Anatomical Terminology - Anatomy

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Anatomical Terminology - Anatomy

  1. 1. ANATOMICAL POSITIONANATOMICAL POSITION It full fills the followingIt full fills the following :: 11..StandingStanding ErectErect.. 22..The upper limbsThe upper limbs by the sideby the side.. 33..TheThe faceface andand palmspalms are directedare directed forwardsforwards..
  2. 2. PLANES OF THE BODYPLANES OF THE BODY To do a SectionTo do a Section (cut) through the(cut) through the body wall or anbody wall or an organorgan.. It is made along anIt is made along an imaginary lineimaginary line ((PLANEPLANE(.(.
  3. 3. PLANES OF THE BODYPLANES OF THE BODY The body is three-The body is three- dimensional, so it hasdimensional, so it has threethree imaginaryimaginary planesplanes (sections ) that lie at(sections ) that lie at right angles to oneright angles to one anotheranother.. 11..Median sagittalMedian sagittal.. 22..CoronalCoronal.. 33..HorizontalHorizontal (Transverse(Transverse(.(.
  4. 4. MEDIAN SAGITTAL PLANEMEDIAN SAGITTAL PLANE It is aIt is a VerticalVertical planeplane.. It passes throughIt passes through thethe CenterCenter of theof the bodybody.. ItIt dividesdivides thethe body intobody into EqualEqual rightright andand leftleft halveshalves..
  5. 5. PARAMEDIAN PLANESPARAMEDIAN PLANES Situated on one orSituated on one or the other side ofthe other side of the median planethe median plane and areand are ParallelParallel toto itit..
  6. 6. CORONALCORONAL ((FRONTALFRONTAL)) PLANEPLANE It is aIt is a VerticalVertical planeplane.. It divides the bodyIt divides the body intointo:: AnteriorAnterior andand PosteriorPosterior partsparts..
  7. 7. HORIZONTALHORIZONTAL (TRANSVERSE )(TRANSVERSE ) PLANEPLANE It is also calledIt is also called Cross SectionCross Section.. It divides the bodyIt divides the body intointo:: UpperUpper andand LowerLower partsparts..
  8. 8. TERMS OF POSITIONTERMS OF POSITION AnteriorAnterior : Front of the: Front of the bodybody.. PosteriorPosterior : Back of the: Back of the bodybody.. HANDHAND:: PalmarPalmar = Anterior= Anterior.. DorsalDorsal = Posterior= Posterior.. FOOTFOOT:: PlanterPlanter = Anterior= Anterior.. DorsalDorsal = Posterior= Posterior..
  9. 9. TERMS OF POSITIONTERMS OF POSITION SupineSupine:: The body lies onThe body lies on the backthe back.. ProneProne:: The face isThe face is downwardsdownwards..
  10. 10. TERMS OF POSITIONTERMS OF POSITION MedialMedial : Nearer to the: Nearer to the median plane of themedian plane of the bodybody.. LateralLateral : Away from: Away from the median planethe median plane.. SuperiorSuperior (Above):(Above): TToward the head endoward the head end (upper) part of the(upper) part of the bodybody.. InferiorInferior (Caudal)(Caudal) :: Toward the lower partToward the lower part of the bodyof the body..
  11. 11. TERMS OF POSITIONTERMS OF POSITION Proximal :Proximal : Close toClose to the origin of the bodythe origin of the body part or the point ofpart or the point of attachment of a limbattachment of a limb to the body trunkto the body trunk.. Distal :Distal : Farther fromFarther from the origin of a bodythe origin of a body part or the point ofpart or the point of attachment of a limbattachment of a limb to the body trunkto the body trunk..
  12. 12. TERMS OF POSITIONTERMS OF POSITION SuperficialSuperficial ((ExternalExternal)) :: toward or at thetoward or at the body surface or thebody surface or the center of an organcenter of an organ or a cavityor a cavity.. DeepDeep ((InternalInternal):): away from theaway from the body surface or thebody surface or the center ofcenter of

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