statement Analysis
• Financial statement analysis is an
exceptionally powerful tool for a variety of
users of financial statements, such as,
–Creditors
–Investors
–Management
–Regulatory authorities
Multinational Company?
• An enterprise operating in several countries
but managed from one (home) country
• Generally, any company or group that derives
a quarter of its revenue from operations
outside of its home country is considered a
multinational corporation
Definition……..
“Mr. Jacques Maisonrouge, President, IBM
world trade corporation describe MNCs”
• It operates in many countries at different
levels of economics development
• Its local subsidiaries are managed by nationals
• It maintains complete industrial organization
including research & development facilities in
several countries
Cont.
• It has a multinational central management
• It has multinational stock ownership
According to the ILO
“The essential nature of the multinational
enterprises lies in the fact that its managerial
headquarters are located in one country,
While the enterprise carries out operations in
a number of other countries as well”
History
• The Dutch East India Company
was the first multinational
corporation in the world & the
first company to issue stock
• The first modern multinational
corporation is generally
thought to be the East India
Company
Multinational Companies
In
SRI LANKA
Axiata Group
Axiata Group is a Malaysian
telecommunications
conglomerate with extensive
operations in Asia.
Axiata Group
• Axiata’s primary business is in investment
holding and the provision of
telecommunication and consultancy services
on an international scale. Their main focus
being emerging markets in Asia, some with
low mobile penetration in South and
Southeast Asia
Axiata Group
• Formerly known as TM International Bhd (TMI),
the company was incorporated on 12 June 1992
• Axiata has controlling interests in mobile
operators in Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka,
Bangladesh and Cambodia, with significant
strategic stakes in India, Singapore and Iran. The
Group also has stakes in non-mobile
telecommunication operations in Thailand and
Pakistan.
Subsidiary holdings
• In their website in 2015, it was announced
that Axiata had over 260 million subscriber
across Asia and a Group revenue of USD5.7
billion in 2014. Its market capitalization stood
at over USD18.5 billion at the end of 2014. It
was also reported that the company provided
employment to 25,000 people in 10 countries
Introduction to the Company
• Dialog Axiata PLC, a subsidiary of Axiata Group
Berhad (Axiata), operates Sri Lanka’s largest
and fastest growing mobile
telecommunications network. The Company is
also one of the largest listed companies on the
Colombo Stock Exchange in terms of market
capitalization. Dialog is also Sri Lanka’s largest
Foreign Direct Investor (FDI) with investments
totaling over USD 1.9 billion.
Cont.
• Dialog, a winner of six GSMA Mobile World
Awards has the distinction of being voted by
Sri Lankan consumers as the Telecom Service
Provider of the Year for five successive years
and Internet Service Provider of the Year at
the SLIM-Nielsen People’s Choice Awards
Cont.
• Dialog has topped Sri Lanka’s Corporate
Accountability rankings for the past six years
in succession and is an ISO 9001 certified
company. The Company has received
numerous local and international awards
including the National Quality Award and Sri
Lanka Business Excellence Award.
• Dialog was Listed on the Colombo Stock
Exchange in 2005 June As of February 2016
Dialog Axiata holds LKR 81.4 billion (USD 566
Million) in market capitalization and the 5th
largest listed company in Sri Lanka by Market
Capitalization
• In 2015 "Dialog" brand name was valued at
LKR 28.6 billion (US$204 million) and as the
3rd most valuable brand in the country by
business magazine LMD in its annual study. In
2014 the company received the highest
"Platinum" rating in the country's Corporate
Accountability Index for the 4th consecutive
year
Mobile Telephony Market Shares
(Subscriber Based) ‐ 2010
Vision
• To be the undisputed leader in the provision
of multi-sensory connectivity resulting always,
in the empowerment and enrichment of Sri
Lankan lives and enterprises.
Mission
• through the delivery of quality service and
leading edge technology unparalleled by any
other, spurred by an empowered set of
dedicated individuals who are driven by an
irrepressible desire to work as one towards a
common goal in the truest sense of the team
spirit.
