Romanesque and gothic

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Romanesque and Gothic (2º ESO secciones europeas)

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Romanesque and gothic

  1. 1. Romanesque and Gothic<br />I.E.S. Alonso de Covarrubias<br />
  2. 2. Christendom<br />Christianitywasthemainreligion in Europe.<br />Churchaffectedallaspect of life.<br />Churchhadgreat social, political and economicpower.<br />Crusades: weremilitaryexpeditionsorganisedbythe Pope, totaketheHolylandfromtheMuslims.<br />So, Art in theMiddleAgeswasrelatedtoreligion, itwas Christian Art.<br />
  3. 3. Romanesque and Gothic<br />Whenwetalkabout art, wedifferentiate 3 groups:<br /><ul><li>Architecture:isthe art of building.</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic.<br /><ul><li>Sculpture: The art or practice of shaping or carving figures or designs in the round or in relief (3 D).</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic<br /><ul><li>Painting: The art of representing figures or forms with paint on a surface (2 D).</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic<br />In theMiddleAges, thereweretwo Art Styles<br />Gothic:<br />12th to 15th centuries.<br /><ul><li>Isrelatedto a renaissance in cities. Economicchanges, peace, theend of epidemics…
  4. 4. NotonlytheChurchcommisioned art. Noblemen and richmerchantsbuiltpalaces and theseweredecoratedwithpaintings and sculptures.
  5. 5. Portraitswereveryimportant.
  6. 6. Artists started being known</li></ul>Romanesque:<br />11th and 12th centuries<br /><ul><li>Aimedto spread religion and bringpeopleclosertoGod.
  7. 7. The use of symbols wasveryimportant.
  8. 8. Artistswereanonymouscraftsmen.
  9. 9. OnlytheChurchcommisioned art.</li></li></ul><li>RomanesqueArchitecture<br />Themostrepresentativebuildingswerechurches, cathedrals and monasteries.<br />Material: Stone.<br />Churches and Cathedralswereusuallycruciform.<br />Elements: barrelvaults, domes, arches, bigcolumns and pillars, verysmallwindows.<br />Theyletlittle light inside.<br />As a result: Thebuildingslookedverysolid and compact.<br />
  10. 10. RomanesqueArchitecture<br />
  11. 11. RomanesqueArchitecture<br />Saint Mary(Taull)<br />Saint Martin of Frómista (Palencia)<br />AngulemmeCathedral<br />
  12. 12. RomanesqueScupture<br />Mostpeoplecouldnotreadorwrite. Art hadaneducationalfunction: ImagestaughtthemaboutChristianism.<br />Human Figures wereunrealistic.<br />Sculptureswerepainted in brightcolours.<br />Decoration in Church of Saint Peter of Moissac.<br />
  13. 13. RomanesqueSculpture<br />Facadesweredecoratedwithsubjectssuch as Christ in Glory and theLastJudgement.<br />Pórtico de la Gloria (Santiago de Compostela)<br />
  14. 14. RomanesqueSculpture<br />Therewerewoodencarvingsonaltarswith figures of theVirgin and Childand Christonthecross.<br />Don Fernando and Doña Sancha Christonthecross.<br />Virgin of Vauclair<br />
  15. 15. RomanesquePainting<br />Normally, paintingswereinsidechurches.<br />Paintinghad similar characteristicstosculpture.<br />Mural Paintingswerelocatedonwalls, withsubjectssuch as Christ in Gloryand LastJudgement(Pantocrator). P.e.Pantocratorin San Clemente de Taull.<br />
  16. 16. RomanesquePainting<br />Panel Painting: Altars and smallaltarpieces, weredecoratedwiththelives of Saints. Life of Saint Julita and her son, Saint Quirze (Church of Durro).<br />
  17. 17. RomanesquePainting<br />Miniatures: Small paintingswhichillustratedbibles and manuscripts.<br />
  18. 18. GothicArchitecture<br />Italsoshowedthepower and wealth of cities.<br />ThemostrepresentativebuildingwastheCathedral.<br />Cities competed witheachothertobuildthebiggestortallestCathedral.<br />Toledo Cathedral.<br />
  19. 19. GothicCathedral<br />Gothicused new architecturaltechniques.<br /><ul><li>Pointedarches.
  20. 20. Ribvaults.
  21. 21. Pillarsinsidechurches and flyingbuttressesoutside.
  22. 22. Largewindowswithstainedglass. Veryimportantwasthe rose window in brightcolours.</li></ul>Cathedralswerehigh and filledwith light, torepresentheaven.<br />
  23. 23. GothicArchitecture<br />
  24. 24. GothicArchitecture<br />Rose window.<br />Saint Chapelle (París)<br />
  25. 25. GothicSculpture<br />Sculpturebecameindependentfromarchitecture.<br />More realistic and natural. Clothes and gestureswere more detailled.<br />White Virgin (Toledo)<br />
  26. 26. GothicSculpture<br />Curvedlinesbecame popular. Figures showedmovement.<br />Therewasinterest in expressingfeelings.<br />Stone and woodwerethe principal materials.<br />Tomb of Philippe Le Pot.<br />
  27. 27. GothicPainting<br />Mural paintingbecamelesscommon (replacedbystainedglasswindows).<br />Miniatureswerethemostimportanttype.<br />
  28. 28. GothicPainting<br />Altarpieces and Iconswerecommonreligiouspaintings.<br />LastJudgement, Roger Van derWeyden.<br />Icon: Virginwithchild<br />
  29. 29. GothicPainting<br />Portraitsalsobecameimportant.<br />
  30. 30. GothicPainting<br />Characteristics:<br /><ul><li>Brightcolours.
  31. 31. Use of gold.
  32. 32. Landscapes.
  33. 33. Realism and movement.</li></ul>Christ'sdescent. Roger Van derWeyden.<br />

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