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Introduction
 Family Araceae
 Flower arranged as an inflorescence
 Bisexual flowers
 Popular cut flower with long vase life
Lobes
Flower Stalk
Propagation of Anthurium
1. Vegetative / asexual propagation
a. Stem cuttings
b. Axillary buds
c. Suckers
d. Tissue culture
2. Sexual propagation – by seeds
Vegetative propagation
Stem cuttings
 More mature plants produce leggy stems that is
unable to stand erect or that has outgrown the
pot
 These plants produce smaller leaves, smaller
flowers and shorter flower peduncle and leaf
petioles
 The top portion (apical portion) of the plant is cut
away with few roots and replanted
 The remaining bottom portion (basal portion) is
used for vegetative propagation
Method
 The basal portion can be cut in to 1.5”- 2” long
pieces with 2 – 3 growing points
 Dip them in a diluted KMnO4 solution or a
fungicidal solution
 Plant horizontally in 1:1 mixture of sand and leaf
mould or sand and coir dust
 Provide shade and water
 After few weeks the dormant buds spring up and
grow into plantlets
 They can be planted in their proper place (pot or
bed) or transferred into polythene bags to grow
bigger
Axillary buds
 Top portion is removed in older plants
 It activates axillary buds and produce shoots
 Those shoots can be separated planted as a new
plants
Suckers
 When mature, mother plant produces suckers
 After producing 3 – 4 leaves, suckers can be
separated from mother plant
Tissue culture
 As the ex – plant; leaf lamina, leaf petiole,
spathe, spadix or peduncle can be used
Sexual propagation
 Female part of the flowers mature 7 – 10 days after
flower opening
 Male parts mature 7 – 14 days after female parts
maturation
 When female parts mature it becomes sticky and
stigma can be observed as tiny dots
 It takes about 3 – 4 consecutive days to mature
female parts from the base of the spadix
 When male parts mature, it produces powdery film
on the spadix
Pollination
 Pollination is done when the spadix is sticky to
touch
 Powdery pollen from another flower is collected
from a paint brush and apply on a sticky spadix
 It should be continued for 3 – 4 days, before 10
a.m.
 After pollination, the flower is covered from
transparent polythene
 Within 1 month the spadix becomes thick and
green and it is a sign that pollination has been
sucessful
 The berries take 5 – 6 months to mature and
plucking can be done when it turns to yellow or
orange in colour
Method
 Gelatinous cover of the ripen berries are gently
removed and washed 2 – 3 times with water
 Dip them in a diluted KMnO4 solution
 Prepare a shallow pot or seed pan for seed sowing
 Put layer of brick pieces at the bottom
 Then add a layer of decaying leaf mould and then
Anthurium potting mixture
 Then put layer of ½” long brick pieces
 Then spread seeds on it (1” space)
 Keep the seed pot / pan on a shallow water
basin and watering
 Cover it with polythene / glass
 When the seedlings are around 6 months old
they can be uprooted and replanted in polythene
bags to grow bigger prior to transferring to the
permanent location
Potting of Anthurium
Potting mixtures
Leaf mould/ compost/ coir husk pieces - 4 parts
Decayed cattle manure - 2 parts
River sand - 1 part
Or
1” decomposed coconut husk pieces - 1 part
Decayed cattle manure - 1 part
Rough sand - 1 part
Method of potting
 Prepare a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot
 Place broken tile piece over the drainage hole
with the concave side facing downward
 Put a layer of brick pieces to 2” height
 Add a layer of leaf mould over the brick layer
 Fill the pot with the potting mixture until ¾ from its’
height
 Select a healthy plant with 3 – 4 leaves and place
the plant in the center of the pot with roots spread
 Add more compost around it and press down
 Do not burry the growing point
 Leave 1 inch space from the medium to the top of
the pot
 Provide a support for weak / long stemmed plants
 Water the plant and keep in a shady place for few
days
Anthurium Varieties
Cut flower
anthurium
Potted
anthurium
Foliage
anthurium
Anthurium varieties
Cut flower varieties
1. Fantasia
2. Carnaval
3. Tropical
4. Midori
Fantasia Carnaval
Midori Tropical
World popular varieties
• Tropical
• Midori
• Carnaval
• Fantasia
• Grace
• Casino
• Akapana
• Safari
• Tropical night
• Pirerrot
• Baron
Baron Tropical night
Casino
Akapana
Grace
Ornamental foliage Anthurium
1. Anthurium chrystallinum
2. Anthurium bakeri
3. Anthurium hookeri
4. Anthurium warocqueanum (Queen anthurium)
Anthurium chrystallinum
Anthurium hookeri Anthurium bakeri
Anthurium warocqueanum
Potted flowering Anthurium
1. Lady Jane
Thank you....
Identify Varieties
Identification of varieties, propagation methods and potting of Anthurium

