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What do you have to do in your
job?
What must you do?
What should you do?
What do you need to do?
What do you not have to do?
What do you not need to do?
What must you not do?
What should you not do?

I have to speak English
I must give excellent service
I need to keep improving my skills
and ability
I do not have to wear a suit
I don’t need to provide Sunday
classes
I must not speak Indonesian
(I think/suggest)we should not
have romantic relationship
with the students
What do you have to do in your
job?
What must you do?
What should you do?
What do you need to do?
What do you not have to do?
What do you not need to do?
What must you not do?
What should you not do?

I have to speak English
I must give excellent service
I should maintain good rapport
I need to keep improving my skills
and ability
I do not have to wear a suit
I don’t need to provide Sunday
classes
I must not speak Indonesian
(I think/suggest)we should not
have romantic relationship
with the students
Obligations & prohibition

Necessities & unnecessities

A manager has to lead a
meeting
A manager must always strive
for success

A manager needs to be a
good role model
A manager doesn’t need to
remember every detail
about his or her employee
A manager should maintain
positive atmosphere at
work
A manager shouldn’t find a
scapegoat for a failure
A manager does not have to
come early and leave late

A manager mustn’t embezzle
company’s fund
Obligations & prohibition

Necessities & unnecessities

A manager has to lead a
meeting
A manager must always strive
for success

A manager needs to be a
good role model
A manager doesn’t need to
remember every detail
about his or her employee
A manager should maintain
positive atmosphere at
work
A manager shouldn’t find a
scapegoat for a failure
A manager does not have to
come early and leave late

A manager mustn’t embezzle
company’s fund
Likely condition in the future
IDR value should increase
when AFTA is applied in
2015

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Modals - telling obligation and necessity

  • 1. What do you have to do in your job? What must you do? What should you do? What do you need to do? What do you not have to do? What do you not need to do? What must you not do? What should you not do? I have to speak English I must give excellent service I need to keep improving my skills and ability I do not have to wear a suit I don’t need to provide Sunday classes I must not speak Indonesian (I think/suggest)we should not have romantic relationship with the students
  • 2. What do you have to do in your job? What must you do? What should you do? What do you need to do? What do you not have to do? What do you not need to do? What must you not do? What should you not do? I have to speak English I must give excellent service I should maintain good rapport I need to keep improving my skills and ability I do not have to wear a suit I don’t need to provide Sunday classes I must not speak Indonesian (I think/suggest)we should not have romantic relationship with the students
  • 3.
  • 4. Obligations & prohibition Necessities & unnecessities A manager has to lead a meeting A manager must always strive for success A manager needs to be a good role model A manager doesn’t need to remember every detail about his or her employee A manager should maintain positive atmosphere at work A manager shouldn’t find a scapegoat for a failure A manager does not have to come early and leave late A manager mustn’t embezzle company’s fund
  • 5. Obligations & prohibition Necessities & unnecessities A manager has to lead a meeting A manager must always strive for success A manager needs to be a good role model A manager doesn’t need to remember every detail about his or her employee A manager should maintain positive atmosphere at work A manager shouldn’t find a scapegoat for a failure A manager does not have to come early and leave late A manager mustn’t embezzle company’s fund Likely condition in the future IDR value should increase when AFTA is applied in 2015