European Theater of Operations 1941-1945
Soviet Union:  Operation Barbarossa <ul><li>Germany invades </li></ul><ul><li>Underestimation of Soviet war abilities </li...
Dec 7th 1941 US enters the War <ul><li>Japanese attack US at Pearl Harbor Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>US declares war on Japa...
North Africa 1941-1943 <ul><li>Germans invade North Africa 1941  </li></ul><ul><li>US and British win by 1943 </li></ul><u...
Allies Invade Italy 1943 <ul><li>1943 US & British invade Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Itlay surrenders but Germans are sent in...
D-Day:  June 1944 <ul><li>Allies invade Normandy France </li></ul><ul><li>Nazies slowly give up land as British and Americ...
 
Allied Break Through:  July 1944
 
Germans fight a Strategic Withdrawal <ul><li>Great Britain and US attack from the West </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets attack an...
 
Some German Army Officers try to take control <ul><li>July 20 th  1944 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails </li></ul><ul...
Paris is Liberated <ul><li>US troops enter Paris on August 25, 1944 </li></ul>
 
A Chain of Allied Victories <ul><li>Sept 1944 Belgium is liberated </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1944 Allies enter Germany </li></...
 
 
 
The Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>Allies underestimated Germany’s ability to still fight </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 16-27 1944 Ge...
 
Germans Retreat into Germany <ul><li>January – February 1945 the German Army retreats into Germany itself. </li></ul><ul><...
The Eastern Juggernaut <ul><li>Soviet Red Army presses in from the east and enters Poland in Jan 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>B...
The End in sight <ul><li>April 21, 1945 the Red Army reaches Berlin and encircles the city </li></ul><ul><li>April 25 US a...
 
May 8 th  1945 VE DAY
 
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  1. 1. European Theater of Operations 1941-1945
  2. 2. Soviet Union: Operation Barbarossa <ul><li>Germany invades </li></ul><ul><li>Underestimation of Soviet war abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of Blitzkrieg </li></ul><ul><li>Scorched-Earth Policy (remember Napoleon?) </li></ul><ul><li>War in the east 1941-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of End for Germany </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dec 7th 1941 US enters the War <ul><li>Japanese attack US at Pearl Harbor Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>US declares war on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy declare war on US </li></ul><ul><li>US joins Allies (USSR & Britain) </li></ul>
  4. 4. North Africa 1941-1943 <ul><li>Germans invade North Africa 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>US and British win by 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of this region: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to oil fields of the Middle East </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staging base to invade Europe from South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulating nationalism, avenging failed promises of post-WWI Protectorates </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Allies Invade Italy 1943 <ul><li>1943 US & British invade Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Itlay surrenders but Germans are sent in by Hitler to rescue Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting continues up the Italian Penninsula until the end of the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. D-Day: June 1944 <ul><li>Allies invade Normandy France </li></ul><ul><li>Nazies slowly give up land as British and American troops press inland. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Allied Break Through: July 1944
  8. 10. Germans fight a Strategic Withdrawal <ul><li>Great Britain and US attack from the West </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets attack and press in from the East </li></ul>
  9. 12. Some German Army Officers try to take control <ul><li>July 20 th 1944 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails </li></ul><ul><li>Many high ranking army officers are implicated and killed. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Paris is Liberated <ul><li>US troops enter Paris on August 25, 1944 </li></ul>
  11. 15. A Chain of Allied Victories <ul><li>Sept 1944 Belgium is liberated </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1944 Allies enter Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Allies believe the War will be over by Christmas </li></ul>
  12. 19. The Battle of the Bulge <ul><li>Allies underestimated Germany’s ability to still fight </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 16-27 1944 Germans smash through allied lines in the Ardennes Forest but are soon out gunned and out of gas! </li></ul>
  13. 21. Germans Retreat into Germany <ul><li>January – February 1945 the German Army retreats into Germany itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Allies follow </li></ul>
  14. 22. The Eastern Juggernaut <ul><li>Soviet Red Army presses in from the east and enters Poland in Jan 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>By March 1945 the Red Army enters Germany itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenge is taken. </li></ul>
  15. 23. The End in sight <ul><li>April 21, 1945 the Red Army reaches Berlin and encircles the city </li></ul><ul><li>April 25 US and Soviet forces meet up </li></ul><ul><li>April 30 Hitler commits suicide </li></ul><ul><li>May 7 th 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies </li></ul>
  16. 25. May 8 th 1945 VE DAY

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