Romanesque and Gothic<br />I.E.S. Alonso de Covarrubias<br />
Christendom<br />Christianitywasthemainreligion in Europe.<br />Churchaffectedallaspect of life.<br />Churchhadgreat social, political and economicpower.<br />Crusades: weremilitaryexpeditionsorganisedbythe Pope, totaketheHolylandfromtheMuslims.<br />So, Art in theMiddleAgeswasrelatedtoreligion, itwas Christian Art.<br />
Romanesque and Gothic<br />Whenwetalkabout art, wedifferentiate 3 groups:<br /><ul><li>Architecture:isthe art of building.</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic.<br /><ul><li>Sculpture: The art or practice of shaping or carving figures or designs in the round or in relief (3 D).</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic<br /><ul><li>Painting: The art of representing figures or forms with paint on a surface (2 D).</li></li></ul><li>Romanesque and Gothic<br />In theMiddleAges, thereweretwo Art Styles<br />Gothic:<br />12th to 15th centuries.<br /><ul><li>Isrelatedto a renaissance in cities. Economicchanges, peace, theend of epidemics…
NotonlytheChurchcommisioned art. Noblemen and richmerchantsbuiltpalaces and theseweredecoratedwithpaintings and sculptures.
RomanesqueArchitecture<br />Saint Mary(Taull)<br />Saint Martin of Frómista (Palencia)<br />AngulemmeCathedral<br />
RomanesqueScupture<br />Mostpeoplecouldnotreadorwrite. Art hadaneducationalfunction: ImagestaughtthemaboutChristianism.<br />Human Figures wereunrealistic.<br />Sculptureswerepainted in brightcolours.<br />Decoration in Church of Saint Peter of Moissac.<br />
RomanesqueSculpture<br />Facadesweredecoratedwithsubjectssuch as Christ in Glory and theLastJudgement.<br />Pórtico de la Gloria (Santiago de Compostela)<br />
RomanesqueSculpture<br />Therewerewoodencarvingsonaltarswith figures of theVirgin and Childand Christonthecross.<br />Don Fernando and Doña Sancha Christonthecross.<br />Virgin of Vauclair<br />
RomanesquePainting<br />Normally, paintingswereinsidechurches.<br />Paintinghad similar characteristicstosculpture.<br />Mural Paintingswerelocatedonwalls, withsubjectssuch as Christ in Gloryand LastJudgement(Pantocrator). P.e.Pantocratorin San Clemente de Taull.<br />
RomanesquePainting<br />Panel Painting: Altars and smallaltarpieces, weredecoratedwiththelives of Saints. Life of Saint Julita and her son, Saint Quirze (Church of Durro).<br />
RomanesquePainting<br />Miniatures: Small paintingswhichillustratedbibles and manuscripts.<br />
GothicArchitecture<br />Italsoshowedthepower and wealth of cities.<br />ThemostrepresentativebuildingwastheCathedral.<br />Cities competed witheachothertobuildthebiggestortallestCathedral.<br />Toledo Cathedral.<br />
GothicCathedral<br />Gothicused new architecturaltechniques.<br /><ul><li>Pointedarches.
GothicSculpture<br />Sculpturebecameindependentfromarchitecture.<br />More realistic and natural. Clothes and gestureswere more detailled.<br />White Virgin (Toledo)<br />
GothicSculpture<br />Curvedlinesbecame popular. Figures showedmovement.<br />Therewasinterest in expressingfeelings.<br />Stone and woodwerethe principal materials.<br />Tomb of Philippe Le Pot.<br />