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The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure , INSPIRE


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Presentation given by Hugo de Groof at ESRI user conference and World GISday conference, in Sofia, November 2013

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The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure , INSPIRE

  1. 1. The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure - INSPIRE - European Commission Directorate-General Environment Governance, Information and Reporting Unit EC/EEA INSPIRE Team
  2. 2. Spatial Data Infrastructure
  3. 3. Spatial Data
  4. 4. EU Status Policy Needs • Better information needed to support policies • Improvement of existing information flows 2002 But … EU has islands of information & data of different standards and quality... • Differentiation across regions to be considered • Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information 4
  5. 5. Status 2002 Situation in Europe 1. Data policy restrictions – pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy 2. Lack of co-ordination – across boarders and between levels of government 3. Lack of standards – incompatible information and information systems 4. Existing data not re-usable – fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate 5. Missing data NOT INSPIRE 6. Data quality • Not comparable, not timely available, … Response July 2004 - EC Proposal COM(2004) 516 for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community – INSPIRE DIRECTIVE 2007/2/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) Entry into Force on 15 May 2007 Transposed in National Law by 15 May 2009 5
  6. 6. INSPIRE principles • Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively • Combine seamlessly spatial data from different sources and share it between many users and applications (the concept of interoperability) • Spatial data should be collected at one level of government and shared between all levels • Spatial data needed for good governance should be available on conditions that are not restricting its extensive use • It should be easy to discover which spatial data is available, to evaluate its fitness for purpose and to know which conditions apply for its use 6
  7. 7. INSPIRE directive 2007/2/EC
  8. 8. INSPIRE Directive 2007/2/EC 5 cm/year ITRF93 NNR-NUVEL1A Data policies and co-ordination Institutional framework DEM standards Spatial Data Infrastructur e Meteo data Spatial data sets Catchments Spatial data sets Technical Land Cover Spatial Data Services Meta-data Network services Discovery View Download Transform Invoke Spatial Data Standards Data integration
  9. 9. Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods • A preliminary flood risk assessment – Including art.4 a-f • (e) Likelihood of future floods and projected impact of climate change and land use trends • Prepare flood risk maps by 2013 – with 6 yearly updates • Flood risk management plans by 2015 9
  10. 10. Risk Assessment example: Floods Source: GMES BICEPS Report
  11. 11. Risk Assessment example: Floods INSPIRE Data Themes III – 3 Soils III – 14 Meteorological geographical features III – 13 Atmospheric conditions Environmental Monitoring Facilities III - 12 Natural Risk Zones III – 4 Land-use II – 2 Landcover I-8 Hydrography I- 2 Elevation III – 7 Environmental Monitoring Facilities III – 11 Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units III – 18 Habitats and biotopes III – 19 Species distribution III-10 Population distribution — demography III- 6 - Utility and governmental services Source: GMES BICEPS Report
  12. 12. Challenges - Source EU 2020 Strategy • growth strategy 2010-20 • EU to become a: • smart, • sustainable and • inclusive economy
  13. 13. Environment Pillar – Climate change Where do we stand ? Natural resources and waste Global mean temperature change L Decoupling use - growth K Greenhouse gas emissions J Waste generation L Energy efficiency K Waste management J Renewable energy sources K Water stress K Nature and biodiversity Environment and health Pressure on ecosystems L Water quality K Conservation status K Water pollution J Biodiversity L Transboundary air pollution K Soil degradation L Urban air quality L • Source: EEA – State Of Environment Report 2010
  14. 14. Deliver the Strategy The 7 Flagship initiatives • Smart growth 1. Digital agenda for Europe 2. Innovation Union 3. Youth on the move • Sustainable growth 4. Resource efficient Europe 5. An industrial policy for the globalisation era • Inclusive growth 6. An agenda for new skills and jobs 7. European platform against poverty
  15. 15. Increasing demand for resources better understanding and managing resources
  16. 16. Resource efficient Europe • 20 key policy proposals • Areas: • energy, transport, resource efficiency, agriculture, fisheries, cohesion, biodiversity, … • Example: • Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe
  17. 17. The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe COM(2011) 571 A framework for future actions Key resources are analysed from a life-cycle and valuechain perspective. Nutrition, housing and mobility are the sectors responsible for most environmental impacts Actions in these areas …
  18. 18. Action on : SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION • Building the Single Market for Green Products • Measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle 1. The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) 2. The Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF). Source: "Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products" "Recommendation on the use of the methods"
  19. 19. A ‗sustainable‘ cadastre – ideas... „Greening‟ the valuation of property Increase benefits for society
  20. 20. Geospatial & INSPIRE
  21. 21. Geospatial technology needs INSPIRE
