Principles of plan composition - Theory of Architecture

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Principles of plan composition - Theory of Architecture

  1. 1. Theory of Architecture Arch. Maribel C. Tubera
  2. 2. Good planning is not the placing of areas together in an aimless way. A logical planning have a reason behind it – “a parti”, or scheme. A good plan should be organic, that is, it should be organized that the composition will be disturbed if one element is moved. A plan may be simple or complex, depending upon the use of the building. PLAN A guide to be a good planner
  3. 3. The principles of plan composition are: A.Primary principles 1. Contrast (size, shape, character, direction) 2. Balance (Symmetrical & unsymmetrical) 3. Emphasis B. Secondary Principles 1. Repetition 2. Alternation 3. Transition 4. Transformation
  4. 4. CONTRAST Is used to give interest or emphasis by producing a. Difference in sizes of areas b. Variation of shapes c. Contrast in character d. Contrast in direction
  5. 5. Sizes
  6. 6. Shapes
  7. 7. Character OPEN CLOSED CLOSED
  8. 8. Major Axis Minor Axis 90 ˚ Direction
  9. 9. Direction R O A D MAJOR AXIS TRANSVERSE R O A D MAJOR AXIS LONGITUDINAL
  10. 10. BALANCE 2 Types of balance 1. Symmetrical a. Bilateral symmetry b. Radial symmetry 2. Unsymmetrical
  11. 11. EMPHASIS The visual emphasis can be achieved by endowing a form or shape with: a. Exceptional size b. A unique shape c. Strategic location
  12. 12. EMPHASIS
  13. 13. Secondary Principles Repetition Sydney Opera House PLAN Floor Plan of a Row house
  14. 14. Alternation – a synonym for contrast.
  15. 15. Transition 123
  16. 16. L'Hemisfèric (Planetarium) (1991) Valencia Science Centre, Spain The eye with its emphasis on the pupil intrigues Calatrava and is a prominent motif in his drawings and design. The pool alongside the building reflects the semi-elliptical Planetarium, completing its form to the full shape of the eye. Transformation
  17. 17. SANTIAGO CALATRAVA Turning Torso, Malmö, Sweden The 190 meter tall concrete and steel tower turns 90 degrees from bottom to top.
  18. 18. Transformation The Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Calatrava's designs are often inspired by nature, featuring a combination of organic forms and technological innovation. The Milwaukee Art Museum expansion incorporates multiple elements inspired by the Museum's lakefront location. Among the many maritime elements in Calatrava's design are: movable steel louvers inspired by the wings of a bird; a cabled pedestrian bridge with a soaring mast inspired by the form or a sailboat and a curving single-storey galleria reminiscent of a wave.

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