Dialog Values
• Service from the Heart
•Create the Future
• Champions of Change
• Exceptional Performance
• Uncompromising Integrity
• Responsible Leadership
• One Team
ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION
• Tools used,
– Income statement
– Balance sheet
– Cash flow statement
– Statement of Changes in equity
Income statement of Dialog
Axiata PLC
Gross Income
year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Income(Rs.) 6,021,425,000 5,194,142,000 5,872,250,000 5,340,145,000
4,600,000,000
4,800,000,000
5,000,000,000
5,200,000,000
5,400,000,000
5,600,000,000
5,800,000,000
6,000,000,000
6,200,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Income
• Gross income was higher of last four year in
2012
• It was high, due to high Revenue was at
2012.Because of that 2012 is the most gross
income than other years.
Income tax expenses
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Tax (Rs.) 1,970,532,000 1,126,896,000 1,232,438,000 1,517,537,000
0
500,000,000
1,000,000,000
1,500,000,000
2,000,000,000
2,500,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Tax
• There was high tax expenses in 2012
• Because there was a high gross income in
2012
Cash Flow
Statement
Net cash (used in) / generated from
financing activities
year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cash Flow (Rs.) 8,654,251,000 345,790,000 635,622,000 2,409,089,000
0
2,000,000,000
4,000,000,000
6,000,000,000
8,000,000,000
10,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Net cash (used in) / generated from
financing activities
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and
cash equivalents
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cash Flow (Rs.) 3,790,025,000 7,264,523,000 5,380,465,000 1,690,280,000
0
1,000,000,000
2,000,000,000
3,000,000,000
4,000,000,000
5,000,000,000
6,000,000,000
7,000,000,000
8,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash
equivalents
Net cash used in investing activities
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cash Flow (Rs.) 16,614,148,000 17,004,152,000 27,902,783,000 20,797,336,000
0
5,000,000,000
10,000,000,000
15,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
25,000,000,000
30,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Net cash used in investing activities
Net cash generated from operating
activities
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cash Flow (Rs.) 21,516,145,000 21,886,696,000 24,614,465,000 21,478,374,000
19,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
21,000,000,000
22,000,000,000
23,000,000,000
24,000,000,000
25,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Net cash generated from operating
activities
• Net cash generated from operating activities
were highest in year 2014 and lowest in year
2012
• Because, in 2014 have highest increase in cash
and cash equivalents
STATEMENT OF CHANGES
IN EQUITY
Shareholders fund
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Shareholders
fund (Rs.)
37,181,545,000 39,735,570,000 44,832,290,000 47,317,652,000
0
10,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
30,000,000,000
40,000,000,000
50,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Shareholders fund
Total Equity
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Equity
(Rs.)
62,230,728,000 69,092,923,000 74,743,818,000 72,724,196,000
0
10,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
30,000,000,000
40,000,000,000
50,000,000,000
60,000,000,000
70,000,000,000
80,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Equity
• Shareholder funds is high in 2015.But total
equity is higher in 2014
• Due to variation of property, plant &
equipment and Other non-current assets
BALANCE SHEET
BALANCE SHEET
• A balance sheet is a financial statement that
summarizes a company's assets, liabilities and
shareholders' equity at a specific point in
time. These three balance sheet segments
give investors an idea as to what the company
owns and owes, as well as the amount
invested by shareholders.
Current assets
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Current assets
(Rs.)
