The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) - remote sensing and in situ information resources

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Remote sensing –Beyond images
Mexico 14-15 December 2013

The workshop was organized by CIMMYT Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), the Mexican Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), CGIAR Research Program on Maize, the Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) and the Sustainable Modernization of the Traditional Agriculture (MasAgro)

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The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) - remote sensing and in situ information resources

  1. 1. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) - remote sensing and in situ information resources Sergio Camacho, Secretary General Centro Regional de Enseñanza de Ciencia y Tecnología del Espacio para América Latina y el Caribe (CRECTEALC) Workshop on Remote Sensing – Beyond Images Hotel Sevilla, Mexico City, Mexico 14 – 15 December 2013 1/7/2014 1
  2. 2. Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean The Centre, (CRECTEALC): • Has a Campus in Brazil (Santa Maria, Rio Grade do Sul) and a Campus in Mexico (Tonantzintla, Puebla), each with a Director • Has a Secretary General that alternates between Brazil and Mexico • Has a Governing Board composed by Brazilian and Mexican Govt. representatives. 07/01/2014 2
  3. 3. Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean • Campuses in Brazil and Mexico Santa Maria, Brazil 07/01/2014 Tonantzintla, Mexico 3
  4. 4. Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean Resolution 45/72 of the General Assembly of the UN, 1990: “UN should lead … establishment of Regional Centres ...” Regional Centres established in: • Asia and the Pacific (India, 1995); • Latin America and the Caribbean (Brazil & Mexico 1997) CRECTEALC; • French-speaking Africa (Morocco, 1998) • English-speaking Africa (Nigeria, 1998) • Western Asia (Jordan, 2012) CRECTEALC was affiliated to the United Nations in 2003 07/01/2014 4
  5. 5. Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean • Aim of the Centre: To provide high-level education and training that develop skills and scientific knowledge • The Centre offers postgraduate programmes, workshops, short-term courses in the core disciplines: – – – – Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System Satellite Communications Satellite Meteorology and Global Climate, and Space and Atmospheric Sciences 07/01/2014 5
  6. 6. Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean • The Mexico Campus has a 11-month education programme in RS/GIS and a 9-month programme in Satellite communications. • As of September 2014, CRECTEALC will be joining INAOE in a new space science and technology graduate degree programme, beginning at the M.SC. Level. – RS/GIS/GNSS • Carries out short-term courses and workshops on diverse space applications (1 – 3 weeks) • Collaborates in international activities such as with the United Nations SPIDER programme in applications of space technology in disaster management • Participates in international initiatives such as with the United Nations Action Team on NEOs (asteroids, comets) 07/01/2014 6
  7. 7. Global Earth Observation System of Systems Information - Need and Resources Decision-making in areas of economic and social importance, including agriculture, requires • Timely/ accurate information • This information often needed over large surface areas This presentation will • Present an overview of the work of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) • Show how to participate in and benefit from the larger Earth Observation (EO) community 07/01/2014 7
  8. 8. The Group on Earth Observations GEO - Intergovernmental; 89 countries, EC, 67 organizations • Created in 2005, to develop a coordinated and sustained: – Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) to enhance decision-making in nine Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs); • • • • • DISASTERS HEALTH ENERGY CLIMATE WATER WEATHER ECOSYSTEMS BIODIVERSITY AGRICULTURE - JECAM , GEOGLAM 07/01/2014 8
  9. 9. GEO Countries 07/01/2014 9
  10. 10. GEO Objectives • Improve and coordinate observations systems • Advance Broad Open Data Policies/Practices • Foster Increased Use of EO Data and Information • Build Capacity STRONGLY SUPPORTED By the Committee on Earth Observation http://www.earthobservations.org/index.shtml 07/01/2014 10
  11. 11. GEO’s Data Sharing Principles • • • 07/01/2014 Full and Open Exchange of Data Data Products at Minimum Time Delay Free of Charge or at Cost of Reproduction 11
  12. 12. Global Earth Observation System of Systems GEOSS • An integrating public infrastructure, interconnecting a diverse, growing array of Earth observing instruments and information systems for monitoring and forecasting changes in the global environment • Supports policymakers, resource managers, science researchers and other experts for informed decisionmaking for society • 10-year implementation plan • 2015: Global, Coordinated, Comprehensive and Sustained System of Observing Systems 07/01/2014 12
  13. 13. Societal Benefits •Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-induced disasters; •Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well-being, •Improving the management of energy resources, •Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to climate variability and change, •Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water cycle, 07/01/2014 13
  14. 14. Societal Benefits •Improving weather information, forecasting and warning, •Improving the management and protection of terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems, •Supporting sustainable agriculture and combating desertification, and •Understanding, monitoring and conserving biodiversity. 07/01/2014 14
