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Fce use of english modals for obligation

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Fce use of english modals for obligation

  1. 1. MODAL VERBS FOR OBLIGATION, NECESSITY, LACK OF OBLIGATION AND PERMISSION (MUST, MUSTN’T, HAVE TO, NEED/NEEDN’T, BE ALLOWED TO)
  2. 2. MUST, HAVE TO, MUSTN’T, AND NEED A. COMPARE: What do these sentences express? 1. Tom, you must study more. 2. You have to study more if you want to pass your examinations. 1. Strong obligation 2. General obligation/ necessity B. COMPARE: What do these sentences express? 1. You mustn’t run in the corridor. Exams are in progress. 2. You are not allowed to run in the corridor. Exams are in progress. 3. They don’t let you run in the corridor. Exams are in progress. 1, 2 and 3: PROHIBITION
  3. 3. OBLIGATION: MODALS MUST+INF NEED/ HAVE TO+INF MUST+INF TO EXPRESS DEDUCTION You MUST BE Tom’s bother: you look after him a lot! At the school , everyone MUST WEAR UNIFORM.
  4. 4. LACK OF OBLIGATION DON’T HAVE TO+INF NEEDN’T+INF DON’T NEED TO+INF MUSTN’T You DON’T HAVE TO/NEEDN’T COME if you don’t want.
  5. 5. OBLIGATION: LEXICAL PHRASES/ COLLOCATIONS TO BE NECESSARY FOR SB TO+ INF TO BE OBLIGED/FORCED TO+ INF TO MAKE+OBJECT+inf WITHOUT TO (act) TO BE MADE+ INF (pass) It was necessary for me to wear a helmet……… …I was obliged to wear a helmet… …they made me wear/I was made wear a helmet
  6. 6. PERMISSION PERMISSION PERMIT/BE PERMITTED TO+ INF TO BE POSSIBLE FOR SBY TO + INF I’M ALLOWED TO +INF.
  7. 7. USE OF ENGLISH, PART 4 SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION OBLIGATION 1. He had to give the money back. OBLIGED He……………………………………………………………………..give the money back. 2. My parents insisted I study the piano MADE I was…………………………………………………………………………the piano by my parents 3. Could you tell me if I have to bring a sleeping bag? NECESSARY Could you tell me if………………………………………………me to bring a sleeping bag? 4. It’s possible that someone stole your purse when we were in the restaurant STOLEN Someone………………………………………………………………………………when we were in the restaurant. WAS OBLIGED TO MADE STUDY IT IS NECESSARY FOR MUST HAVE STOLEN YOUR PURSE
  8. 8. 1. I can never do what I want. DO I…………………………..……………………….…………………….what I want. 2. My parents don’t let me arrive late at night. PERMITTED I………………………………………………………………..to arrive late at night. 3. I was allowed to wear my own equipment for the contest. POSSIBLE It…………………………………………………………………. wear my own equipment for the contest. ‘M NOT ALLOWED TO DO IS POSSIBLE FOR ME TO USE OF ENGLISH, PART 4 SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION OBLIGATION ‘M NOT PERMITTED
  9. 9. MODALS. ASSIGNMENTS 4 AND 5 CORRECTION AND EXPLANATION
  10. 10. EXPRESSING PREFERENCE: PREFER AND WOULD RATHER 5. It would be better for me if you gave me the money now PREFER I……………………………………………………………me the money now. 6. I wish I’d stayed at home RATHER I…………………………………………………………………..at home. 7. I didn’t want to tell him the horrible truth but I had to. RATHER 8. I don’t want to do something as dangerous as that PREFER I…………………………………………………………….something as dangerous as that.
  11. 11. ANSWERS 1.I’D RATHER YOU STOPPED CRITICIZING ME 2.I’D PREFERRED THEM NOT TO HAVE STAYED SO LONG 3.I’D RATHER NOT THINK ABOUT THAT PROBLEM NOW 4.I’D RATHER THEY HANDN’T PHONED ME SO LATE AT NIGHT 5.I’D PREFER YOU GIVE ME THE MONEY NOW (I’D PREFER IT IF YOU GAVE ME THE MONEY NOW) 6. I’D RATHER HAVE STAYED AT HOME 7. I’D RATHER HAVEN’T TOLD HIM THE HORRIBLE TRUTH … 8. I’D PREFER NOT TO DO SOMETHING…..

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