  22. 22. INSPIRE & Geospatial Technology Industry • Top 10 fastest growth employment sectors • 30 billion revenue/year (in US) • BUT ... • biggest challenge before the industry is the availability and quality of geospatial data • shortage of skilled human resources • ―restrictive practices of some organizations and governments in terms of making their geospatial information publicly available has been a great concern‖ Source: Ed Parsons - Google
  23. 23. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012 • Stimulate Economic Growth through Geospatial Technology • Using Geospatial Information to Control Costs and Save Taxpayer Money • More efficient response to disasters • Enable more effective decision making • Better services to the public • Apply Geospatial Tools to Ensure Public Safety and Decision-Support
  24. 24. What is needed ? • multi-agency approach for: • ‗shared‘ creation and collection of data • cost and resource savings • greatly increases the value of returns • The development and implementation of a ‗shared‘ geospatial technology infrastructure for use by all partners offers great promise as a model for costeffective, efficient government. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012
  25. 25. A European agenda • Geospatial technology, information, and services can help address some of the major priorities of the EU 2020 strategy • Develop and implement in Europe coordinated/collaborative national and regional Geospatial Policies • INSPIRE – Copernicus – Galileo are European building blocks • Top–Down meets Bottom-up • Public – Private - Partnerships
  26. 26. Public – Private – Partnership (technology)
  27. 27. Public – Private – Partnership (spatial data) LIABILITY OPERATIONS RISKS
  28. 28. Health & Air Quality GAF AG
  29. 29. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • "Living well, within the limits of our planet", will guide environment policy up to 2020
  30. 30. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • Three thematic priority objectives • • • • Supported by enabling framework • • • • • Protect nature and strengthen ecological resilience Boost sustainable resource-efficient low-carbon growth Effectively address environment-related threats to health. promote better implementation of EU environment law ensure that policies benefit from state of the art science secure the necessary investments improve the way environmental concerns and requirements are reflected in other policies. Two more priority objectives • • enhancing the sustainability of EU cities improving the EU's effectiveness in addressing regional and global challenges related to the environment and climate change.
  31. 31. Better Implementation of EU environmental law • Preventing damage to the environment can cost far less than long-term remediation. • Failing to implement environment legislation is thought to cost the EU economy around €50 billion every year in health costs and direct costs to the environment. • Full implementation of EU waste legislation would generate an additional 400,000 jobs, for example, with net costs that are €72 billion less than the alternative scenario of nonimplementation
  32. 32. Governance ... • Member States are responsible for ensuring that the EU's environment laws are implemented in their countries. • The Commission's role is to check that Member States' commitments are respected and take action if they are not. • Better and more accessible information at national, regional and local levels would allow major environmental problems to be identified earlier, saving costs in the longer term.
  33. 33. Better Implementation can be... • Powered by geospatial technologies • Powered by INSPIRE
  34. 34. Status of our INSPIRE building site ?
  35. 35. Policy Co-ordination ? All EU 28 have national/regional INSPIRE law All 4 EEA/EFTA (+ 3 years for implementation) Almost all Candidate countries – Western-Balkans EU Digital Agenda (reviewed PSI directive,...) Buy-in other EU policies(transport,space,health,...) Environmental directives & initiatives demand INSPIRE Recognised globally as “best practice” example of „good governance‟ (World Bank, UN) • Dedicated EU coordination team JRC+EEA+EC ENV+Eurostat • • • • • • •
  36. 36. Policy Co-ordination ? • Late and incomplete national/regional INSPIRE law • Because its law does not mean it happens • EU Digital Agenda • does ‗Open Data‘ initiative remove the obstacles ? • Enough support for ‗environment‘ ? (beyond low carbon) • Some other (EU) policies see INSPIRE as purely „environmental‟ –> risk of „duplication‟ • Environmental directives need INSPIRE faster than INSPIRE implementation roadmap demands • “New policy initiatives” – “Lost in acronyms‟
  37. 37. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical framework now adopted (almost complete) and some deadlines reached • Steep increase in spatial data „published‟ and „documented‟ – many PORTALS • Progress on removing data policy obstacles for several INSPIRE themes in several countries • Several „good practice‟ and „pilot‟ projects using INSPIREd spatial data for environment from local to EU scale • Evidence of cross-border INSPIREd spatial data and service sharing for different applications
  38. 38. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical is not „simple‟ ? • Do you need an ‗Einstein‘ brain? and money • Are the „portal‟ shops inter-connected ? • You got to shop around ... • How easy is it to fill your shopping basket ? • Be ready to sign many agreements and ‗pay‘ ... • Too many shops are still closed or poor service ... • Can you find and get all you need ? • Most likely some ingredients will be missing ... • Are you happy with the „quality‟ ? • You are still on the pursuit of happiness ...
  39. 39. National Portals Thematic Portals
  40. 40. Building INSPIRE is like ...
  41. 41. Status of implementation 2013 2007 Policy Evaluation 2014 INSPIRE 2013 Implementation Be aware of the risks & opportunities 2020 Let Your Voice be Heard
  42. 42. ‗SHARING IS EVERYTHING‘ Source: Clare Hadley, INSPIRE Conference,2010