  15. 15. Agriculture: Strategic Target Improve the utilization of Earth observations and expanded application capabilities to advance sustainable agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry in areas including early warning, risk assessment, food security, market efficiency, and, as appropriate, combating desertification Achieved, in part, through projects such as: • GEOGLAM, the GEO GLobal Agricultural Monitoring initiative was initially launched by the Group of Twenty (G20) Agriculture Ministers in June 2011 • JECAM, the Joint Experiment of Crop Assessment and Monitoring 07/01/2014 15
  16. 16. Agriculture: Strategic Target GEOGLAM, • The initiative forms part of the G20 Action Plan on Food Price Volatility, which also includes the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) and will contribute to generating reliable, accurate, timely and sustained crop monitoring information and yield forecasts. • JECAM, the Joint Experiment of Crop Assessment and Monitoring in the framework of GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring (GEOSS Task AG0703 a) and Agricultural Risk Management (GEOSS Task AG0703 b) has the overarching goal of reaching a convergence of approaches, develop monitoring and reporting protocols and best practices for a variety of global agricultural systems http://www.jecam.org/ 07/01/2014 16
  17. 17. How to participate in or with GEO • Member countries and participating organizations are encouraged to participate in Ministerial, Plenaries, • Working Groups and other GEO activities • Non-member countries and organizations are encouraged to participate in Ministerial, Plenaries, Symposia, Working Group and other activities • Additional member countries can join by – Formally agreeing to the value of GEO – Identify Principal and Alternate point of contact – Contact GEO Secretariat members for more information, secretariat@geosec.org 07/01/2014 17
  18. 18. Purpose of the EOPOWER project • Project funded under FP7 of the EU • To create conditions for sustainable economic development through the increased use of Earth Observation (EO) products and services for environmental applications. • This purpose serves the higher-level goal of effective use of EO for decision making and management of economic and sustainable development processes. 07/01/2014 18
  19. 19. Thank you CRECTEALC Luis Enrique Erro No. 1 Santa María Tonantzintla San Andrés Cholula, Puebla C.P. 72840, México Tel: + (52 222) 266 3100 Ext. 2317 Fax: + (52 222) 266 3100 Ext. 8302 Web: http://www.crectealc.org/ 07/01/2014 19
  20. 20. Purpose of EOPOWER achieved through Among others: 1. Roadshow activities to promote the increased use of EO products & services for environmental applications including Capacity Building 2. Portfolio of potential EO applications; 3. Enhancement of the resource facility on CB in the GEO web portal; 4. Establishment of local focal points (nodes) that actively promote and provide capacity building on the use of EO; 07/01/2014 20
  21. 21. Specific actions of WP 12 (from: DOW 21-05-2013) This work package focuses on natural disaster reduction 1) Roadshow activities to promote the increased use of EO products and services for environmental applications, including capacity building;* 2) Capacity building for local communities and authorities, in order to use environmental EO information and products for natural disaster monitoring and reduction; 3) Portfolio of potential EO applications for economic development and environmental management;* 4) Maintenance of the capacity building web part of the GEO web portal; * 5) Establishment of local focal points (nodes) that actively promote and provide capacity building on the use of EO for environmental applications, with emphasis in natural disasters monitoring and reduction, effectively and at low cost;* 6) Creation of a sustainable and permanent technology transfer structure among the members/countries in the region. * Common with EOPOWER General Action Plan 07/01/2014 21
  22. 22. Specific actions of WP 12 (from: DOW 21-05-2013) Task T12.1- Promotion of increased use of EO products/services for natural disasters monitoring and reduction 1) Promotion activities (to be determined) 2) Demonstration of best practices through a CRECTEALC/others’ web application 3) Support to, and promotion of, capacity building activities already taking place (in LAC organizations, GEO, UN-SPIDER, CEOS-WGCapD, SERVIR, others) Task T12.2- Promotion of EO applications for economic development 1) Delivery of up-to-date information and uptake of scientific and technical reports (best practices of EO applications for natural disasters monitoring and reduction) 2) Delivery of up-to-date information on the use of EO for natural disaster monitoring and reduction through the website of the Mexico Campus of CRECTEALC 3) Establishment of local focal points (nodes) in partnership with policy makers, civil defense and space agencies 07/01/2014 22
  23. 23. Specific actions of WP 12 (from: DOW 21-05-2013) Task T12.3- A sustainable and permanent technology transfer structure for the members/countries in the region 1) Three dissemination/capacity building seminars (at least one to be held at the Mexico Campus of CRECTEALC; will look for cosponsors to hold one in Central America and one in South America) 2) Establishment of a portfolio of potential EO applications for economic development, environmental management and climate change adaptation 07/01/2014 23
  24. 24. Necessary activities to support T12.1, T12.2 and T12.3 and ensure coherence among them 1) Review of existing resources from previous projects, programmes, platforms carried out in the LAC region 2) Establishment of contacts with regional and global disaster management entities (e.g. UN-ISDR) 3) Look for synergies with disaster reduction on-going projects in LAC (UN-SPIDER, CATHALAC, VI Space Conference of the Americas) 4) Survey of LAC institutions/individuals that can be beneficiaries/promoters 5) Enriching/creating a comprehensive database for LAC (use of Permanent Networking Facility from the BalkanGeoNet project or adapting the Mexico Campus database to become a web-based tool) 6) Determination of data availability for LAC from GEOSS (disaster prevention and mitigation), Charter on Space and Major Disaster (emergency response) other sources, possibly private sector for rehabilitation. 07/01/2014 24

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