20,806,549,000 18,375,237,000 24,280,875,000 20,329,223,000
0
5,000,000,000
10,000,000,000
15,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
25,000,000,000
30,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Current assets
Liabilities
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015
Liabilities (Rs.) 28,303,008,000 35,311,226,000 37,435,326,000 44,127,064,000
0
10,000,000,000
20,000,000,000
30,000,000,000
40,000,000,000
50,000,000,000
2012 2013 2014 2015
Liabilities
• Current assets are high in 2014, But Liabilities
is higher in 2015
• But finally net assets are high in 2014, due to
high current assets
Financial statement analysis of multinational company - Dialog Axiata

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Financial statement analysis of multinational company - Dialog Axiata

  • 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS OF MULTINATIONAL COMPANY Dulan Mahendra
  • 2. Introduction • Financial statement analysis (or financial analysis) is the process of reviewing and analyzing a company's financial statements to make better economic decisions • These statements include the income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and a statement of changes in equity
  • 3. Cont. • Financial statement analysis is a method or process involving specific techniques for evaluating risks, performance, financial health, and future prospects of an organization
  • 4. Objectives • Assessment of Past Performance • Assessment of current position • Prediction of profitability and growth prospects • Assessment of the operational efficiency
  • 5. Users of Financial Statement Analysis • Financial statement analysis is an exceptionally powerful tool for a variety of users of financial statements, such as, –Creditors –Investors –Management –Regulatory authorities
  • 6. Multinational Company? • An enterprise operating in several countries but managed from one (home) country • Generally, any company or group that derives a quarter of its revenue from operations outside of its home country is considered a multinational corporation
  • 7. Definition…….. “Mr. Jacques Maisonrouge, President, IBM world trade corporation describe MNCs” • It operates in many countries at different levels of economics development • Its local subsidiaries are managed by nationals • It maintains complete industrial organization including research & development facilities in several countries
  • 8. Cont. • It has a multinational central management • It has multinational stock ownership
  • 9. According to the ILO “The essential nature of the multinational enterprises lies in the fact that its managerial headquarters are located in one country, While the enterprise carries out operations in a number of other countries as well”
  • 10. History • The Dutch East India Company was the first multinational corporation in the world & the first company to issue stock
  • 11. • The first modern multinational corporation is generally thought to be the East India Company
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  • 25. Axiata Group Axiata Group is a Malaysian telecommunications conglomerate with extensive operations in Asia.
  • 26. Axiata Group • Axiata’s primary business is in investment holding and the provision of telecommunication and consultancy services on an international scale. Their main focus being emerging markets in Asia, some with low mobile penetration in South and Southeast Asia
  • 27. Axiata Group • Formerly known as TM International Bhd (TMI), the company was incorporated on 12 June 1992 • Axiata has controlling interests in mobile operators in Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Cambodia, with significant strategic stakes in India, Singapore and Iran. The Group also has stakes in non-mobile telecommunication operations in Thailand and Pakistan.
  • 28. Subsidiary holdings • In their website in 2015, it was announced that Axiata had over 260 million subscriber across Asia and a Group revenue of USD5.7 billion in 2014. Its market capitalization stood at over USD18.5 billion at the end of 2014. It was also reported that the company provided employment to 25,000 people in 10 countries
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  • 32. Introduction to the Company • Dialog Axiata PLC, a subsidiary of Axiata Group Berhad (Axiata), operates Sri Lanka’s largest and fastest growing mobile telecommunications network. The Company is also one of the largest listed companies on the Colombo Stock Exchange in terms of market capitalization. Dialog is also Sri Lanka’s largest Foreign Direct Investor (FDI) with investments totaling over USD 1.9 billion.
  • 33. Cont. • Dialog, a winner of six GSMA Mobile World Awards has the distinction of being voted by Sri Lankan consumers as the Telecom Service Provider of the Year for five successive years and Internet Service Provider of the Year at the SLIM-Nielsen People’s Choice Awards
  • 34. Cont. • Dialog has topped Sri Lanka’s Corporate Accountability rankings for the past six years in succession and is an ISO 9001 certified company. The Company has received numerous local and international awards including the National Quality Award and Sri Lanka Business Excellence Award.
  • 35. • Dialog was Listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange in 2005 June As of February 2016 Dialog Axiata holds LKR 81.4 billion (USD 566 Million) in market capitalization and the 5th largest listed company in Sri Lanka by Market Capitalization
  • 36. • In 2015 "Dialog" brand name was valued at LKR 28.6 billion (US$204 million) and as the 3rd most valuable brand in the country by business magazine LMD in its annual study. In 2014 the company received the highest "Platinum" rating in the country's Corporate Accountability Index for the 4th consecutive year
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  • 39. Mobile Telephony Market Shares (Subscriber Based) ‐ 2010
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  • 41. Vision • To be the undisputed leader in the provision of multi-sensory connectivity resulting always, in the empowerment and enrichment of Sri Lankan lives and enterprises.
