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MAJOR PROJECT
AUTOMATED PLANT WATERING SYSTEM
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
It is indeed a privilege and opportunity to express my
sincere gratitude to all those who have helped me in
completing this project.
I would really like to thank and acknowledge my mentor
Mrs. Hema N for her help and support throughout the
semester in the making of the project. Her esteemed
individual guidance and helpful suggestions for improving the
presentation of this project are certainly invaluable. I would
further like to express my sense of indebtedness to her for
redressing errors in the project whenever I was unable to.
I am especially grateful to Dr. Saurabh Raina and Mr.
Pawan Upadhyay for taking out time to evaluate my project.
ToshahnvieMangal
10103651
MayankKumar Kumbhaj
10103539
THE SYSTEM TAKES CARE OF THE MOISTURE
CONTENT OF THE SOIL AND WATERS IT
ACCORDINGLY
To ->
IT PROVIDES WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FOR THE
EASE OF USE
INTRODUCTION
•In the world of advance electronics, life of human beings
should be simpler. Hence to make life more simpler and
convenient, we have made “AUTOMATED WATERING
SYSTEM
•A model of controlling irrigation facilities to help millions of
people. This model uses sensor with microcontroller to make
a smart switching mechanism of Water using sensors from
any part of field by sensing the moisture present in the soil.
COMPONENTS REQUIRED
1 Arduino board
1 serial USB cable
Zigbee Module
1 breadboard
1 PCB
Transistor
Diode
Resistances(10k,1k)
Connecting wires
1 moisture sensor
1 temperature sensor
Start
If moisture of the soil is less than a specific
value
ARDUINO PROCESSES
Solenoid valve starts
Stop
FLOW CHART
ARDUINO BOARD
Arduino is an open-source electronics
prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-
use hardware and software.
Arduino can sense the environment by receiving
input from a variety of sensors and can affect its
surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and
other actuators. The microcontroller on the
board is programmed using the Arduino
programming language (based on Wiring ) and
the Arduino development environment (based
on Processing ). It has an ATmega AT328
microcontroller that has a pre-installed
bootloader, so one can download code to the
board using only a USB-serial connection.
Arduino projects can be stand-alone or they can
communicate with software running on a
computer.
Merits
1) Highly sensitive, reliable, low cost project.
2) Works according to the soil condition.
3) Complete elimination of the man power.
4) System can be switched into manual mode when
required.
1) Irrigation in fields.
2) Irrigation in Garden, Parks.
3) Very useful for people who do not have time to
water their plants because of busy life schedule.
4)The project is very economical in terms of cost and
power
Significance of the project
MOISTURE SENSOR
The general idea is that we want two probes --
metal rods, kept about equal distance apart, that
we can bury in the soil. We will need an
electrically non-conductive material to help keep
the rods in their fixed position. And we will also
want the probes to be insulated everywhere
except where we want to take a reading.
It uses the two probes to pass current through
the soil, and then we read that resistance to get
the moisture level. More water makes the soil
conduct electricity more easily (less resistance),
while dry soil conducts electricity more poorly
(more resistance).
Moisture Sensor Working
Conclusion
In present days especially farmers are facing major problems
in watering their agriculture fields, it’s because they have no
proper idea about when the power is available so that they
can pump water. Even after then they need to wait until the
field is properly watered, which makes them to stop doing
other activities.
Here is an idea which helps not only farmers even for
watering the gardens also, which senses the soil moisture
and switches the valve automatically when the power is ON.
Thank You

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Automated water planting system

  • 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It is indeed a privilege and opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to all those who have helped me in completing this project. I would really like to thank and acknowledge my mentor Mrs. Hema N for her help and support throughout the semester in the making of the project. Her esteemed individual guidance and helpful suggestions for improving the presentation of this project are certainly invaluable. I would further like to express my sense of indebtedness to her for redressing errors in the project whenever I was unable to. I am especially grateful to Dr. Saurabh Raina and Mr. Pawan Upadhyay for taking out time to evaluate my project. ToshahnvieMangal 10103651 MayankKumar Kumbhaj 10103539
  • 3. THE SYSTEM TAKES CARE OF THE MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE SOIL AND WATERS IT ACCORDINGLY To ->
  • 4. IT PROVIDES WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FOR THE EASE OF USE
  • 5. INTRODUCTION •In the world of advance electronics, life of human beings should be simpler. Hence to make life more simpler and convenient, we have made “AUTOMATED WATERING SYSTEM •A model of controlling irrigation facilities to help millions of people. This model uses sensor with microcontroller to make a smart switching mechanism of Water using sensors from any part of field by sensing the moisture present in the soil.
  • 6. COMPONENTS REQUIRED 1 Arduino board 1 serial USB cable Zigbee Module 1 breadboard 1 PCB Transistor Diode Resistances(10k,1k) Connecting wires 1 moisture sensor 1 temperature sensor
  • 7. Start If moisture of the soil is less than a specific value ARDUINO PROCESSES Solenoid valve starts Stop FLOW CHART
  • 9. Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to- use hardware and software. Arduino can sense the environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors and can affect its surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and other actuators. The microcontroller on the board is programmed using the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring ) and the Arduino development environment (based on Processing ). It has an ATmega AT328 microcontroller that has a pre-installed bootloader, so one can download code to the board using only a USB-serial connection. Arduino projects can be stand-alone or they can communicate with software running on a computer.
  • 10. Merits 1) Highly sensitive, reliable, low cost project. 2) Works according to the soil condition. 3) Complete elimination of the man power. 4) System can be switched into manual mode when required.
  • 11. 1) Irrigation in fields. 2) Irrigation in Garden, Parks. 3) Very useful for people who do not have time to water their plants because of busy life schedule. 4)The project is very economical in terms of cost and power Significance of the project
  • 13. The general idea is that we want two probes -- metal rods, kept about equal distance apart, that we can bury in the soil. We will need an electrically non-conductive material to help keep the rods in their fixed position. And we will also want the probes to be insulated everywhere except where we want to take a reading. It uses the two probes to pass current through the soil, and then we read that resistance to get the moisture level. More water makes the soil conduct electricity more easily (less resistance), while dry soil conducts electricity more poorly (more resistance). Moisture Sensor Working
  • 14. Conclusion In present days especially farmers are facing major problems in watering their agriculture fields, it’s because they have no proper idea about when the power is available so that they can pump water. Even after then they need to wait until the field is properly watered, which makes them to stop doing other activities. Here is an idea which helps not only farmers even for watering the gardens also, which senses the soil moisture and switches the valve automatically when the power is ON.