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Identification of varieties, propagation methods and potting of Anthurium

  • 2. Introduction  Family Araceae  Flower arranged as an inflorescence  Bisexual flowers  Popular cut flower with long vase life
  • 4. Propagation of Anthurium 1. Vegetative / asexual propagation a. Stem cuttings b. Axillary buds c. Suckers d. Tissue culture 2. Sexual propagation – by seeds
  • 5. Vegetative propagation Stem cuttings  More mature plants produce leggy stems that is unable to stand erect or that has outgrown the pot  These plants produce smaller leaves, smaller flowers and shorter flower peduncle and leaf petioles
  • 6.  The top portion (apical portion) of the plant is cut away with few roots and replanted  The remaining bottom portion (basal portion) is used for vegetative propagation
  • 7. Method  The basal portion can be cut in to 1.5”- 2” long pieces with 2 – 3 growing points  Dip them in a diluted KMnO4 solution or a fungicidal solution  Plant horizontally in 1:1 mixture of sand and leaf mould or sand and coir dust
  • 8.  Provide shade and water  After few weeks the dormant buds spring up and grow into plantlets  They can be planted in their proper place (pot or bed) or transferred into polythene bags to grow bigger
  • 9. Axillary buds  Top portion is removed in older plants  It activates axillary buds and produce shoots  Those shoots can be separated planted as a new plants Suckers  When mature, mother plant produces suckers  After producing 3 – 4 leaves, suckers can be separated from mother plant
  • 10. Tissue culture  As the ex – plant; leaf lamina, leaf petiole, spathe, spadix or peduncle can be used
  • 11. Sexual propagation  Female part of the flowers mature 7 – 10 days after flower opening  Male parts mature 7 – 14 days after female parts maturation  When female parts mature it becomes sticky and stigma can be observed as tiny dots  It takes about 3 – 4 consecutive days to mature female parts from the base of the spadix  When male parts mature, it produces powdery film on the spadix
  • 12. Pollination  Pollination is done when the spadix is sticky to touch  Powdery pollen from another flower is collected from a paint brush and apply on a sticky spadix  It should be continued for 3 – 4 days, before 10 a.m.  After pollination, the flower is covered from transparent polythene
  • 13.  Within 1 month the spadix becomes thick and green and it is a sign that pollination has been sucessful  The berries take 5 – 6 months to mature and plucking can be done when it turns to yellow or orange in colour
  • 14. Method  Gelatinous cover of the ripen berries are gently removed and washed 2 – 3 times with water  Dip them in a diluted KMnO4 solution  Prepare a shallow pot or seed pan for seed sowing  Put layer of brick pieces at the bottom  Then add a layer of decaying leaf mould and then Anthurium potting mixture  Then put layer of ½” long brick pieces
  • 15.  Then spread seeds on it (1” space)  Keep the seed pot / pan on a shallow water basin and watering  Cover it with polythene / glass  When the seedlings are around 6 months old they can be uprooted and replanted in polythene bags to grow bigger prior to transferring to the permanent location
  • 16. Potting of Anthurium Potting mixtures Leaf mould/ compost/ coir husk pieces - 4 parts Decayed cattle manure - 2 parts River sand - 1 part Or 1” decomposed coconut husk pieces - 1 part Decayed cattle manure - 1 part Rough sand - 1 part
  • 17. Method of potting  Prepare a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot  Place broken tile piece over the drainage hole with the concave side facing downward  Put a layer of brick pieces to 2” height  Add a layer of leaf mould over the brick layer  Fill the pot with the potting mixture until ¾ from its’ height
  • 18.  Select a healthy plant with 3 – 4 leaves and place the plant in the center of the pot with roots spread  Add more compost around it and press down  Do not burry the growing point  Leave 1 inch space from the medium to the top of the pot  Provide a support for weak / long stemmed plants  Water the plant and keep in a shady place for few days
  • 20. Anthurium varieties Cut flower varieties 1. Fantasia 2. Carnaval 3. Tropical 4. Midori
  • 22. World popular varieties • Tropical • Midori • Carnaval • Fantasia • Grace • Casino • Akapana • Safari • Tropical night • Pirerrot • Baron
  • 25. Ornamental foliage Anthurium 1. Anthurium chrystallinum 2. Anthurium bakeri 3. Anthurium hookeri 4. Anthurium warocqueanum (Queen anthurium)
  • 26. Anthurium chrystallinum Anthurium hookeri Anthurium bakeri Anthurium warocqueanum

Editor's Notes

  1. Drainage can be improved furtjer by adding broker brik or tile pieces to the mixture