  • 42. Mission • through the delivery of quality service and leading edge technology unparalleled by any other, spurred by an empowered set of dedicated individuals who are driven by an irrepressible desire to work as one towards a common goal in the truest sense of the team spirit.
  • 43. Dialog Values • Service from the Heart •Create the Future • Champions of Change • Exceptional Performance • Uncompromising Integrity • Responsible Leadership • One Team
  • 44. ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION • Tools used, – Income statement – Balance sheet – Cash flow statement – Statement of Changes in equity
  • 45. Income statement of Dialog Axiata PLC
  • 46. Gross Income year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Income(Rs.) 6,021,425,000 5,194,142,000 5,872,250,000 5,340,145,000 4,600,000,000 4,800,000,000 5,000,000,000 5,200,000,000 5,400,000,000 5,600,000,000 5,800,000,000 6,000,000,000 6,200,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Income
  • 47. • Gross income was higher of last four year in 2012 • It was high, due to high Revenue was at 2012.Because of that 2012 is the most gross income than other years.
  • 48. Income tax expenses Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Tax (Rs.) 1,970,532,000 1,126,896,000 1,232,438,000 1,517,537,000 0 500,000,000 1,000,000,000 1,500,000,000 2,000,000,000 2,500,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Tax
  • 49. • There was high tax expenses in 2012 • Because there was a high gross income in 2012
  • 51. Net cash (used in) / generated from financing activities year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Cash Flow (Rs.) 8,654,251,000 345,790,000 635,622,000 2,409,089,000 0 2,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 6,000,000,000 8,000,000,000 10,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Net cash (used in) / generated from financing activities
  • 52. Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Cash Flow (Rs.) 3,790,025,000 7,264,523,000 5,380,465,000 1,690,280,000 0 1,000,000,000 2,000,000,000 3,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 5,000,000,000 6,000,000,000 7,000,000,000 8,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents
  • 53. Net cash used in investing activities Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Cash Flow (Rs.) 16,614,148,000 17,004,152,000 27,902,783,000 20,797,336,000 0 5,000,000,000 10,000,000,000 15,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 25,000,000,000 30,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Net cash used in investing activities
  • 54. Net cash generated from operating activities Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Cash Flow (Rs.) 21,516,145,000 21,886,696,000 24,614,465,000 21,478,374,000 19,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 21,000,000,000 22,000,000,000 23,000,000,000 24,000,000,000 25,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Net cash generated from operating activities
  • 55. • Net cash generated from operating activities were highest in year 2014 and lowest in year 2012 • Because, in 2014 have highest increase in cash and cash equivalents
  • 57. Shareholders fund Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Shareholders fund (Rs.) 37,181,545,000 39,735,570,000 44,832,290,000 47,317,652,000 0 10,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 30,000,000,000 40,000,000,000 50,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Shareholders fund
  • 58. Total Equity Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total Equity (Rs.) 62,230,728,000 69,092,923,000 74,743,818,000 72,724,196,000 0 10,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 30,000,000,000 40,000,000,000 50,000,000,000 60,000,000,000 70,000,000,000 80,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total Equity
  • 59. • Shareholder funds is high in 2015.But total equity is higher in 2014 • Due to variation of property, plant & equipment and Other non-current assets
  • 61. BALANCE SHEET • A balance sheet is a financial statement that summarizes a company's assets, liabilities and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. These three balance sheet segments give investors an idea as to what the company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by shareholders.
  • 62. Current assets Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Current assets (Rs.) 20,806,549,000 18,375,237,000 24,280,875,000 20,329,223,000 0 5,000,000,000 10,000,000,000 15,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 25,000,000,000 30,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Current assets
  • 63. Liabilities Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 Liabilities (Rs.) 28,303,008,000 35,311,226,000 37,435,326,000 44,127,064,000 0 10,000,000,000 20,000,000,000 30,000,000,000 40,000,000,000 50,000,000,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Liabilities
  • 64. • Current assets are high in 2014, But Liabilities is higher in 2015 • But finally net assets are high in 2014, due to high current assets