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Romanesque and gothic

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Romanesque and Gothic (2º ESO secciones europeas)

Romanesque and Gothic (2º ESO secciones europeas)

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    Romanesque and gothic Romanesque and gothic Presentation Transcript

    • Romanesque and Gothic
      I.E.S. Alonso de Covarrubias
    • Christendom
      Christianitywasthemainreligion in Europe.
      Churchaffectedallaspect of life.
      Churchhadgreat social, political and economicpower.
      Crusades: weremilitaryexpeditionsorganisedbythe Pope, totaketheHolylandfromtheMuslims.
      So, Art in theMiddleAgeswasrelatedtoreligion, itwas Christian Art.
    • Romanesque and Gothic
      Whenwetalkabout art, wedifferentiate 3 groups:
      • Architecture:isthe art of building.
    • Romanesque and Gothic.
      • Sculpture: The art or practice of shaping or carving figures or designs in the round or in relief (3 D).
    • Romanesque and Gothic
      • Painting: The art of representing figures or forms with paint on a surface (2 D).
    • Romanesque and Gothic
      In theMiddleAges, thereweretwo Art Styles
      Gothic:
      12th to 15th centuries.
      • Isrelatedto a renaissance in cities. Economicchanges, peace, theend of epidemics…
      • NotonlytheChurchcommisioned art. Noblemen and richmerchantsbuiltpalaces and theseweredecoratedwithpaintings and sculptures.
      • Portraitswereveryimportant.
      • Artists started being known
      Romanesque:
      11th and 12th centuries
      • Aimedto spread religion and bringpeopleclosertoGod.
      • The use of symbols wasveryimportant.
      • Artistswereanonymouscraftsmen.
      • OnlytheChurchcommisioned art.
    • RomanesqueArchitecture
      Themostrepresentativebuildingswerechurches, cathedrals and monasteries.
      Material: Stone.
      Churches and Cathedralswereusuallycruciform.
      Elements: barrelvaults, domes, arches, bigcolumns and pillars, verysmallwindows.
      Theyletlittle light inside.
      As a result: Thebuildingslookedverysolid and compact.
    • RomanesqueArchitecture
    • RomanesqueArchitecture
      Saint Mary(Taull)
      Saint Martin of Frómista (Palencia)
      AngulemmeCathedral
    • RomanesqueScupture
      Mostpeoplecouldnotreadorwrite. Art hadaneducationalfunction: ImagestaughtthemaboutChristianism.
      Human Figures wereunrealistic.
      Sculptureswerepainted in brightcolours.
      Decoration in Church of Saint Peter of Moissac.
    • RomanesqueSculpture
      Facadesweredecoratedwithsubjectssuch as Christ in Glory and theLastJudgement.
      Pórtico de la Gloria (Santiago de Compostela)
    • RomanesqueSculpture
      Therewerewoodencarvingsonaltarswith figures of theVirgin and Childand Christonthecross.
      Don Fernando and Doña Sancha Christonthecross.
      Virgin of Vauclair
    • RomanesquePainting
      Normally, paintingswereinsidechurches.
      Paintinghad similar characteristicstosculpture.
      Mural Paintingswerelocatedonwalls, withsubjectssuch as Christ in Gloryand LastJudgement(Pantocrator). P.e.Pantocratorin San Clemente de Taull.
    • RomanesquePainting
      Panel Painting: Altars and smallaltarpieces, weredecoratedwiththelives of Saints. Life of Saint Julita and her son, Saint Quirze (Church of Durro).
    • RomanesquePainting
      Miniatures: Small paintingswhichillustratedbibles and manuscripts.
    • GothicArchitecture
      Italsoshowedthepower and wealth of cities.
      ThemostrepresentativebuildingwastheCathedral.
      Cities competed witheachothertobuildthebiggestortallestCathedral.
      Toledo Cathedral.
    • GothicCathedral
      Gothicused new architecturaltechniques.
      • Pointedarches.
      • Ribvaults.
      • Pillarsinsidechurches and flyingbuttressesoutside.
      • Largewindowswithstainedglass. Veryimportantwasthe rose window in brightcolours.
      Cathedralswerehigh and filledwith light, torepresentheaven.
    • GothicArchitecture
    • GothicArchitecture
      Rose window.
      Saint Chapelle (París)
    • GothicSculpture
      Sculpturebecameindependentfromarchitecture.
      More realistic and natural. Clothes and gestureswere more detailled.
      White Virgin (Toledo)
    • GothicSculpture
      Curvedlinesbecame popular. Figures showedmovement.
      Therewasinterest in expressingfeelings.
      Stone and woodwerethe principal materials.
      Tomb of Philippe Le Pot.
    • GothicPainting
      Mural paintingbecamelesscommon (replacedbystainedglasswindows).
      Miniatureswerethemostimportanttype.
    • GothicPainting
      Altarpieces and Iconswerecommonreligiouspaintings.
      LastJudgement, Roger Van derWeyden.
      Icon: Virginwithchild
    • GothicPainting
      Portraitsalsobecameimportant.
    • GothicPainting
      Characteristics:
      • Brightcolours.
      • Use of gold.
      • Landscapes.
      • Realism and movement.
      Christ'sdescent. Roger Van derWeyden.