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Romanesque and Gothic (2º ESO secciones europeas)

Romanesque and Gothic (2º ESO secciones europeas)

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Romanesque and gothic Romanesque and gothic Presentation Transcript

  • Romanesque and Gothic
    I.E.S. Alonso de Covarrubias
  • Christendom
    Christianitywasthemainreligion in Europe.
    Churchaffectedallaspect of life.
    Churchhadgreat social, political and economicpower.
    Crusades: weremilitaryexpeditionsorganisedbythe Pope, totaketheHolylandfromtheMuslims.
    So, Art in theMiddleAgeswasrelatedtoreligion, itwas Christian Art.
  • Romanesque and Gothic
    Whenwetalkabout art, wedifferentiate 3 groups:
    • Architecture:isthe art of building.
  • Romanesque and Gothic.
    • Sculpture: The art or practice of shaping or carving figures or designs in the round or in relief (3 D).
  • Romanesque and Gothic
    • Painting: The art of representing figures or forms with paint on a surface (2 D).
  • Romanesque and Gothic
    In theMiddleAges, thereweretwo Art Styles
    Gothic:
    12th to 15th centuries.
    • Isrelatedto a renaissance in cities. Economicchanges, peace, theend of epidemics… View slide
    • NotonlytheChurchcommisioned art. Noblemen and richmerchantsbuiltpalaces and theseweredecoratedwithpaintings and sculptures. View slide
    • Portraitswereveryimportant.
    • Artists started being known
    Romanesque:
    11th and 12th centuries
    • Aimedto spread religion and bringpeopleclosertoGod.
    • The use of symbols wasveryimportant.
    • Artistswereanonymouscraftsmen.
    • OnlytheChurchcommisioned art.
  • RomanesqueArchitecture
    Themostrepresentativebuildingswerechurches, cathedrals and monasteries.
    Material: Stone.
    Churches and Cathedralswereusuallycruciform.
    Elements: barrelvaults, domes, arches, bigcolumns and pillars, verysmallwindows.
    Theyletlittle light inside.
    As a result: Thebuildingslookedverysolid and compact.
  • RomanesqueArchitecture
  • RomanesqueArchitecture
    Saint Mary(Taull)
    Saint Martin of Frómista (Palencia)
    AngulemmeCathedral
  • RomanesqueScupture
    Mostpeoplecouldnotreadorwrite. Art hadaneducationalfunction: ImagestaughtthemaboutChristianism.
    Human Figures wereunrealistic.
    Sculptureswerepainted in brightcolours.
    Decoration in Church of Saint Peter of Moissac.
  • RomanesqueSculpture
    Facadesweredecoratedwithsubjectssuch as Christ in Glory and theLastJudgement.
    Pórtico de la Gloria (Santiago de Compostela)
  • RomanesqueSculpture
    Therewerewoodencarvingsonaltarswith figures of theVirgin and Childand Christonthecross.
    Don Fernando and Doña Sancha Christonthecross.
    Virgin of Vauclair
  • RomanesquePainting
    Normally, paintingswereinsidechurches.
    Paintinghad similar characteristicstosculpture.
    Mural Paintingswerelocatedonwalls, withsubjectssuch as Christ in Gloryand LastJudgement(Pantocrator). P.e.Pantocratorin San Clemente de Taull.
  • RomanesquePainting
    Panel Painting: Altars and smallaltarpieces, weredecoratedwiththelives of Saints. Life of Saint Julita and her son, Saint Quirze (Church of Durro).
  • RomanesquePainting
    Miniatures: Small paintingswhichillustratedbibles and manuscripts.
  • GothicArchitecture
    Italsoshowedthepower and wealth of cities.
    ThemostrepresentativebuildingwastheCathedral.
    Cities competed witheachothertobuildthebiggestortallestCathedral.
    Toledo Cathedral.
  • GothicCathedral
    Gothicused new architecturaltechniques.
    • Pointedarches.
    • Ribvaults.
    • Pillarsinsidechurches and flyingbuttressesoutside.
    • Largewindowswithstainedglass. Veryimportantwasthe rose window in brightcolours.
    Cathedralswerehigh and filledwith light, torepresentheaven.
  • GothicArchitecture
  • GothicArchitecture
    Rose window.
    Saint Chapelle (París)
  • GothicSculpture
    Sculpturebecameindependentfromarchitecture.
    More realistic and natural. Clothes and gestureswere more detailled.
    White Virgin (Toledo)
  • GothicSculpture
    Curvedlinesbecame popular. Figures showedmovement.
    Therewasinterest in expressingfeelings.
    Stone and woodwerethe principal materials.
    Tomb of Philippe Le Pot.
  • GothicPainting
    Mural paintingbecamelesscommon (replacedbystainedglasswindows).
    Miniatureswerethemostimportanttype.
  • GothicPainting
    Altarpieces and Iconswerecommonreligiouspaintings.
    LastJudgement, Roger Van derWeyden.
    Icon: Virginwithchild
  • GothicPainting
    Portraitsalsobecameimportant.
  • GothicPainting
    Characteristics:
    • Brightcolours.
    • Use of gold.
    • Landscapes.
    • Realism and movement.
    Christ'sdescent. Roger Van derWeyden.