World War Ii Intro Causes

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World War Ii Intro Causes

  1. 1. World War II An overview of the Major Events and Key Players.
  2. 2. Key Players in the War <ul><li>Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Hideki Tojo </li></ul><ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Neville Chamberlain </li></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>Charles De Gaulle </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Truman </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Stalin </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background: The Aftermath of WWI <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles (1919) - punishments set the foundation for WWII </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations (1920) - lacked power or will to stop aggression </li></ul><ul><li>New Democracies - lacked stability </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background: Attempts at Peace <ul><li>Washington Conference (1922) –agreement to limit navy buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) – sixty-two nations agree to solve problems diplomatically </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background: Economic Depression Sets the Stage <ul><li>Global Economic Depression 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Struggling democracies in Japan and Germany could not maintain power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weimar Republic crumbles under the pressure and the Nazis assume control under Adolph Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Militarists in Japan seize power and establish Emperor Hirohito as the symbol of state power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extreme Nationalists now control Italy, Germany and Japan </li></ul>
  6. 6. Short Term Causes: Aggression and Appeasement <ul><li>Appeasement – Britain and France wanted to avoid war and therefore gave in to Axis Power demands </li></ul><ul><li>Western democracies would not act aggressively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain – Sympathetic towards Germany – knew Versailles Treaty too harsh, wanted to avoid war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France – Would not do anything without Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States of America – Isolation from Europe </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Short Term Causes: Aggression and Appeasement <ul><li>Italian, Japanese, and German aggression not stopped by League of Nations </li></ul>
  8. 8. Short Term Causes: Aggression and Appeasement Timeline <ul><li>1931: Japan invades Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li>1935: Italy invades Ethiopia to avenge 1890 defeat </li></ul><ul><li>1935: Hitler announces Germany will no longer follow the conditions of the Versailles treaty </li></ul><ul><li>1936: German troops reoccupy the Rhineland </li></ul><ul><li>1936: Germany, Italy and Japan form the Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>1937: Japan Invades China </li></ul>
  9. 9. Major Events of the War- The Onset of War <ul><li>1938 – Hitler unites Austria with Germany </li></ul><ul><li>1938 – Signed Munich Pact to Gain control of Sudetenland (In Czechoslovakia) </li></ul><ul><li>1939 – Hitler and USSR sign nonaggression pact (Agreed to divide Poland) </li></ul><ul><li>1939- Blitzkrieg in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1939 – World War II official start </li></ul>

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